History of Olive Oil

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amiramir007
Words 703
Pages 3
History of the Olive
The Olive in California
Mythology
The olive was native to Asia Minor and spread from Iran, Syria and Palestine to the rest of the Mediterranean basin 6,000 years ago. It is among the oldest known cultivated trees in the world - being grown before the written language was invented. It was being grown on Crete by 3,000 BC and may have been the source of the wealth of the Minoan kingdom. The Phoenicians spread the olive to the Mediterranean shores of Africa and Southern Europe. Olives have been found in Egyptian tombs from 2,000 years BC. The olive culture was spread to the early Greeks then Romans. As the Romans extended their domain they brought the olive with them.
1,400 years ago the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, advised his followers to apply olive oil to their bodies, and himself used oil on his head. The use of oil is found in many religions and cultures. It has been used during special ceremonies as well as a general health measure. During baptism in the Christian church, holy oil, which is often olive oil, may be used for anointment. At the Christmas mass, olive oil blessed by the bishop, "chrism", is used in the ceremony. Like the grape, the Christian missionaries brought the olive tree with them to California for food but also for ceremonial use. Olive oil was used to anoint the early kings of the Greeks and Jews. The Greeks anointed winning athletes. Olive oil has also been used to anoint the dead in many cultures.
The olive trees on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem are reputed to be over 2000 years old, still relative newcomers considering the long domestication of the olive. We don't know the exact variety of the trees on the Mount. Man has manipulated the olive tree for so many thousands of years that it is unclear what varieties came from which other varieties. Varieties in one country have been found to be identical to…...

Similar Documents

Olive Garden

...Olive Garden® Zuppa Toscana This is a much requested recipe on the site given its name! Someone who used to work at the Olive Garden sent in the original recipe and I've adapted it to serve just 6-8. Try it since it is really yummy! It is a very good soup and hits the spot on cold winter days. I've included this and a few other Olive Garden-inspired recipes on the site for all of our visitors that enjoy eating at the restaurant chain. In my opinion, making these recipes at home makes them even better than the ones you eat at the restaurant! :) Makes: 6-8 servings INGREDIENTS • 1 lb ground Italian sausage • 1½ tsp crushed red peppers • 1 large diced white onion • 4 Tbsp bacon pieces • 2 tsp garlic puree • 10 cups water • 5 cubes of chicken bouillon • 1 cup heavy cream • 1 lb sliced Russet potatoes, or about 3 large potatoes • ¼ of a bunch of kale 1. Sauté Italian sausage and crushed red pepper in a large pot. Drain excess fat, refrigerate while you prepare other ingredients. 2. • In the same pan, sauté bacon, onions and garlic over low-medium heat for approximately 15 mins. or until the onions are soft. 3. • Add chicken bouillon and water to the pot and heat until it starts to boil. 4. • Add the sliced potatoes and cook until soft, about half an hour. 5. • Add the heavy cream and just cook until thoroughly heated. 6. • Stir in the sausage and the kale, let all heat through and......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Olive Senior

...Personal Information Born Olive Marjorie Senior on December 23, 1941, in Jamaica; immigrated to Canada, 1991. Education: Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada), B.S., journalism, 1967. Career Daily Gleaner newspaper, Jamaica, reporter and sub-editor; Jamaica Information Service, information officer, 1967-69; Jamaica Chamber of Commerce, public relations officer, 1969-71; JCC Journal, editor, 1969-71; Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, Jamaica, publications editor, 1972-77; Social and Economic Studies, editor, 1972-77; freelance writer and researcher, part-time teacher in communications, publishing consultant, and speech writer, Jamaica, 1977-82; Institute of Jamaica Publications, managing editor, 1982-89; Jamaica Journal, editor, 1982-89; freelance teacher, writer, lecturer, 1989-; University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados, visiting lecturer/writer-in-residence, 1990; Caribbean Writers Summer Institute, University of Miami, Florida, director of fiction workshop, 1994, 1995; St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY, Dana Visiting Professor of creative writing, 1994-95; University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, writer-in-residence, 1998-99. Life's Work Jamaican-born journalist, poet, and short story writer Olive Senior is one of Caribbean literature's leading feminist voices. Her works, though written in English, remain heavily influenced by the region's patois, and draw heavily upon its oral storytelling traditions. In both her......

Words: 2658 - Pages: 11

Oil Use

...Coconut Oil**: good for dandruff and dry scalp. It also add shine to the hair. Mostly used in India. Great for hair growth. It provides the nutrients necessary to repair damaged hair. Olive Oil**: The best use of olive oil on your hair is to create a conditioner. This oil helps to alleviate dryness and back shine and luster to hair. Most people add olive oil to their conditioners which result in more manageable hair. Jojoba Oil**: is most similar to human skin oil sebum. It can provide all day moisturation. It is very stable and does not lose its strength over time. It can be used separately or added to your favorite conditioner, shampoo and even leave-in conditioners. This oil is great in preventing dandruff caused by dry skin. Avocado Oil**: provides a number of benefits for all hair types. It contains many essential nutrients such as protein and Vitamins A, D & E. It is believed that it also protects hair from the sun’s UBV and UVA rays. Avocado oil can be directly massaged unto the scalp, especially for dry hair. It can also be combined with other oils such as almond and olive. Many people also add it to shampoos and conditioners. Grapeseed Oil**: stimulate hair growth by locking in moisture and protecting hair from heat up to 450 degrees Fahrenheit. It is great for hot hair treatments or added to conditioners. It can be used on dry, normal or oily hair. This oil is also great for curing and preventing dandruff. Caster Oil**: This oil is versatile, it can be......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Feasibility Study Milan - Oil & Vinegar

...Feasibility Study Milan Project Group 09 Lauran Beers Tim Denissen Joey Gillissen Carolin Quast Justine Roche Bryan Thijssen Avans School of International Studies 10th June, 2011 ------------------------------------------------- Executive Summary Oil & Vinegar is a chain of culinary gift shops that was founded in 1999 by Dutch entrepreneurs John Blogg and Femke Stevens. The concept has been praised for its unique retail formula and exclusive positioning. The brand has, since its establishment, expanded with 84 retail stores spread over twelve different countries using a master franchise business model. “Oil & Vinegar”, which is the actual and only brand of the company, offers a wide variety of products. All of them fall under one of the following categories: appetizers, herbs and spices, salads and dressings, oil and vinegar, pasta products, sweet food, biological products and gift sets. (ASIS-IBMS, General information O&V, 2011) The reason for writing this report is to research whether Oil & Vinegar is able to expand to Milan, Italy. Oil & Vinegar operates on the business-to-consumer food retail market where they are categorized as food specialists. The research will show whether the market is attractive or not. This report contains information about the four separate parts of feasibility, which are market-, product-, organizational-, and financial feasibility. From all parts together, a conclusion will be......

Words: 12495 - Pages: 50

Oil Sector

...1 .STUDY OF VEGETABLE OIL SECTOR 1.1 Introduction Food sector takes its source from the beginning of the human life so it has an agelong past, and it keeps its existance. The acceleration of food consumption rises in connection with the growing world population and that threats the adricultural activities and the foodstuff potentials. To get one step forward in this market; while the searches for new technologies and new methods have been developed to increase the productivity, some of them are trying to be seperated from this competition by different alternatives like organic agriculture. With the fluctuation in the market, especially in raw materials the challenge is getting tougher. One of these raw materials are the oilseeds that contains sunflower, corn, olive, soybean. In vegetable oil business even the variations don’t be observed, the comsumption is growing up. In the world market the vegetable oils are seperated into three groups as olive and nut, sunflower and corn, and cotton. The agriculture characteristics and production types change from one country to another. For example in USA and Italy soybean is the major vegetable oil but in Turkey and Spain sunflower takes the first place. Besides; USA, Brasil and China are leading the oilseed production in all over the world. In Turkey the oils that has produced are mostly from the sunflower(nearly 50%). Nearly 35% of the vegetable oils are produced from the cottonseed and remains are......

Words: 3908 - Pages: 16

Extracting Oil from an Avocado

...Extracting Oil from an Avocado Hyunji Lee Aisha Bada Faye Aquino Dongwon Lee Nicole Bulawan Chantal Zalamea Chelceed Viernes 2I Mrs. Pedernal Biology Research II High School Department Colegio San Agustin, Makati CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Avocado oil is the edible oil pressed from the fleshy pulp of avocados. Avocado oil can be used for both cooking and cosmetic purposes.It is considered to be a useful and natural substance, but it is expensive. Its unusually high smoking point and aromatic flavor make it suitable for both high temperature frying and grilling, as well as an emulsifying salad oil. Nutritionally, avocado oil ranks comparably to olive oil with its low cholesterol level. The researchers observed that avocado is a relatively expensive fruit, purchasing avocado oil from your local market can cost a significant amount. The researchers realized that the reason of it being expensive is because it has a very desirable quality as food oil. It has outstanding benefits to people when it comes health. With that realization, the researchers decided to conduct an experiment about extracting oil from avocados. Statement of the Problem This research aims to find a way to extract oil from an avocado. It wishes to find natural oil from avocados. It aims to know the answer to the following questions: 1. Would avocado be able to produce oil? 2. How would oil be extracted from avocados? 3. Would the avocado......

Words: 1676 - Pages: 7

The World's Oil

...and World’s Oil Suppliers [Draft] February 21, 2014 History of Petroleum The world petroleum means literally rock oil. It was thought to be a completely different oil than that which comes from vegetable sources such as the olive, but modern research has traced its origin to the lipids (oil) of planktonic (free floating) plants and animals which live in brackish water such as blue-green algaes and foraminifera. The brackishness is essential because aerobic bacteria does not live in brackish water. Aerobic bacteria would decompose all of the organic matter. In brackish water the organic matter of the planktonic plants and animals sinks to the bottom and is incorporated in clay sediments which ultimately become sedimentary rocks. This is the origin of the oil shales (www.sjsu.edu). Today, petroleum or crude oil, is the most traded commodity in the world. It is the most important commodity because of its common use in everyday life. The cars we drive today heavily depend on crude oil refined products such as gasoline and motor oil. The plastic products we use daily are created using by-products of crude oil. Crude oil is essential to our daily life, therefore making it a very highly demanded commodity. Unfortunately, because of the world’s dependency on oil, an increase in oil prices has huge effects on everything. Food prices dramatically increase when there is a shift in oil prices. Transportation costs for transporting food increases with higher oil prices,......

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

Market Value for Olive Oil in Chile

...Industry Group 1 2 3 4 Applied-Matl-DOWN,Bay-Network-Down,3-COM-DOWN, Cabletron-Sys-DOWN,CISCO-DOWN,HP-DOWN, DSC-Comm-DOWN,INTEL-DOWN,LSI-Logic-DOWN, Micron-Tech-DOWN,Texas-Inst-Down,Tellabs-Inc-Down, Natl-Semiconduct-DOWN,Oracl-DOWN,SGI-DOWN, Sun-DOWN Apple-Comp-DOWN,Autodesk-DOWN,DEC-DOWN, ADV-Micro-Device-DOWN,Andrew-Corp-DOWN, Computer-Assoc-DOWN,Circuit-City-DOWN, Compaq-DOWN, EMC-Corp-DOWN, Gen-Inst-DOWN, Motorola-DOWN,Microsoft-DOWN,Scientific-Atl-DOWN Fannie-Mae-DOWN,Fed-Home-Loan-DOWN, Fannie Mae DOWN Fed Home Loan DOWN MBNA-Corp-DOWN,Morgan-Stanley-DOWN Baker-Hughes-UP,Dresser-Inds-UP,Halliburton-HLD-UP, Louisiana-Land-UP,Phillips-Petro-UP,Unocal-UP, Schlumberger-UP Technology1-DOWN Technology2-DOWN Financial-DOWN Oil-UP Summarization – Reduce the size of large data sets C uste g precipitation Clustering p ec p tat o in Australia © Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 3 What is not Cluster Analysis? Supervised classification – Have class label information Simple segmentation – Di idi students into different registration groups Dividing t d t i t diff t i t ti alphabetically, by last name Results of a query – Groupings are a result of an external specification Graph partitioning – Some mutual relevance and synergy, but areas are not identical © Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 4 Notion of a Cluster can be Ambiguous How many clusters? Six Clusters Two Clusters Four......

Words: 2980 - Pages: 12

Isolation of Olive Oil

...Isolation of clove oil from cloves Names Institutional Affiliation Introduction There has been continuous increased in demand of herbal medicine as compared to synthetic medicine. The demand growth is based on the fact that people believe that the natural product is less dangerous as compared to synthetic products. A problem arises when administering the medicine from a natural product because one can contain complex mixtures of many components with one or few active components. The steam distillation is a special kind of distillation that is sensitive to temperature and very much important in natural (organic oil) extraction. It works on the substance that are volatile and water insoluble. Because the clove oil have boiling point of 2540 C, this method becomes fundamental and necessary for the clove oil extraction as it reduces the boiling point of the clove oil to below 1000 C (Harding, 2008). In the presence of steam, the boiling point temperature of the clove oil reduces to 980C which is volatilized. The vapor mixture made up water and oil is passed through the condenser which cools the vapor that is collected at the end as distillate. Separation using organic solvent is mostly utilized in pharmaceutical industry. The organic molecule in plants after steam distillation would be easily separated by this method. This separation process has high demand energy in the processes involved e.g. evaporation and condensation (Harding, 2008).. The product of steam......

Words: 1450 - Pages: 6

Olive Oil

...Grades of Oils and Their Uses Technically, there are eight grades of olive oil. For practical purposes, you only need to know about the four that are sold in U.S. food markets: By Nancy Loseke I know people who can deftly maneuver through a restaurant wine list the size of a New York City phone book, but who absolutely clutch when they have to choose a bottle of olive oil at their supermarket or gourmet store. “How much do I want to spend? Is Italian oil better than Spanish? Virgin? Extra virgin?” They scroll through the questions in their minds, all the while suppressing an urge to make a run for the canola oil and leave all that uncertainty in Aisle 2. There are, admittedly, a mind-boggling number of olive oil choices on store shelves compared to just a few years ago. Even the tiny neighborhood market around the corner from my office—the place I go when I need cat food or laundry detergent on short notice—displays more than half a dozen olive oils. Nearby, an “upscale” grocery stocks more than 100. America’s collective insecurity about olive oil is rooted in inexperience. Even today, with all the hype about olive oil’s health benefits (see below) and foodie curb appeal, only 30 percent of Americans have a bottle or two in their pantry. We’ve been, in the eyes of the world’s olive oil cultures, a bit sophomoric in our tastes, gravitating to the “extra light” oils some Europeans wouldn’t use in their lamps. But we’re trainable, and I daresay, quick studies. Take......

Words: 3873 - Pages: 16

Olive Oil Consumption for Canada

...Types of olive oil While all kinds of oil become usable in cooking only after having been refined, olive oil is the only one which can be used in its natural form. Kinds of olive oil are collected under four basic groups by their production methods: Virgin Olive Oil Obtained from olives solely through mechanical or physical processes such as washing, draining, centrifuge and filtration so that there will be no alteration in their natural characteristic, no additives are added to the olive oil included in this group. Virgin olive oil is divided into three according to the Turkish Food Codex: Extra Virgin: Oleic acid of maximum 0.8%. Virgin: Oleic acid of maximum 2%. Ordinary Virgin: Oleic acid of maximum 3.3%. Virgin olive oil is recommended to be consumed raw mainly in salads and dressings. Refined Olive Oil |Obtained through refining of olive oil which is not suitable for direct consumption, acidity of this olive oil is below 0.3%. Refining| |is a kind of cleaning process which eliminates the undesired qualities of the oil. Refined olive oil is prepared to be consumed mainly| |by those who are not used to the sharp aroma of olive oil. | |Being a light kind of olive oil, it would be the most ideal and healthy choice for marinating vegetables, baking or frying | Pure Olive Oil Obtained by mixing refined olive oil and virgin olive oil, the maximum acidity of this kind......

Words: 5785 - Pages: 24

Coconut Oil

...HOW CAN COCONUT OIL BE USED IN THE DIET? Coconut oil can be substituted for any solid or liquid oil, lard, butter or margarine in baking or cooking on the stove, and can be mixed directly into foods already prepared. Some people take it straight with a spoon, but for most people it may be hard to swallow this way and more pleasant to take with food. When cooking on the stove, coconut oil smokes if heated to greater than 350 degrees or medium heat. You can avoid this problem by adding a little olive or peanut oil. Coconut oil can be used at any temperature in the oven when mixed in foods. WHAT IS THE NUTRIENT CONTENT OF COCONUT OIL? DOES IT CONTAIN OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS? Coconut oil has about 117-120 calories per tablespoons, about the same as other oils. It contains 57-60% medium chain triglycerides, which are absorbed directly without the need for digestive enzymes. Part of it is metabolized by the liver to ketones which can be used by most cells in the body for energy. This portion of the coconut oil is not stored as fat. Coconut oil is about 86% saturated fat, most of which is the medium chain fats that are metabolized differently than animal saturated fats. It contains no cholesterol and no transfat as long as is non-hydrogenated. An advantage of a saturated fat is that there is nowhere on the molecule for free radicals or oxidants to attach. About 6% of the oil is monounsaturated and 2% polyunsaturated. Coconut oil also contains a small amount of......

Words: 2326 - Pages: 10

Palm Oil

...The Growing Demand for Palm Oil in India With the world’s second largest population of 1.2 billion and its oils and fats consumption estimated at 17.8 million tonnes in 2010, India becomes one of the world’s leading oils and fats economies. India is one of the largest producers of oilseeds in the world, both in terms of the area and output. However, India is the third world’s leading importer of oils and fats in 2010. India’s oils and fats production have not been able to keep pace with the large demand in the country. Estimates indicate that while the oils and fats output grew at about two percent per annum over the past four years, consumption has grown at some seven percent per annum; hence import of oils and fats is necessary to fill the gap between production and consumption. The total consumption of oils and fats for 2010 was 17.8 million tonnes while local production was only able to cater 9.0 million tonnes. Palm Oil – Continue to be Major Importing Oil by India Palm oil has been the major imported oil by India which has become the world’s largest importer of palm oil. In 2010, a total of 6.58 million tonnes of palm oil were imported and it constituted about 70% of India’s total imports. Most of the palm oil imported into India is in the form of crude palm oil. The main two exporters of palm oil to India are Malaysia and Indonesia with Indonesia having the market share of 80% approximately. The large market share of palm oil in India’s oils and fats imports is......

Words: 1485 - Pages: 6

Climate for Olive Trees

...“Climate Conditions for Growing Olive Trees” The olive tree is a type of evergreen tree that can grow to heights of fifty feet and has a remarkable life expectancy of 500 years. The tree bears the olive fruit, a green drupe that gradually turns blackish-purple as it ripens. Cultivated since antiquity, the olive remains one of the most sought-after agricultural commodities in the world. Olives are the source of olive oil, a common ingredient used in cooking, as well as in the production of certain cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Demand for olives has increased in recent years due to studies confirming that consumption of olive oil can help prevent heart disease and reduce the risk of some cancers. In response to the growing market for olives, “its cultivation area has tripled in the past 44 years, passing from 2.6 to 8.5 million of hectares” (Bartolini, 2005). Besides the valuable fruit the olive tree produces, the tree appeals to growers because it can withstand periods of drought, requires little maintenance, and is extremely resilient. Despite their tough exterior, however, olive trees require specific climate conditions to yield high-quality fruits and oils. Only a few locations in the world – the Mediterranean basin, Southern California, central Chile, southwestern South Africa, and southwestern Australia – possess the Mediterranean climate ideal for olive cultivation. The Mediterranean climate regions of the world typically experience cool, wet winters and mild-to-hot,...

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

History of Oil and Gas in Nigeria

...Matric No. 1. Ede Mercy 2. Oluwa E. Roseline 33678 3. Governor obokparo 35093 Introduction The advent of the African Union (AU) can be described as an event of great magnitude in the institutional evolution of the continent. On 9.9.1999, the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity issued a Declaration (the Sirte Declaration) calling for the establishment of an African Union, with a view, inter alia, to accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalization. Cooperation goes well beyond the confines of development policy to embrace issues of global political importance such as migration, climate change and peace and security. Three profile areas have now been identified for development cooperation with sub-Saharan African states: Good governance Sustainable economic development Water Alongside cooperation with individual African states the promotion of regional and pan-African organizations is becoming increasingly important. Between 2004 and 2007, funding for development cooperation with Africa was increased by 34 per cent. If we include debt cancellation, funding in fact rose by 56 per cent. For 2009, pledges worth 1.1 billion euros are planned for sub-Saharan Africa. Cooperation between Germany and regional organizations within Africa......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3