Article Review: Teacher Attitudes Toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia

In: Other Topics

Submitted By invincible1914
Words 543
Pages 3
Article Review:
Teacher Attitudes Toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia

A study by Bakker, Denessen, Hornstra, van den Bergh, and Voeten (2010) examined teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the effects of these attitudes on teacher expectations and the academic achievement of students with dyslexia compared to students without learning disabilities (Bakker et al. 2010). The objective of the experiment is to examine whether students with dyslexia are indeed at risk for stigmatization by their regular education teachers, which can result in lower teacher expectations for these students, and whether lower teacher expectations can affect the achievement of students with dyslexia. Throughout this correlational descriptive research study, three research questions took emphasis: 1.) To what extent do teacher attitudes toward dyslexia predict teacher expectations for individual students with dyslexia? 2.) To what extent do teacher attitudes toward dyslexia predict the achievement of students with dyslexia? 3.) Does the association between teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the achievement of students with dyslexia appear to be significantly mediated by teacher expectations? The results of their study were inconclusive, as they received variable results across the spelling, math, and overall academic achievement that the author(s) was unable to make a definitive correlational statement on the relationship between teacher attitudes and dyslexic student achievement.

The researchers establish strong “simple” background knowledge base on inclusive education in the public school system, teacher expectations and attitudes for and toward students, and teacher’s possible effects on student achievements; thereby making their presentation more readily accessible to the uninitiated. The study…...

Similar Documents

Bullying and the Effects of Academic Achievement

...Bullying and the Effects Of Academic Achievement In Elementary School Students Tracy Priest Brandman University This paper was prepared for Introduction to Sociology, Section 101, taught by Professor Kimberly Kenney. Abstract As violence in school becomes more and more common in our society, teacher need to be more aware of the many types of bullying, how students are affected by bullying, how often students are being bullied and how to prevent bullying from occurring. With bullying happening in schools more frequently and at the elementary school level, it’s important that schools look into the types of anti-bulling programs available and start implementing them if there was a need for a prevention program at their school. Early intervention is critical as studies show there is a relationship between bullying and a student’s academic achievements. Bullying and the Effects of Academic Achievement In Elementary School Students Bullying, whether, direct or indirect is a physical or psychological intimidation that occurs repeatedly over time to create an ongoing pattern of harassment and abuse (Batsche & Knoff, 1994). Constant harassment and abuse puts a damper on an environment in which our children have the right to learn and feel safe. Formal research has shown that not only the students who bully, but the students being bullied have suffered lifelong negative consequences including a decline in academic achievement. Though most of the research......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Learning Difficulties - Dyslexia

...Learning difficulties – Dyslexia On 7th November 1896, the first description of dyslexia was published in the British Medical Journal, described as ‘a case of congenital world blindness’ by a Sussex GP, Dr Pringle Morgan (Ott, 1997:6). Morgan’s study was surrounded around a child called Percy. ‘... In spite of [...] laborious and persistent training, he can only with difficulty spell out words of one syllable’. His head teacher claimed he could have been one of the smartest children within the school if the instruction was entirely oral not written (Squires & McKeown, 2006:1). The National institute of Child Health and Human development (NICHD), 2002, define dyslexia as ‘a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a cognitive deficit or imperfection in the phonological component of language ‘that [are] often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction’ (Nicolson & Fawcett, 2008:11). Secondary consequences may include problems in reading, comprehension and a reduced writing level which can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge (Flora, 2009:4). There is no universal definition surrounding dyslexia, but it is now an officially recognised learning disability under the disability legislation: SENDA 2001(for......

Words: 1905 - Pages: 8

Effects of Studyhabit on Academic Achievement

...Technology Education, 2007, 3(2), 149-156 The Impact of Motivation on Student’s Academic Achievement and Learning Outcomes in Mathematics among Secondary School Students in Nigeria Adedeji Tella Osun State College of Education, Osun State, NIGERIA Received 10 January 2007; accepted 19 April 2007 In our match towards scientific and technological advancement, we need nothing short of good performance in mathematics at all levels of schooling. In an effort to achieve this, this study investigated the impact of motivation on students’ school academic achievement in mathematics in secondary schools using motivation for academic preference scale (α = 0.82) as a measuring instrument and achievement test in mathematics (ATM) Two hypotheses were tested for significant at 0.05 margin of error using t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) Results showed that gender difference were significant when impact of motivation on academic achievement was compared in male and female students. Also other result indicates significant difference when extent of motivation was taken as variable of interest on academic achievement in mathematics based on the degree of their motivation. Implications, suggestions and recommendations on students, parents, government, counsellors, educational stakeholders, etc were discussed. Keywords: Motivation, Academic Achievement, Learning Outcome, Mathematics, Secondary School Students, Nigeria INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND In the contemporary Nigeria, greater......

Words: 5262 - Pages: 22


...This paper explains how and why dyslexia affects our children; it will also explain how it affects students and how we can help them. Those who are unfamiliar with the disability will receive an introduction to dyslexia’s characteristics as well as a description of proven methods which have been most effective in helping dyslexic students achieve success. The goal of this analysis is to provide an overview of why a percentage of our children is having difficulties and determine what is interfering with their ability to learn to read and write. During my observance of these students, I noted that these children have dyslexia. I can now understand why so many frustrated parents of children with learning disabilities (LD) with dyslexia lobbied for the establishment of special classes in schools for children with dyslexia. [P]arents pushed for LD programs in schools for two main reasons: many did not see their failing children as mentally retarded and therefore refused to accept placement for them in classes for the mentally retarded, and schools did not provide services for children with severe reading or language difficulties unless they qualified for an existing special education category. …by the late 1950s, medical and psychological research, combined with parental pressure, led to the development of special school programs to meet the needs of a population of children that always had existed but only recently had been recognized. The ideological message in this......

Words: 2723 - Pages: 11


...Dyslexia What Is Dyslexia? Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language—despite at least average intelligence. Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic. Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions. Although dyslexia is life long, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention. Cause of Dyslexia Dyslexia is an inherited condition. Researchers have determined that a gene on the short arm of chromosome #6 is responsible for dyslexia. That gene is dominant, making dyslexia highly heritable. It definitely runs in families. Dyslexia results from a neurological difference; that is, a brain difference. People with dyslexia have a larger right-hemisphere in their brains than those of normal readers. That may be one reason people with dyslexia often have significant strengths in areas controlled by the right-side of the brain, such as artistic, athletic, and mechanical gifts; 3-D visualization ability;......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4


...Awareness About Dyslexia I chose this topic – Awareness About Dyslexia as my term paper because dyslexia caught my attention since I had watched the movie entitled “Every Child Is Special” in one of my major subjects with Mrs. Winona E. Sanque just last year. As the main character, Ishan, never had a chance to be understood by his family, teachers, classmates, and friends. Being sent to a very exclusive school for boys far away from his home, there he also experienced maltreatment and embarrassments. Until one day, an Art substitute teacher came along to his life and change it as well as to all people around him so to me. But this desire of mine in knowing more about dyslexia had been finalized when I read an article in Developmental Reading book entitled “On Being Seventeen, Bright, and Unable to Read” by David Raymond. I start to accept and understand them heartfully. So as I make this term paper I would like to impart my awareness to others as well as they read my researched information I gathered. I. Definition of Dyslexia Dyslexia is a term that refers to many reading disabilities thought to be the result of a disorder in the central nervous system. But most of people began to use the term to describe a broad range of reading problems, and even spelling and writing problems. II. Kinds of Dyslexia There are several types of dyslexia that can affect the child's ability to spell as well as read. "Trauma dyslexia" usually occurs after some form of brain......

Words: 2551 - Pages: 11


...This is a great quote on how to approach teaching students with disabilities. The article I read was entitled “Teaching a Student with Dyslexia” by Kenneth J. Bryson. Dyslexia is a learning disability that I heard before but was uncertain what it fully meant. My definition was that it was a condition that affected a persons reading and writing abilities. It wasn’t until 2002 The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) adopted the following definition for dyslexia: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. Recent statistics from the IDA shows that about 15-20% of the population has dyslexia related symptoms, with cases ranging from mild to severe. This means in a classroom of twenty students, three are likely to have some form of dyslexia. The author Kenneth J. Bryson does a good job by clearly identifying the problem. The article starts out by asking the reader questions such what is Dyslexia? What difficulties do dyslexics experience in......

Words: 1175 - Pages: 5

A Survey of Student Attitudes, Experiences and Expectations

...A Survey of Student Attitudes, Experiences and Expectations on selected vocational courses at the University of Northumbria April 2005 Anna Round Student Retention Project, University of Northumbria Part One: Background Section One: Introduction 1:1 Background 1 1:2 Literature survey 2 1:3 Primary research 4 1:3:1 Student questionnaire 4 1:3:2 Staff questionnaire 6 1:3:3 Interviews 6 Section Two: Literature survey 2:1 Student perceptions and the student experience 7 2:1:1 Holistic approaches 7 2:1:2 Academic preparedness and study skills 9 2:1:3 Student attitudes to feedback 11 2:1:4 Student attitudes to teaching and learning 13 2:1:5 Tutor-student relations 15 2:1:6 Accommodation and retention 16 2:2 Student Characteristics 18 2:2:1 Views of students 18 2:2:2 Student self-perceptions: skills 19 2:2:3 Student self-perceptions: workload 21 2:3 Transformation 22 2:4 Widening participation: some further issues 26 2:4:1 Non-traditional students and the student experience 26 2:4:2 Support and access to support 27 2:5 Students and motivation 28 2:5:1 Types of student motivation 28 2:5:2 Retention and motivation 29 2:5:3 Motivations for entering higher education 30 2:5:4 Goals and values (Mäkinen et al) 31 2:5:6 Motivation and......

Words: 100121 - Pages: 401

What Drives Teachers Towards Better Performance? - Literature Review

...Submitted To INSTRUCTOR: Prof. Ernesto Noronha ACADEMIC ASSOCIATE: Ms. Avantika Gautam In partial fulfilment of requirements of the course Qualitative Methods (Term III) (2014) By P K V Kishan (FPM, Economics) Date: 20th February 2014 INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, AHMEDABAD "What drives school teachers towards better performance? - Findings from Qualitative interviews" Motivation Teachers are the focal point of knowledge dissemination anywhere in the world. A teacher discharges various roles in a society besides assisting learning in the classroom – that of a motivator, nurturer, critic, life coach, leader and a continual learner herself. During the course of her lifetime, a teacher touches multiple lives and engenders positive externalities in the community through her students and herself. Her role becomes all the more important in the context of primary and secondary education as development of a child’s personality takes place during her early years and a great deal of that development is built on learning that happens at school. It is the teacher who creates an environment conducive for learning. Learning takes place by constant engagement of both student and teacher. While the student’s engagement is for her own good, the teacher needs to engage in the heterogeneous learning needs of students she teaches, has taught or is connected to. That requires constant, untiring efforts on the part of the teacher. Edwards, Gandini and Forman (1998) describes......

Words: 2911 - Pages: 12

Teachers Uniiouns Effect on Human Resources and How It Impacts Student Performance

...TEACHERS UNIIOUNS EFFECT ON HUMAN RESOURCES AND HOW IT IMPACTS STUDENT PERFORMANCE TEACHERS UNIIOUNS EFFECT ON HUMAN RESOURCES AND HOW IT IMPACTS STUDENT PERFORMANCE ISSUE What does existing research say about the teachers unions influence, both positive and negative, on human resources and how that influence impacts students’ performance? This research is significant because the public school system in the United States as a whole is atrociously underperforming and has been for many years. Most inner city public schools and those public schools that serve the poorer community are outright failing. Some states, such as California, have a parent strike law, which allows the parents to intervene and have the public school overtaken by an outside source if the school doesn’t meet the state standards. Many states have fought hard to prevent this type of law from entering their state. Obviously, it is in the teachers unions best interest to not have this law in their state. But is this disallowance of this type of law harmful to students performance? This law would threaten the teachers job security, so it’s easy to ascertain why they do not support this law. This leaves the human resources department, who may want the law, stuck in the middle and without an avenue to exercise their expertise. Human resources is limited with their ability to but polices in place because it has to abide by the laws of the teachers unions. In a private enterprise the public school......

Words: 4846 - Pages: 20

Report on Dyslexia

...relevant examples, showing how they have improved education provision in Zambia. Despite these efforts, dyslexia seems a major problem in Zambia which results in poor perfomances in schools especially at primary level. Definition of Dyslexia Reports in the medical literature of „word blindness‟ go back to the time when books first became relatively widely available to the population in Europe and reading became popular (Morgan, 1896 cited in O‟Brien et al, 2005). The broad concepts of developmental dyslexia1 and specific learning difficulties (SLD) are connected to particular problems with reading. There are two key developments that have underpinned a huge leap in general knowledge and understanding about dyslexia. Recent policy encouraging inclusion of pupils with additional needs in mainstream schooling in the UK and elsewhere has been linked with legislation designed to support the educational needs of all children and people with disabilities, including dyslexics (Pirrie et al, 2006). The other key development relating to dyslexia concerns recent findings in the field of biological research. These relate to the underlying mechanisms of dyslexia and brain behaviour. There is also a significant body of research about the genetic determination of dyslexia and the importance of environmental influences (Grigorenko, 2001; Snowling & Hayiou-Thomas, 2006). Dyslexia is viewed as the most commonly recognised form of specific learning difficulty (SLD). Other......

Words: 6721 - Pages: 27

Students Attitude Towards Science in Relation to Their Academic Performance Among Elementary Pupils on students’ attitude towards science and health in relation to their academic performance in an identified school. In today’s world, science encompasses many ways of gaining information which helps individuals know themselves and their environment better and develop and renew this information frequently. Teaching science and technology to individuals help them to learn how adopt and adapt an inclination which forces them to think objectively and make the right decision confronting different events and situations. This inclination provides a comfortable life for them as well as for their family and their environment (Akgun, 2001). If students learn science using a scientific procedure and skill they would be able to use these procedures and skills in their daily life. In this procedure, while students’ attitudes towards science increase, they develop their creativity skills. During the primary educational period, courses on science and technology achieve a great importance comparing to the other courses since these courses teach students the environment, natural events and scientific developments as well as critical thinking and problem solving. (Kaptan, 1999) An attitude is an inclination to gaining a skill and is identified as an individual characteristic that provide a background for accepting a positive subject or denying a negative one. Thus, by improving a positive attitude among students towards science, while we can increase students’ attitudes towards science......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

The Effects of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement

...Running Head: The Effects of Parental Involvement The Effects of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement An Individual Research Project by Diane Higgins To Dr. Belinda Hartnett Research Methods – RES 531 Section 013 In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education Strayer University Washington, D.C. June 19, 2011 Chapter One: Introduction I. Topic Selected: As a teacher, one of my passions is to make sure that all of my students are able to learn and understand what is being taught to them. Sometimes this process is hindered when the only learning for some students goes on at school. I am a strong believer that students need assistance when they get home from school, so I decided to research on how parental involvement can affect student achievement. II. Description of Topic: Parental involvement plays an important part in a child’s life, not only during the early years, but throughout the school years as well. Parents who play an active role in the education of their child will have greater opportunities to motivate their children to behave more and strive for greatness. Self- esteem may rise as a result of positive reinforcement. An involved parent will also know when his child is misbehaving and be able to correct the problem before it gets out of hand and becomes a regular habit. With proper parental involvement, a child is less likely to feel the need to lash out and misbehave for much needed attention;......

Words: 4484 - Pages: 18


...DYSLEXIA Maryellen Gibbs DeVry University English 135 Professor Onega Date March 13, 2011 Dyslexia Dyslexia is not a disease or an illness but a learning disability that affects 1 out of 5 people with about 17% of the population having dyslexia. Dyslexia occurs during pregnancy and is hereditary but can manifest by other mishaps and can occur later in life. There are several common symptoms of dyslexia which can be noticed early in life, bringing it to the attention of the parents of a child who might be considered dyslexic. There are several patterns one might experience when he/she reads or how he/she see words. Dyslexia is not a disease or illness but a learning disability that affects the way a person can read and spell, causing he/she to react differently than others when he/she see or hear words. Even though a person has dyslexia this doesn’t mean they don’t know how to read or spell but how he/she might perceive letters and numbers when they see them on paper. A dyslexic will have difficulty learning to decode words by associating sounds and letters. They have difficulty recognizing sight words, such as in and the or frequently occurring words that most readers recognize instantly. Anyone with dyslexia will have a weak phonemic awareness which means they have difficulty hearing the fine distinctions among individual sounds or phonemes of the language. (The Facts About Dyslexia) Dyslexics will read much slower because he/she is trying to...

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Teacher’s Attitudes Towards Teaching, Pattern of Classroom Interactions and Pupils Achievement in Science

...TEACHER’S ATTITUDES TOWARDS TEACHING, PATTERN OF CLASSROOM INTERACTIONS AND PUPILS ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE A thesis Presented To the Faculty of the Graduate School RAMON MAGSAYSAY MEMORIAL COLLEGES General Santos City In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirement of the Degree Master of Arts in Education By WILFREDO PIL UTRERA January 2012 APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled “TEACHER’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS TEACHING, PATTERNS OF CLASSROOM INTERACTIONS AND PUPILS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE” prepared and submitted by Wilfredo Pil Utrera, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree leading to Master of Arts in Education, has been examined and is recommended for acceptance and approval for Oral Examination. JOHNNY S. BANTULO, MA . Adviser Comprehensive Examination – Passed ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ PANEL OF EXAMINERS GERALDINE D. RODRIGUEZ, Ed. D. Chairman ___________________________ ___________________________ Panel Member Panel......

Words: 32404 - Pages: 130