Submitted By investmentfile

Words 2368

Pages 10

Words 2368

Pages 10

FV | PV | RATE | NPV | IRR | PMT |

Printing Formulas |

FV

FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type)

Rate is the interest rate per period.

Nper is the total number of payment periods in an annuity.

Pmt is the payment made each period; it cannot change over the life of the annuity. Pmt must be entered as a negative number.

Pv is the present value, or the lump-sum amount that a series of future payments is worth right now. If pv is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 (zero). PV must be entered as a negative number.

Type is the number 0 or 1 and indicates when payments are due. If type is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 which represents at the end of the period. If payments are due at the beginning of the period, type should be 1.

PV

PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type)

Rate is the interest rate per period. For example, if you obtain an automobile loan at a 10 percent annual interest rate and make monthly payments, your interest rate per month is 10%/12, or 0.83%. You would enter 10%/12, or 0.83%, or 0.0083, into the formula as the rate.

Nper is the total number of payment periods in an annuity. For example, if you get a four-year car loan and make monthly payments, your loan has 4*12 (or 48) periods. You would enter 48 into the formula for nper.

Pmt is the payment made each period and cannot change over the life of the annuity. Pmt must be entered as a negative amount.

Fv is the future value, or a cash balance you want to attain after the last payment is made. Fv must be entered as a negative amount.

Type is the number 0 or 1 and indicates when payments are due. If type is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 which represents at the end of the period. If payments are due at the beginning of the period, type should be 1.

NPV

NPV(rate,value1:value29),+cash investment

Rate is the rate of discount over the length of one period.…...

...[데이터 입력] |단축키 |설 명 | |Alt + Enter |셀 안에 있는 내용 입력 시 새 줄을 만들어 줍니다. | |Ctrl + Enter |셀 범위를 지정한 후 내용을 입력하고 Ctrl+Enter를 누르면 셀 범위에 동일한 내용이 | | |채워집니다. | |Shift + Enter |셀 입력을 완료하고 위의 이전 셀을 선택합니다. | |Tab |셀 입력을 완료하고 오른쪽에 있는 다음 셀을 | | |선택합니다. | |Shift + Tab |셀 입력을 완료하고 왼쪽에 있는 이전 셀을 선택합니다. | |F4 또는 Ctrl + Y |바로 전에 작업한 내용을 반복합니다. | |Ctrl + Z |바로 전에 작업한 내용을 취소합니다. | |Ctrl + D |빈 셀에 데이터를 입력한 후 아래 셀로 이동하고 Ctrl+D를 누르면 동일한 내용이 | | |채워집니다. | |Ctrl + R |빈 셀에 데이터를 입력한 후 오른쪽 셀로 이동하고 Ctrl+R을 누르면 동일한 내용이 | | |채워집니다. ...

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...As companies globalize, they face new financial challenges. Here, the major challenge faced by the Global CEO is giving companies a powerful mechanism for arbitrage across national financial markets as capital markets open up within them. CFO has to balance the traditional question with new questions which arises due to the globalization. By exploiting their internal capital markets, CFO can create value in 3 functions: 1. Financing the internal capital market. 2. Managing Risk Globally, 3. Global Capital Budgeting. 1. Financing the internal capital market – A CFO can significantly reduce a groups overall tax bill by borrowing disproportionately in countries with high tax rates and lending the excess cash to operations in countries with lower rates. But the global CFO needs to be aware of downside of getting strategic about financing in these ways. Saddling the mangers of subsidiaries with debt can cloud their profit performance. 2. Managing Risk Globally – The existence of an internal capital market also broadens a firms Risk management options. Instead of managing all currency exposures through the financial market, global firm can offset natural currency exposures through their worldwide operations. Given this potential for minimizing risk, it might seem perverse that many multinationals let local subsidiaries and regions manage their risks separately. Doing so, however, can obscure the performance of local units, making it harder for headquarters to assess local......

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