Crime and Deviance

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Blondstaff
Words 1336
Pages 6


Sociology is a science that involves many norms. When those norms are not respected by at least an individual, then the behaviour of that person is said to be deviant. Most of the time, this type of behaviour is strongly different from a majority of society that is following the norms. The crime, as explained in today’s society, is an action or a behaviour that does not respects the laws set by governments. Criminology, also called criminal justice, is the science that is related to those behaviours. In some ways, laws are considered as norms in society. Then, it is obvious that crime can be fully considered as a deviance.
Some examples of deviance through the crime would be being undressed in public places, stealing or having sex with a prostitute. Since laws and regulations have been set through different countries like the USA, smoking in public areas ‘such as transportations and workplaces’ is considered as deviant behaviour and criminal to be more precised (Giami; Herrera; Pechin – Reaserach Paper on smoking).
Deviance is not a concrete subject; it is more an idea that differs from a group of individuals to another. In Muslim communities, for example, it is very common to belch at the end of the dinner, which means that the meal was delicious, and have been enjoyed, while belching is seen as a very impolite and deviant behaviour in occidental countries, with different cultures and religions.
Concerning deviance and crime, several sociological and non-sociological explanations have appeared through the few past decades.
The core of this paper intends to give a clear and critical approach to those sociological theories.


Through the Functionalism perspective, it is clear that crime and deviance are not only harmful to the society but it helps it to build a social organization. Once again,…...

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