Age and Crime

In: People

Submitted By Mahina123
Words 735
Pages 3
Age and Crime

1. Who does Maguire say are likely to be in prison?
Maguire says that there are many more males, young people, black people, poor people, and poorly educated people in the prison population relative to the general population.

2. What do official statistics and self-report studies show?
Official statistics suggest a link between age and offending behaviour, with younger people, particularly males, being more likely to engage in criminal activity than older people. In 2006 for example, around 6%of all 17-year-old males in England and Wales were found guilty of, or cautioned for, serious offences. However, less than 1% of men in age groups over the age of 45 were found guilty, or cautioned for serious offences.

Self-report studies suggest that the majority of young people do not engage in crime. Additionally, young people who do engage in crime tend to commit relatively minor offences. Data from the 2004 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey, for example, indicate that 74% of younger interviewees (that is around ¾ of the 5000 young people aged 10 to 25) said that they hadn’t committed any of the offences they were asked about during the previous year. Of those who said they had committed one of these offences, many had committed relatively minor offences or had only offended occasionally.

3. How do we explain these patterns? * Peer group pressure may encourage some young people to engage in criminal activity. We have seen, for example, that delinquency has been linked to group subcultures * Young people may seek excitement, which could lead them into trouble with the police. Some sociologists argue that the experience of rule breaking in itself has attractions in terms of generating feelings of excitement and an adrenaline rush * There may have been a breakdown in the social control of some young people, both at home and…...

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