Gender and Crime

In: Social Issues

Submitted By gracewinifred
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Read Item B below and answer the question that follows.
Item B

According to crime statistics, men are more likely than women to commit crime. However, this statistical difference may be due to the way in which the criminal justice system deals with men and women. In some cases, the nature of female crimes means that they are less likely to be recorded.
Men and women seem to commit different types of crime. Those committed by women are seen as more serious if they go against expected gender norms. For men, crime can be seen as an expression of masculinity and a way of gaining social status.

Using material from Item B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of gender differences in the patterns of crime.

There are an array of sociological explanations and theories as to why there is a significant difference not only in the crime rates of different genders but also in the crimes committed by each.

Firstly,item B states that men are more likely to commit crime than women, official statistics support this statement as they show that of the 1.2 million criminals convicted and sentenced in 2011, only 24% of those were women and 72% were men; this shows that men are 3x more likely to be convicted and sentenced than women. There are a variety of explanations for this significant difference in criminal convictions; Parsons, and other functionalists, argue that this difference is due the Sex Role theory which states that men and women have different roles within the family, the women has the expressive role which causes her to be more caring and nurturing where as men have the instrumental role and that children learn these roles during primary socialisation, the girls are socialised into the expressive role causing them to be more empathic where as boys are socialised into the instrumental role (the breadwinner) this causes them to be more competitive…...

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