Juvenile and Adult Courts: a Comparative Analysis

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Shawana
Words 1478
Pages 6
Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis
Introduction
Juvenile and adult courts have different language barriers that separate the two. Juvenile courts tend to use words such as detention hearing, petition, and adjudication to make things seem less harsh. Adult courts use words such as bail hearing, complaint or indictment, and the verdict. Adult courts deal with a stricter sentencing than juvenile courts do. Juvenile courts take the approach of a more controlled approach. Adults are taught to live a healthy and productive life, unlike minors. Juveniles have been reinstated so that they can be released back into society with a fresh start.

The languages for juvenile courts are different than that of adult courts. Here are the different languages that separate juvenile courts from adult courts:
Adult Courts
• Bail Hearing
• Trial
• Complaint or Indictment
• Defendant
• Verdict
• Guilty

Juvenile Courts
• Detention hearing
• Fact-Finding Hearing
• Petition
• Respondent
• Adjudication
• Delinquent or Involved In juvenile courts they don't get a jury; instead the judge is the only person who determines if a minor has broken the law and what his or her punishment will be. The courtroom is closed to the media as well as to the general public. Juveniles are more prone to probation for longer times than adults. (#2)A juvenile's conditions of them being on probation tend to be obnoxious, including having a curfew, getting adequate grades, and behaving respectfully to parents.

Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis
(The policy reason for this is that the courts have more interest in rehabilitating minors than adults; so they like to give themselves plenty of time and leverage to do it, hence lengthy probation with lots of conditions). Juvenile courts may initially begin contact with the police. These steps…...

Similar Documents

Juvenile Courts

...CheckPoint: Juvenile Court Process The first encounter a youth has with the juvenile justice system is usually his or her arrest by a law enforcement official. Other ways that youth enter the system include "referrals" by parents and schools, delinquency victims, and probation officers. A decision is usually made after arrest as to whether a youth should be detained and charged, released, or transferred into another youth welfare program. When a juvenile court case reaches the juvenile probation department, an intake officer will decide whether to dismiss it, handle it informally, or hear it formally. To make this decision the officer reviews the facts surrounding the case to decide if there is enough information to try the youth. If the court has received adequate evidence to hear the case, a decision will be made as to whether the juvenile case should be heard formally or informally. Approximately 50 percent of all juvenile justice cases are heard informally, and among these, most are dismissed. Cases receive an "informal disposition" by a judge when a youth admits guilt and agrees to settle the charges by meeting the requirements of the court, which are laid out in a "consent decree." Among these requirements may be: • Restitution - juvenile is required to reimburse the victim or pay a fine to the community for damages he has caused. • Mandatory curfew - juvenile is subject to a strict curfew. • School attendance - juvenile is required to attend school......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Juvenile Court System

...Juvenile Court System Felicia Simmons CJS/200 10/13/2012 Monty H, Mathis M.Ed Juvenile Court The juvenile court system takes into different consideration when it comes to juveniles. They look at the age of the juvenile as well as the nature of the offense or crime that has been committed. Although the nature of the offense or crime will not ensure that the juvenile will be charged as an adult. In the juvenile court system when a minor commits a crime they are referred to as delinquent not criminals. Juveniles are not arrest they taken into custody and also in court a juvenile case can have adjustment made so that the minor may be sent home or placed in a detention facility, or a child care shelter. At this point the juvenile will be a findings hearing or adjudication hearing. If the juvenile is sentenced they can be sentenced from a range of different things such as commitment to a youth center, treatment, training schools. Before the juvenile is released they might be moved to a residential childcare facility or an aftercare facility. Adult Court System In the adult court system age isn’t a big factor at all, but the courts do look at pass offense as well as any other background or criminal history. Adults are refereed as criminal and they may chose to plead guilty, not guilty or no contest to any charges that they may be facing. An adult offender that is in the due process stage will either be sent to jail or they get a reduction in the charges that they......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Treating Juveniles as Adults

... I believe treating juveniles as adults is a good law to ensure that they can go to jail and receive time for a crime they committed. I think no matter what age a person is they should learn a lesson by doing their punishment or do hour services for the community. If a child that can pick up a dangerous weapon and harm an innocent person they knows what is right or wrong. They know that they can get in trouble for it. They should expect the consequences are going to be giving to them. My offer, point of view to prevent things like this is that children and adults should take delinquency programs. They can get counseling, get other services where they can get help to get their life straighten out, and prevent them from getting in trouble in the future. During the 1990s, nearly every state passed more punitive justice laws making it easier to try juveniles in adult court. More and more teens are doing time alongside adults in prison. This represents society’s recent shift towards taking a harsher view of adolescent’s culpability. When a juvenile is charge with certain felony offenses, his or her case may be transferred to the adult criminal division where a juvenile will be prosecuted in the same way as adults charge with laws violations. When a child is found guilty or pleads guilty in adult court and is sentenced as an adult, that child is forever considered an adult for the future violations of state law. In some cases, minors can be tried as adults. There three strikes...

Words: 1165 - Pages: 5

Should Juveniles Be Tried as Adults

...Should juveniles be tried as adults?  Does it depend on the crime committed?  If so, what should be the determining factor(s) in deciding to transfer juveniles to adult courts? Case Assignment 4 September 5, 2011 Violent crimes committed by juveniles have fluctuated over the years. The children of today are subjected to violence in popular songs, television shows, and even computer games. Parents’ having guns accessible to children and the society the child lives in all play a part in the destruction of our youth. Juvenile offenders are now facing tougher punishment for their actions. When a child kills, does he instantly become an adult? Or does he maintain some trappings of childhood, despite the gravity of his or her actions? These are the questions plaguing the American legal system today, as the violent acts of juvenile offenders continue to make headlines. The Juvenile correction system is about one hundred years old. It was created in the 1800s on the philosophy that children are inherently different from adults and it is the state’s responsibility to protect and rehabilitate young offenders. Until the inception of the youth justice system, children were tried in criminal courts along with adults. Movement for juvenile justice reform was informed by the 16th century educational reform movement in England that perceived children to be different than miniature adults, with less than fully developed moral and cognitive capacities. As early as 1825, the Society......

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Juvenile Court

...the country, a juvenile develops into adulthood within the years of 15 to 18; during rare occasions during cases of murder and other severe criminalities the age has dropped below the standard adulthood ages. Delinquency entails action which doesn’t adapt to the legitimate or ethical values of society; generally applying merely to doings that, if executed by an adult, would be labeled as illegal (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). What incites a teenager in becoming criminal and causes them to lean towards this standard of living? It is necessary to explore in what way does domestic life effects juvenile crime. There is a possibility that juveniles will become delinquent when is a lack of a structural foundation is furnished within the home they reside. Children who experience rejection, conflict or inadequate supervisor, may become more of a delinquent than children who do not experience similar encounters. Some writings have focused on the connection between child abuse and juvenile delinquency; which pointed out that juvenile delinquents are frequently created within families that were knowingly or insentiently neglecting their child’s needs (National Institute of Justice, (14 Mar 2011)). Kids can learn deviant values from their parents, relatives or peers (Siegel, Larry J. & Welsh, Brandon C. (2008)). In the United States, 14.4% of male inmates and 36.7% female inmates were mistreated during adolescent. Today, the problem as it relates to juvenile crime has......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Juveniles Being Tried as Adults

...Juveniles being tried as adults Student’s name University affiliation Juveniles being tried as adults Introduction The first juvenile court started in the United States of America in 1899. The two basic principles on which the court juvenile court were founded are one, and juveniles were not mature enough to take responsibility of their actions compared to adults and two, it was easier to rehabilitate juveniles as compared to adult criminals (Grisso & Schwartz, 2000). In more than a century, these principles remained the benchmarks of the juvenile courts as they expanded from Chicago, their original birthplace, into other states and eventually in other parts of the world. However, in the recent year rising incidences of juvenile criminals being tried as adults has increased as it was before the advent of the first juvenile court. Much of this stems from the public outrage against the children who, in high numbers, are engaging in violent crimes. Many countries have adopted legislation that permits them to juveniles to be tried as adults. In some countries, there are provisions that allow prosecutors to try children as young as 14 years under certain circumstances (Grisso & Schwartz, 2000). Juvenile courts establishment aimed at separating the youthful offenders from the adult criminals and thereafter processing and rehabilitating them in forgiving and less punitive manner compared to the adult criminal system (Redding & Fuller,......

Words: 3034 - Pages: 13

Juveniles Tried as Adults

... we call juvenile criminals, but, every action has a consequence and to deal with these unlawful adolescent we have the Juvenile Justice Department. The juvenile justice system is a network of agencies that deal with juveniles whose conduct has come in conflict with the law. These agencies include police, prosecutor, detention, court, probation, and the Department of Juvenile Corrections. But, when young offenders commit a series of crimes or even serious crimes, they are waivered into Adult court where they will be subject to any punishment available. Some cases of Juvenile’s being tried as adults is not fair. Some people would disagree about their charge. Some pros of Juveniles being tried as adults are, Attacking juvenile crime lowers the overall crime rate and allows us to live in a society that is much safer. A juvenile who knows that they will be punished for their crimes is far less likely to commit them. Other juveniles who may be considering committing a crime will also view the harsh punishment of their peers as a powerful deterrent. A crime is a crime no matter what, even if it is the littlest crime. A juvenile who is tried as an adult could end up being scared straight, which will make them from not continue to break the law. Spending a few nights in jail around hardened criminals can often be the wake up call. A juvenile offender needs in order to realize the error of their ways and make the necessary changes to their lifestyle (Should juveniles be tried...

Words: 1222 - Pages: 5

Drug Courts: Juvenile and Adult

...Drug Courts: Adult and Juvenile Rehabilitation Programs Eugene Berry Crj2200 Introduction to Criminal Courts Drug courts handle nonviolent substance abuse offenders, drug courts are used primarily to solve a problem rather than to send someone to jail or lock an offender away with less chance of rehabilitation. In the United States there are currently almost 2500 drug courts in the 50 states as well as the U.S. territories of Guam, and Puerto Ricco. Drug courts got their start in Florida, in 1989 judge Gerald Wetherington, Judge Herbert Klein, and state attorneys designed the court for non-violent offenders in Miami-Dade County, to battle a rising crack-cocaine problem in there city’s. Drug courts are a program the can involve different levels of intensive supervision by the courts themselves, this includes drug testing and substance abuse clinics or treatment programs. Drug court judges gain a lot of discretion and leeway in this system and can give the offenders instant or gradual sanctions if the offenders fail to meet the standards of the program given. To help keep the offenders compliant the courts can offer fewer drug tests, fewer court dates, and even the possibility of reduced or completely dismissed sentences if they programs are fully completed. Drug courts are proven to keep offenders from repeating their offences and the overall reduction in recidivism rates on these charges. There is research being done today that shows this treatment method could reduce......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Juveniles Being Tried as Adults

...Should Minors Who Commit Violent Crimes Be Tried As Adults? Thesis Statement Many adults come up with many reasons why youth involve themselves with acts of violence, there is never an actual answer to why they committed the crime, but the question of why they are being tried as an adult. Vicious misconduct is well-defined by the Division of Juvenile Justice as “murder, rape, severe attacks, and theft. These are all actions that sound terrible and cause for harsh consequences. Unluckily, there is an increasing development of adolescent violence; even “kids” under the age of sixteen are engaging in these vicious acts. When a child comes of age, they advance to being able to enjoy but not abuse adult liberties. Adolescents attain a numerous freedoms like the right to vote, buy a home, and buy tobacco goods and alcohol, however most importantly they become responsible for their behavior. Many aren’t aware of the temptations that come about once the age of maturity is reached. The mature criminal justice system is not meant to meet the desires of adolescent offenders. Solution (s) to Problems There are three problems when it comes to trying a child as an adult; it is impossible for a juvenile to stay alive in such harsh environments such as adult prison because of the age bracket and the absence of adulthood which can sometimes be taken advantage of by other offenders. Juveniles who are positioned in adult prisons are more likely to be repeat offenders because they become......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Juvenile Drug Court Program

...Juvenile Drug Court Program Garret July 11, 2015 Due to the influx of juvenile drug offenses, it became clear that juvenile drug offenders required a more stable, directed and protected process if decrease of offenses was going to be successful for offenders, and the idea of the drug court was a good one. The drug court utilizes an idea called wrap-around services, which had previously been so successful with reducing the recidivism of adults. This study of the JDC in Lexington, Kentucky was undertaken to examine the outcomes of the implementation of the adaptations of the wrap-around procedures and services to see if the new model was succeeding. These adaptations stemmed from an in depth theoretical perspective application to basically understand why children do what they do with hopes of applying these theories to the JDC. Without attempting to answer the question of why children act the way they do, the question that the study hoped to answer was could a web of conventional social norms be woven to help prevent the behaviors (social interaction theory) or provide a base of norms, which children can choose to conform to (social control theory). These conventional social norms that were applied to the JDC were based on the comprehensive wrap-around service idea of criminal activity reduction. Overall, JDCs have been created countrywide since offenses for drug abuse have risen while other offenses for juveniles have either leveled out or decreased over the past......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5

Juvenile and Adult Crimes

...Abstract There are many divisions of law in this particular case juvenile law is the subject.  The parameters of the case are 15-year old, stealing a car, driving without a license, and eventually crashing into a storefront.  The sentencing could be 6 years in prison, min 200 community service hours, and 2 weeks in county’s boot camp program.  This paper discusses the response to Mrs. Ingrim, the juvenile justice process, the adult justice process, and the judge’s possible reaction. The Incident Grand theft auto is the crime that Ms. Ingrim’s 15 year old committed.  The crime involves automobiles or other moving vehicles and it is considered a felony charge and the penalty is prison (Mince-Didier, 2015).  The dollar amount is what qualifies this crime as a felony and not petty theft.  The dollar range in this case is between $500 and $1000 (Mince-Didier, 2015).  This is the explanation that would be given to Mrs. Ingrim concerning the reason why her son was arrested in the first place.  The next step in the explanation process deals with the juvenile justice process.        Juvenile Justice System The process is simple at the beginning.  The police officers either arrests or is presented with a juvenile offender.  At this point the police officer can either divert the child out of the system by remanding him or her to the guardian, and/or parent (OJJDP).  However, in certain situations such as grand theft auto this cannot be done.  The child in question will undergo......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Juvenile and Adult Courts: a Comparative Analysis-Paper

...Sabastian Fernandez PANEL TEAM DISCUSSION RESPONSES 1.  Do you believe that the media plays a role in how families and the community perceive law enforcement after highly energized brutality event between the police and a minority member?   Explain your answer Yes, the media like any other Television show makes their money when people tune in and watch the broadcast. So how can the media make the story more appealing to the public? They tailor the truth to fit the audience that is tuning in. For example Telemundo, a popular Spanish channel. When dealing with issues of immigration or Border Patrol they paint the Border Patrol as always in the wrong. Any time a Border Patrol agent gets in a shooting and kills a Hispanic member of the community. Telemundo will with holds facts and only puts out facts that will paint the victim as a saint. Why? The majority of people that tune in to Telemundo are Hispanic. Question pulled from the article "Police Brutality in America" at: http://dissidentvoice.org/2010/07/police-brutality-in-america/  2.  Why do you believe minority groups, families, and the community react so quickly and with such a strong beliefs of guilt, immediately after a police brutality event when the facts of the event are not known? Two reasons why this happens. One the past has showed that police brutality did and does happened. In the past due to racism it happened a lot more. The officer received no training in different culture that would allowed...

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Juvenile and Adult Courts

...Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis Paper Cristal Irvin CJS/245 April 7, 2015 Samantha Brown Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis Paper At one point in history there was only one system of justice for the people of the United States. As time went by, the justice system shifted into two structures which are known as the Juvenile and Criminal Justice System. It was recognized that children and adults were not committing the same crimes. The states responded to this issue by establishing a system that differentiates juveniles from adults by creating the juvenile court system. The Juvenile Court is a complex structure that in order to understand it, one needs to know the process of when a juvenile enters the system. The American Juvenile Justice System is put into place to focus and manage juveniles who are caught and convicted of crimes. The system is formulated by agencies that consist of police officers, prosecutors, juvenile courts, probation officers, and the Department of Juvenile Corrections. The system functions by agencies taking various steps when dealing with a juvenile. The first step is determining who is a juvenile. In most states a juvenile is considered a child between the ages of ten and eighteen and in some states they can set the maximum age as sixteen. When a police officer encounters a juvenile that has committed a crime the police officer has several options on handling a juvenile who has committed a delinquent act.......

Words: 1391 - Pages: 6

Juvenile & Adult Courts

...The Juvenile justice system is very similar to the criminal justice system, which is made up of several different agencies. The juvenile system is mostly aimed at rehabilitating teenagers, rather than punishing them. With the juvenile system, they have a limited jurisdiction that is up to age 17 in most states and informal proceedings, which for the most part are handled through local county systems being either juvenile or family courts. Many juvenile crimes go unreported because no arrest has been made, and if they are arrested they are only able to be booked for committing the highest level of crime. Most crimes committed by teens are theft, drug abuse, basic assault, disorderly conduct, and curfew violations. The most common offense among juveniles is theft followed by drug abuse. Although the juvenile system is used more for rehabilitation than punishment, there is a movement called “get-tough” which is for juveniles that break the law it would give them a harsher punishment, rather than just rehabilitation. The Illinois juvenile court act was approved in 1899, making it the first juvenile court. This act would in fact, include all juveniles under the age of 16 that violated any law. In the same year, Colorado passed the compulsory school act, which was for juveniles who were usually absent from school or wandered the streets during school hours. This act was to try to help teenagers destroy their deviant behaviors, while they are still young. Juveniles had special......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Juvenile and Adult Crimes

...Juvenile and Adult Crimes CRJS300 By Erika.Esquer1 American InterContinental University   Abstract This essay will focus on specialized juvenile justice’s cases, particularly in the cases of Mrs.I’s son who was arrested for driving without a license and crashing into a storefront. How the lawyer will respond to Mrs. I. What steps the lawyer will take to defend Mrs. I’s son and opinion of the judge and how the judge would sentence the case.   Introduction There have been numerous cases of car theft and careless driving in United States. With effective criminal justice in US, these felonies have not failed to be punished. The judgment on these cases has seen most culprits get confined to a maximum of six years. Statistics show that most of the culprits of these crimes are adults, with adolescents being responsible for only a small fraction of the incidents. The penalties for committing these crimes are clear and the jurors have not hesitated on imposing them on the misdemeanors. Whilst most people accept the penalties inflicted on such culprits, there are numerous questions raised on how courts handle juveniles involved in such crimes. Should these youngsters face penalties similar to adults? Judges should determine if juveniles should be treated equally as adults when arbitrating on cases where adolescents commit crimes similar to adults, particularly on the case of Mrs.I’s son. The son of Mrs. I who is 15-years old was apprehended by law enforcers after he was......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6