Climate Change and Refugee Issue

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nusrat19
Words 1827
Pages 8
An Assignment
Climate Refugees: A Study on Bangladesh
Course: Refugee and Conflict
Course no: 217

Prepared for:
Maria Hussain
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
University of Dhaka

Prepared by:
Md. Abu Yousuf
Class Roll :35, 7th Batch,5th Semester
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
University of Dhaka.

Date of submission: 25 February, 2015
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the world had ever before. Environment induced disaster is increasing day by day and has the causes of most vulnerabilities and Climate Refugees. Environmental Refugees refers “the persons who no longer gain a secure livelihood in the traditional homelands because of environmental factors of unusual scope, notably drought, desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, water shortages and climate change, also natural disasters as cyclones, storm surges and floods.” The most environmental refugee prone areas are Asia and Africa. The number of environmental refugee in Asia is more than 50 million which was about 42 million in 2010. The over populated areas of the world such as South Asia, Horns of Africa are under danger because of the scarcity of natural resources. Although the “environmental refugees” is more important problem and challenge for the international community to protect the stability of the world system but they are silent. So for the ignorance of international law people tolerate unbearable vulnerabilities for this devastating environment.
Climate Refugee:
The term Environmental Refugee was first appeared in 1970s by Lester Brown. Environmental refugee, climate refuge, environmental migrant are nuances in meaning and all of these refers the force migration of a person from his or her traditional homeland. In according to International Organization for Migration- “Environmental migrants are persons or…...

Similar Documents

Climate Changes

...Global climate has changed throughout the last century and it is causing human suffering around the world, but the global warming issue was only brought to the forefront politically in 2010, when the Village of Kivalina was affected by the Gulf Oil Spill accident, and became uninhabitable. According to Saundra Brown Armstrong, a senior United States federal judge, human activity is the major factor increasing global warming. Factors such as greenhouse gas emission, pollution from factory smokestacks, landfills, and oil spills are the main causes that contribute to a potential catastrophe. Even after it was demonstrated that global warming was caused by human activity, the United States remains the only developed country that has not signed the Kyoto Protocol contesting that it would have a ruinous effect on its weak economy. Instead of signing the Kyoto Protocol, the United States Congress opted to create their own Environmental Protection Statues of global warming policy on climate to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and it had impacted to ethics in business environment and political issue. However, the public opinion has asked for more effective actions and this may soon push the U.S. into a global leadership position on global warming. In conclusion, all of those issues obligated the Environmental Justice to stand in order to protect human being and the environment integrity considering the climate responsibility overall. Global Climate......

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Climate Change

...Climate Change – Anthropogenic or Natural? One of the biggest issues in today’s media is the argument of climate change and global warming, and whether or not it is the result of human influence on the Earth or if it is a natural occurrence. Many people will tell you that climate change is the result of human impact on the Earth, while other people will say that the change is just a natural cycle the Earth goes through. Though both sides can produce evidence as to why they are right or why the other person is wrong, only you can decide what to believe is right and what is wrong. What exactly is climate change? Climate change is the fluctuation in weather and temperature on Earth either in a specific part of the world, or even the entire world itself. Many people question if the climate is even changing, or if it just some conspiracy though up by the government in order to get money. There is no doubt that the Earth’s climate is indeed changing. The Earth is in warming stage that is being called global warming. Although many experts agree that the Earth is in fact warming, they argue over the cause of the warming. Some say that the reason for the warming is because of a natural cycle that the Earth goes through regularly, while others say that man is the cause of the warming. According to some experts the Earth’s temperature has been steadily increasing since the 1800’s. For this reason they are saying that the past two decades have been the hottest on record......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Climate Change

...CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PROJECT Climate change is the change in stable weather conditions of a given place which have been noted in such a place for a period extending over thirty years. It is notable and lasting change in the distribution of weather patterns in over thirty years. Climate affects agricultural production directly. The International Fund for Agricultural Development accepts climate change to be among the factors influencing rural poverty. Climate change affects the globe as a whole but its effects is felt much more by poor people in third world countries because they rely much on natural resources as a source of their livelihoods. Poor rural communities rely much on livestock keeping and agriculture which are climate-sensitive sectors of the economy. We have to adapt and employ mitigation strategies to respond to climate change. Adapting involves reducing the vulnerabilities of ecosystem to climate change whereas mitigation involves reducing the long term impact of climate change. Mitigating also involves reducing the emission of green house gases while adapting will also involves supporting local communities to deal with the impacts of climate. Agriculture of a given place depends on the climate of such a place; with climate change agriculture is affected negatively. Climate change accelerates the challenges facing the agricultural production and specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa. Innovations are the way to mitigating the effects of climate change on......

Words: 2526 - Pages: 11

Climate Change

...CLIMATE CHANGING AND THE EFFECT IT HAS ON YOU Dijonne King PSC 140 December 1, 2013 Climate change is the climate patterns attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels. Climate change has recently become a huge issue here on Earth. The use of fossil fuels has largely affected the world as we see it today. Temperatures are rising, snow and rainfall patterns are shifting and extreme climate events such as heavy rainstorms and record high temperatures are highly affecting our environment. Through evidence of this climate change, scientists have come to realize the causes and effects of climate change. Through learning about what creates climate change, learning how climate change impacts you, and taking action, I believe climate change can definitely have a positive impact on everyone. Through scientific evident it is clear that climate change has affected the planet Earth as we know it. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives. The average temperature at the surface of the Earth has been increasing over the past century, mostly due to human activities. Warmer surface temperatures lead to increasing evaporation from the ocean and land, leading to an increase in global precipitation. Scientific studies have shown that extreme weather is more likely to become more intense with time. Human activities......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Climate Change

...Most of the scientists agree that this climate change is threatening our earth; human beings can be extinct probably in the near future. The cause and effects of this phenomenon has been studied which is greenhouse effect. The whole world is getting involved in this issue and looking for solutions. Greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon that increases temperature of the earth’s surface (Australian government). However, according to the investigations, human activities enhanced the greenhouse activities, making it worse. So our climate change is due to the increasing human activities, global industrialization which ejects huge amount of carbon emissions. Human activities enhance greenhouse effect that causes widespread heave rainfalls in the northern Hemisphere during the last 50 years (Minetal, as cited in Allan, 2011).The rising temperature is disrupting every aspect in our life and the whole ecosystem. This climate change affects atmospheric and ocean circulations and brings many hazards to the earth, such as widespread drought, flood and tsunami. As we considered climate change, we need consider the common good for all the humans on the earth. The common good refers to the total living conditions which can enable individuals to get the achievement which enables people to achieve humanity (google), whereas climate change is a serious issue that is eliminating human living resouces in many aspects. As we mentioned above, climate change can cause many negative effects,......

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

Climate Change

...Southern Africa Regional Office Lusaka, Zambia Report Climate Change in Zambia: Opportunities for Adaptation and Mitigation through Africa Bio-Carbon Initiative By Samuel Mulenga Bwalya Peaks Environmental Management Consultants P.O Box 32632 Lusaka, Zambia January, 2010 Table of Contents Contents Page Table of Contents................................................................................................................. i List of Tables ...................................................................................................................... ii List of acronyms ................................................................................................................ iii Acknowledgements............................................................Error! Bookmark not defined. Executive Summary ............................................................................................................ v 1. Introduction................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Objectives of the study........................................................................................ 1 1.2 Approaches and methodology............................................................................. 2 2. Climate variability and impacts .................................................................................. 2 2.1 Climate variability......

Words: 15235 - Pages: 61

Climate Change

...There are lots and lots of factors responding to climate change such as Air Pollution, excessive use of H2O,Deforestation, sewage, undegredable substance like polythene and so on:- (1) Air Pollution- There areso many pollution harming our environment due to silly mistaken done by us. For detail smoke produce by factories, industries, burning of polythene led harmful gases that harms our environment directly or indirectly. - Direct is the time when harmful gases produce from such condition enters our body and effects it directly and indirectly is the time when the harmful gases deposits in the ozone layer causing the depletion to it called global warming. This global warming is one of the major problem in our current situation because its causing one of the dangerous diseases i.e skin cancer. (2) Deforestation- The major gas that needed by human being is 02 which is mainly produce by trees and plants. But nowadays we know there are lots of deforestation going on which can lead to big issue like decreasing in o2 percentage and increasing in co2. Due to this our world is facing a big problem which is also a greatfactor to climate change. (3) Sewage- Industries, factories produces lots of an energy producing side products like sewage. Sewage actually means a solution or suspension flown away from factories. It contains some of the harmful bacteria and chemicals that can infect human beings, animals and environment too. These all are the human activities responsing......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Climate Change

...This article was downloaded by: [Texas A&M University-Commerce] On: 05 January 2015, At: 16:08 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Geopolitics Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: Rethinking Climate Change, Conflict and Security Jan Selby & Clemens Hoffmann a a b Department of International Relations, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK b Department of International Relations, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey Published online: 30 Oct 2014. Click for updates To cite this article: Jan Selby & Clemens Hoffmann (2014) Rethinking Climate Change, Conflict and Security, Geopolitics, 19:4, 747-756, DOI: 10.1080/14650045.2014.964866 To link to this article: PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied......

Words: 5013 - Pages: 21

Climate Change

... Impacts Of Climate Change IN Bangladesh | Group 2 | Members-Sakib Shahriar-1510119630 | Israt Jahan-1510581630 | Joyeeta Fabliha Zahir-Faisal Ahmed Shajal-Ashrafun Zamam Lima-Kazi Pushpita- | | Faculty-MRL ENV-107 | [Pick the date] | | Abstract Climate change is one of the most important issues to tackle this generation and possibly any generation in history. Bangladesh is likely to be one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. This paper discusses the possible impacts of climate change in Bangladesh through tropical cyclones, storm surges, coastal erosion and back water effect. Both qualitative and quantitative discussions are made on cyclone intensity increase for a sea surface temperature rise of 2 and 4°C. Different scenarios of storm surges under different climate change conditions are developed by using a numerical model of storm surges for the Bay of Bengal. Possible loss of land through beach erosion due to sea level rise on the eastern coast of Bangladesh is examined. Finally a few remarks are made on the adaptation options for Bangladesh in the event of climate change. Introduction Climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century and is increasingly recognized as a public health priority. Bangladesh is recognized as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change impacts in the world. It has a history of extreme climatic events claiming millions......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Climate Change

...Climate Change: Is Global Warming To Blame? Climate change is a serious reason for concern, because it affects every person living on the planet. The vast majority of the scientific community claims that anthropogenic global warming is to blame for these changes. However, there are a small number of people who deny the very existence of global warming. Their words carry a certain amount of weight in some circles, but they lack scientific proof to support these arguments. The effects of climate change are undeniable. Research conducted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other reputed meteorological institutions proves that average yearly temperature has been steadily growing over the last decades. The sea levels have also been rising, and the number of floods in different parts of the world has increased dramatically. Glaciers in the Northern Hemisphere have started to melt. This caused more icebergs to drift into the ocean. They currently pose a serious threat to both, cruise and cargo ships that course through the waters of the northern regions. There are reports of some icebergs being spotted far to the South from Greenland. Over 95% of scientists agree that these changes are caused by the “greenhouse effect”. There is some solid evidence which proves that people are directly responsible for the global warming that is fueling this climate change. Destruction of forests, burning of fossil fuels and environmental pollution are the main......

Words: 1199 - Pages: 5

Climate Change

...Climate Change and How the Media Portrays It The average educated person would define climate change as the average weather changing or global warming. It is patterns of temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind and seasons. Climate is what makes up all natural ecosystems and is what helps sustain these ecosystems. The climate change today is changing the world. It’s affecting the natural ecosystems negatively. This is because climate is tied to almost everything. The change in climate will change the way people, animals, and plants have to survive. For example, a change in the usual timing of rains or temperatures can affect when plants bloom, when certain bugs hatch, or when streams are at their highest level. This can affect pollination of crops, food for migrating birds, spawning of fish, water supplies for drinking, forest health, and much more. Many people mistake global warming and climate change to be the same thing. Although they are very similar, global warming is what causes climate change. Global warming is the rising of global temperature and ocean temperature. This is what causes the climate change events listed above. Global warming is a global event while climate change is a more regional change in the atmosphere. There are many people who think climate change is not happening. The National Academy of Science has studied climate change and confirmed that it is real and humans are causing it. According to the Climate Impacts Group at the......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Climate Change

... Climate change becomes a universal issue in recent years, with the negative influence occurring in the third world. There are lots of negative effects on most urban areas city on coast and riverbanks are vulnerable to climate change effects such as a increase in sea level (Nichcolls, cited in Hunt and Watkiss 2004, p.17). Climate change refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (Parry M.L et al. 2007, p.13). The world’s urban population will rapid increase in the next few year, so the negative effects caused by climate change in cities should be solved necessarily. This essay outlines the major negative impacts by climate change, and evaluates three possible solving measures in many developing countries. The essay argues that three effective solutions are able to solve the problems of climate change in developing countries. Climate change negatively affects the urban in developing countries. The first environmental effect of climate change is a rising sea level. Rosenzweig et al. (2010, p.910) survey that city should obviously contributed to 71% of global energy-related greenhouse-gas. Most chief cities in developing country are located in low altitudes or near the seaside, which are brought calamities by the climate change. As the world warming, the threat from the ocean level increase poses alarming for cities. A rising in sea level has the direct influences on urban areas such as beach erosion and......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Climate Change

...Two-Thirds of Americans Want US to Join Climate Change Pact Summary of News Item The New York times on November 30 2015 published an article authored by Giovanni Russonelo that two thirds of Americans want US to join the climate Change Pact. A solid majority of Americans say the United States should join international treaty to limit impact of global warming but on this and other climate related questions opinion divides sharply along partisan lines, according to the latest New York Times/CBS News Poll.This represents a shift in public opinion, advocates for climate change are hopeful that the paris talks could be a turning point. Poll Results • 63% of Americans including a bare majority of republicans support domestic policy limiting carbon emmisions from plants • 75% of Americans polled said global warming was already having a serious environmental impact • Nine to Ten democrats agreed , compared 58% of Republicans • One third of republicans said it will never have an impact • 50%of all Americans said the government should take steps to restrict drilling ,logging and mining on public lands, compared to 45% who approved restrictions. • Among democrats support for limiting mineral extraction on public lands rose to 58% • One out 5 Americans favored increasing taxes on electricity as a way to fight global warming • Six in ten opposed, including 49% for Democrats • 36% support increasing taxes to curb global warming • 51% of respondents worried about......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Climate Change

...The climate change war. “Is global warming indeed caused by human emissions of greenhouse gases or by natural variations”? (Pigliucci, M. (2010), 134) The controversy is that global warming is not just a scientific matter, it also correlates with sociology, individual’s lifestyle, but above all, politics. (Maslin, Mark (2004) Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: OUP.) According to Pigliuci [Pigliucci, M. (2010), 141] Since science is constantly changing with their predictions, how do we know that it will not change again? He goes on to say that this is what we call dishonest play on widespread public misunderstanding in the process of science, in which revision in previous results is not only normal, but also mistrust of scientific expertise overall. With that being said, how can we determine what is the proper scientific position on Global Warming/Climate Change? How can non-scientist evaluate the evidence and choose which experts to believe, also how to detect and evaluate the effect of political/economic pressures on scientific conclusions. Do Not Throw Away Your Kids, Protect the Planet and Recycle Them The skepticism of global warming has been a constant ongoing war for quite some time based on its uncertainty. Human activities is what causes the change in the Earth’s climate is just merely a scientific opinion. Basically the scientist leverage on global warming is this: “Without substantial disagreement, scientists find human activities are heating......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Climate Change

...climate change global warming Heading There has been much discussion recently about global warming do you know what are the causes behind the global warming? The phrase Global Warming has specific meaning. "Global" means something above borders or international. "Warming" means an alarm that something bad will happen. The whole phrase means increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere that causes changes in climate around the whole world, which refers to the meaning of global. For years, global warming was a scientific theory nobody cared about except scientists. Since the 1970s, the scientists discovered the fact that the temperature of the earth is increasing, and that the environment will encounter a real problem because of the humans activities on the earth. Even in the late 2000s, both of the government sector and the private sector were still ignoring the issue, due to considering their own benefits. These worries sat the governments and the scientists to it take in consideration more than ever. Both of them started collaborating to conduct the problem. Thus, recently all of the classifications in the world's community neither they were scientists, politicians, students nor children became more and more interested and aware of the global warming issue, and the clue is that most people became more informed of what the global warming really means. Also, the media paid great attention to it by showing programs about it and interviewing experts......

Words: 1460 - Pages: 6