Lesson No One

In: Social Issues

Submitted By foreverneon
Words 773
Pages 4
Virginia Introduction and General Statistics

“We are all Americans; we are all Virginians.” These were the words of Senator and former Virginia Governor Tim Kaine during his 2012 campaign for Senate. Kaine was trying to appeal to the Virginians’ desire for bipartisanship in the incredibly negative election, but his words have a larger meaning. Virginia is a special state. Throughout its fascinating 400-year history, Virginia has had special influence in establishing and developing the cultural and political values that have shaped the country at large. Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in America. It was home to the first representative government in the New World. Many of the nation’s founders, whose words and actions have de-

fined the American spirit, came from Virginia. Virginia has produced eight Presidents, more than any other state. Virginians led the

way in filling America’s western frontier, spreading their way of life to the South and Midwest in the early nineteenth century. Virginia was the site of the most important battles of the Civil War. From its founding in 1607 to the Civil War, Virginia held more influence than any other part of the country. Virginia’s influence faltered, however, in the mid-nineteenth century. As the authors of Old Dominion, New Commonwealth: A History of Virginia, 1607-2007, one of the most important recent works on Virginia history, argued, the state lost its way due in part to

Page 2


its alliance with the losing side of the Civil War. Ultimately, the state’s greatest flaw, its promotion of slavery and racial discrimination, was its undoing. The state, which had always existed amid the contradiction between slavery and freedom, exchanged its greatness for mediocrity. For a century, Virginia wavered, always looking back to the Lost Cause of the Civil War,…...

Similar Documents


...Lesson Plan Modifications for English Language Learners Melaney Winkleblack LL240: Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (ACU1240A) Instructor Shannon Gevero November 5, 2012 Lesson Plan Modifications for English Language Learners In schools today there are many different cultures that are present within each classroom and some of those cultures have different values and speak a different language than the majority of the other students within the classroom, so to accommodate those students (ELLs) teachers incorporate different strategies within their lessons and classrooms to ensure that every child is receiving a high standard of education; which will help them to become better prepared for the new world that they are being exposed to. This paper will examine a lesson plan that can be used to help English language learners in their literacy development; addressing the content area of reading and using this lesson plan to further progress a second grade class into becoming proficient. Along with examining the lesson plan, this paper will also identify three strategies, list-group-label, key vocabulary, and prereading text, that are used within it and identify three new strategies that can be used to modify the lesson to allow for comprehensible input and identify ways to scaffold lessons to help improve a student’s comprehension. English language learners are becoming more and more common within our schools and addressing their educational needs is...

Words: 3287 - Pages: 14

The Lesson

...Jaclyn Karpiak English 101 12 April 2012 Short Story Analysis: “The Lesson” Toni Cade Bambara, a Harlem-born author, embraces culture, community, and background through her short story “The Lesson”. She has the main character Miss Moore discuss the struggles African Americans have with Caucasians involving social class, poverty, and equality. For many years after the abolition of slavery, African Americans were still looked down upon and considered a lower social class in certain societies. Bambara uses language as a powerful tool for describing America during the 1960s through the eyes of a young girl named Sylvia, a proud, sensitive, tough girl who is far too smart to ignore the realities around her. Bambara uses language to establish a cultural setting and Miss Moore to teach her students how to be successful, no matter their race. This story reflects Bambara’s ethnic background and pride by using the same dialect that she used growing up in Harlem, New York. According to Bambara, she spoke African American Vernacular English (AAVE), a trait that imparts to Sylvia. African American Vernacular English adds realism and humor to Sylvia's narrative because it describes her ethnicity without directly expressing what it is. It is common for African-American writers to use AAVE to emphasize their political and social commentary, so it is appropriate for Sylvia to be speaking the dialect because the story takes place in the ghetto of New York where Sylvia spends her......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Economics in One Lesson

...ECONOMICS IN ONE LESSON by Henry Hazlitt Nobel Laureate in Economics, F.A. Hayek said in 1974 about Hazlitt‟s book: “It is a brilliant performance. It says precisely the things which need most saying and says them with rare courage and integrity. I know of no other modern book from which the intelligent layman can learn so much about the basic truths of economics in so short a time.” (Back cover) “This book is an analysis of economic fallacies that are at last so prevalent that they have almost become a new orthodoxy....its effort is to show that many of the ideas which now pass for brilliant innovations and advances are in fact mere revivals of ancient errors, and a further proof of the dictum that those who are ignorant of the past are condemned to repeat it.” (pp. 9-10) “As Morris R. Cohen has remarked: „The notion that we can dismiss the views of all previous thinkers surely leaves no basis for the hope that our own work will prove of any value to others.‟” (interior quote: Reason and Nature (1931), p.x.; Hazlitt, p.10) “It is the beliefs which politically influential groups hold and which governments act upon that we are interested in here, not the historical origins of those beliefs....Fallacies, when they have reached the popular stage, become anonymous anyway.” (p.11) The Lesson: “Economics is haunted by more fallacies than any other study known to man. This is no accident.” (p. 15) “While every group has certain economic interests identical with those of all groups,......

Words: 19187 - Pages: 77


...their own lessons. My favorite ones I learned were from Hermione Granger, Luna Lovegood, and Molly Weasley. Hermione Granger is very important to young girls in how they develop and grow into women. It’s hard for girls to have such a great role model, and one that thrives to be the smartest and has a thirst for knowledge is imperative. Reading about Hermione and her love of books and being a good student made me feel that it was okay that I was the same way growing up. No girl should feel like they have to dumb themselves down, and I believe Hermione was helpful in our generation in this aspect. Luna Lovegood was great for being the weirdo that she was. She taught us that it is okay to be yourself and to not care what others think. This one I think took me until college to grasp. I don’t think I was ever comfortable being my weird self in high school. Though once I got to college I met many other odd ducks who accepted me for being me. Luna is essential in this way, and I thank Rowling for bringing such an odd, loveable character into the books. Molly Weasley was important to me because she is a mother that is always there for her children, and is not too old to be a badass when it comes to fighting for them. She reminds me of my mother who I know would do anything for me even if I was being the biggest brat. They both have that unconditional love, and Molly helped me recognize this so now I am more appreciative toward my mother. There are many lessons that......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2


...intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. • • • • • • • Linguistic intelligence ("word smart"): - use words in learning Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart") – use numbers or logic in learning Spatial intelligence ("picture smart") – use pictures in learning Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart") – use movement or physical experience Musical intelligence ("music smart") – use music Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart") – use of self-reflection Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart") - use a social experience Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart") – use an experience in the natural world • 1 • • • Knowing each theorist’s major ideas and being able to compare and contrast one theory with another comprises basic professional knowledge for teachers. development in young children? What are the major differences between Jerome Bruner’s and Jean Piaget’s theories of cognitive How might a teacher apply some of Lev Vygotsky’s ideas about scaffolding and direct instruction in the classroom? What does Gardner’s work on multiple intelligences suggest about planning instruction? What does Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs suggest about motivation for learning in the classroom? • ALBERT BANDURA – http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/bandura.html Modeling – “Observation LEARNING” (“Bobo Doll” studies) – (Learning = acquisition of knowledge) Steps in Modeling process: • Attention – to learn you must pay attention –the......

Words: 7945 - Pages: 32

The Lesson

...Written during the height of the Civil Rights Movement, Toni Cade Bambara's short story "The Lesson" tells the story of a young African-American girl named Sylvia and the important life lesson that she learns one day while on a trip to a toy store in New York. Her neighbor, Miss Moore, brings Sylvia and a group of her friends to F.A.O. Schwarz and while there, they come face to face with the injustices they face because of their backgrounds. Miss Moore does this to teach them a lesson, one that she feels that they need to learn in order to succeed in life and overcome any obstacles they may face. Bambara identifies with race through class and demographics, using a trip to a pricey New York toy store to expose Sylvia and her group of friends to the reality of their classed society. Sylvia tells us "Then we check out that we on Fifth Avenue and everybody dressed up in stockings. One lady in a fur coat, hot as it is. White folks crazy." (89). She discovers that the rich, upper class whites don't dress like African Americans, even though the weather is the same. She realizes that they have money and a tendency to flaunt just how wealthy they are. "'Must be rich people shop here,' say Q.T. 'You are a very bright boy,' say Flyboy. 'What was your first clue?'" (92). One of the children in the group was able to identify with the demographic of the area, recognizing that only people with status and wealth would be able to buy the expensive toys in the store. Bambara gives the......

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6


...Week 1 Lessons Chapter one of the text book went over the roles of stakeholders and the project manager and also went over the documentation needed though out the project. Chapter two was really informative because it was a refresher of the sub-processes of project management. This chapter outline that the initiating process (most important process) is the first process and this is where the scope is defined, which tell what is included and what is not included on the project. The next process is planning and it entails selecting the best way of getting the work done on time for the benefit of the customer. Executing process is next ad this step is where the physical work is actually done. Controlling process uses earned value analysis to create guidelines for the work performed in terms of cost and time. The closing process is where analysis is done and lessons learned are taken for future consideration and usefulness to similar and future projects. This chapter also focuses on balancing the “triple constraint” of time, budget and scope. The main focus should be focusing on making sure the customer’s budget is balanced with the scope and that resources are allocated so that the work can be performed on time for the customer. It was also stressed that the project manager should be aware of where the project is in each process, this will help in the event that a problem arises and incremental planning has to be used. Chapter three focuses on defining the scope of the...

Words: 556 - Pages: 3


...An assignment on Writing “a lesson” CC: 0038 / Materials Development Submitted To Prof. Dr. M. Maniruzzaman Coordinator, MAPW Department of English Jahangirnagar University Submitted By Md Sumon Miah Class ID: 1143029 Department of English Jahangirnagar University Unit 1 : Climate Change Learning Outcomes After you have studied this unit, you will be able to * Read and understand texts * Talk about climate and environment * Ask and answer questions * Take part in role-plays * Write short guided and semi-guided sentences and passages Lesson 1 : The greenhouse effect Key words : Trap planet roof greenhouse global warming release A Nowshin and Sajid read about greenhouse effect in the booklet. Read the passage to know what Nowshin and Sajid have learnt so far. A greenhouse is a house made of glass. It has glass walls and a glass roof. People grow tomatoes and flowers and other plants in them. A greenhouse stays warm inside, even during winter. Sunlight shines in and warms the plants and air inside. But the heat is trapped by the glass and can't escape. So during the daylight hours, it gets warmer and warmer inside a greenhouse, and stays pretty warm at night too. This is because the heat received from the sun is trapped inside the greenhouse by the glass. The Earth is also like a greenhouse. During the day Earth’s surface warms up in the......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

The Lesson

...Nguyen English 1301 March 7, 2015 The Lesson “The Lesson” is among Bambara’s best-known stories, and I really love it. It combines her focus on social justice with her interest in telling stories about children maturing. One of the most provocative elements of this story is Sylvia’s opaque response to Miss Moore’s lesson. The Schwarz angers her, she does not understand why, and cannot decide whether to direct that anger at Miss Moore, at Sugar, or at white people. Yet despite her initially rebellious response to the excursion, Sylvia’s chance to witness the vast disparity between rich and poor seems to inspire her to work harder. Interestingly, the children seem to resent those with different income levels than themselves, regardless of whether that person is of higher or lower class. For example, they berate Mercedes when she talks about her stationery, and push her out of their circle when she talks about returning to the store. However, they also become irritated at the way that Flyboy frequently mentions the fact that he is homeless. This persistent animosity, combined with everyone’s distrust of Miss Moore, speaks to the insularity of their community, and a general distrust of foreigners. People find ways to separate themselves, whether by race, income, or geography. In “The Lesson,” Bambara seems to endorse Miss Moore’s opinion that economic inequality is symptomatic of a flawed society. However, the lesson does not arise organically from the......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2


...and replicable Estimates of cost of OPTIONS interventions by participant/by group Prospects of sustainability for selected interventions piloted by OPTIONS Interviews carried out during evaluation Observations carried out during evaluation 3 18 19 21 21 23 26 30 31 31 33 34 36 37 44 46-47 47 48 48 49 49 56 63 63 65 69 70 71 81 82 Links in Report to video images p. 27 LINK 1 Sok Kimsroeung,OPTIONS,and Teul Phat, CWCC Focal Point from Cheung Phnom Commune Council, talk about the process of identifying and selecting girls for scholarships p. 39 LINK 2 SLO Yim Meng talks about girls' problems of participation p. 40 LINK 3 Students using problem tree approach in life skills lessons and Grade 6 TGL Nou Sinath with a teacher's reaction p. 41 LINK 4 Mao Sovath (Director DEO, Ba Phnom)and Nou Saron (Director Chrey Udom Primary School) talk about Monthly Technical Meetings p. 53 LINK 5 Sok Kimsroeung and Mao Sovath talk about G Groups p. 57 LINK 6 Peer Educators talk about how they have helped other girls p. 58 LINK 7 Parents of school scholarship beneficiaries talk about participation in formal education p. 59 LINK 8 Mother of MBF graduate Heap Mom talks about the impact of the OPTIONS program on her daughter and her family p. 62 LINK 9 Mao Sovath talks about changing attitudes towards child welfare p. 62 LINK 10 Chou Seila, Cluster Director Cheu......

Words: 33045 - Pages: 133

The Lesson

...significant meaning to details you thought were the most unimportant features to the story. In the story “The Lesson” by Toni Bambara , you first read it and get the basic idea. After analyzing the text I believe that the story is talking not only about poverty but also showing that education is important. It shows the kids in the story that you can make a change in your life. They are not socially equal with the other rich white people but can change that thought the course of their life. The kids teacher, Miss Moore, is a college educated black woman. She always makes the kids do things they do not enjoy and the do not like her much. The true fact of why they do not like her is because she makes them come with her even in summer when school is supposed to be out. She is just trying to teach the kids and takes it as her responsibility to educate the young ones. Her first lesson of the day was teaching was about money. She asks if they knew what it was. They thought she was calling them dumb for asking them what money was but she was really foreshadowing for her lesson she was teaching them that day. In the taxi Miss Moore gives Silvia a $5 bill and wants them to figure out 10% tip for the cab driver. The get to where there going and they are not sure so they give him a dime. They figured they needed it more than the Satterfield 2 taxi driver does. This was one of the first mentioning of these young kids being poor and in poverty. They knew that it cost a......

Words: 1113 - Pages: 5


...FICTION Questions 7 to 10: Novel Questions 11 and 12: Short Story 2. Answer THREE questions only, ONE question from EACH section. 3. You MUST write in essay format and develop ALL your responses fully. 4. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this answer booklet. 5. Do NOT write in the margins. 6. Use ONLY the books from the prescribed list for this examination to answer the questions. 7. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers. 8. If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the original page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this booklet. Remember to draw a line through your original answer. 9. If you use the extra page(s) you MUST write the question number clearly in the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include the question part beside the answer. DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO. Copyright © 2015 Caribbean Examinations Council All rights reserved. 01219020/JANUARY/F 2016 *0121902003* 0121902003 For each question in Sections A, B and C, in addition to the 25 marks indicated for content and argument, a maximum of 10 marks are also allocated for structure, development and competence in the mechanics of writing. SECTION A – DRAMA Answer ONE question in this section. JULIUS CAESAR – William Shakespeare EITHER 1. “In Act 2, the audience......

Words: 2598 - Pages: 11

Lesson One

...time where I can think and reflect on things that have happened during the day. It's often during this time that I have some of my best ideas, too. If we ought to be familiar with anyone, it should be ourselves. And spending time alone can help us come to know ourselves better. In this lesson, you will read some pieces that show the authors learning about themselves. You will see through the readings how the experiences we go through often teach us things about ourselves that we didn't know before. Hopefully, as you go through the assignments in this lesson, you will find out new things about yourself, too. 1. Learn the meanings of eight new words; these are words that will also appear in the literature selections you will be reading. 2. Read the selected pieces of literature, recall basic facts about what you've read, and answer questions that require you to interpret what you read. 3. Show that you understand the concept of voice in writing by answering questions about a piece of writing. 4. Write a short introduction of yourself that will be read by your instructor and allow your personal voice to show through this writing. 1-2 Vocabulary Squares Throughout the lessons in this course, you will be asked to learn new words. While it may seem easiest (and quickest) to simply memorize the definitions and then quickly answer the questions on them, you won't really learn the words that way. In order to really learn these words (and you will want to,......

Words: 6222 - Pages: 25

Economics in One Lesson

...Final Exam Essay Henry Hazlitt’s Economics in One Lesson has many fallacies that use simple examples to describe an economic situation. One of these fallacies, entitled “The Broken Window”, is in the second chapter. In this example, a young hoodlum heaves a brick through the window of a baker’s shop. The crowd that gathers around the broken glass reminds the baker that the misfortune has a bright side since it will make business for a glazier. If a new glass window costs $250 then the glazier will have $250 more to spend with other merchants, and they will have $250 more to spend and so on. While this vandalism will mean more business for some glazier, the shopkeeper will be out $250 that he was planning to spend on a new suit. Since he has had to replace the window, he will have to go without the suit. Instead of having a window and $250, he only has a window. Consequently, the glazier’s gain of business is the tailor’s loss of business. No new employment has been added. A new window will be seen in the next day or two. But the suit will not because it will not be made. This fallacy can be related to a modern-day situation. When a city decides to employ its city workers or a construction firm to rebuild some sidewalks, it may feel that it is increasing the beautification of the city while also employing some individuals. However, by choosing to remodel the public sidewalk, the city is forgoing leaving it as it is and instead building on empty land or an abandoned......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2


...|Grade Level: 4th & 5th Grades | |Topic: Behaviors that disrupt communication | |Essential Question: | |How do our personal behaviors affect the climate/atmosphere of the classroom? | |Activating Strategy/Introductory Activity/HOOK: | |Select 2 – 3 students to sit in chairs facing one another. Instruct the students to count how many times they can hit a balloon | |back and forth w/out it touching the floor and w/out getting out of their seats. Afterwards, discuss whether or not they wanted | |to “slam” the balloon at the other person. If so what they did about that impulse? How did they stop themselves? | |Teaching plan: | |Write IMPULSE on board and define – a feeling or urge to have to do or say s/thing | |Ask: | |Have you ever been told that you......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2