Local Pollution Problem

In: Business and Management

Submitted By scassidy
Words 1011
Pages 5
A local pollution problem
This report will look into the air pollution in Melbourne due to car emissions and the way to develop a system of controls to best deal with this problem.
Definition of the problem how it effects the environment
Air pollution is a problem that no major city in the world has avoided. Air pollution from industry, from the large numbers of homes clustered together in and around the cities and the widespread use of motor vehicles means that the quality of the air in cities suffers.
The findings of the EPA1 show that motor vehicles are the major source of urban air pollution. In Melbourne in 2006, motor vehicle emissions contributed the following levels of pollutants to the overall air quality: * 72 per cent of all carbon monoxide (CO) emissions * 70 per cent of all nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions * 28 per cent of all volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions * 31 per cent of all emissions of particles smaller than 2.5 microns(PM2.5) * 27 per cent of all emissions of particles smaller than 10 microns(PM10) * 6 per cent of all sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions
Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can combine to form ozone (summer smog). Particle emissions can build up in the air to form autumn/winter smog in the cooler months. Both diesel and petrol vehicles emit particles into the air.

The economic consequences
The economic consequences of motor vehicle emissions in Melbourne are; * Health issues – In economic terms, noxious vehicle emissions are externalities which lead to significant health impacts on people. * Congestion – The large number of vehicles in the CBD causes delays to transportation and the workforce with a flow on effect to the economy in lost productivity. * Lost productivity – The health and congestion issues directly impact our economy. * Population…...

Similar Documents

Pollution

...situations. In many Third World nations, pollution is unrestricted. Countless other environmental problems are also not addressed by the government. Usually, creating and enforcing environmental regulations would be economically disastrous for a poor country. As a result, it is forced to choose between buying food and having a clean environment. Often, rich Western countries take advantage of the dilemma of Third World countries. They dump garbage and hazardous waste in developing countries. First World companies might also build plants, which emit considerable pollution, in Third World nations to avoid the regulations these companies would face at home. Some transnational corporations that produce chemicals deemed overly dangerous in the First World find a market in the Third World. There, governments cannot restrict usage of these chemicals because it would be too costly to citizens trying to make a living. Countries in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia are the greatest victims of this environmental inequality. In addition to problems created by development and industrialization, poorer nations also suffer environmental difficulties caused by poverty and war, among other causes. Many environmental problems arise in the Third World. Air pollution, water pollution , deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, and poisoning of the environment are among the largest of these. Third World nations are aware of these problems and are working to solve them. The......

Words: 1688 - Pages: 7

Pollution

...Environmental Pollution Scenario Review and Summary Week 4 Assignment SCI/256 July 5, 2012 David Pruchenski University of Phoenix Given the budget of $4.4M, the city of Cleveland Hts., has implemented a new bike lane through out the city. This was done in order to encourage it’s residence to be more environmental friendly. Instead of using an automobile everyday, the council felt that with biking, we can decrease the rise of pollution, Exploring ways in which to maximize financial rail performance is thus highly significant for many countries. The need for better and faster transportation is correlated with the economic development of a country (Zahivi, 1981). Train technology has improved immensely over the past few decades and new political developments have led to the desire for building a High Speed Rail network throughout Europe. The aim of this thesis is to show that the limitations of the traditional evaluation techniques also apply to rail system design. In addition, the possibilities of using a flexible approach are explored for the railways. High Speed Rail lines are very controversial. The many opponents of HSR lines emphasize the huge cost and commercial failure rates while proponents see the potential benefits that HSR could bring to a region. A flexible strategy could bring both sides together as it limits the risks and preserves and expands the benefits. 1. Random emission...

Words: 1975 - Pages: 8

Pollution

...------------------------------------------------- Air pollution From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Bad air quality" redirects here. For the obsolete medical theory, see Bad air. "Air quality" redirects here. For the measure of how polluted the air is, see Air quality index. Not to be confused with Qualities of air. Air pollution from a World War II wartime production plant Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans, damage other living organisms such as food crops, or damage the natural environment or built environment. The atmosphere is a complex dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. Stratospheric ozone depletion due to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems. Indoor air pollution (see Airlog) and urban air quality are listed as two of the World’s Worst Toxic Pollution Problems in the 2008 Blacksmith InstituteWorld's Worst Polluted Places report.[1] ------------------------------------------------- Pollutants Main articles: Pollutant and Greenhouse gas Before flue-gas desulfurization was installed, the emissions from this power plant in New Mexico contained excessive amounts of sulfur dioxide. Schematic drawing, causes and effects of air pollution: (1) greenhouse effect, (2) particulate contamination, (3) increased UV radiation, (4)......

Words: 9233 - Pages: 37

Pollution

...Pollution Pollution is an issue of concern in the modern world that we live in today. There are many types of pollution, namely air, water and noise. Pollution in our environment will undoubtedly affect our quality of life. Our naturally beautiful world becoming ugly because it is suffering from the effects of environmental pollution. Pollution can also cause various health problems and other negative effects. Air pollution is caused by the emission of toxic gases from vehicles, factories and open burning. Nowadays, there are more and more vehicles on the road as society gets more affluent. More and more people strive to have a better quality of life by having the convenience of driving to their destinations instead of taking public transportation. Automobiles provides transport to millions people around the world to enable them to travel to their workplace, school and other places, therefore, the air around us is getting more polluted by the carbon dioxide that is emitted. Carbon monoxide is another type of gas which harmful to the environment as it can cause the reduction of oxygen in the bloodstream. Another example of contributor to the air pollution is the manufacturing factories. The manufacturing of products in factories to meet the growing demand of society is also causing air pollution. Factories release toxic gases to the environment. Some factories also use coal to generate heat and energy. As a result from the burning of coal, carbon dioxide is released into......

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Pollution

...Introduction Pollution in the Lachine Canal, Canada‎ Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision ‎of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells). ‎It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and ‎that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. An estimated of 580 ‎people in India die of water pollution related illness every day. Around 90% the water in ‎the cities of China is polluted, and as of 2007, half a billion Chinese had no access to safe ‎drinking water. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing ‎countries, developed countries continue to struggle with pollution problems as well. In the ‎most recent national report on water quality in the United States, 45 percent of assessed ‎stream miles, 47% of assessed lake acres, and 32 percent of assessed bays and estuarine ‎square miles were classified as polluted. The head of Chinas national development agency ‎in 2007 said 1/4th the length of China's seven main rivers were so poisoned the water ‎harmed the skin. ‎ Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic ‎contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, or ‎undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such ‎as fish. Natural phenomena such as volcanoes, algae blooms, storms, and earthquakes......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Pollution

...Pollution is a major problem in the world. Many people don’t understand that what they are doing has consequences. Throwing your plastic water bottles away? Try recycling them. If it goes to a landfill, it will take it nearly a decade to decay. If it is incinerated, harmful pollutants will enter our atmosphere. However, if it is recycled, it can be reused and help to save the planet. Trash enters waterways as well. This trash kills and destroys aquatic ecosystems. Animals eat the trash and die. Water is polluted and aquatic species and effected. What we need is a worldwide effort to prevent pollution. Our trees are being cut down rapidly. Our earth is becoming warmer. If pollution continues, the day is not far when our earth will be a boiling pan and become a desert. Or it will be covered with sea water causing the death of all mankind. Pure air is always needed for inhaling. If we take pure air, our health improves. On the other hand impure air causes diseases and impairs our health and causes our death. Smoke pollutes the air. It is the root of air pollution. The smoke which is discharged from industries, automobiles and kitchens is the mixture of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and other poisonous gases. These cause lung-cancer, tuberculosis, and other diseases which take a heavy toll of human life. We need to fight alongside one another to make a difference and save our beautiful planet. Together, we can and we will save the world. I recommend we create strict......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Pollution Problem in China : Suntainable Economic

...growth: Pollution Problem China, the world’s second largest single-country economy, has achieved economic growth over the past 30 years, however, growing the GDP at any cost has created many environmental problems. China’s facing severe pollution and environmental degradation for many reasons such as rapid industrialization, reliance on coal as an energy source and manufacturing industry. One of the environment problems for China is pollution. The current air pollution has become a threat to Chinese people health. 33 shocking photographs were posted on social media under the caption ‘Pollution in China is out of control’ catching world’s attention. This problem has thus become serious problem which call for rethinking of government policies. The Chinese Prime Minister, Li Keqiang, also responded to this problem declaring war against pollution and fighting it with the same determination China battled poverty. From my point of view, it’s the big challenge for China to improve the environment quality while achieving rapid economic growth therefore I think one of the greatest barriers to sustainable economic growth for China is the pollution problem. The impact of China's economic development on the environment has become increasingly serious, China has been facing a growing imbalance between economic achievements and the quality of the environment. At present with economic growing, China's energy consumption and environmental pollution problems are ......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Pollution

...It includes all living organisms that surround us. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem. Pollution leads to depletion of the ozone layer, global warming and climate change. Pollution can take many forms. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the ground where we grow our food, and even the increasing noise we hear every day—all contribute to health problems and a lower quality of life. TYPES OF POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION NOISE POLLUTION LAND POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION It is defined as the presence in the atmosphere of one or more contaminants in such quality and for such duration as is injurious, or tends to be injurious, to human health or welfare, animal or plant life. Industries, vehicles, increase in the population, and urbanization are some of the major factors responsible for air pollution. Major Air Carbon monoxide (CO) Carbon dioxide (CO2) Chloroflorocarbons (CFC) Ozone Nitrogen oxide (Nox) Sulphur dioxide (SO2) Suspended particulate matter (SPM) EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION Air pollution can cause health problems and it can also damage the environment and property. It has caused thinning of the protective ozone layer of the atmosphere, which is leading to climate change. WATER POLLUTION When toxic substances enter lakes, streams, rivers, oceans, and......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Pollution

...Markquice Carson 11-27-12 Portfolio Report Indu/Agri/Mun Pollution Dr. Buckner There are a bundle of problems in America today involving pollution in every from, and this bring about solutions to solving these problems. There are several technologies to manage waste pollution. These technologies include recycling, incineration, and sanitary landfills. This will strictly discuss the problem, Methods/Technology, and Beneficial aspects of Incineration. Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal treatment". Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas, and heat. The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste, and may take the form of solid lumps or particulates carried by the flue gas. The flue gases must be cleaned of gaseous and particulate pollutants before they are dispersed into the atmosphere. In some cases, the heat generated by incineration can be used to generate electric power. There are several types of incineration technologies: Rotary-kiln, Burn Barrels, Fixed grates the typical amount of net energy that can be produced per ton municipal waste is about 2/3 MWh of electricity and 2 MWh of district heating. Thus, incinerating about 600 metric tons (660 short tons) per day of waste will produce about 400 MWh of electrical energy per day (17 MW of......

Words: 2059 - Pages: 9

Pollution

...Environment pollution is the mixing of harmful pollutants into the environment causing disturbance to the natural processes and cycles. Various types of environmental pollution are categorized as the water pollution, air pollution, land pollution and noise pollution. Production of solid and liquid wastes on large scale from the industries, emissions of hazardous gases, deforestation, global warming, and many more problems originated by the human beings are the main reasons of increasing the environmental pollution. In the last one decade, there is a great increase in the level of environmental pollution and scenario has become worse than earlier. In the whole universe, there is only one planet named earth provides facility of all basic elements required for the life existence. It gives us life and what we give it, pollution. However, it was much better that if we give it nothing but we give it pollution and contamination regularly. As we all live on this planet, we all are highly responsible for the maintenance of the earth. However, we all forget our responsibility and busy in our daily routine and competitions to just fulfil our needs in anyways. Fresh air and clean water are two most basic needs to sustain life but nothing of both is possible in the modern time. It seems that, after some decades here would be no man, no plants, no animals and no life. All the natural gases in the environment make their balance by reacting each other. Some of them are used as a food by......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Pollution

...Environmental Pollution is an international journal that seeks to publish papers that report results from original, novel research that addresses significant environmental pollution issues and problems and contribute new knowledge to science. The editors welcome high quality papers where the pollutants are clearly defined and measured and can be directly related to biological, ecological, and human health effects. This includes air, water, and soil pollution and climate change. New techniques for the study and measurement of pollutants and their effects are also encouraged as well as papers on new types of environmental challenges such as pollution/antibiotic resistances of organisms. Emerging pollutions are of eminent interest, such as microplastics, electronic wastes, light or noise pollution as long as they can clearly be related to the biological effects mentioned above. Papers must be process-orientated and/or hypotheses-based to be considered for population. Papers based on field studies are given priority for publication over micro/meso cosmos studies. Papers, such as meta analyses, that report findings from re-examination and interpretation of existing data are welcome. Modeling papers are welcome only to a certain extent, i.e., they must be related to a specific pollution issue or process that is potentially of ecological and/or human health implications. Critical review papers and commentaries are also of high interest as are letters to the editor. The......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Pollution

...Pollution prevention describes activities that reduce the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether it is consumer consumption, driving, or industrial production. Pollution control is a term used in environmental management. It means the control of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil. Without pollution control, the waste products from consumption, heating agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse, will degrade the environment. In the hierarchy of controls, pollution prevention and waste minimization are more desirable than pollution controls. In the field of land development, low impact development is a similar technique for the prevention of urban runoff. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Air pollution, light pollution, noise pollution, soil contamination, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution, and visual pollution and water pollution. Pollution has been found to be widely in the environment. Research indicates that living in areas of high pollution has serious long term health effects. Living in these areas during childhood and adolescence can lead to diminished mental capacity and an increased risk of brain damage. People of all ages who live in high pollution areas for extended periods place themselves at......

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5

Pollution

...TYPES OF POLLUTION There are several types of pollution, and while they may come from different sources and have different consequences, understanding the basics about pollution can help environmentally conscious individuals minimize their contribution to these dangers. These sources of pollution don't simply have a negative impact on the natural world, but they can have a measurable effect on the health of human beings as well. Firstly, air pollution. Air pollution is defined as any contamination of the atmosphere that disturbs the natural composition and chemistry of the air. This can be in the form of particulate matter such as dust or excessive gases like carbon dioxide or other vapours that cannot be effectively removed through natural cycles, such as the carbon cycle or the nitrogen cycle. Next is water pollution. Water pollution involves any contaminated water, whether from chemical, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the water's quality and purity. Water pollution can occur in oceans, rivers, lakes, and underground reservoirs, and as different water sources flow together the pollution can spread. In addition, thermal pollution is excess heat that creates undesirable effects over long periods of time. The earth has a natural thermal cycle, but excessive temperature increases can be considered a rare type of pollution with long term effects. Many types of thermal pollution are confined to areas near their source,......

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Problems Encountered in Local Government

...PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED We will reiterate those problems we had encountered in our observation for us to know what shall be overcome and improve in the future. As time goes by, we, the youth, will be managing the state. This will serve as our guide in improving the state, more particularly, the Philippine government. First is the lacking of the facilities. This problem is usual to most government agencies. It’s about time, as we said earlier, the government to allot budget to the improvement and renewal of all the facilities used by all government agencies for the development and upgrading of the services they are rendering. Second, is the sense of responsibilities of the officials. Don’t be absent if you’re needed. Always be on time. Put first things first. Put public service over political career. Sense of responsibility is just like dignity. It is not for sale, it is a priviledge given by the people to their leader. Just like Hon. Vice Mayor Francisco “Isko Moreno” Dumagoso of the city of Manila said, “Do your homework and you can explain your stand”. You see, to all government officials, let this Q\quote serves as your guide to your political journey. Third is delay services offered. It is usual for a Philippine government set-up that what you need is given later. Let that system be abolished. We are looking forward to revoke that style of rendering public service. Legally speaking, “Justice delayed is justice denied” so logically speaking, “Public service......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Pollution

...ENVIROMENTAL POLLUTION Environmental pollution is the biggest menace to the human race on this planet today. It means adding impurity to environment. The environment consists of earth, water, air, plants and animals. If we pollute them, then the existence of man and nature will be hampered. It is true that trees are being cut down rapidly. Our earth is becoming warmer. If pollution continues, the day is not far when our earth will be a boiling pan and become a desert. Or it will be covered with sea water causing destruction of mankind. Pure air is always needed for inhaling. If we take pure air, our health improves. On the other hand impure air causes diseases and impairs our health and causes our death. Smoke pollutes the air. It is the root of air pollution. The smoke which is discharged from industries, automobiles and kitchens is the mixture of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane etc. These are all poisonous gases. These cause lung-cancer, tuberculosis etc. which take a heavy toll of life. The glaring incident is the Bhopal gas leak in December 1984. Thousands of the residents of Bhopal died due to lungs problem which was caused by methylamine gas from the Union Carbide Plant. The garbage emitting foul smell, the decaying plants and animals also cause air pollution. Hence the doctors advise the patients having lungs trouble to settle in some rural places because the air of villages is pure and free from population. Then comes sound pollution. The harsh sounds of...

Words: 562 - Pages: 3