Correlation Between Race and Crime

In: Other Topics

Submitted By orangepineapple
Words 1518
Pages 7
In Heather MacDonald’s article “Distorting the Truth About Crime and Race: The New York Times Is at It Again” she alludes that the New York Times is not keeping the public informed of crime rates. Instead, the Times is more interested with “giving specific racial breakdowns of every aspect of police behavior”(MacDonald). She feels that the New York City Police Department is unable to do their job without having to face allegations of racial disparity.
Ms. MacDonald indicates that the reason crime rates are higher amongst minorities than whites is not because of racial prejudices. She says it’s because the vast majority of crimes occur in minority neighborhoods by minority criminals against minority victims. Therefore, this drives police officers to those areas to arrest the individuals committing crimes.
In 1994, under the New York Police Department Commissioner William Bratton and Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, the proactive policing revolution began. The idea was to remain visible in so called hot spot areas to help prevent crime from occurring. This gave police officers the authority to question anyone that appeared suspicious. According to MacDonald, due to the implementation of this policy “over 10,000 black and Hispanic males are alive today who would have been dead,” but this type of information does not make front page news.
It appears that information concerning the positives associated with proactive policing is another issue Ms. MacDonald feels is not being reported by the New York Times. She claims the Times reporter did not ask minority supporters their opinion on the proactive policing policy. She declares minorities are asking for more police assistance in their neighborhoods. But why do they need more assistance? What is the root cause for the crime patterns that are occurring in these areas? Ms. MacDonald’s article does not address this. However, the…...

Similar Documents

Age Race Crime

...In today’s world age, race, and crime are very popular topics. Everyone is accusing each other on their color and race. As a human being I think we should all be treated equally no matter who we are or what’s our background. In the United State African Americans and Latin Americans have a highest rate of crime but, that does not mean if they were all treated equally by the law. Racism is still very much a major part of our society. Growing up in NY I always knew that there were racist people, but I never knew how the racism actually affected our society and how strongly it influences such things as government funding for education and housing developments. Racism and prejudice always seemed secondary to me. I always knew that this country had issues with racism, but I never imagined that it affected serious issues so heavily. Minorities in this country are put at a greater disadvantage than whites. Many minorities, especially those that do not speak English as their primary language, have to deal with inadequate housing, underfunded school districts and the everyday struggle of discrimination for their differences and beliefs. Most people believe that black and Hispanic people simply commit more crime; the situation is actually more complex. Research suggests crime exists across all societies; it is the type of crimes committed that varies. Those who are victimized by crime are the lower economic levels of society. I think it’s a lack of knowledge and we......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

What Is the Difference Between Causation and Correlation

...What Is The Difference Between Causation and Correlation? The major discrepancy concerning causation and correlation is the power and measure to which two things are associated and the assurance with which anybody can institute a underlying relationship. Basically when you say one thing causes another, you are saying that there is a direct line between that one thing and the result. Cause means that an action will always have a predictable reaction. Once you describe correlation, the expressions cause and correlation grow to be easier to comprehend. If you see a correlation connecting two things, you can see that there is a affiliation between those two things. One thing does not automatically result in the other thing occurring, but it may increase likelihood that something will occur. The way to understand the difference of cause and correlation can best be understood by an example. For instance, “Violent video games cause violent behavior.” According to all research on this matter, this statement is not true, due to the use of the word causes in the sentence. Research has shown that violent video games may influence violent behavior. The correlation between violent video games and violent behavior some researchers have shown that there is a connection/correlation there. Violent games may influence others to act in more hostile but they are not the only reason and sometimes not even a factor for predicting violence. I believe that it really have a great impact on our...

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Correlation Between Management Accounting and Information Technology in Management Decision Making

...dezavantaj ar fi redefirea atribuţiilor pe care le au experţii în contabilitatea managerială și în unele cazuri aceştia nu mai reușesc să se adapteze noilor cerințe tehnologice. Considerăm că ar fi util să se realizeze o cercetare cu privire la impactul sistemelor informatice asupra contabilității manageriale din România. Această temă este insuficient aprofundată în literatura de specialitate deși are un impact major asupra contabilitații managerială . Referinţe Beaman, I. & Richardson, B. (2007), Information Technology, Decision Support and Management Accounting Roles, Journal of Applied Management Accounting Research Dechow, N.; Granlund, M. & Mouritsen, J. (2007), Management Control of the Complex Organization: Relationships between Management Accounting and Information Technology, Handbook of Management Accounting Research Ghasemi, M.; Shafeiepour, V.; Aslani, M. & Barvayeh, E. (2011), The impact of Information Technology (IT) on modern accounting systems, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences no. 28 pag.112 – 116 Moorthy, M.; Voon, O.; Samsuri, C.; Gopalan, M. & Yew, K. (2012), Application of Information Technology in Management Accounting Decision Making, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 2, no. 3 Spraakman, G. & Sanchez-Rodriguez, C. (2010), The Impact of Management Accounting on Management Accounting Practices, School of Administrative Studies, York University, Canada Usurelu, V.; Danaila, A.,......

Words: 3163 - Pages: 13

The Correlation Between Reoccurring Themes in African American Literature inequality between the races and sexes, injustice and resentment, the black identity, and a strong faith and religion. Even though the words can be separated in the end they all come back together. There were many narratives written by fugitive slaves before the Civil War and by former slaves in the postbellum era. These narratives document slave life from the perspective of first-hand experience. The stories they tell are dark and ugly. The authors like Douglas and Jacobs reveal the struggles, sorrows, aspirations, and triumphs of slaves in absorbingly personal story-telling. Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl was the first autobiography by a formerly enslaved African American woman. In it she describes her experience of the sexual exploitation that made slavery especially oppressive for black women. She also recounts her life in slavery in the context of family relationships with her escape and her struggle to free her children. Fredrick Douglas who wrote Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglas, an American Slave, Written by Himself depicts the grim life of slavery as well. He vividly describes the brutality that slaves endured, the meager rations they are allowed for nourishment, and even the murder of a slave. He also hits on the common practice of slave owners raping the enslaved women. Douglas also writes of his escape from slavery and fleeing north. This brutal harsh life was reality for a slave. Inequality of the races is another......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Unemployment Differences Between Races/Nationalities

...Steven Wallace Mrs. Elnora Farmer Principles of Economics 1101 July 25, 2013 Unemployment Differences between Races/Nationalities Introduction It seems to me that the only thing that is changing from day to day is unemployed workers and the fact of businesses and companies cutting jobs. These companies are cutting positions by lying off workers and some are simply closing the doors. As a result of this type of action, the unemployment rate is steadily climbing. I feel that unemployment is one of America’s largest focuses. The effect of unemployment imposes a huge impact on America’s economy. When people are not working or just can’t find a job, they consume less income forcing a lower demand for goods and services that are not essential to us. The fact of less spending leads to companies being forced to figure out ways to cut cost in order to stay in business. The unemployment labor force is made up of different genders, ethnic groups, and age brackets. It is known that the unemployment rates are different for each one of them. When it comes to sex, it doesn’t matter what race or ethnic group you come from, there are more male unemployed than women. Although, many of these groups were once part of the workforce, they are not counted anymore due to being laid off from their jobs. With so many people not working, this leads to other problems like increased crime rates, poverty, and health problems. Unemployment for African Americans As the black......

Words: 1692 - Pages: 7

Difference Between Race and Ethnicity

...What is the difference between race and ethnicity? Race is defined as a group that is socially set apart because of obvious physical differences. Society determines what obvious means for example people that have common features such as hair color, skin color, body hair, etc. people tend to designate a racial group on physical differences opposed to cultural. Ethnicity on the other hand is defined as a group set apart from others because of it’s national origin or distinctive cultural patterns. For example religion, language, food habits, parenting skills, beliefs, or traits that originated from their home lands. Race and Ethnic Diversity in the U.S. Where you live in America will depend on how racially diverse it is. The southern states have more of the Hispanic/latino race than a lot of the northern states where there seems to be more wide spread racial diversity. Whites 63% African American 11% Asian Americans 4.6% Hispanics/Latinos 16.3% How racially diverse will the U.S. be by 2050? According to the pie graph the U.S will be really diverse with Hispanic making up 31.3% and the white non Hispanic making up about 46% My town is not very diverse in terms of race or ethnic groups. In terms of Race the Whites (non-Hispanics) makes up 63% of the population but in terms of Ethnic group The Hispanic/Latino makes up 83% of the population. RACE |   |   | Total population | 73,146 | 100.0 | One Race | 70,961 | 97.0 | White | 42,689 | 58.4 | Black or......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Race, Crime, and Juvenile Justice

...Emerging Research or Policy Issue Related To The Study of Race, Crime, and Juvenile Justice. Ronita D. Hemingway CRJC 352 Special Problems in Criminal Justice Professor Lori Guevera July 7, 2014 The most important emerging research or policy issue related to the study of race, crime, and juvenile justice system is the appropriate actions in the handling of juveniles. Since the start of the juvenile court in 1899, programs and policies have been implemented. Even with the policies and programs that were implemented to deter juveniles, juvenile crimes are still major social issues within our society. As some research has pointed out, kids who display delinquent juvenile behavior early in their youth stages are at a greater risk of offending within their adolescent years. When it comes to race, crime, and the juvenile justice, violence, substance abuse, and mental health are the three main issues that should be focused upon on when dealing with male and female delinquents. Individualized rehabilitation treatment was a highly recognized policy and practice during the 1970s and 1980s. This model focused on the placement of juveniles, who offended, to be placed in a setting that is community-based and less/non-secure. In 1960, the rights of juveniles had rose, which included due process. Due process gave juveniles the right to counsel and their protection against self-incrimination, in which juvenile courts started performing in the same manner as adult courts. Other......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3


...Business Statistics Topic: Correlation and Regression Recommended Readings: Lind D.A., Marchal W.G., and Wathen S.A. (2012), Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics, 15th International Ed., McGraw Hill [Chapter 13] Earlier edts are also suitable. Waters, D., (2008) Quantitative Methods for Business,4th Ed., Financial Times, Prentice Hall [Chapter 9] When we look at interval or ratio scale variables there is often a relationship, eg: price and quantity demanded; time spent studying and exam results obtained; gardai (police) on duty and number of crimes as well as alcohol consumed and sensibility! Regression and correlation analysis is useful because it allows us predict the value of one variable from the knowledge of another. The said relationship can be positive or negative. One first step in establishing if any of these relationships exist is to draw a scatter graph. A Scatter plot or diagram is a chart that portrays the relationship between the two variables. It is the usual first step in correlation analysis * The Dependent variable is the variable being predicted or estimated. * The Independent variable provides the basis for estimation. It is the predictor variable. Correlation Analysis From a scatter plot we have a first picture of the data. The next step is to calculate a measure which can assess the strength of that relationship. The correlation coefficient r which represents correlation in a sample is calculated as: r......

Words: 2693 - Pages: 11

Correlation Between Domestic Saving and Investment in India

...A STUDY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOMESTIC SAVING AND INVESTMENT IN INDIA FROM 1950-51 to 2006-07 Soni Kshamank MSc. (Hons) Economics, 4th year, Birla Institute of Science and Technology and Science, Goa, India Email: Bhala Shailesh N. MSc. (Hons) Economics, 4th year, Birla Institute of Science and Technology and Science, Goa, India Email: Goel Mridula Associate Prof. and Head of Department Of Economics, Birla Institute of Science and Technology and Science, Goa, India Email: ABSTRACT The subject of correlation between savings and investment has been of great interest since the last thirty years. The Feldstein-Horioka puzzle, which is one of the six major puzzles in economics, compares the liquid short term capital mobility and its compatibility with high investment-saving correlation in OECD economies in the long run. Economists often claim that higher savings contribute to increased investment and GDP growth in a country via the multiplier effect, as is indicated by higher GDP growth rate in India and China. This paper studies the dynamics of saving-investment correlation in India using the annual data from 1952-53 to 2006-07 by splitting it in two periods: pre-liberalization and post-liberalization. Hence it analyses the degree of capital mobility in India post-liberalization and compares it with the pre-liberalization period. Keywords: India, Savings, Investment,......

Words: 4482 - Pages: 18

The Correlation Between Emotional Intelligence and Instable Personality in Substance Abusers

...The Correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Instable Personality in Substance Abusers. ------------------------------------------------- Abstract Background Substance dependence has recently turned into one of the most important social problems. Clinical findings have shown personality traits, social relations, attitudes and values, along with emotional intelligence factors such as emotions, feelings, emotions management, challenging with problems, problem solving, tolerating psychological pressure, impulse control, self esteem and interpersonal relations, to affect substance dependence. Consequently, understanding the meaning and developing tools for assessment of emotional intelligence are significantly vital in human psychological health. This study aimed to investigate the relation between emotional intelligence and instable personality in substance abusers. Methods The present correlational study selected 80 male addicts through available sampling. The subjects referred to the Therapeutic Community Center and Kimia, Yas, and Aban Clinics in Yazd, Iran. Their emotional intelligence and personality were evaluated by BarOn questionnaire and Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) for adults, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlations between different factors. Findings There was a negative significant correlation (P = 0.050) between emotional intelligence and instable personality in substance abusers. Problem......

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Relationships Between Economic Growth, Unemployment and Inflation, the Correlations Between the Three Variables and Other Extraordinary Variables, by Anderson Widjaja

...Relationships between economic growth, unemployment and inflation, the correlations between the three variables and other extraordinary variables | Author: Anderson Widjaja FNSINC601-Apply Economic Principles in the Financial Services IndustryNovember 5, 2015 | Summary Few people would claim to know very much about economics, perhaps seeing it as a complex and esoteric subject with little relevance to their everyday lives. If has been generally perceived as something that professionals should dealt with. Yet there is a growing awareness of its influence on the most of every countries’ citizens wealth and well-being, and we may also have opinions regarding government economic policies, often quite strong ones. Most of the effects are about the rising cost of living, taxes, government spending and so on. Sometimes these opinion are based on an instant reaction to an item or the analysts’ conclusions in the news, but they are also frequently the discussions in the workplace and over the dinner table. So to some extent, most people do take an interest in economics. And most of the arguments most people use to justify opinions are generally similar, the same or close to those used by economists, so a better knowledge of the economists’ theories can give us a better understanding of the economic principles that are at play in people’s lives. In this article, the writer will outline the relationships between economic growth, unemployment and inflation and the......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Race and Crime

...Paper II Section 1 – Introduction 1. Name, Age, Race, Ethnicity, 2. Physical Description 3. Place of Birth, Current place of residence Section 2 – Childhood Memories 1. Family make up 2. Mother and Father occupation 3. Marital status of parents 4. Socioeconomic status 5. Perception of her development 6. Normal development 7. Developmental delays 8. Parents discipline style i. Authoritarian a. Cold/harsh, physical force, no explanation of rules ii. Authoritative b. Warm and nurturing c. Positive reinforcement d. Set firm limits, rationale rules and decisions iii. Permissive e. Warm and friendly towards children f. No direction given Section 3 – Adolescence 1. Recollection about adolescence 2. Any important events of early adulthood Section 4 – Middle/Late Adulthood 1. Important events of later adulthood Theories for Paper Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development a. Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years) a. Infant is egocentric b. Gradually learns to coordination sensory and motor activities c. Develops a beginning sense of objects existing apart from the self b. Preoperational Stage (ages 2 - 7) d. Primarily egocentric e. Discovers rules (regularities) applied to incoming information f. Overgeneralize rules, many cognitive errors c. Concrete Operations Stage (ages 7 – 11) g. Solve......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

The Correlation Between Antioxidants, Diet, and Cancer

...research has shed new light on diet playing a role in the prevention and potential reversal of cancer. Nutrition and diet play a substantial role in the development and preservation of the human immune system and overall health of the human body on the cellular level. However, the correlation between diet and cancer is unclear despite research being conducted in the field of nutritional oncology. Though significant progress has been realized in the treatment of cancers through modern technological advances in medicine, prevention and mitigation of cancer lay within nutrition, more specifically a natural diet consisting of fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants and phytonutrients. Background Cancer is a collective term describing uninhibited cell propagation in various parts of the human body [1]. This process is called carcinogenesis (literally means “cancer creation”). Once propagated, the cancer can spread and cause death in a timely manner. Cancer occurs via mutations in the genetic code that can occur in a variety of cells in the human body. Mutations of this sort are believed to be the result of oxidative stress. In the human body oxidative stress occurs when there is a disparity between free radicals and antioxidants, thus compromising the body’s ability to cleanse itself. In fact, one of the more detrimental characteristics of oxidative stress is the production of free radicals. Finding the cause of cancer in any patient is, for the most part, unfeasible......

Words: 1994 - Pages: 8

Relationship Between Crime Level and Unemployment.

...Relationship between crime level and unemployment. This paper will focus on the relationship between unemployment and crime and their ability to reflect the labor market crime correlation. A balanced economic growth of the economy is the ideal way of development when all utilities work in order to provide healthy business growth. One of the disbalance factors of the market economy is unemployment. In case there are errors it creates conflict situations in the economy such as unprecedented actions, random resource movement all this decrease economic efficiency and as a result business activity. Increased economic disproportions create economic instability that decline production and therefore unemployment rises. It damages living standards of unemployed and working people, as oversupply of labour causes wage reduction. It causes a danger for social conflicts that damages even more incentive for business activity and causes capital outflow. Unemployment can take place in the healthy economic developments, so called natural unemployment can be within 4-5%. In the modern economic environment employment can be effective only when unemployment is close to the natural level which can never be equal to zero. Labour is a product and the price of the labour on the market is under the influence of supply and demand. The relationship between economic conditions, property crime and other types of crime like violence is complicated. The existence of positive correlation between......

Words: 1277 - Pages: 6

Bad Correlation Between Cellphone and Driving

...The bad correlation between any cell phone use and driving Texting, making phone calls and any types of cell phone use while driving might be the most dangerous combination that least people could imagine. Firstly, my own personal experience suggests that texting while driving can easily put your and other people surrounding us on danger. I nearly crashed a motorcyclist while sending a message through a phone, fortunately my younger sister was there to remind me that there was an intersection up ahead, and I had to immediately hit the brake. I believe this incident did not only happen to me, because it is quite easily seen that people tend to still use their mobile phone while driving, and I also have to feel blessed that I still have my sister on my side at that time. According to Eby & Kostinyuk (2003), the main driver’s distraction that usually leads to an accident is when a driver has to dial or talk or text a cell phone. Many people underestimated the risk of using cell phone while operating a vehicle, that is the main reason why there are still collisions caused by a single cell phone. Secondly, there was once a series of Oprah Winfrey show that used ‘Distraction while driving’ as a topic, it discusses about the risk of using cell phone while driving. There were 2 people whose person they loved passed away caused by collisions involving cell phone. Oprah (2010) said that when people drive, it increases the likelihood of that person dies twice, when that......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3