Fear of Crime

In: Social Issues

Submitted By valogrant
Words 2490
Pages 10
We have a strange situation in Australia. At a time when people seem to be more worried by crime, the research evidence suggests crime rates are not increasing. How can we explain this apparent contradiction?

Word count: 2089

The threat of crime victimisation is ever-present in our daily lives. Despite the best laid defences, each one of us are likely to become a victim of crime at some point in our life time. Such direct experiences with crime can leave devastating effects, on the victims and their loved ones, for years to come. However, the chance of becoming a victim of crime is actually very slim. Media programming and reports are an indirect form of exposure to crime and the impact crime has on its victims. The likelihood of being exposed to crime through the media is far greater than chances of victimisation. In this technology-based age, it's almost impossible to avoid crime in the media. On countless occasions, the Australian public have shown a rising perception rate of crime and have a particular fear of burglary, motor vehicle theft and robbery. However, this widely-held view is in stark contrast to actual rates of crime over the same period of time. The public's fear and perception of rising crime within Australia is strongly influenced by the media through a selective process of over-emphasising violence and crime in news reporting and television programs, portrayed without context or consequence.
Recent Australian studies suggest the general public continues to perceive crime rates to be rising and that burglary, motor vehicle theft and robbery are the most commonly feared crimes. Weatherburn and Indermaur (2004) surveyed 1109 adults living in New South Wales and Western Australia, questioning them about crime trends over the previous twenty-four months. The survey focused on six common crimes, home break-in, motor vehicle theft, robbery with…...

Similar Documents

Fear of Crime & Its Effects in a Community

...Fear of Crime & its effects in a Community Introduction The fear of crime creates negative psychological effects in a community. Consequently, stakeholders in the crime prevention sector need to equip themselves with knowledge surrounding this topic. They need to know factors linked to the fear of crime and the magnitude or relative importance of each. But this will only examine two factors; gender and prior victimization is really important in crime prevention strategies. Rational for the research is to answer the question does fear of crime create negative psychological effects in a community. The research question will require validation of two major factors then it will eventually necessity linking those factors together. At this point, there will be a need to move from theory to operationalization of the concept. It’s been established that there is a link between gender and fear of crime but the link is not clearly understood. Additionally, it has been assumed that prior victimization is related to fear of crime but the extent of this relationship needs to be established, Gender, fear of crime and prior victimization .(Babbie,2005) It should be noted that various methods of asking one question are possible and each approach would result in totally different responses thus different analyses and results. This research questions may be asked in such way that they give open ended responses. For instance, the respondents may be asked what their fear of crime is...

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Fear

...FEAR. Opening the book ‘Raw’ penned down by Martin Crowe my eyes fixated on the following words, “Fear . That emotion I have fought all my life . Fear of rejection. Fear of unworthiness. Fear of failure. Fear of not moving forward. Fear of being dropped." Seeing and reading these words sent jitters down my spine and my head started reeling , re-calling my experiences as a budding youngster in the gentleman's game in all whites and a bright sun hat . I was like a new born calf trying to find his footing in this world ,I was somewhat good enough to get into the school first eleven at the age of thirteen and then into the state under nineteens the next year at the age of fourteen . This is exactly when the fear started creeping in ,playing with guys almost half a decade older than me was like a David versus Goliath battle from the inside but this time Goliath was winning . During training I was impressing all and then on the first match day just before the coin went up between the the two leaders a bombshell was dropped , a meeting was called and I was handed my first cap by the captain and a new set of whites as i was to take the field instead of a experienced stalwart in the team and thus was slotted to bat at number three . The toss was won by my captain and he decided to have a bat on a green seamer , on which the ball would move around in every direction . Watching the openers walk out to the middle was terrifying . I was sitting with my pads on , helmet and......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Fear

...Fear Written By: Richard A. Cranston To begin with, I will ask the question of what is fear. Webster’s Dictionary give’s the definition of fear as this: FEAR - 1) To have a reverential awe of, to be afraid of, expect with alarm, to be apprehensive. 2) An un-pleasant, often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger. 3) A reason for dread o apprehension. Fear is a powerful emotion that is primitive and can be traced back to our earliest ancestors. This emotion, if controlled and listened to, can and will alert us of danger. I personally believe that since it kept our ancestors alive, it can keep us alive. If fear was not accepted, appreciated, and or respected, then none of us will be here today. That is just a small portion of the positive side of fear. Like all things in life, when there is positive, there is negative. The negative side is that fear can control us, cloud our judgment, cause us to freeze, and in the end get us severely injured or killed. Hundreds of years ago, fear was taken from just an emotion, and turned into a very powerful weapon. This weapon was used, even to this day, as a means of control. Many cultures have produced secret societies who have found out just how much of an effective weapon this emotion can be. It has been used for extortion, control, and even to shift political parties to who these societies want to take reign, or over throw a monarchy. Many of these secret societies are not widely......

Words: 4493 - Pages: 18

Fear of Crime

...Fear of Crime: Development, Progress, and Efforts to Erase the Negative Effects it Leaves Behind Abstract This study diagnoses the different aspects that cause fear of crime to grow or progress in society. Things that have stronger influences on the mind are considered on higher scales than others. This report has many different points; it will be focused most on: demography and how it is used to show characteristics of your 'common victim', the media's ramification’s on crime, what effects the mind has on crime, and crime within schools. It will also mention different theories and how they affect the thoughts that people have on the amount of crime around them. Crime is a topic in today's society that cast immense fear into the mind and thoughts of many people, putting hindrance on what many people do in their lives. It is depicted in abundance on television, radio, books, and other entertainment sources of today's day and age, therefore causing more people to focus in on crime. Due to the added attention on the topic, fear of crime, the physical, social, economic, and emotional vulnerability as a result of the stress from crime, is more common than it used to be. Fake court cases and exaggerated crimes are all over reality television, in turn, taking minuscule fears and making them extraordinary with every hour they sit observing them in front of their television a daily basis, one show after another. Mind over matter is a theory that is mentioned when......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Fear of Crime

...now disappeared before my eyes. I recently did some research on my neighborhood, Sunset Park. I conducted a study along with my fellow classmates called the “Fear of Crime in my Neighborhood”. I surveyed 10 people that I felt would give me reasonable/ solid feedback on whether or not people are actually feared by the crime that takes place in their neighborhood. The survey consisted of several questions that helped further answer the question to my study. For example, some questions were “Have you ever been a victim of a crime before? Have you ever witnessed a crime ? What kind of house do you live in and with how many people? etc. However, I did find it rather difficult to stop to hand out these surveys. As mentioned before, my neighborhood is consisted of a few different ethnic backgrounds which made it hard for me to communicate with them and for them to communicate with me. I lucky enough to complete 10 surveys. I noticed that when I approached people they were rather cautious of me to make sure I was not going hurt them (rob, rape, assault). In my opinion Sunset Park has gotten a lot worse over the years with these such crimes. In my second part of my research, I conducted three interviews with adults who live in my neighborhood, Sunset Park. I asked them several questions that related to my research, Fear of Crime. My first interview was with a young man in his 20s named Joel Caban. He told me that he has lived in a private house Sunset Park his whole life but......

Words: 2833 - Pages: 12

Fear

...‘Fear Constructs our Reality’ “The one permanent emotion of the inferior man is fear - fear of the unknown, the complex, and the inexplicable. What he wants above everything else is safety.” Henry Louis Mencken. Fear is one of the strongest emotions for every human being; like love or hate it can distort our mind, causing us to not think or act logically in different circumstances. Fear, like the fear of speaking in public, can effect each individual differently; some of us are able to control this fear and speak confidently and clear to a large group, where others of us freeze and let it take control of our body; confusing our mind to make the situation more difficult than it really is. Fear can be caused because of something that happened to the individual in the past, an accident or event that has left an imprint in the memory that could trigger the same emotion that was felt in the past, to the present situation. Our fears can also be formed from a parent’s or family member’s experience, instilling the same fear to us, which in turn influences the way we see what is happening around us. No matter what an individual’s fear is or how it began, plays a very significant part on controlling their part of life, by confusing the mind.. There are some of us that allow fear to overthrow our mind, causing it control our everyday actions and thoughts. Through the character of Nina, from the movie ‘The Black Swan’ it is clear that fear has distorted her mind which causes her......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Fear

...Fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat. Most people are afraid to admit that they fear something because they think that they are the only ones that have that fear, but the truth is that everyone is scared of something. Everyone has at least one fear that when facing it, can cause a memorial moment in their life. I have many fears and I’ve been faced with one of my biggest fears for a few years now, and it still lingers on to this day. On thanksgiving 2012, I wanted to spend the night at my friend’s house named Kayla since she was having a big thanksgiving party, but my parents said I couldn’t go. At first I was confused because we never did anything special on thanksgiving, so I didn’t think it would have been such a big conflict. That night, my parents sat me down at the dining room table once my brother and sister were sound asleep. Sitting there, I was so confused on what they were going to tell me that was supposed to be “so important”. They took a deep breath and told me that what I was about to hear, was going to change my perspective on our family. They told me that my dad Clay was not my biological dad, and that my biological dad’s name is Shaun. In that moment, my whole life got turned upside down. A thousand questions ran thru my head like “Why didn’t they tell me sooner?” “Why did my biological dad leave?”, “Is it because of me?”, “Was I a mistake?” I was too shocked to ask......

Words: 1785 - Pages: 8

Fear

...“Mommy, can you check under my bed?” Do you remember believing in monsters under your bed? The fear that griped at your feet as you made a dash for the covers every night? When did that fear become diminished? As we got older we started to ask less and less for mom to check under the bed, we started to understand that make believe doesn’t exist and that monsters under our beds are little kid brains running on overdrive ignorance. That’s it IGNORNCE; the lack of knowledge, that is what made us afraid the lack of knowing what is real and what is not. But “knowledge has banished fear” as Athol furgard once said. Once we started to gain knowledge myths and legends started to go against everything science could prove “real”. According to science fear is a motivating force coming from the ability to sense danger and getting away from it. Also known as the fight-or-flight response you mostly see in animals when under attack. People have a fear for the unknown, we aren’t scared to try something new but more at what the results would be. They limit themselves to curtain things that they know and the rest they put on a shelf claiming it too high to reach, because of the fear of what it might hold. Today I urge you to stop putting the unknown on a shelf, start testing with it explore it to its max. There are people who hide away from things that makes them afraid and then there are people who rush after it. These people are called adrenalin junkies. You might......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Policing and the Fear of Crime

...Strategies and Crime Prevention October 21, 2014 Policing and the Fear of Crime Summary This article titled Policing, and the Fear of Crime, was mainly about the relationship between fear and crime and how it affected those who have been victims of crime. The article started off by giving examples of a nurse that was raped, a black family whose home was vandalized, and a teenager from the ghetto that is shot to death. The authors stated in the article that society would focus more on what the victims and their material losses rather than the victims fear and worry about repeated victimization. In certain cases this is true. When someone is robbed and you hear about it on the news most people specifically wait to hear what was stolen rather than how safe the victim feels after the attack. Fear can be a bad thing. Fear can prevent people from going about their daily lives and living and fear can make or break people. Fear is not always a bad thing though. In this article, several there were examples of fear making victims rethink their daily routines and activities and to take extra pre-cautions to be safer. This in turn makes it harder for offenders to find and prey on victims. This type of action is called target hardening. According to the article, society does not systematically collect data. The data on fear that is collected is generally very old. The biggest survey to cover the United States was done in 1980. A report called “The Figgie Report on The Fear of......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Fear

... Cheapie D | March 13, 2015 Cheapie D |  | March 13, 2015 MY Barriers Do you have a fear/phobia of something small and nice or something big and harmless? Well if you ask me I have a fear/phobia of crickets or you can say I have insect phobia. Often whenever I see crickets I freak out, but some people take my phobia as a joke. Such as throwing fake crickets at me and throwing real crickets at me. While there laughing their heads off, I’m running around like a chicken with its head cut off. Sometimes I’ll soften up and watch them chirp on the wall at night. I’ve tried to face my fear a couple times and try to touch them, yet every time I try I run away. I don’t know why, but every time they jump out at me I am a scaredy-cat and run off like a girl. Time flies by fast because every attempt I make involving crickets I feel a little better. Now I am quite cool with seeing crickets, but I still can’t stand touching them and them touching me. So if you ask me “How was your overall experience with my fear/phobia of crickets?” My answer would be “My overall experience with my fear/phobia of crickets was bad at first, but it got better overtime. Don’t get me wrong, I still have more work to do involving crickets.” I am so glad my fear/phobia is getting better. I can remember when I saw a cricket for the first time in my life. I was scared to death. I am so much better now....

Words: 277 - Pages: 2

Fear

...FEAR OF ALTOPHOBIA Veronica Taylor ENG121: ENGLISH COMPOSITION 1(AXC1420C) Instructor: Erin Nelson May 16, 2014 Fear of Alto phobia The fear I need to conquer is my fear of heights. Heights are one of my biggest fears that I have tried numerous of times to get over. This fear causes me to have real bad anxiety attacks to where I sweat, shake, have blurred vision, and have trouble breathing to where I have an asthma attack. One day my sister tried to help me conquer my fears by making me ride on roller coaster and that day is the day that I will never forget because she made my fears worst. The bad thing about my fear is when I go to sleep I picture myself up high in the air somewhere falling and wake up instantly nervous in a cold sweat, scared and emotional. Every time I go to an amusement park I promise every one that I am going to ride on all the rides. When I get there, I freeze up and back out. My sister always forces me to get on the biggest ride which is called The Beast. The beast is concerned to be the longest and biggest rollercoaster and it’s made out of wood. They tell me that I can do it and that it’s not that bad, but they lied. I wanted to get on so bad but, my fear just took over and wouldn’t let me just like always. What really causes me to have a fear of heights was the movie called Final Destination. In the movie all kinds of disturbing and crazy things happen. In one of the sense there were people up on the rollercoaster riding when...

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Fear

...| My traumatizing fear as a child. | | | | Teresa Wright 11/14/2015 | | | | As a child, I always had a fear of clowns because of their odd, creepy, and evil appearances. In the month of October 2008, that fear drastically evolved into a trauma; Once I watched the movie called, ‘IT’, by Stephen King. From that day forward I found myself screaming and crying at the top of my lungs every time I seen a clown. Imagining that they were evil killers just like the intimidating clown of the movie. The trauma was so intense that when there was a fund raiser event held at my elementary school , Browning Pearce , the clown Ronald McDonald was there to meet and greet every child , including me, and once it was my turn to actually see him I fainted and collapsed onto the floor . As I came to my senses, my mother, Brenda forced me to watch the movie, ‘IT', including a bunch of other clown cartoons. I had to watch them for a whole week nonstop, even before I did my homework or went to church. Watching almost 168 hours of clowns on television; I finally realized that my horror of clowns had vanished into thin air. The next day I told my mother that the anxiety was gone, so she told me to get in the car and she drove us to a local McDonalds where Ronald McDonald was at. She had me meet him again, but, this time I didn't faint; I actually thought he was a funny cool clown. In conclusion, I became indomitable of clowns and with the help of my mother disciplining me to face......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Fear

...5 Ways to Beat Fear in a Scary World by: Deepak Chopra, M.D. We live in a world that causes people to feel anxious on a daily basis, either by reading about terrifying events or worrying that another may occur. In a historical sense, there has never been a time when fear and anxiety were completely absent, and yet this doesn't offer reassurance—just the opposite. If you look upon the world as a fearful place, you are buying into a collective story, and only you can change the story as it applies to you. Fear does many things to a person, but fundamentally it makes us feel insecure. Feeling secure is a most basic necessity, because without a sense of safety, the mind is preoccupied with threats instead of possibilities. If you go to work worrying that your job is on the line, it's nearly impossible to look for ways to be better at your job and approach the future creatively. In truth, the remedy for fear is personal and has little or nothing to do with external circumstances. (Look at the people you know who never stop worrying about money no matter how well-off they are, or who obsess over getting sick no matter how healthy they are.) Each of us needs to find our own way out of the climate of fear; no government action is going to do it for us. Depending on the kind of person you are and the level of anxiety you feel, here are five ways that are effective in returning to a sense of personal safety and security. 1. Become More Rational, and Let Facts......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Assess the Strengths and Limitations of Using Unstructured Interviews as a Means of Investigating the Public’s Perceptions of Crime and Fear of Crime. (15 Marks)

...Assess the strengths and limitations of using unstructured interviews as a means of investigating the public’s perceptions of crime and fear of crime. (15 marks) Unstructured interviews give the freedom to vary the interview. There are no questions prepared beforehand, the interviewers asks questions from the flow of the answers given by interviewees. This type of research method produces qualitative data, that is rich and in detail piece of research. Data gained from unstructured interviews are recorded by looking for categories from the answers given from interviewees and tallying each time the category occurs. Investigating public’s perception of crime is a difficult sample to investigate using unstructured interviews. In the investigation the researcher must ensure that the findings from the sample will be able to generalise and being able to have access too such sample could be very difficult for the researcher. During the interview it is essential that the interviewer has the skills and techniques required to be able to build the rapport with the interviewee.Therefore before the research is conducted the interviewer must go through training to learn the essential tips regarding the method of research they have chosen. However, training could be expensive and this may be a problem for the researcher. Age is not an issue during this research as the target audience is the public, therefore all age groups are targeted. However, children would not be......

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Fear Not

...Luke 1:26-38 FEAR NOT Intro: Fear has been a part of the human existence since the fall of man in Genesis 3:8-10. Everyone, regardless of how brave they seem, is afraid of something. I, personally, am afraid of heights. Not so much afraid of being of there, because the views are incredible. Not afraid of the fall, because free fall is an exhilarating experience. If I had to define my fear, I would have to say that my fear of heights is really a fear of the sudden stop that awaits me at the bottom of my fall. I say again, everyone is afraid of something. (Snakes, Spiders, Disease, Financial Setbacks, Old Age, Gray Hair, Rejection, Disappointment, Exposure, Being Forgotten, Etc.) Even in the Bible, we can see where men were stalked by their fears: 1. Abraham lied about Sarah out of fear - Gen. 12:11-13 2. Jacob displayed fear of Esau - Gen. 32:6-8 3. Moses feared Pharaoh - Ex. 2:14 4. Moses feared Rejection - Ex. 4:1 5. The Disciples feared the storm - Matt. 8:24-26 Nothing has changed! People are still caught in the grip of their fears, and this is even true during the Christmas Season. A time that should be joyous, happy and totally Christ-centered. We fear not having enough money, of not meeting everyone's expectations, we worry over meals, over who will be there and who will not. We just seem to fear everything. Three times God sent angelic messengers to the earth with messages connected to the birth of His Son, the Lord Jesus. Each time, they brought big news, news...

Words: 2173 - Pages: 9