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China’s Automotive Modernization and history
The automotive industry in China has been the largest in the world measured by automobile unit production since 2008. Since 2009 annual production of automobiles in China exceeds that of the European Union or that of the United States and Japan combined. China’s automobile industry had Soviet origins mainly (plants and licensed auto design were founded in 1950s with the help of USSR) and had small volume for the first 30 years of the republic, not exceeding 100-200 thousands per year. It has developed rapidly since the early 1990s.
1928 to 1949
Zhang Xueliang founded his arsenal to make one truck called Ming Sheng in 1931.
Another general, Yang Hucheng, patronized the inventor Tang Zhongming to make a new type of mobile energized by charcoal.These charcoal cars are primary vehicles during World War II in China,considering the blockade by Japan.
1945,China Automotive Manufacturer made the first automobile powered by tung oil

1928 to 1949 * 1956: First Automobile Works The first car Jiefang CA-30 began production of a modern automobile plant.
* March 10, 1958: The first 2½ ton light duty truck (NJ130), which was based on Russian GAZ-51,

* was produced in Nanjing. The truck was named Yuejin (meaning "leap forward") by China's First Ministry of Industrial Machinery. * June 1958: Nanjing Automobile Works, previously a vehicle servicing unit of the Army, was established. The truck production continued until the last truck (NJ134) rolled off the assembly line on July 9, 1987. Cumulative production was 161,988 units (including models NJ130, NJ230, NJ135 and NJ134). * late 1950s to 1960s: Several automobile factories were set up in Nanjing (today is Nanjing Automobile (Group) Corporation), Shanghai(today is Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation), Jinan (evolving into China National Heavy Duty…...

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