Group 5

In: Social Issues

Submitted By seniorgrad2
Words 6646
Pages 27
Prepared for THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PEACE, VIOLENCE, AND CONFLICT, 2nd ed., (Academic Press, expected 2008).

Hate Crimes
Jack Levin and Jack McDevitt Northeastern University I. Legal Distinctions II. Hate Crimes and Prejudice III. Why Treat Hate Crimes Differently? IV. Problems in Collecting Hate Crime Data V. Types of Hate Crimes VI. Organized Hate Groups VII. VIII. Are Hate Crimes on the Rise? Responses to Hate crimes

IX. Conclusion GLOSSARY Defensive Hate Crimes Hate offenses aimed against particular “outsiders” who are regarded

as posing a challenge to a perpetrator’s neighborhood, workplace, school, or physical wellbeing. Ethno-violence Acts of hate that do not necessarily rise to the legal standard of a crime, but

contain an element of prejudice.

Hate Crimes (also known as Bias Crimes) Criminal offenses motivated either entirely or in part by the fact or perception that a victim is different from the perpetrator. Mission Hate Crimes Hate offenses committed as an act of “war” against any and all

members of a particular group of people. Modern Racism victim. Prejudice A negative attitude toward individuals based on their perceived group Subtle and institutionalized forms of bigotry based on the race of the

membership. Retaliatory Hate Crimes terrorism. Thrill Hate Crimes Hate offenses typically committed by youngsters who are motivated by Hate offenses designed to get even for hate crimes or acts of

the desire for excitement.

HATE CRIMES are criminal offenses motivated either entirely or in part by the fact or perception that a victim is different from the perpetrator. As used by the FBI and a number of other law enforcement agencies across the United States, this definition has three important elements that have been widely accepted: first, it involves actions that have already been defined as illegal in state or federal statutes. Thus,…...

Similar Documents

Porter's 5 Forces Model of Inditex Group

...2.3 Porter’s 5 forces Model 2.3.1 Threat of new entrants The apparel industry has very low entry barriers. Entering the market does not require huge amount of capital. The setup can be as simple as a person selling his own designed apparel online which only required relatively low skills level. In fact, the fashion retailing is a diversified market with numerous single shop retailers, local chain stores, international fashion chain stores, online shop… etc. However, if we focus on the fashion retail chain with economy of scale in production and distribution, that would create significant barrier for entry. Moreover, brand identification and production differentiation also set a barrier for entrance. 2.3.2 Threat of substitute products or services The threat of substitute products in the fashion retailing is very high. Customer can buy another piece of garment in turn satisfying the same need. The competitors can even copy the “hit of the season” easily, customer can find similar products in the market with different price positions. The switching cost on the substitute apparel is also very low. What’s more, many female considered shopping as leisure activities. Retailers also lower the switching cost by providing online platform for shopping which in turn provide price information to customer as well. To retain their customers, fashion brand has put a lot of resource on building their brand and establish the perceived value on their product (i.e. level of......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Group 5: Models of Growth

...“Hyper inflation is both a monetary and fiscal phenomenon” In economics, hyperinflation occurs when a country experiences very high and usually accelerating rates of monetary and price inflation, causing the population to minimize their holdings of money. Under such conditions, the general price level within an economy increases rapidly as the official currency quickly loses real value. Meanwhile, the real value of economic items generally stays the same with respect to one another, and remains relatively stable in terms of foreign currencies. This includes the economic items that generally constitute the government's expenses. There is no precise numerical definition to hyperinflation. Hyperinflation is a situation where the price increases are so out of control that the concept of inflation is meaningless. Hyperinflation is often associated with wars, their aftermath, socio-political upheavals, or other crises that make it difficult for the government to tax the population, as a sudden and sharp decrease in tax revenue coupled with a strong effort to maintain the status quo can be a direct trigger of hyperinflation. When associated with depressions, hyperinflation often occurs when there is a large increase in the money supply not supported by gross domestic product (GDP) growth, resulting in an imbalance in the supply and demand for the money. Left unchecked this causes prices to increase, as the currency loses its...

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Group Essay Titles (Groups of 5 Students)

...CA – Group Essay Titles (Groups of 5 students) There are three pages to this document, please read them all very carefully 50% of Course DUE: 5PM Friday 8/11/2013 at the latest Students should form Groups of 5 for this project. Each Group must write one essay based on one of the below titles: • The Senate is a Waste of Money? • Corporate Citizenship cuts into the Business Bottom Line, Discuss? • Examine the Concept of Ireland as a Postcolonial Society. • Discuss the Proposition that Business Needs Politics as much as Politics Needs Business. • Corporate Social Responsibility is more of an Aspiration than Reality, Discuss? • Examine the Idea: Ethical Relativism is a Dangerous Thing. • Discuss the Emergence of Scientific Management. • Dependency Theory is all Hot Air. Discuss? • The Dáil is a Vital Part of Irish Democratic Institutions. Discuss? • Examine the Ideas Underlying Green Marketing. • It is Vital that a Company Conducts Business Ethically. Discuss? • The Civil War Shaped the Destiny of Irish Politics. Discuss? • Examine the Place of Ireland, in the Expanding EU. • Stakeholder Theory makes for more Responsible Companies. Discuss? • When Business and Politics mix is Corruption Inevitable, Discuss. This CA is due by 5PM on Friday 8th November 2013 at the latest; that is (8/11/2013). It must be completed in groups of 5 students. . The term paper will be an essay of 2,000......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4


...CRANEFIELD COLLEGE OF PROJECT AND PROGRAMME MANAGEMENT GROUP/INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT FOR MODULE Project Management: Perspective, Planning and Implementation (ACPM02) Please include the following declaration: “I/We hereby declare that this assignment is entirely my/our own work, and that it has not previously been submitted to any other Higher Education Institution. I/We also declare that all published and unpublished sources have been fully acknowledged and properly referenced. This includes figures, tables and exhibits. Where modified by me/us, this has also been indicated.” |Print Name |Signature |ID Number | |Wesley Lombard | |8409045107088 | |Ian Stewart | |8006075214089 | |Nicholas Mkhabele | |8905075297087 | |Siyanda Mfeka | |8501265486083 | |Lucky Tsolo | |7801165901087 | |Phethile Lubisi ...

Words: 6295 - Pages: 26


...Sample Group Meeting Format # 1 1. Good Evening! This is the regular meeting of the ____________________________ Group of Alcoholics Anonymous. My name is _____________. I am an alcoholic and your Secretary. 2. This is an open meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous. We are glad you are all here - especially newcomers. In keeping with our singleness of purpose and our Third Tradition which states that "The only requirement for A.A. membership is a desire to stop drinking," we ask that all who participate confine their discussion to their problems with alcohol. 3. Let us open the meeting with a moment of silence to do with as you wish, followed by the Serenity Prayer. God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference. 4. Definition of Alcoholics Anonymous: Alcoholics Anonymous is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from alcoholism. The only requirement for membership is an honest desire to stop drinking. There are no dues or fees for A.A. membership. We are self supporting through our own contributions. A.A. is not allied with any sect, denomination, politics, organization or institution; does not wish to engage in any controversy; neither endorses nor opposes any cause. Our primary purpose is to stay sober and help......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2


...INTRODUCTION Bay of Pigs and Cuban missile crisis decisions and results are detailed as introduction to group decision making. Definitions: What Is a Group? • A group is two or more people who are interacting with each other and are interdependent in the sense that to fulfill their needs and goals, they must rely on each other. A. Why Do People Join Groups? • Baumeister and Leary (1995) argue that people join groups because in our evolutionary past, there was a substantial survival advantage to establishing bonds with other people. Consequently the need to belong may be innate and is present in all societies. • Groups have many benefits, including providing information, helping us define our identity, and establishing social norms for behavior. B. The Composition and Functions of Groups • Most social groups range in size from two to six members. • Members of a group tend to be alike in terms of age, sex, beliefs, and opinions. This is both because people are attracted to similar others and because groups operate in ways that encourage similarity among members. 1. Social Norms • Groups have social norms about which behaviors are acceptable, and the consequences of violating these are pressure to conform and ultimately rejection. 2. Social Roles • Groups also often have well-defined roles, or shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave. Roles facilitate social interaction. • Roles also may have a cost....

Words: 3454 - Pages: 14

Pressure Group 5 Markers

...5 mark questions practice What is politics? Politics, in its broadest sense, is the activity through which people make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live. Although politics is also an academic subject (sometimes indicated by the use of ‘Politics’ with a capital P), it is then clearly the study of this activity. Politics is thus inextricably linked to the phenomena of conflict and cooperation. On the one hand, the existence of rival opinions, different wants, competing needs and opposing interests guarantees disagreement about the rules under which people live. On the other hand, people recognize that, in order to influence these rules or ensure that they are upheld, they must work with others – hence Hannah Arendt’s definition of political power as ‘acting in concert’. This is why the heart of politics is often portrayed as a process of conflict resolution, in which rival views or competing interests are reconciled with one another. However, politics in this broad sense is better thought of as a search for conflict resolution than as its achievement, as not all conflicts are, or can be, resolved. What is the difference between power and authority? Power is the ability of an individual or institution to force people to do things, whether they wish to or not. There are various forms of power, the strongest of which is coercion – the use of physical force. The most extreme cases of coercion are seen under totalitarian regimes, where execution,......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2


...Evolution of the Group A group is defined as two or more employees who interact with each other in such a manner/or performance of a member is influenced by the behavior and/or performance of other members. (Gibson, 2012) Working in a group can be very difficult in itself having to work with different personalities and different working styles. In addition to all this lets take into consideration an online group where the parties have never met, have never spoken to each other then you may have a dilemma one your hand. This was not the case in this group even though we were placed together by the professor. We collaborated on blackboard under the team discussion board. It took a while to get everyone cooperation and to set up an appropriate meeting time as we all live in different time zones and all worked different hours. Once everyone agreed on a set time for the first brain storming session we were able to schedule a meeting on Skype. Our first meeting was set and we selected the topic and elected a group leader. This process was fairly easy because we all decided as a group to stick to a topic and an organization that we were interested in as a group and a topic that would afford us a wealth of information. Our topic (Leadership Development Program) and organization (American Express) was selected as I am an employee there and is currently enrolled in their leadership development program. After we selected the topic, the group discussion board went radio silent......

Words: 1857 - Pages: 8

Cis 336 Week 5 Group Project Task 3

...CIS 336 Week 5 Group Project Task 3 To Buy This material Click below link Develop the SQL statements to insert records into the database. You should ensure that the data in the database is sufficient to allow for each of the reports requested by Ms. Smith to be tested. You need to show a minimum of three insert queries for each database table that you have created. Some tables will obviously require more to ensure that all of the required data is in the database (i.e., the packages table, program table, etc). To submit this task, add a comment heading called INSERT STATEMENTS to your corrected SQL script from Task 2. Add your INSERT statements for each table after this heading. Keep in mind that you will need to insert data into the tables in the same order that the tables were created. This will minimize any integrity constraint errors you might encounter. Keep in mind also that any values being inserted into a field defined as a foreign key field must first exist in a previous table’s primary key field. Save the file as TEAM_X_TASK3.TXT, where X is your team identifier. After testing your statements to verify that your data will insert into your tables, create a spooled output file with the SET ECHO ON session command set for submitting. Note – Although you are only required to have three records per table in most of your tables for this deliverable, you will need a considerable amount of......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Cis 336 Week 7 Group Project Task 5

...CIS 336 Week 7 Group Project Task 5 To Buy This material Click below link Develop the queries to support each of the reports that are required by Ms. Smith. It is expected that the information returned by the queries is adequate to be used in the reporting process. Make sure your output contains enough information! The following is a recommendation and the MINIMUM amount of data you should have access to: Customer Table: A minimum of 12 customers (this will allow several channels to have more than one customer selecting it as a favorite channel) Billing Table: Records to support the above customers Program Table: A minimum of 25 programs (your program guide should have enough programs for various channels to support the program guide report) Other tables: A sufficient amount of data to support the above when reports are run. Create a heading of REPORTING STATEMENTS as a comment at the bottom of your group project database script file. Add the six report queries to this area. In instances where you are asked to allow for user input, please specify an appropriate value based upon the data in your script. For example, Report 1 is a DATE driven report; therefore, you should use a single date in your WHERE clause to display the information. Task 5 is the final task for the project and is designed to demonstrate that you have adequately satisfied the requirements of the project. The following is......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Edu 644 Week 5 Assignment Group at-Risk Specialization Mind Map

...EDU 644 Week 5 Assignment Group At-Risk Specialization Mind Map To Buy This material Click below link This assignment provides the opportunity for you to specifically plan the Final Project in Week Six by brainstorming and outlining each required component of your website using a mind map. For this assignment you will select a specific group at risk as a specialization. There are additional groups identified this week and listed as recommended resources to select from. These groups include child immigrants of Central America, homeless veterans, and sub-groups relating to poverty. You may also elect to focus on one of the groups or a sub-group of those already researched during Weeks One thru Five, which comprise the sections of your website. You will then plan your content and design of this assignment using a digital mind mapping tool, such as, coggle, Popplet,, or any other free digital mapping tool of your choosing. Remember to view the privacy policies of each mind mapping option, which are linked with the Recommended Resource description for each recommended tool. If you are unable to complete this assignment using a mind mapping tool, communicate the issue with your instructor before the assignment due date. Create your assignment using the content and written communication instructions below. Use the Grading Rubric to review your assignment......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Hhs 497 Week 5 Dq 2 Groups in Need

...HHS 497 Week 5 DQ 2 Groups in Need To Buy This material Click below link After reading Chapter 2 in your text (Groups in Need), you cannot help but appreciate the span of needs and then wonder, “How do we make budget allocation decisions?” and, “What happens to the individuals unable to acquire appropriate help”? In many ways, individuals needing one kind of service can, if the need is not addressed, have a negative domino effect on the person. For example, the homeless person becomes sick, eventually receiving free emergency medical attention. These “forcing functions” are a common phenomenon in HHS. Burger (2011) states,“Meanwhile, human service agencies, for the most part, try to help people adjust to the existing social and economic situation. Agencies, in effect, seek to maintain the status quo. Regardless of the basic motives behind social policy, it seems clear that unless and until more successful or satisfying programs are devised to provide for basic needs of people who are unable to provide for themselves, much suffering, turmoil, and conflict will result” (p.274). Thus, on the one hand we have different groups needing help, but we have agencies limited to maintaining the status quo. This is a very real dilemma. Reflect on the different ideas implied in the above sentences and take a stand as to what can or should we, as a country, do to make rational and acceptable changes that address......

Words: 297 - Pages: 2


...GROUP DEFINED GROUP -The basic unit of sociological analysis. - A unit of interacting personalities with an interdependence of roles and statuses existing between the members (Cole, 1963). - One or more people who identify and interact with one another (Macionis, 2001). -Any system of social relationship in which members have a culture that defines the roles and statuses from which members are differentiated from nonmembers (Persell, 1984). -Organizations of people where individual members are aware that they belong to it. Group is visible and real because they exist in time and place(Salcedo, 2002). CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUPS According to Denisoff (1983), social groups, regardless of what type and classification are characterized as follows: 1. Group members interact with each other over a period of time. The process of their interaction may be done through words, actions, symbols or through music where one’s action is influenced. 2. Each member identifies with the group and is recognized as part of the group by other members. There is acknowledgement of each member and the belief that their group is distinct from the other groups. 3. Each member is expected to accept responsibilities and duties and abide by certain norms. The members may enjoy some benefits and privileges the group would extend to them. 4. Members follow specialization in carrying out performances of their respective roles. In a cooperative organization, a......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Group on, see, eat, and buy” in my city. Each deal is designed in a tempting, humorous, and creative way. Sometimes, I bite at first site. Average savings per deal equals 60%! Often the deal is something I’ve thought about | | trying and never seized the chance. Timing, | Groupon Deal: For $12, you get $24 worth of fresh, in-stock cakes at Larsen's Bakery in Racine. | savings, and the opportunity to try new things with others are triggers that make it easy for the finger to click on “buy”. Daily deals have become an Internet frenzy driven by Groupon. Let’s find out how and why this marketing concept has caught on. The concept of collective buying In the late 90’s, was a group-buying site where consumers could add might to their buying power by coming together as a group. The site was mainly built to gather enough customers to have the purchase power to drive a price down on electronics or video games, as an example. It was a great idea at the time, however, MobShop discovered that it took too much time to get people on board for the deal. Many did not want to wait. The customer base was too diverse. Often, the deal fell apart. shared a similar collective approach. However, its focus was on raising money, organizing people, working for change, and basically anything that required mass participation. Figure 1 describes an example of a campaign sponsored through ThePoint. Andrew Mason was the force behind ThePoint. Andrew Mason was living......

Words: 1961 - Pages: 8


...that are similar to our English alphabet. When we got the class into groups to discuss the different languages that they can say ‘hello’ in, we considered whether or not there are people from different ethnic backgrounds who speak different languages. We ensured this worked by asking people in the class ‘who speaks a language other than English at home?’ the majority of the people in the class put up their hands therefore, we were given a guide where to place each individual so that each group has people from different backgrounds to ensure this to work. We decided to skip some parts of the book as it was an incredibly long book. As the book progresses, the words tend to get more complicated so we read a few pages and skipped a few so the class can grasp and idea of what the book is about by reading the important pages. This saved time and also kept the audience entertained. Problems/surprises encountered in the preparation or delivery of the learning experience A surprise that we encountered was the amount of results that we got from the audience about how many different languages they knew. It was good to see how many people knew languages other than English. It was great because they also got to share it with the class so different languages are learnt. Evaluation I thought the learning experience went great. Everyone was contributing to the activity that was given and was cooperative with the group that they were assigned to. We knew that everyone was involved......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3