Best Fit and Best Practice Perspectives for Hr Management Essay

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lse9209
Words 1878
Pages 8
The concepts of 'best fit' and 'best practice' are two well known approaches to human resource management. The 'best fit' perspective claims that HR strategy become more and more efficient when it is linked to its environment of the business. It explores the close link between strategic management and HRM by assessing the extend to which there is a vertical integration between an organisation business strategy and its HRM policies and practices. 'Best practice' school claims that certain 'best' human resource practices would result in enhanced organisational performance, manifested in improved employee attitude, lower level of absenteeism and turnover, higher level of skills for higher productivity, enhanced quality and efficiency. That is why the 'best practice' model is also referred as high commitment models. These two concepts are generally described within the literature but it is sometimes difficult to stretch the specifications of each approach. This essay will attempt to fill that gap. Section two compares these concepts according to human resource studies. It will highlight areas of agreement between each approach. Section three therefore stretches the differences between 'best fit' and 'best practice' approaches. We now try to discuss in section four the approach taken in this debate by the CIPD. Concluding elements are found in section five.

The terms 'best fit' and 'best practice' are used in strategic human resource management literature.

The 'best fit' approach to strategic human resource management (HRM) explores the close relationship between strategic management and HRM by considering the influence and nature of vertical integration. Vertical integration, where leverage is gained through the close link of HR policies and practices to the business objectives and therefore the external context of the fir, is considered to be key theme of…...

Similar Documents

Best Management Practices

...Reference Manual on Best Management Practices for PM-10 and Fugitive Dust Control BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES For Maricopa County, Arizona Rule 310 Written by Zbigniew D. Czupak Dr. Edward Kavazanjian, P.E. Arizona State University Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment Sponsored by 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Arizona Pavements, Materials, and Transportation Conference steering committee for preparation of this Reference Manual. The authors would also like to thank Amanda McGennis of the Phoenix Chapter of the Association of General Contractors and Cameron Flowers of Kitchell Engineering for their technical assistance in manual preparation, including their review comments on the document and many of the pictures used in the document. 2 QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Application Control Method Watering Paved Roads p. 19 Unpaved Roads p. 20 Construction Entrances p.21 As needed (excessive watering increases track out, requires catch basins) Staging Areas p.23 Storage Piles p.24 Disturbed Flat and Sloped Surfaces p.26-28 Water to form visible crust Weed Abatement p.29 Use prior and during weeding Demolition/Blasting p.30-32 Backfilling p.33 Stacking, Loading, Unloading p.34 Use prior and during Trenching, Excavating p.35 Pre-wet, maintain moisture content Expensive, Can mix with water Hauling p.36-37 - Periodic......

Words: 16774 - Pages: 68

Contract Management – Principles & Best Practices

...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT – PRINCIPLES & BEST PRACTICES Strategies and Techniques to ensure successful contract management and administration. ” This course will teach you how to effectively manage all aspects of project procurement. You'll discover the terms, techniques and tools of how to convert project needs into outsourced goods and services. In this skills-building course, you will spend 70% of class time working on contracting activities from requirements documentation through to contract closure. Exercises include the development of a procurement strategy, contract selection, revising and updating SOW’s, risk management, negotiated claims settlement and collection of lessons learned. The emphasis of lectures is on how to work with the many and varied stakeholders involved in the procurement chain. Successful procurements come from working with both internal and external stakeholders. Doing this well requires an understanding of everyone’s roles, responsibilities and expectations. “Know what they do to know what you need to do”. Steps and stages of contract management from needs analysis to closure    Terms and terminology of contracting and procurement   Legal requirements of contracts and their implications  Ingredients for contracting success     Stakeholder mapping and expectations analysis    Converting project objectives to contract requirements   Applications and weaknesses of contract types     Risk transfer......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Knowledge & Best Practices for Human Resource Management

...KNOWLEDGE & BEST PRACTICES FOR HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MARK L. BRIGGS Capella University Authors Note: School of Public Service Leadership, Capella University MHA -5012 Organizational Leadership & Governance FALL 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: (Define Human Resource Management , Talent Development Employee Performance Defined Retention in an Employee Centered Organization)_ PART I “Knowledge & and Best Practices for Human Resource Management” 1.1: Evidence-Based Practices for Human Resource Management 1.2 Best Practices & Expectations for Accountability in Human Resource Management, and Talent Development in Health Care Organizations 1.3 Professionalism, Skills Sets and Abilities: Their Usage & Impact in effective talent development and employee retention 1.4 Finance & Fiscal Awareness: How Organizational Leaders use this knowledge when making Human Resource Management Decisions 1.5 Legal and Regulatory Requirements: Their Impact in Human Resource Management Decision Making in Health Care Organizations 1.6 Indirect Influence: How Organizational Leaders use this in Human Resource Management in Employee-Centered Organization PART II Recommendations: Talent Recruitment & Retention in an Employee-Centered Organization 2.1 Summary of Conditions needed for an employee-centered organization 2.2 Implementation Plan to execute conditions identified for an effective employee-centered ...

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

Best Practices in Heritage Management

...Best Practices in Heritage Management Final Project Introduction Cultural tourism is an expanding tourism market in Macau, the Ruins of St.Paul’s and A-Ma Temple, two most representative world heritage sites in Macau, receives thousands of tourists from different places every day. Gradually, problem arises, too many visitors come and they bring congestions. Congestion was defined as “when physical obstructions block the natural flow or narrow passages cause the flow to slow down” (UNWTO, 2004: 3). Ideally tourists should experience popular urban cultural heritage attractions by moving along reasonably well-defined routes (Cros, 2007). However, congestions will affect their experience negatively. In order to make sure of the current situation of tourism flows as well as congestions in the Ruins of St.Paul’s and A-Ma Temple, six groups of our Institute For Tourism Studies students went to the above two sites and collect data for research purpose in November, 2008. Data include visitor numbers, visitor types, and bus numbers and so on. Our main objective is to manage the congestion, by identify congestions into three types, permanent, fluctuating and background congestion. Meanwhile, we attribute these congestions to buses, tourists, and guides separately. At the same time, we also give out some recommendations for improvement. WHAT KIND OF CONGESTION IS THERE AT the Ruins of St.Paul’s? |Mid week ...

Words: 3022 - Pages: 13

Best Practices

...present, project management has continuously advanced from line managers using a small set of processes that were considered nice to have to the formal assignment of one individual assigned as the project manager that utilized a formal methodology by which to manage the project. Often the term “best practices” is referenced within a defined methodology. Documenting Best Practices: Mature Project Management Processes Best practice refers to the optimal method recognized within a given industry or discipline to achieve a stated goal or objective. These practices are consistently predictable and proven to provide successful results and these practices are dynamic—evolving and maturing over time (Devine, 2013). The Business Dictionary defines a best practice as a, “method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark (Business Dictionary, n.d.).” A more simple definition is that a best practice is a method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark. In addition, a "best" practice can evolve to become better as improvements are discovered. Best practice is considered by some as a business buzzword, used to describe the process of developing and following a standard way of doing things that multiple organizations can use. Organizations that have had constant success have adapted a unique version of the best practice......

Words: 1854 - Pages: 8

Best Practice / Best Fit

...Organizations often implement a best practice or a best fit approach to strategic human resource management. A best practice approach would suggest that a set of universal practices could be applied to various different organizations in various different trades. On the other hand, a best fit approach to strategic human resource management would suggest that different practises would need to be put into play depending on different variables such as company culture, processes and external environmental factors. A best practice approach could be beneficial to an organizations attempt of strategic HRM as it would help the organization to make a profit and to obtain their long-term goals. In order to ensure that they are using a best practice approach, the organization would need to make strategic changes to the recruitment and selection process, rewards, training and to ensure that employees remain motivated and committed. A best practice approach could also be beneficial to strategic human resource management as best practice activities often strive to improve overall performance of an organization by selecting key best practices that may better the company such as training, appraisal and reward systems. A best practice approach may also be beneficial to an organization in terms of finding a solution, as the best practice approach is more universal, the solutions are proven to have been successful with other companies. The best fit approach to strategic HRM would entail......

Words: 1503 - Pages: 7

Critically Evaluate Best Fit and Best Practice of Human Resources Management

...Barlow Soper, John A. Parnell, (2005),"Workforce diversity and organisational performance", Equal Opportunities International, Vol. 24 Iss 3/4 pp. 1-16 http:// dx.doi.org/10.1108/02610150510788033 Vidhi Agrawal, Vidhi Agrawal, (2012),"Managing the diversified team: challenges and strategies for improving performance", Team Performance Management: An International Journal, Vol. 18 Iss 7/8 pp. 384-400 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13527591211281129 Anne R. van Ewijk, (2011),"Diversity and diversity policy: diving into fundamental differences", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 24 Iss 5 pp. 680-694 http:// dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534811111158921 Access to this document was granted through an Emerald subscription provided by 471881 [] For Authors If you would like to write for this, or any other Emerald publication, then please use our Emerald for Authors service information about how to choose which publication to write for and submission guidelines are available for all. Please visit www.emeraldinsight.com/authors for more information. About Emerald www.emeraldinsight.com Emerald is a global publisher linking research and practice to the benefit of society. The company manages a portfolio of more than 290 journals and over 2,350 books and book series volumes, as well as providing an extensive range of online products and additional customer resources and services. Emerald is both COUNTER 4 and TRANSFER compliant. The organization is a partner of the......

Words: 10252 - Pages: 42

Best Practices

...ADAPTATION OF BEST PRACTICES THE EXPERIENCE OF THE INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN CANADA (Written Report, 2015) AS PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR ADMINISTRATIVE INNOVATIONS AND REFORMS (MPA 620) SUBMITTED BY UMAR SHADRACK. J SUBMITTED TO: PROF .SHERWIN WILLIAM A. CUASAY (MPM) UNIVERSITY OF BATANGAS GRADUATE SCHOOL INTRODUCTION A best practice may be a particular method, or it may be a whole program or intervention. “Best practice” status is sometimes conferred either officially – by a government body, professional association, or other authoritative entity – or by published research results. Best practices, in short, are those methods or programs that have been found to be successful in accomplishing their goals and that can be used, or adapted for use, in your circumstances. The standards for choosing a best practice vary tremendously, depending upon who’s doing the choosing. In some cases, almost any program that can show some success is labeled a best practice. In others, the criteria are so strict that only a few are selected (more likely with professional associations that are trying to set or uphold research standards.) Where the standards are relatively loose, programs designated as best practices may be only adequate, rather than truly the best the field has to offer. Where the standards are too strict, many......

Words: 6022 - Pages: 25

Best Practices

...according to employment laws and practices) Marriott employees enjoy: • Valuable room rate, food and beverage, and retail discounts at global Marriott locations • Well-known training and learning opportunities and educational assistance to ensure you’re equipped to do your job and prepared for the next step in your career (In the ordinary course of business, compensation and benefits programs evolve as business needs and laws change. Therefore, the benefits outlined here may be subject to change.) [pic][pic][pic] Workplace Recognition At Marriott we recognize our employees for their commitment to delivering exceptional guest experiences and their passion for our business, including recognition of: • Non-management employees who demonstrate outstanding commitment to our guests, and recognition of managers who demonstrate exceptional leadership each quarter. • Employees for their contributions to the success of their location as well as demonstrating commitment to their local communities. • Years of service, at 5 year intervals. • Employees with 25 years of service with free weekend stays at Marriott properties around the world. [pic][pic][pic] In This Section Plan Your Career Our Brands Career Options Related Links Careers Home Apply Now   Gurmeet Singh Gurmeet Singh (Area Director of HR - India, Maldives and Pakistan, Marriott International Inc.) talks about how the company has achieved the status of best employer by promoting a......

Words: 3883 - Pages: 16

Best Hr Practices

...The Best HR Practices That Successful Companies Practice! Why are employees in some companies happy to stick with the company while others look for a change? The reason is that some companies know how to take good care of their employees and provide a working environment that helps them retain their identity, while proving themselves and growing along with the company. Here are some of the best HR practices that help in the creation of a highly satisfied and motivated work force. Work Environment A safe and happy workplace makes the employees feel good about being there. Each one is given importance and provided the security that gives them the motivation and incentive to stay. This is usually achieved through internal surveys to find out whether they are satisfied and if not what they think needs to be changed. Open Management Employees don’t like the feeling of being kept in the dark about what is happening in the company. They feel motivated and develop enthusiasm only when the management opens up to them and discusses the company policies, sales, clients, contracts, goals and objectives. This encourages participative management. Asking them for ideas on how to improve will get their creative juices flowing. Being open about everything related to the company will help in building trust and motivating the employees. This open management policy can be practiced using several tools. Performance Incentives Every good performance is appreciated in the form of a......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Best Practices in Performance Management

...Best Practices in Performance Management Bre’Onda Scott Capella University Best Practices in Performance Management Charles Schwab, a famous American steel magnate and businessman, once said, “The way to develop the best that is in a man is by appreciation and encouragement” (Pace, 2002). Schwab apparently understood how to connect with employees on a level that would not only motivate their morale, but would also enhance their performance and production. Schwab was not the only one to make such a discovery, as many organizations now understand and implement strategies to manage the performance of their employees. One of the many organizations that have a performance management plan in place is Virginia Commonwealth University Health System (VCUHS). Performance management is defined as “the process through which managers ensure that employees’ activities and outputs contribute to the organization’s goals” (Noe, 2016). VCUHS has put an entire department together to manage the performance of its 9,000+ employees. This team, known as the Department of Performance Improvement, has a focus of supporting the mission of VCUHS by guiding quality processes, remaining compliant with regulations, cost-effectively utilizing resources through internal and external benchmarking, collaborating with company leaders to identify process redesign opportunities , and much more (Mission Statement, n.d.). All of these are part of the current performance management system and is based on......

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Best Practice

...The best practice approach speculates that there is an exact set of human resource practices that can be applied in almost any organizational context that helps to increase the performance that helps to deliver outcomes that are valuable for all the stakeholders, particularly employees. However, the effect of the performance is said to be stronger and more influential if all of the said practices are packed together in order to balance and harmonize each other, thus create positive synergies between them. As a result, the said approach covers different related prescriptive models of human resource management such as high-commitment, high-involvement, high-performance work system, and mutual gains models (Shields 2007, p. 90). The best practice approach is based on the idea that there is a set of best HRM practices and that applying them will help to superior organizational performance. The best known set is Pfeffer’s (1994) model that shows that seven important HR practices of a successful organizations which are: employment security, selective hiring, self-managed teams, high compensation contingent on performance, training, reduction of status differentials and sharing information (Armstrong 2006, p. 65) (see Appendix A). This is because the best practice or universalist views by pointing out the discrepancy between a belief in best practice as well as the resource-based view that pertains on the intangible assets that includes HR, which allows the firm in...

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Best Practice

...the Hudson River. However, despite the fact that GE has spent over $561 million on the project through the end of Phase 1, GE’s brand image still has been damaged. My recommendation for GE would be to get involved with public and show that the corporate cares about local communities and its’ environments. We learned in class that effective stakeholder management requires the development of a corporate culture that most broadly conceives of responsibilities to others. In this case, developing moral stakeholder culture within the community will provide the broadest concern for Albany community. GE would want to make use of public relations to develop the corporate culture within the community and also create favorable public image. For example, they can write press releases or sponsor local events to help maintain and improve the image of the company. To efficiently manage the public in the local community, a Diagnostic Typology of Organizational Stakeholders model might be implemented. The public in the local community would be divided into four types, Mixed Blessing, Supportive, Nonsupportive, and Marginal. Then the management team should collaborate with Mixed Blessing group, involve with Supportive group, defend against nonsupportive, and monitor Marginal group. 2.) Community will be affected by this recommendation. 3.) Surely, public relations will bring several impacts to local community of Albany. GE’s efforts towards the local community of Albany will help build......

Words: 2087 - Pages: 9

It Best Practices

...IT BEST PRACTICES Assignment 2 – Worth 10 points of the grade TRUE OR FALSE – Each question is worth 3 points. 1. In the Tuckman model, storming occurs when team members have different opinions for how the team should operate. TRUE 2. The first dimension of psychological type in the MBTI signifies whether people draw their energy from other people (extroverts) or from inside themselves (introverts). TRUE 3. In the Social Styles Profile team building activity, drivers are reactive and people-oriented. FALSE 4. Managers should strive to use a win/win approach in making decisions, but in competitive situations they sometimes must use a win/lose paradigm. TRUE 5. Project managers must try to avoid conflict at all costs as all conflict within groups is bad. FALSE Please answer all questions – Each is worth 10 points. 1. Give 5 reasons why teams would be created? Great cooperation or teamwork is the key for elite in any business or non benefit association. This is investigated in more detail below: A. Promotes workplace synergy : Mutual support, shared goals, cooperation and encouragement provides workplace synergy. With this, colleagues can feel a more noteworthy feeling of achievement, are on the whole in charge of results accomplished and bolster people with the motivation to perform at more elevated amounts. At the point when colleagues know about......

Words: 2479 - Pages: 10

Best Fit

...Beardwell, I., Claydon, T. & Beardwell,J. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach, 5th Edition, Pearson Exploring the Relationship between Strategic Management and SHRM: The Best-Fit School of SHRM The Best-Fit (or contingency) school of SHRM explores the close link between strategic management and HRM, by assessing the extent to which there is vertical integration between an organisation’s business strategy and its HRM policies and practices. This is where an understanding of the strategic management process and context can enhance our understanding of the development of SHRM, both as an academic field of study and in its application in organisations. The notion of a link between business strategy and the performance of every individual in the organisation is central to ‘fit’ or vertical integration. Vertical integration can be explicitly demonstrated through the linking of a business goal to individual objective setting, to the measurement and rewarding of that business goal. Vertical integration between business strategy or the objectives of the business and individual behaviour and ultimately individual, team and organisational performance is at the core of many models of SHRM. Inherent in most treatments of fit is the premise that organisations are more efficient and /or effective when they achieve fit relative to when a lack of fit exists (Wright & Snell 1991:757) . This vertical integration or ‘fit’ where ‘leverage’ is gained through procedures,......

Words: 3955 - Pages: 16