Advanced Accounting 12th Edition Ch 1

In: Business and Management

Submitted By yankkeez05
Words 11637
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Chapter 1 the equity method of accounting for investments
Chapter Outline

I. Three methods are principally used to account for an investment in equity securities along with a fair value option. A. Fair value method: applied by an investor when only a small percentage of a company’s voting stock is held. 1. Income is recognized when the investee declares a dividend. 2. Portfolios are reported at fair value. If fair values are unavailable, investment is reported at cost.

B. Consolidation: when one firm controls another (e.g., when a parent has a majority interest in the voting stock of a subsidiary or control through variable interests, their financial statements are consolidated and reported for the combined entity.

C. Equity method: applied when the investor has the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies of the investee. 1. Ability to significantly influence investee is indicated by several factors including representation on the board of directors, participation in policy-making, etc. 2. GAAP guidelines presume the equity method is applicable if 20 to 50 percent of the outstanding voting stock of the investee is held by the investor.

Current financial reporting standards allow firms to elect to use fair value for any new investment in equity shares including those where the equity method would otherwise apply. However, the option, once taken, is irrevocable. Investee dividends and changes in fair value over time are recognized as income.
On February 14, 2013, the FASB issued a Proposed Accounting Standards Update (ASU) entitled, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The proposed ASU would eliminate the fair-value option for investments that qualify for equity method treatment. Fair-value accounting, however, would be…...

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