Ethic Thing

In: Social Issues

Submitted By endero
Words 450
Pages 2
Ethics Essay
Anders Frederiksen
ETH/316
December 18, 2014
Lacey Berumen

Ethics Essay

Virtue theory at the most base level begins with the hypothesis that at some basic level everyone strives for the same thing ending with “eudaimonia” which according to the Encyclopedia Britannica (2014) literally means “the state of having a good indwelling spirit, a good genius” while the common translation of “happiness” is sorely inadequate and the ideas within virtue ethics are a collection of normative ethical principals, that focus on being instead of doing, while the concept that someone interested in life should not want the best or the highest achievement is quite puzzling (Everitt, 2007), this view holds that people gain good habits and that in turn will inform correct moral choices.
Utilitarianism is another normative set of ethics that base the concepts of morality on wording such as “ought,” “good,” and “wrong” having intrinsic meaning to the community that is irremovable from the ethics or morals of a given action and utility for the community (Ewing, 1948). While during the formation of this theory there was much focus on hedonistic ethics, which was “pleasant” or “conducive of pleasure” while false it was a common view (Ewing, 1948).
The deontological case for ethics focuses on the idea of duty, Deon is Greek for duty and thus sets the main core of the theory from the outset (Manias, 2013). Deontological ethics are about following one’s moral duty, found in reason, logic and critical thinking, the obligation to do the right thing because it is the right thing to do (Manias, 2013), and while those duties are quite broadly defined they become clear within an individuals status, be that of a father’s duty to his family or a government’s duty to it’s people.
The author finds that the basic principals of deontological ethics are the best fit and most common…...

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