In: Religion Topics

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Part Two

Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following.

1. Describe the three major sections of the Jewish bible. Include what is contained in each section and the significance of each.

As a whole the Hebrew bible is 24 books and those are divided into 3 sections; the Torah, Nevi’im and the Ketuvim. The first book the Torah is also called the Pentateuch. It contains all the rules and instructions as they were given to Moses. The five books of Moses are; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The second book, Nevi’im is a collection of the Former Prophets. Here you will find stories and their teachings about the return of Israel to God. The last book, Ketuvim, contains poetry, theology and drama. The Hebrew Bible is thought of by Christians as the Old Testament. This is because all of the teachings found in it are before Jesus Christ. You can find the prophecy of Jesus’ birth in Isaiah 7:14

2. Describe the major similarities and differences between the four branches of Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionist). How are these four groups distinct from one another?

The similarity between all four is very simple. They are all very proud of their faith and view it not only as religion but as a life style that they identify themselves as Jewish before anything else. Each one does have strong values and want to better their religion. The differences seem to be more in where they interact with the world outside their communities. In Orthodox Judaism, you will find the traditionalists. They do not believe in altering the Torah in anyway. The other side of that is Reform Judaism. They want to adapt the rituals and laws to fit into the modern world. In between those two you have Conservative Judaism. Here there is an understanding that there is importance in both areas, upholding the…...

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