Health Work

In: Other Topics

Submitted By haleemah01
Words 519
Pages 3
1.1 Concept
Food – Is a substance that people eat or drink in order to maintain life and growth can be a solid or liquid and is taken by the mouth.
Diet – Is the type of food an individual eats, a diet is not always referred to losing weight.
Meals and snack – Most individuals have snack between meals if they feel hungry, most people have 3 meals a day which are breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Nutrients – Protein, carbohydrates vitamins and minerals are all nutrients. Nutrients are a chemical constituent of food that provides energy and support growth, repair and normal functioning of the body.
1.2 Nutritional health
Malnutrition – is a condition in which the body does not receive enough nutrients to function properly.
Under nutrition – Is an outcome of insufficient food intake it includes being underweight for one's age, too short for one's age, dangerously thin for one's height and deficient in vitamins and minerals.
Deficiency – Is a balance of nutrients in the body, this can be to the lack of nutrients in your diet or a medical condition that prevents certain nutrients being absorbed from the diet.
Overweight- Overweight refers to increased body weight in relation to height, when compared to some standard of acceptable or desirable weight. The Department of health define overweight as having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25.
Obesity - is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. BMI stands for Body Mass Index; it is a number that shows body weight adjusted for height. A person with a body mass index greater than or equal to 30 is considered to be obese.
1.3 Nutritional measure
Nutritional and energy balance – Energy balance is the relationship between energy in food calories taken into the body through food and drink and energy out is calories being used in the body for our daily energy…...

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