‘Haydn Came to London as Europe’s Greatest Living Composer. How Did He Live Up to His Billing with the First 16 Bars of His ‘London Symphony’?

In: Film and Music

Submitted By livi8000
Words 723
Pages 3
‘Haydn came to London as Europe’s greatest living composer. How did he live up to his billing with the first 16 bars of his ‘London Symphony’?
Haydn was asked to produce 12 symphonies for his visits to England, the final one being called ‘The London Symphony’ which was first performed on 4 May 1795. The first 17 bars are his Adagio introduction before the sonata Allegro form.
To start off his final symphony, Haydn wanted to make an impact and to make everyone sit up and he does this by the fortissimo and having the full orchestra (flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horns, trumpets, timpani and strings) playing to make a big important sounding start to his symphony. The first two bars are regal and ceremonial starting off as a fanfare. The grand impression is given with the dotted rhythms and rising perfect fifths which combined with the octave texture makes it sound powerful and impressive. The opening key is ambiguous; we know by the tonic and the fifth that it is in D but not as yet whether it is in a major or minor key. This keeps us interested in the piece and we want to know what comes next after the important starting of the piece.
The next 4 bars are new and very contrasting to the last previous opening music with a mysterious feeling or like we are waiting for something to happen again. This is achieved by the dramatic change in dynamics from fortissimo to piano. Also the instruments are different with only the bassoon and string section being used creating a homophonic texture but it is also quite antiphonal between the violin 1 and bassoon/string section. The rhythm is the same but the stepwise movement contrasts to the previous octave leaps and imply the feeling of apprehension. This is exaggerated by the fact that we now know it is in D minor (by the f naturals in the bass line). Throughout these bars Haydn uses inverted chords (I b – V7D) instead of…...

Similar Documents

Bosideng London

...and analyze a menswear brand in London. I choose BOSIDENG menswear brand in London. The report will identify and analysis the industry, external environment, porter’s 5 Forces, consumer Market, as well as internal analysis to analysis the brand. CHAPTERE 1 - External environment analysis Firstly, we analyze the external environment for against the British fashion industry,including analysis the British’s Demographic, income distribution and Ethnic mix. And then analysis the British economy for its fashion industry, as well as the British Political legal environment Taxation Law, labor Laws voluntary standards play an important role for the British clothing industry. Based on British’s socio-cultural analysis the British consumers for the views of Chinese products and made in China. And through British consumers to use new communication tools to know the change of UK consumers Use the high-tech and lifestyle. Then analysis the global environment has an important impact on the UK economy and the fashion industry. Olympic Games how to be held for Promotion to development UK’s fashion industry. By analyzing the changes and development of the economic and environment impact of the fashion industry in UK .to understand the views and needs of the British domestic products and foreign products. Then analyzes the UK fashion industry for recent years, and further to analysis the fashion industry in UK. Porter’s 5 Forces British menswear industry how to impact. Through UK consumers...

Words: 8954 - Pages: 36

Composers

...Hildegard von Bingen Hildegard von Bingen was known for her many works in history. She is also known as Saint Hildegard. I am researching her as a composer but she was not just a composer, she was very multitalented. Hildegard von Bingen was a scientist, philosopher, and a theologian. She was a very smart woman that really wanted to experience many things to expand her mind. Hildegard von Bingen was a German woman born in 1098 in Bermersheim, Germany. As tradition in those parts of Germany when a family has their tenth child, that child will be given to God. So this meant that Hildegard was the tenth child and she will be brought up into the church. So Hildegard von Bingen manly experienced the working of the Christian lifestyle. Hildegard von Bingen was a woman whose musical work sparked minds of others. She was so remarkably different than any other female composer in the medieval era. She gained much experience while being part of the Divine office which she sang. She had many music forms that she used as a composer. Hildegard von Bingen used antiphons, responsories, sequences, and hymns. Hildegard von Bidgen was well known and will never be forgotten as a musical composer. She was laid to rest in 1179 but she still lives on in her musical work. Fierro, N. HILDEGARD OF BINGEN: SYMOHONY OF THE HARMONY OF HEAVEN. 1997. 05 Novmeber 2012 <http://www.hildegard.org/music/music.html>. "Hildegard of Bingen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. 2012.......

Words: 2573 - Pages: 11

Music Appreciation - Classical Period

...Classical Period (1750-1825) Listening Bridge Both of these excerpts are from CONCERTOS. Listen and compare, using the following questions as guides: • What is the solo instrument in each piece? • How would you describe the orchestra that accompanies the soloist in each example? • In which piece does the orchestra and soloist play the same “theme”? • In which piece does the accompaniment part include many repeated tones? • In which piece are there more sudden and extreme changes in dynamics? • Which one has a basso continuo? • Which one features a more “singable” melody? • What purpose do you think each piece was intended to serve? |[pic]Four Seasons: Winter |[pic]Piano Concerto No. 21 C major | |[pic] |[pic] | |Antonio Vivaldi |Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart | | | | |Born: 1678 |Born: 1756 | |Died: 1741 |Died: 1791 | |Period: Baroque ......

Words: 8889 - Pages: 36

Hi How Are You

...Instructions: Mark the best alternative for each blank in the sentences below. 1. Alicia is a student. _____ school is in New York. a) She b) Hers c) She’s d) Her 2. _____ Samantha swim? a) Do b) Was c) Can d) Is 3. A: “_____ does school start?” B: “In September.” a) When b) Where c) What d) Why 4. My father hates _____ computers. He will never get one. a) use b) using c) uses d) used 5. A: “Do we have fruit?” B: “There are _____ oranges in the fridge.” a) lot of b) a few c) little d) any 6. A: “How _____ do you visit your grandparents?” B: “Twice a month.” a) much b) many c) long d) often 7. I think Madrid is _____ place in the world. I go there every year. a) interesting b) the most interesting c) more interesting d) as interesting as 8. If the room is dark, you _____ on the lights. a) turned b) turning c) turn d) turns 9. Years ago my mother _____ go for long walks in the morning, but she is too busy for that now. a) have to b) used to c) can d) should 10. I know Jim but I haven’t met his family _____. a) ever b) never c) already d) yet 11. Ralph, _____ house I am staying in at the moment, is a good friend of mine. a) whose b) who c) which d) where 12. _____ Ali and Emel want to study abroad. They are thinking of going to England. a) All b) None c) Both d) Neither 13. I _____ long hours since I decided to......

Words: 4466 - Pages: 18

Voa London

...LONDON — Europeans are watching the final stages of the U.S. election campaign closely, concerned about how the outcome might affect global issues. Europeans can't vote in the U.S. election, but, like people everywhere, they have a stake in its outcome. From economic issues to Iran and the war in Afghanistan, the future of Europe is very much linked to the United States. And the two men who are vying to lead it for the next four years would seem to have very different views of the continent. "I think the president wants to turn us into a European-style welfare state, an entitlement nation. That model has not worked anywhere in the world," Romney said on the campaign trail. Barack Obama usually strikes a different tenor when he talks about the continent. "Each step points to the fact that Europe is moving towards further integration rather than breakup and that these problems can be resolved, and points to the underlying strength in Europe's economies," said Obama at the G20 summit last June. Senior fellow Xenia Dormandy of London's Chatham House says that difference in tone has been noticed on this side of the Atlantic. "Romney talks about a strong, exceptional America, a leading America. And he talks about increasing defense spending. All of those things are things that make Europeans a little bit nervous," noted Dormandy. "Contrarily, Obama, I call him a European leader. He's very consensus-driven. He's wanting to work in multilateral institutions,......

Words: 6165 - Pages: 25

Ms Oberoi and His Legecy

...IBS Center for Management Research MS Oberoi and His Legacy This case was written by Nitya Iyer, under the direction of Debapratim Purkayastha, IBS Center for Management Research. It was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. 2009, IBS Center for Management Research. All rights reserved. To order copies, call +91-8417-236667/68 or write to IBS Center for Management Research (ICMR), IFHE Campus, Donthanapally, Sankarapally Road, Hyderabad 501 504, Andhra Pradesh, India or email: info@icmrindia.org www.icmrindia.org LDEN/063 MS Oberoi and His Legacy “My life has been achievement-oriented. I started off as a coal clerk at the Cecil Hotel in Simla. But I always had dreams and I worked my way at fulfilling those dreams.”1 MS Oberoi, the Founder of the Oberoi Group. “His [MS Oberoi’s]legacy isn’t just the hotels. His life has been a living example that nothing is impossible. Persistence brings success. His legacy is for the world to see and learn.”2 -Sanjiv Malhotra, Vice-president, Oberoi Towers, Mumbai, September 2001. “I have great respect for the professionalism of Oberoi Hotels. To me, both the hardware and software components are equally important in a complete hotel product and the Oberoi brand excels in both. P R S Oberoi stands for uncompromising quality like his late father and in this country at least, there......

Words: 10980 - Pages: 44

Jack London

...Catherine Murray Research Paper Jack London Jack London was a great American writer, author, and journalist in the nineteenth century. He was born John Griffith Chaney, in San Francisco, California. London worked in the Klondike for a few years and then began to write and publish books and stories. His books became very successful which made him one of the most popular authors of the nineteenth century. Jack grew up in a hard working-class. He pretty much paved out the way for his own life and success. He rode trains, worked on oyster ships, shoveled coal, and found employment in a cannery. These experiments inspired him in writing some of his stories, as he really enjoyed to read and write at libraries in his free time. His writing career basically began in 1893, the year that he went out on a sealing voyage in which him and his crew almost got taken out by a typhoon. Jack London’s writing career started off by his mother encouraging him to submit one of his stories to one of the local newspapers for a writing contest. Jack was 17 at the time and even though he only had an eighth grade education, he had won the first prize of twenty-five dollars, and had beat college students from Stanford and Berkley. After this experience, he decided that he would begin to dedicate his life to writing short stories, but he had a difficult time finding publishers. He then enrolled at the University of California Berkeley, but only for a brief time before he traveled north to......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

London: a National Healthcare Prospective

...London: A National Healthcare Perspective Kaye Leonard Pfeiffer University MHA 776 Dr. James Leist Dr. Gwendolan Swain Abstract This paper provides an overall impression of the United Kingdom’s health service, inception of the National Health Service, challenges the NHS faces regarding financial sustainability, providing effective and efficient care, and the move towards more privatization . Comparisons are made between the National Health Service and heathcare in the United States across multiple sectors that include acute care settings, skilled nursing facilities, primary care providers and regualtions governing nursing practice and the challenges faced by both systems. Table of Contents Introduction 4 Background 4 Impression of the NHS 5 Mr. John Smith Director, Civil Eyes Research 7 Mr. Andrew Cheesbrough, CEO Orders of St. John Care Trust 8 Mr. Robert Creighton, Transition Director and Government Advisor on Public Health 9 Dr. Elizabeth Fellows-Smith. Senior Policy Advisor, Mental Health 10 Dr. Rodney Taylor, Former Medial Director NHS Hospital 12 Professor Simon de Lusignan, Primary Care 12 Mr. Bernell Bussue, Director of London Region,Royal College of Nursing 12 Mr. Paul Holdom, CEO The London Clinic 14 Professor Duncan Empy, Group Medical Director of BMI Healthcare 14 Shirley Kramer, Chief Executive Institute of Healthcare Management 16 Strengths and......

Words: 4846 - Pages: 20

Robert Doeny How He Came on Top

...Robert Doweny Jr How he came out on top On the 4th of April 1965 in Manhatten , Newyork cityAn American Actor , writer , producer , cinematographer and director Robert Doweny and his wife actress Elsie Ford welcomed their second child Robert Downey Jr into the world . He appears to have been gifted with all of the best that nature and genetic inhereatance can provide , good looks , a gifted actor , singer and a great sence of humour . The success he appercaiates today was however very nearly shortlived . In this article I wish to look at his life from early beginnings to present day . The question for him as with many of us , which has been debated by psycologist for many years , is has the life you have lived and will live (Life stages) down to nature or nurtre . That is to say is it down to the environment in which we live and learned behaviour or due to our genitic makeup . That is to say inhereted ? To answer I have chosen to look at the life of Robert Downy Jr who from a young age perhaps even birth has lived a very complex life where environmental factors have diffently played a major role in the way in which he lives / lived his life how much inheretence was involved with his physical intellectual emotional social development known as P.I.E.S is perhaps something that will be answred by the end of this article , so to be begin at the beginning . For the perpose of this article I have chosen to break up the the life cycle into five...

Words: 4783 - Pages: 20

London

...the United States. England has been of particular interest to me, as although this country has many similarities to the United States, it has many of its own unique features. London is one of the main tourist attractions in England, and I would thoroughly enjoy studying here. With all of the city’s history and landmarks, I could learn so much more about another country by taking the time to visit as many of the tourist attractions as possible. I would also have the opportunity to learn about business in a different country, an invaluable skill in today’s global business world. I cannot even imagine how cool it would be to live in a different country for six weeks and start learning about how people from England live their everyday lives. Why are you applying to this program? In what specific ways will this program contribute to your overall academic and professional objectives? I have a number of reasons why I am applying to the London School of Economics program. As I mentioned earlier, it will give me the once in a lifetime opportunity to learn about a whole different country and their societal norms. Personally, I also find studying on the other side of the world to be more intriguing than just taking two foreign language classes here at Indiana University. The classes I plan on taking at the London School of Economics will even benefit me greater, as they pertain to my intended major of accounting more closely than say a Spanish class at IU. Finally, having studied......

Words: 1256 - Pages: 6

A Tale of Two Londons

...A Tale of Two Londons Who really lives at One Hyde Park, called the world’s most expensive residential building? Its mostly absentee owners, hiding behind offshore corporations based in tax havens, provide a portrait of the new global super-wealthy. BY NICHOLAS SHAXSON Up until the 18th century, Knightsbridge, which borders genteel Kensington, was a lawless zone roamed by predatory monks and assorted cutthroats. It didn’t come of age until the Victorian building boom, which left a charming legacy of mostly large and beautiful Victorian houses, with their trademark white or cream paint, black iron railings, high ceilings, and short, elegant stone steps up to the front door. This will not be the impression a visitor now gets as he emerges from the Knightsbridge subway station’s south exit. He will be met by four hulking joined-up towers of glass, metal, and concrete, sandwiched between the Victorian splendors of the Mandarin Oriental Hotel, to the east, and a pretty five-story residential block, to the west. This is One Hyde Park, which its developers insist is the world’s most exclusive address and the most expensive residential development ever built anywhere on earth. With apartments selling for up to $214 million, the building began to smash world per-square-foot price records when sales opened, in 2007. After quickly shrugging off the global financial crisis the complex has come to embody the central-London real-estate market, where, as high-end property consultant...

Words: 6295 - Pages: 26

How Far Did Mussolini Achieve His Aims in Foreign Policy?

...How far did Mussolini achieve his aims in Foreign Policy? One of the first things that Benito Mussolini wanted to do was to expand Italy and give it and empire to rule over like France and Great Britain. He wanted Italy to be recognized as one of the dominant forces in Europe. The first of his conquests was Abyssinia. This he begun on the 40th Anniversary of the humiliating defeat Italy suffered at Adowa under the Liberals: Mussolini wanted to complete a fete that the Liberals couldn’t. As a means of propaganda to show that Italy was more powerful and united under Fascism than it had been under the Liberals. Mussolini gloried and reveled in the creation of an East African Empire. Britain and France, who Italy were allying with secretly allowed for and gave concession to his Abyssinian war. However, because they were both democracy’s, under internal condemnation and pressure, they had to publicly criticize Mussolini and Italy’s actions. This really infuriated Mussolini at the sheer hypocrisy shown by the 2 countries, as they both had large empires. This was also done because the public saw this as a brutal violation of another League of Nations country. Furthermore, in private Britain and France tried to mediate a deal, the Laval Pact. But this didn’t help the situation, because they had to side with the League of Nations, who enforced sanctions on Italy. However, this made Mussolini immensely popular at home, what one might call his finest hour. The sanctions didn’t......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Franz Joseph Haydn

...Franz Joseph Haydn Over the course of his 106 symphonies, Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn became the principal architect of the classical style of music. Haydn was called the father of the symphony and the father of the string Quartet. He was born March 31, 1732. When he was eight years old, he went to Vienna to sing in the choir at St. Stephen's Cathedral. His younger brother Michael joined him a short time later. Haydn spent a lot of his life as a musician somewhat secluded from the rest of the music world. On May 1, 1761, he went to work for the Esterhazy family where he remained for the next 30 years. Once he left the Esterhazy family, he was well known and worked with a number of composers. Joseph, he did not go by Franz, was also famous for his sense of humor. This affected his music in a few ways. He also knew other very famous composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven. He was a very busy man and took many trips throughout his life. By the end of his life he was ill and weak; luckily he was alive to enjoy some of his fame. Haydn died May 31, 1809 in Vienna, Austria as one of the greatest composers of his time. Joseph Haydn had a pretty good childhood. He was born in Rohrau, Austria which bordered Hungary. His two well-known siblings were Michael Haydn and Johann Evangelist Haydn. Michael Haydn was born on September 14th, 1737, and he also became a well-known composer. In 1745 he followed in brother Josephs footsteps and became a......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

How Did Stalin Reinforce His Dictatorship in the 1930s?

...How Did Stalin Reinforce His Dictatorship in the 1930’s? During the 1930’s, Stalin engaged in a range of measures to bolster his personal control of the USSR. This included purging Russia of anyone who he considered a threat or disloyal, building a personality cult and the introduction of a new constitution for the USSR in 1936. In 1934, the use of purges were employed after the murder, most probably instructed by Stalin himself, of the leader of the Leningrad Communist Party, Kirov. The murder of Sergei Kirov was announced as part of a terrorist conspiracy involving Trotsky and was then used to arrest Zinoviev, who was given 10 years in prison, and Kamenev who received a 15 year sentence. This lead to an outbreak of purges by which anybody suspected of disloyalty was murdered, sent to prison camps, or put on public show trials at which they pleaded guilty to crimes that were not humanly possible. In reality, Kirov was most likely murdered by Stalin due to his higher levels of popularity and the incident at the 1934 part congress where he was tipped as a future leader. Kirov was also a critic of collectivisation and disagreed with Stalin’s style. The Communist party was the political party most damaged by the effects of these purges. 20% of the party was purged, accused of being “trostskyies”, and were arrested, shot or sentenced to hard labour. Stalin enforced these purges with the use of the emergency decrees, which gave him extra powers to the NKPD to pursue......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

London

...analysising London Part1: Introduction the backgroud of the author: Blake William “William Blake, the first major British Romantic poet, printmaker. The main collection of poems poem "Song of innocence," "Songs of Experience" and so on. Breezy early works, in later works tend mysterious deep, full of mystery. He lives with his wife, paintings and engravings of each other by the poor remuneration of labor for a living, there is no big book at the special book, and only lasted a few simple facts and urgency of artistic activities. Later, the poet Yeats, who restated his poems, it was surprised at his innocence and profound.” Part 2: describe the details about” London” It is a poem about London, the city and people in London. The speaker is not the piping, pastoral bard of the earlier poem: he is in the city. The poem’s title denotes a specific geographic space, not the archetypal locales in which many of the other Songs are set. Part 3: Analysis the content of the poem by each quatrain, first quatrain, The speaker wanders through the streets of London and comments on his observations. Second quatrain: natural River Thames---submits to being “chartered”, a term which combines mapping and legalism. Blake’s repetition of this word reinforces the sense of restriction the speaker feels upon entering the city.Third Quatrain: He presents London through his observation: sight and hearing. The forth quatrain: A reflection of all the miseries and ills in London, economic,......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2