Lecture 1

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Lecture 1

Introduction to research in applied linguistics

• What is research?
• Research is the process of going up alleys to see if they are blind Marston Bates, American writer
• Research is what I am doing when I don’t know what I am doing Von Braun, American engineer
• If you steal from one author, it’s plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research. Wilson Mizner, American dramatist

Lecture 1 Compulsory Readings
Cohen, L., et al. 2007. Research Methods in Education. London and New York: Routledge (P. 5- 47)
Nunan. D. 1992. Research Methods in Language Learning. Cambridge: CUP (P. 1 - 23)
Brown, J.D. & Rodgers, T.S., 2002, Doing Second Language Research, Oxford: OUP (P 3-18)
Wisker, G. 2001, The Postgraduate Research Handbook, New York: Palgrave (P. 113 - 126)
McDonough, J. & S. McDonough, 1997, Research Methods for English Language Teachers, London: Arnold (P. 37 - 55)
Lankshear, C. & M. Knobel, 2008, A Handbook for Teacher Reasearch, From Design to Implementation, Glasgow: McGraw-Hill (1-39) The distance between theory and practice is greater in practice than in theory.

The nature of research 4 traditional kinds of empirical research:
• Scientific and positivistic methodologies
• Naturalistic and interpretive methodologies
• Methodologies form critical theory
• Feminist educational research
The search for truth
• The search for understanding the nature of the phenomena it presents to the human senses:
• Experience
• Reasoning
• Research
• Experience

• Understanding the world through personal experience: common sense knowing, the way of lay people basing on haphazard events and in loose, uncritical manner, without controlling extraneous source of influence
• Reasoning
Three types:
• Deductive reasoning: Syllogism, formal logic without…...

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