Islamist Movements

In: Historical Events

Submitted By carrc
Words 1112
Pages 5
Islamist Movements Throughout the 20th century in Afghanistan, many violent and nonviolent Islamist Movements have emerged. Some of the more violent movements include the Taliban, al-Qa’ida, and the Islamic State. The Taliban originated during the Soviet, US, and Saudi Arabian supported civil war in Afghanistan from the Pakistani-trained, US sponsored mujahidin. This civil war, the bombing at Kabul, and the many massacres of civilians contributed to the emergence of the group. The US got involved in the civil war to help out allies, in which led to a bundle of hatred for the US by the Taliban. The ideology of the Taliban is an innovative form of shari’a, which combines Pashtun tribal codes with radical Deobandi interpretations of Islam and Bid Laden’s extremist jihadism and pan-Islamism. The Taliban is very strict and enforces many rules. They have many prohibitions that includes many day-to-day things that many in the United States take for granted such as satellite dishes, sports for women, education, employment, dancing, drawing, music, and many more. The Taliban is against all other Muslim groups, including Shi’ites and Sufis. The Qur’an states that one should “fight in the cause of God against those who fight you” and “fight against those among the People of the Book who do not believe in God”. The perspectives of the Taliban go with the Qur’an in these verses. The Taliban fights in order to protect and depend.
Al-Qa’ida was founded by Osama Bin Laden, al-Zawahiri, and others that were influenced by the ideas of Sayyid Qutb. It operates as a network, which includes an army and extremist jihadi groups. Al-Qa’ida has attacked civilian and militaries since 1998 by the use of suicide bombers, who undergo training in Sudan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Al-Qa’ida believes Christian-Jewish alliance is a conspiracy to destroy Islam. The Qur’an authorizes…...

Similar Documents

The Reformation Movement

...The reformation movement began in the early 16th century, and was started by Martin Luther. Martin Luther was a religious man, in that he believed in strongly in the scriptures and believed that they held the ultimate authority, and specifically held authority over the Pope and the entire Roman Catholic organization. Martin Luther “protested” the rituals, doctrines and many general practices of the Roman Catholic church. Some would say the movement began officially when Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the church. After expressing his contentions with Roman Catholic church, he was eventually exiled, however, while in exile he translated a copy of The New Testament into German. This happened to coincide with the printing press becoming popular. The printing press allowed for Luther’s book to be widely distributed, and this was one of the main reasons the reformation was able to spread the way it did. There were other people of this time with new ideas who leveraged the use of the printing press to spread their ideas. One of those individuals was Michael Montaigne, who is credited with inventing the essay. Another key reason the movement was able to spread the way it did was the fact the rebellious attitude towards the authority of the time resonated with the peasant workers. It’s notable that the church had already suffered damage to its credibility from 15th century stressors such as the black death. With these well timed events and new technology,......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Ice Movement

...Ice movement Cold based glaciers (POLAR) occur in the high Latitudes where the temperature of the snow fall is far below zero degrees and the ice of the glacier remains at below zero throughout the year. These glaciers therefore stay frozen to the bedrock all year and there fore there is little ice movement and therefore little erosion. Greenland and the Antarctic have cold based glaciers. Warm based glaciers or temperate glaciers have water present throughout the ice mass and this water acts as a lubricant. This may be for a period of the year or all year, and allows for much greater rates of movement and thus more erosion. These glaciers are often found in mountain glaciers at lower latitudes but higher altitudes than polar glaciers. Cold based glaciers move mainly by internal deformation. These glaciers are frozen to the bed and therefore only move 1-2cm a day. The ice crystals within the glacier orientate themselves in the direction of ice movement. This allows ice crystals to slide past one another. Where the ice movement is fast enough crevasses may develop. Temperate glaciers move mainly through BASAL SLIPPAGE. If the glacier moves, this can raise the temperature of the base ice through pressure and friction. The basal ice can then melt, and this water helps to allow the ice to slip more easily over its bed. This could move at 2-3m per day and pick up material with which it can use to erode its bed. This is related to regelation, which is the phenomenon of......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Syria Movement

...the social movement in Syria can be explained. According to the evolutionary theory society naturally evolves into higher levels with time hence resulting to social change. The public has become aware of its social and economic problems. In its quest to better its living standards grassroots oppositions have become more vocal .This is clearly evident in the social movement of Syria. The social movement hopes to achieve radical reforms which include democracy, improved living conditions both socially and economically. In line with the evolutionary theory all societies undergo the same stages of change the ultimate results will vary from one society and the other. Syria’s social movement revolution hopes the violence and protest will invoke change .Drawing examples from Libya and Egypt which have undergone similar revolutions and the success of the Democratic Republic of Turkey. Syria hopes to achieve similar or even better results in terms of better social and economic reforms. The conflict theory suggests that social change is invoked by the increased awareness on the social inequalities and injustices. Society’s wealthy and powerful ensures the laws favour their interests to the detriment of the poor. The arising conflict is an attempt to bridge the gap through equitable distribution of wealth and improved living conditions. Syria’s social movement clearly ......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Gulen Movement

...From Africa to East Asia, a new Islamic movement is attracting millions of followers and a lot of money. Even though Gulen movements do not call themselves an Islamic movements they Inspired by a little-known Turkish imam his name is Fethullah Gülen.The. Gulen movement is linked to more than 1,000 schools in 130 countries, newspapers, TV and radio stations, universities and even a bank. They describe themselves as civil society movement. It started out as a local service group of students, teachers, parents, and small business owners around the Turkish scholar and preacher Fethullah Gulen in the city of Izmir, Turkey. The movement gives a lot of attention to education and science. These schools have attracted Muslim and non-Muslim. The chief characteristic of Gulen’s followers is that they do not seek to disrupt modern secular states; rather, they encourage Muslims to use the opportunities offered. Gulen sees science and faith as not only harmonious but also complementary. He encourages scientific research and technological advancement for the good of all humanity .In this paper we will write about the founder his ethnic origin, his Islamic education, his teachings and the history of the movement. Also, the demographic characteristics of the movement, and the historical transformations to modern times. Also, the relationship with the other parties and movements. We will be looking into how the movement begin and what made this movement grew so popular. One of the areas we......

Words: 5614 - Pages: 23

Social Movements in Egypt

...Amr Amr 12/10/2013 Egypt Burning: How one Egyptian revolutionary movement overthrew a dictator while one another overthrew a democracy. On the 17th of December, 2011 a vegetable vendor lit himself on fire in response to the corrupt and inefficient bureaucratic system in Tunisia. This small event by an unknown vendor led to the biggest and fastest spread of social movements in the history of the Arab world known as the Arab spring. Yet while the Tunisian example has been seen as relatively successful, in Egypt things seems to be more complicated and difficult especially with two different social movements, the first mobilized on the 25th of January and overthrew the long time autocratic ruler Hosni Mubarak, while the second had its beginnings in December of 2012 led to the overthrow of the first democratically elected president on June 30th of the following year was able to rally the biggest protest in modern history. This research paper’s goal will be to analyze the two social movements, their origins, make-up, organizational structure, their image abroad and finally their conclusion. For example why did the January 25th movement, which had clear goals from the onset and an extremely diverse make up ranging from secular liberals to conservative Islamists get sidelined and collapsed after achieving their first goal? And why did the Tamarod movement (rebel in Arabic) which had its origin in a petition form and was able to garner more active support,......

Words: 2536 - Pages: 11

Social Movements

...A social movement is a group of individuals who act collectively to stop or resist a social change. A social movement consists of individuals who are committed to a cause, usually attempting to bring a new order to life. The cause being fought for can vary, ranging from politics to human rights to animal rights. For this optional homework, I did a bit of research on the Animal Rights Movement. The Animal Rights Movement is a large social movement operating in Canada, as well as the United States. The Animal Rights movement advocates that animals should be afforded the same consideration as human beings. Animals should not be treated as property but rather as living beings. Advocates approach the issue from different philosophical positions, ranging from the protectionist side of the movement, presented by philosopher Peter Singer with a utilitarian focus on suffering and consequences, rather than on the concept of rights, to the abolitionist side, represented by law professor Gary Francione, who argues that animals need only one right, the right not to be property. A current dilemma that we see take place is the fight between companies and animal rights movement on if it is right for the companies to test their product on animals. For many companies, the ideology of Peter Singer is used. However for others, such as The Body Shop, products being tested on animals is forbidden, and is advertised on all their products. Animal Rights: The Abolitionists Approach is an......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Cubism Movement

...Beginning in 1907 the Cubism movement was set into motion by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque; this would eventually become the most internationally influenced movement of the 20th Century. The movement has roots dating back to European traditions of the Renaissance, which can be seen it its illusionism and deconstruction of linear perspective. The Cubism movement can be broken down into two primary styles of Analytical and Synthetic Cubism, each equally influential in their own way. First up was Analytical Cubism; this references the artist objective of analyzing and breaking down of the form and space within the picture plane. Analytical Cubism was the period from 1907 to 1912; it was formed primarily at the hands of Pablo Picasso, Paul Cezanne and George Seurat. Analytical Cubism was a period of exploration in separating the perceived reality of what we can view and the intellectual reality of what we know. These characteristics include flattening the pictorial surface and simplifying the picture plane to only a basic geometric fragmentation of the subject. Additionally, minimal color was used in order to further flatten the subject. Flatness was a key characteristic of Analytical Cubism; lack of warm and cool hues prevented the subject from becoming dimensional and eliminated any single focal point. With the goal of Analytical Cubism being to separate realities, artist used easily recognizable items or ordinary subjects. Things used were often just found around the......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Separatist Movements in India

...the socially backward sections of society. There are strong movements and simmering aspirations seeking for greater autonomy and even independence. Analyze the socio-ethnic mosaic of India with a view to determine the causes of ethnic sub-nationalism/ conflicts and ascertain the future of these fissiparous tendencies and their impact on the national integration of India. SUB THEME – SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS IN INDIA India has a host of separatist movements fermenting on its outer fringes; from the freedom struggle of Kashmiris in the North West to the Naxal, Naga, Mizoram and Manipur Movements in the North and North eastern parts particularly the ‘Siliguri Corridor’. From the 1980’s onwards, virtually the entire North has been plagued by such activities with a large proportion of religious and ethnic groups in the region forming movements of their own. Analyze the various implications of these separatist movements and fissiparous tendencies on India’s national integration and security. ABSTRACT Latest since the 1980s India has been shaken by various insurgencies and separatist movements. This did not only endanger India’s stability but also gave hope to some of her surrounding countries which lived in unfriendly tensions with their big neighbour. The reasons for these fissiparous movements differ in a large variety, such as religion, ideology or ethnic origin. However, the vast number of different movements leads to the presumption that they were all motivated......

Words: 7272 - Pages: 30

Movement Analysis

...Movement Analysis of Throwing a Ball Overhand Throwing a ball overhand involves a stride, hip rotation, trunk rotation and forward arm movement. 1. Phase A/B is a stride. Thrower stands sideways set towards target. When the opposite leg moves out and onto toes at the point of thrust. The pivot foot braces against the ground and provides stability for the subsequent movements. During this phase there is a natural rotation of the hip and the trunk rotation follows. The hips rotate before the trunk and due to the stretching of the torso muscles there is a stronger muscle contraction which allows you to throw with more force. The stride provides balance and stability throughout the act of throwing the ball, and all of the large muscle movements are gross motor skills. 2. Phase B/C Following the trunk rotation the throwing arm cocks back with the forearm in slight external rotation the arm moves into horizontal scapula adduction while grasping the ball tightly, using fine motor skills. 3. Phase C/D following the scapula horizontal adduction the throwing arm pushes forward into horizontal adduction, the elbow joint straightens and the thrower releases the ball. This is where the greatest forces are used to accelerate the ball. All, in the same instant, the throwing side the foot moves forward providing stability while the trunk and hip rotate forward. Phase A-B | | | | Joints Invovled | Movement | Prime Mover/Agonist Muscle | Plane of Movement | ......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Movement at Joints

...CHART 1 – MOVEMENT AT JOINTS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY | SYNOVIALJOINT (S) | EXPLANATION OF THE TYPE OF MOVEMENT OCCURING | Tumble turn in swimming | The type of synovial joint when doing a tumble turn in swimming is the ball and socket joint in the hip. | When doing a tumble turn in swimming the movement you will need is rotation, because once you have pushed of the wall you rotate your body using your hips so you can face the right direction. Another movement you have when doing a tumble turn is extension, because when you push of the wall your body is fully straightened. | Striking a football at a penalty kick | The types of synovial joints when taking a penalty kick is the hinge joint in the knee and the gliding joint in the hands. | When taking a penalty kick the type of movement you use is abduction because when you shoot you are taking your leg away from the centre line of your body. Also when taking a penalty the type of movement you use is flexion because when you strike the ball your leg has a backwards and forward motion. Finally the last movement you have when striking a football for a penalty kick is extension because when you take your penalty your hinge joint is fully stretched. | Knee lift in sprinting | The types of synovial joints when doing knee lift in sprinting is the hinge joint, ball and socket joint. | The type of movement you have when doing knee lifts in sprinting is abduction because when you lift your knees......

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Womens Movement

...feminist movement in the 60’s originally focused on these issues. In 1964, Representative Howard Smith of Virginia wanted to help women and proposed to add a prohibition on gender discrimination in the civil rights laws. He was greeted by laughter from other congressman, but with the leadership from Representative Martha Griffiths of Michigan, the law was passed. However, most women knew this would not enforce the protection of women workers. Therefore, a group of feminists, including the great Betty Friedan, founded NOW (National Organization for Women), an organization to fight gender discrimination through the courts and legislatures. The purpose of NOW, sought to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men (The 1960s-70s American Feminist Movement). However, the success of women receiving more job opportunities was driven by a favorable confluence of economic and societal changes. After World War II, the boom of the American economy outplaced the available workforce, making it necessary for women to fill new job openings. In fact two-thirds of all new jobs went to women in the late 60’s. The nation had to accept this new idea of hard working women in the workforce. One woman stated, “I knew I was a part of making history… It gave you a real high because you knew real things could come out of it,” (The 1960s-70s American Feminist......

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Movement Examples

...1. Angular Movement Abduction- Abduction is the movement of a limb outward from the midline of the body. This movement is used in ballet while doing a tendu. http://adriaballetbeat.com/2013/09/23/the-ballet-class-grump/ The tendu mainly uses the quadriceps, calf and the gluteal muscles. 2. Circular Movement Circumduction- Circumduction is the combination of angular movements. This movement is used in the butterfly stroke, among others, in swimming. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-NEoRKKiIub8/UA65EkSqrPI/AAAAAAAAA6A/akQky2Sq1TA/s1600/62743-004-F3B6CCDE.gif The main muscles in the upper body used while swimming are the anterior and posterior deltoid, pectoral, serratus anterior, triceps and latissimus dorsi. 3. Forearm Movement Supination- Supination is when the palm is turned up or forward. This movement is used in volleyball when doing an underhand serve. http://www.teamusa.org/~/media/USA_Volleyball/Graphics/SportKit/Guide%20to%20volleyball%20basics/Image%206%20underhand%20serving.JPG?la=en&h=199&w=300 The main muscles used while underhand serving a volleyball are the pectorals, anterior and posterior deltoid, and the latissimus. 4. Ankle Movement Plantar Flexion- Plantar flexion is when the toes point down, flexing the arch of the foot. This is used in most ballet moves or exercises, such as a tendu or a grande battement.......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

The Reformation Movement

...The Reformation Movement Research Paper History 117 1. During the 1830s to the 1850s indicated a period when people were beginning to get a sense of reformation regarding American idealism of a democratic and free society. The core goal to end slavery became the central focus to a group known as abolitionists. Formed by a limited amount of men and women both white and black, the abolitionists came most from the North with hardly any from the South. The beliefs of the abolitionists to end slavery in the mid eighteen hundreds, came from not only their understanding of freedom and citizenship which meant equal rights for all persons regardless of their skin color or racial background, but the fact African Americans had not received any rights, and had used slaves as a source of income. Abolitionists indicated “African Americans should be recognized as American citizens and incorporated into the nation” , since American society intended for everyone living in the United States to be citizens. Black and white abolitionists who tried to end slavery were William Lloyd Garrison, Theodore Weld, and Frederick Douglas. 2. The movement of the abolition of slavery started to intensify as both northern and southern individuals gathered to voice their hostility towards slavery by using the public sphere. Abolitionists focused mainly on changing the views of the public on slavery by publishing pamphlets, gathering signatures...

Words: 1844 - Pages: 8

Moderation Movement

...The moderation movement was developed in specific steps to help individuals with alcohol addiction. The concept of this movement is to educate and guide alcoholics about the dangerous health risks and how to utilize advance planning and maintaining control of alcohol consumption by limiting their drinks in a given day and week without exceeding excessive amounts. Abstinence model is another process in treatment that helps people completely eliminate their addiction to alcohol. A well known program that practices various techniques to help people achieve goals of finally becoming sober, are called the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). I believe in some cases, it would ideal for a person to eventually achieve complete soberness from alcohol, by combining the methods such as applying the moderation movement first, and then gradually guide them into an abstinence model. Although it would be better for their overall health to gain abstinence immediately; by slowly cutting it off may help people cope and not feel so overwhelm of having to give up their alcoholic addiction at a screeching halt. Individuals who have internal locus control normally view the events that surround them are responsible for the outcome of their current situation in life. When mistakes or failures occur, they are likely to seek blame on any possible scenario other than themselves; as a result, many people have fallen victim to domestic violence because they were involved with someone who had internal......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement

...II. The Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (EJIM) Eritrean separatism began in earnest during World War II, as Eritrea passed from Italian to British rule in 1941 and remained under British administration until 1950. Arab states pushed for independence given the large Muslim population and ties to the Arab world from that community. The initial constitution in 1952 was ratified by Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, but Eritrea and Ethiopia were linked through a federal system, under the sovereignty of the emperor. Eritreans resisted Ethiopian rule and began armed struggle for their independence in 1958. The Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (EIJM) began activity in 1975 when a group of Islamist-minded guerillas split off from the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) that had been fighting since the beginning of the Eritrean independence movement. The EIJM was formally established in 1980. Since independence in 1993, the EIJM (and its factions) have been the principal Muslim opposition group in Eritrea, seeking the violent overthrow of the ELF government led by President Isaias Afewerki. EIJM claims to only target the Eritrean government and its apparatus in the country, not Western targets, and seeks the establishment of an Islamic caliphate in Eritrea. The group is based in Sudan and is made up primarily of dissidents from the ELF, conservative Eritrean (and some other Muslims from Horn of Africa countries), and a Muslim youth network. The group is also known by a variety of other......

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6