Internet Surveillance

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By figaro
Words 1527
Pages 7
Contrary to what many people may think, online private data and cellphone meta-data is susceptible to snooping by not only government agencies and corporations, but also hackers willing to risk a prison sentence. In 2013, NSA whistle blower Edward Snowden revealed previously unknown details of global surveillance programs run by the United States' NSA in close cooperation with three partners: Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada. The documents leaked by Mr. Snowden revealed details about the NSA secretly tapping into Yahoo and Google data centers to collect information from millions of accounts worldwide. The shocking evidenced released by Mr. Snowden reveals that lawmakers and politicians should take greater control over how and why they are using their surveillance technologies, and question whether or not the fight against terrorism justifies the use of these surveillance programs on citizens as well. Furthermore, it is important to ensure that there be continued innovation in internet security in order to create services and products which can counter-act the use of these programs on ordinary citizens who don’t want their data accessible to anyone but themselves. Spying agencies are able to cripple the civil liberties and the right to privacy of citizens, therefore it is imperative that the government protect the rights of citizens through reforms on Surveillance Acts, but it is also equally pertinent for citizens take initiative and push for new reforms and innovation in online security.
Surveillance is defined as the “monitoring of people and systems in order to regulate their behaviour” (Castree) and has been a rooted part of many cultures and civilizations. Along with changing socio-political times, surveillance has transformed in shape and form due to the real and perceived needs of mass surveillance which continue to show up i.e. protection of the…...

Similar Documents

Facebook Surveillance

...Elizabeth Foss “The Internet is a surveillance state” Introduction to information systems security March 28, 2013 With all the technology we have nowadays it’s hard not to become a part of the newest trends or the newest apps etc. This article is letting us know that no matter how careful we are, companies and even people that are involved with the law can see and track everything we do and search for. It’s hard to believe that people can have that much control into technology to literally see what everyone is doing. Whether your simply looking up clothing or doing something more private, its viewable and accessible. The author is trying to get the point across that even if you take the most extreme precautions with what you do on the internet, nothing is a secret anymore. Imagine going into a job interview and the person brings up something seen on your Facebook from 8 years ago, and it prevents you from getting the job. The author is trying to say exactly that. What you do on the internet whether its on your own personal device or on a public domain, can affect your life. People have lost their careers due to slip ups on the internet. How did technology become so advanced to where there is basically no privacy anymore? This article warns you that you are being tracked at all times. Smart phones have devices where you can be pinpointed to your exact location, which is a scary thought. Not only does it make people not feel safe, it makes you wonder how many......

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Surveillance - Danish

...PREPARATION: 60 MINUTES EXAMINATION: 30 MINUTES The UK/Culture Text: Warning over “Surveillance State” From: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7872425.stm, 6 February 2009 Assignment: 1. Make a brief introduction to the text. Surveillance is an ever-increasing technology, which threatens our personal privacy. In the rapid evolution of surveillance technology, we risk that the government receives and stores more information about us, than we want to share. Surveillance have made it easier to tackle crimes before, they are being executed, but we need to make sure that this power, in the form of knowledge, is not misused. 2. Sum up the main points * A warning against overuse of surveillance. * A threat to society, in a case of a misuse of power * A threat to personal freedom, and thereby democracy 3. With starting point in the following quotation, discuss the importance of the above mentioned issues: "The key is to strike the right balance between privacy, protection and sharing of personal data," a Home Office spokesman said.” (page 3) Maintaining the right balance between privacy, protection and sharing of personal data is very important. We need to make sure that every person in our country, or world, feels safe, and liberated to do and think what they please, as long as that person sticks to the laws of this country. Do we need to make sure that everyone obeys the laws of their country? Yes. But I don’t think it should be in a......

Words: 1532 - Pages: 7

Cctv Surveillance

...CCTV surveillance and the civic conversation: a study in public sociology Author(s): Sean P. Hier , Dan Lett and Kevin Walby Source: Canadian Journal of Sociology. 35.3 (Summer 2010): p437. Document Type: Report Copyright : COPYRIGHT 2010 Canadian Journal of Sociology http://www.ualberta.ca/~cjscopy/subinfo.html Abstract:  Public sociology is being debated across the social sciences. This article examines how sociologists can enter concretely into a civic conversation through the research process. We present partial findings from a Canada-wide investigation into how city street video surveillance systems are implemented in various communities. Our aim is to examine some of the challenges of doing public sociology by examining sociological knowledge production and communication with diverse publics. Data gleaned from focused group interviews in the City of Kelowna, British Columbia are presented to explore the challenges of facilitating a civic conversation about public policy on city street video surveillance. Keywords: public sociology; public-area video surveillance; Burawoy; public opinion La notion captivante de << sociologie publique >> a recemment anime des debats dans le monde des sciences sociales. Bien que ces debats aient permis de soulever des questions pertinentes relativement au statut de la production du savoir sociologique, on n'a pas apporte suffisamment de reflexion sur la maniere dont les sociologues entrent reellement dans une......

Words: 10214 - Pages: 41

Surveillance in Schools

...Surveillance Surveillance in Schools: Safety vs. Personal Privacy A project created by Kathy Davis, John Kelsey, Dia Langellier, Misty Mapes, and Jeff Rosendahl Project Home Security Cameras Metal Detectors Locker Searches Internet Tracking “Surveillance…n. close observation, esp. of a suspected person” [emphasis added] --Reader’s Digest Oxford Complete Wordfinder, 1996 In 1995, “The total number of crimes committed per year in or near the 85,000 U.S. public schools has been estimated at around 3 million” (Volokh & Snell, 1998). Our educational system is evolving all the time, and one factor that is constantly changing is the aggressiveness within our schools. In 1940, a survey of teachers revealed that the biggest behavioral problems they had from students were “talking out of turn, chewing gum, making noise, running in the halls, cutting in line, [violating] the dress code, [and] littering” (Volokh & Snell, 1998). In 1990, the toprated problems were “drug abuse, alcohol abuse, pregnancy, suicide, rape, robbery, [and] assault” (Volokh & Snell, 1998). In 1940, we had little need for surveillance beyond a teacher’s observation and intervention. Today, however, we live in a much more diverse society with troubled youth and adults who have easy access to weapons, drugs, pornography, etc., which have enabled students and staff to bring their violent and/or inappropriate tendencies into the naïve schools. What worked in 1940 (teacher-student confrontation) is not as......

Words: 17490 - Pages: 70

Electronic Surveillance

...Electronic Surveillance of Employee Professor Cowan LEG 500 April 24 2011 Table of Content Page Where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace ……………….. 1 Explain whether it makes a difference if an employee is in an open area or in an enclosed office………………………………………………………………………………………..….. 2 Explain if Herman’s need to know whether his salespersons are honest is a sufficient ground for utilizing electronic surveillance………………………………………………………….......2, 3 Explain to what extent an employer can engage in electronic surveillance of employees…………………………………………………………………………….……….3, 4 Explain to what extent the inclusion of innocent, unaware third –parties in such surveillance determines whether it is legal……………………………………………………….…….…...4, 5 Reference Cited………………………………………………………...…………Reference Page Electronic Surveillance Page 1 Explain where an employee can reasonably except to have privacy in the workplace. Based on the fact that the United States doesn’t have a comprehensive law that protects privacy, there is almost no where in the work place that is private. Most laws give the employer the ability to monitor their employees as long as they have a valid reason for their monitoring. With the advance tin technology employer’s ability to monitor their employees has expanded over last 20 years. Employers have the right to monitor telephone calls, computer usage, electronic mail, voice mail, and video monitoring. Most......

Words: 1353 - Pages: 6

Do Government Internet Surveillance Efforts Threaten Privacy and Civil Rights?

...government Internet surveillance efforts threaten privacy and civil rights. It is a basic human right to allow someone to keep something secret to oneself. We owe no explanation or clarification to anyone for our private matters. With the governments increasing efforts in Internet surveillance this basic right is violated. It is as if we have become completely transparent to people we know nothing about ourselves. New technological tools are vulnerable to exploitation by governments aiming to crush dissent and deny human rights. All governments struggle to balance a need to deal with serious issues such as security, hate speech and child safety for their citizens but in repressive societies, these concerns often serve as convenient pretext to engage in censorship or surveillance of the internet that violates the rights and privacy of users and threatens the free flow of information. We all are aware that he internet and other communication technologies have created a vast amount of opportunities to share information, opening-up paths for pro democracy groups, activists, journalists and individuals around the world to share their opinion and judgment on various policies made by their respective government. I understand why monitoring people’s activity may seem as the right thing to do to ensure security but it is not of utmost importance; there are various other problems that need to be fixed at grass-root levels rather than monitoring people’s activity over the internet......

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Surveillance

...Roberto Cruz Professor Ibach English 104 April 28, 2015 Surveillance Many forms of surveillance have always existed as people watch over others for mutual care, for moral caution, and to figure out information secretly. If one has nothing to hide, then they have nothing to worry about. When one is in a public space, he/she is in the eye of the public. So what’s the difference in being watched by a closed circuit TV camera and being seen in public? Even if one is caught doing something embarrassing, the police will not arrest him/her and no surveillance officer will put an individual on national television. Surveillance does enhance our society for there are many advantages in having surveillance. Surveillance provides safety for a community, it can deter crime, and it catches many things that an individual doesn’t catch. Surveillance provides safety for a community. Surveillance cameras in public places ensures public safety. ToughEfrain26, a poll survey taker on Debate.org, states that “Surveillance cameras would to a safer public environment, by providing surveillance at times, and in areas where law officials cannot be present.” An individual will rarely attempt to harm another person when he/she is aware that his/her actions are being recorded on camera. Cameras keep an individual safe. Jonathan Sparco, a platinum level expert author for Enzine Articles, states that “A residential security system is becoming more and more important due to the increasing......

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Electronic Surveillance

...Ethics in the Government and Public Sector in Electronic Surveillance “Can you hear me now, Yes I can even see you” Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract In todays society the number of computers, tablets, mobile devices will rise to about 65 billion devices connecting to the internet. That not counting vehicles, household applicances, gaming devices. However, with all of these deveices there is a significant benfit that will make our lives easier and one potential theat that invades our privacy called Geolocational Privacy and Surveillance (GPS). This sometimes hidden or masked feature is colleting our personal information, location and sometimes converstation. Laws have have enmpowered government and companies to collect databases of consumers without our consent. With ongoing technology where does the protection beging and the surveillance stop. Ethics in the Government and Public Sector in Electronic Surveillance In the movie Enemy of the State the lawyer played by Will Smith becomes a target by a corrupt politican who kills a congressman for his unwillingness to help with a new surveillance system with satellites. The politican with the help of National Security Aministration agents to destroy the lawyers life by manipulation thru the internet and surveillance. This movie was produced in 1998 and then the technological devices we have now were not that advanced. Little did we know that would become the norm of everyday life of those who......

Words: 1919 - Pages: 8

Electronic Surveillance

...“Electronic Surveillance of Employees” Katy Romero Law, Ethics and Corporate Governance Dr. Andrea N. Brvenik Strayer University July 17, 2011 Electronic Surveillance of Employees An employer has the right to monitor the employees to increase the productivity and efficiency of its business. In the other hand, every person has the right of privacy within the organization. Human beings must experience a degree of privacy to thrive. Electronic surveillance is increasing every year within the organizations worldwide. This practice has created a debate among employees and employers. 1. Explain where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in a workplace Employees are becoming increasingly concerned about their privacy as their employers are monitoring them electronically more closely than ever before. Still employees expect to have privacy at the lunch area, bathrooms and lockers. Besides those places the employee has little or almost no privacy within the company. Electronic monitoring allows an employer to observe what employees do on the job and review employee communications, including e-mail and Internet activity, often capturing and reviewing communications that employees consider private. Now days, video monitoring is commonplace in many work environments to maintain security, monitor employees, and to deter theft. 2. In the workplace, there are typically two spaces, an open area in which there are several desks and where conversations can......

Words: 1139 - Pages: 5

Electroinc Surveillance of Employees

...all possible due to electronic Surveillance . Employees are becoming increasingly concerned about their privacy as their employers are monitoring them electronically more closely than ever before. Still employees expect to have privacy at the lunch area, bathrooms and lockers. Besides those places the employee has little or almost no privacy within the company. Electronic monitoring allows an employer to observe what employees do on the job and review employee communications, including e-mail and Internet activity, often capturing and reviewing communications that employees consider private. Video monitoring is common in many work environments to maintains security, by monitoring employees and to deter theft. There are laws set in place to also protect the privacy tof employee’s personnel records, including personal data, medical information and health status, social security numbers, background screenings information, financial and everything else that could invade a persons privacy. Is Herman's need to know whether his salespersons are honest a sufficient ground for utilizing electronic surveillance? The answer probably depends on whether there are alternative methods of ascertaining the honesty of salespersons that are less invasive of the employees' privacy. For example, Herman could use surveys of customers to find out this information. In fact, many businesses use customer surveys rather than electronic surveillance to evaluate the honesty of their......

Words: 4553 - Pages: 19

Electronic Surveillance

...Electronic Surveillance of Employees Brent Schenkel Roy Basile, J.D LEG 500 October 23, 2011 Explain where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace. Obviously, employee privacy should not be an issue when it comes to a restroom or a locker room facility. This would invade personal privacy and has been upheld by numerous cases in a court of law. But any other parts of the grounds of the company are considered public areas and can have surveillance monitoring. Any areas where business can occur are fair game to monitor by either camera or microphone. Courts have upheld that parking lots and break rooms on the premises are still under the jurisdiction of the company. In the office workplace there are typically two types of workspaces, an open area, in which there are several desks and where conversations can be overhead, or an enclosed office, in which—when the door is closed—conversations cannot be heard and where one would expect virtually total privacy. Explain whether it makes a difference if an employee is in an open area or in an enclosed office. It should not make a difference of the location of the employee. Any action, conversation, or document inside the walls of a company is not private but public information. The employer has a right to search offices, work areas, desks, filing cabinets, lockers and office documents without the employee's permission. However, the employer should do in a lawful and non-threatening manner...

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Surveillance in the Workplace

...that need for a specific policies regarding surveillance or monitoring in the workplace. The primary purpose of such policies is to eliminate any expectation of privacy on the part of an employee utilizing company technologies or property for personal use. However, even when an employer has a policy, it is nonetheless common for employers to tolerate some degree of private usage by employees. This is one dilemma for employers and the main purpose for establishing a "zero tolerance". In any event, the employer's written policy and actual practices should clarify to employees specifically and inform third parties through implied or informed consent the expectations of the employer or business utilizing surveillance. Assignment One 2 Question One 1. Explain where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace. In the office workplace there are typically two types of workspaces, an open area, in which there are several desks and where conversations can be overhead, or an enclosed office, in which—when the door is closed—conversations cannot be heard and where one would expect virtually total privacy. Explain whether it makes a difference if an employee is in an open area or in an enclosed office. Surveillance is becoming commonplace in the work environment. Generally speaking, employers are permitted to monitor by surveillance "public" areas. When surveillance is hidden, however, and when the surveillance is surreptitious, then the employer......

Words: 1870 - Pages: 8

Electronic Surveillance of Employees

...Electronic Surveillance of Employees LEG 500 Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance January 22, 2012 1. Explain where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace. Human beings need privacy and have a right to expect privacy in certain areas of their lives. The areas where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace are very limited. Common decency precludes monitoring in highly private locations, such as bathrooms. Personal items, such as purses, wallets and gym bags may also be considered to be off-limits. The employee can also reasonably expect privacy during personal telephone calls at work. In Watkins v. L. M. Berry (1983), the court upheld upon appeal that employers must stop monitoring calls upon realization that the call is of a personal nature. Exceptions to this are when employer policy specifically forbids calls of a personal nature. Here the employees need for privacy directly conflict with established policy. Privacy protection may vary with state laws and federal statutes. State laws on privacy in the workplace may differ with some states offering much more privacy protection to the employees than others. For example, Volkert (2005) reported that while electronic surveillance may be allowed in Idaho, it must have a specific purpose and record video only (no audio). Government employees are likely to have greater privacy rights than private sector employees due to protections under the Fourth Amendment......

Words: 1445 - Pages: 6

Electronic Surveillance

...Electronic Surveillance of Employees Employee privacy is a controversial topic. There is a need to ensure quality and accuracy in the interactions with customers. This need opens the discussion of what is insuring quality and what is an invasion of privacy. With the advancement in technology there are many surveillance options at the disposal of employers. The employer must review all surveillance options to determine which are legal as well as beneficial to customers, employees, and the business. Employers must consider these factors to make the best legal and ethical decision. Privacy in the Workplace Understanding the meaning of the word privacy is key to set standards of where in the workplace employees may expect discretion. Privacy is “the right to be free from secret surveillance, to determine whether, when, how and, to whom, one's personal or organizational information is to be revealed” ("Privacy," n.d.). Employees may reasonably expect to have privacy in several areas of the workplace. Two physically invasive areas which privacy should be a must are the restrooms and if one has an office with a door, a certain amount of privacy should be expected in that space. Other types of privacy a staff member can demand fairly is the confidentiality of their personal record, like background information, medical reports, social security numbers, financial information, corrective action, and any development plan the employee has engaged in. However, as far as monitoring......

Words: 1275 - Pages: 6

Surveillance

...Build Your Own Micro RC Surveillance Robot HOW DO YOU BUILD YOUR OWN MICRO RC SURVEILLANCE ROBOT? Why don't I show you how?   Almost every roboticist has wanted to create a small Surveillance Robot at some point in their time. The biggest problem being the Receiver/Transmitter pairs are always too expensive. My solution: Extract the RC receiver from a small RC car and modify it for our purposes. By the end of this tutorial, you will create and modify an RC robot to do: 1. Direct Radio Control using the remote's joysticks. 2. Computer control via a microcontroller connected to the remote.   Later, I plan on making this base teleoperational. When I do, I'll be sure to document it and continue the tutorial for it!!!!!!!!!!    It will used the receiver from a $10 ZipZaps RC car purchased at a RadioShack (US) or a Microz GT car purchased at The Source (Canada). Any inexpensive RC car, though, will do. It will also use a wireless camera and 2 Solarbotics gear motors.  The main goal of this robot always remains the same; to be able to perform surveillance that you could watch on your television or on your computer (this depends on the camera used). I broke this tutorial into steps for simplicity and organization of categories (why should you put the construction of chassis with building the electronics? :P) Now for some general examples of the design for the robot (you don't have to follow my example exactly). The image at the top of the page shows an angled view of...

Words: 5094 - Pages: 21