Chapter 12 Tci

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Chapter 12

Define and Explain: * Chisholm Trail: this is a cattle-drive trail from San Antonio, Texas to Abilene, Kansas. At that period of time, Cowboys follow the trail to ship their cows. * Transcontinental Railroad: It is a railroad that transverse the whole continent. During the 1850s, many people are demanding for a better, more convenient and faster transportation, which can help the commerce between west and east. * Dawes Act: The US government wants to stimulate the assimilation. So it enacts the Dawes Act. It is a law distributing land to Indians individually. Which mains that the government began distributing land to individual. Individual has the rights to sell or own it. Beneath the layer of owns the land. Indians are losing their land because of selling. Moreover, they betrayed their tradition. * Homestead Act: Homestead Act was granted in 1862, because the government wants to encourage people settle in west. In the act, the government provides tracts, which are 160 acres of public land for a small fee and land to encourage people to work or live for five years. * Exodusters: It refers to those African American who migrated from the south to the Great Plains after the civil war. Many African Americans fled to search and find a better life. Some of them ahead to the west and became farmers. * Populist Party: It is a party established in 1892. It basically is requiring the government to enact new police to protect working people.

Put in order and explain * Pacific Railway Act: It enacted in 1862 and 1863 Help promote the construction of the transcontinental railroad. Because during the 1850s, many people are demanding for a better, more convenient and faster transportation, which can help the commerce between west and east. * Completion of 1st transcontinental railroad:1861 Four wealthy merchants from California…...

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