Media Representation of Crime

In: Social Issues

Submitted By gcalcioli
Words 2026
Pages 9
Media Representation of crime
William and Dickinson (1971) found British newspapers devote 30% of their space to crime
Media gives a distorted image of crime, criminals and policing compared to official statistics. The media:
Over representation of violent and sexual crime
Ditton and Duffy (1983) found 46% of media reports were about sexual or violent crime, compared to the actual 3% of crime records for this kind of crime. Marsh found violent crimes were 36 times more likely to be recorded in newspapers than property crime- America
Media portray criminals and victims as older and more middle class
Felson (1998) calls this the ‘age fallacy’
Media exaggerate police success
Partly due to media covering violent crime a lot, which has a higher clean up rate than property crime
Media exaggerate risk of vctimisation
Especially to women, white people and higher status people
Crime is reported as a series of separate events
Without examining underlying causes or structure
The media overplay extraordinary crime
Felson- ‘dramatic fallacy’ and ‘ingenuity fallacy’; media portray crime as hard to commit and you need intelligence to commit crime
There is evidence to show that media coverage of crime in the media is changing. Schlesinger and Tumber (1994) found that in the 1960s the focus had been on murders and petty crime, but by 1990 murder and petty crime were of less crime to the media. Change had occurred due to the abolition of the death penalty, and rising crime rates had meant crime had to be special to attract media coverage. By the 1990’s reporting had widened to include: drugs, child abuse, terrorism football hooliganism and mugging.
There is evidence that there has been an increase in sex crime coverage. Soothill and (Sylvia) Walby (1991) found newspaper reporting of all cases rose from ¼ in 1951 to 1/3 in 1985.
Papers often offer a distorted image of…...

Similar Documents

Media and Crime

...Title: Media and Crime. Author: Yvonne Jewkes. Publisher: Sage Publications. General subject matter: Emerging technology and media with crime. Theme: The effects of media in society. The relationship between Media and Crime is a topic highly researched and debated. The author’s knowledge in media and criminology introduces important themes, which she puts together to produce a definite topic. The book explores different aspects on crime and media, it also overviews the theoretical concerns that have shaped the study of crime and media and still explores production and consumption of crime related media in the shape of news, documentary and current affairs. It explores more on motions of newsworthiness and considers the news valves that under pin media representation of crime. The book discusses the innovative media and surveillance (CCTV) technologies, which has been developed for changing lives. The book is organized into seven chapters. The first two chapters provide the foundation that follows, and many of the themes and debates introduced are then picked up and developed in relation to specific subjects. The remaining chapters of the book illustrate the extent to which the crime and justice are constructed according to prevailing cultural assumptions and ideologies by examining a number of different issues that have gained significant media attention. The clarity and originality of the book is brilliant, the words are clear and......

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Crime and Media

...Media coverage of crime is always accurate. The view of Media representing crime as an accurate one is not entirely true, since the dawn of time people have wanted to learn about what’s going on around them, within their streets and communities as well as further afield nationally and internationally, crime in particular in all its guises is probably the most fascinating and main topic for discussion and exploration by the general public, the Media institutions are only too happy to help out in this reporting , of course with a financial cost to the public, but not necessarily with reporting truths or with integrity, within this essay I will demonstrate instances of inaccuracy through the research. There are many on-going debates into Mass Medias influences on crime and violent crime in particular, but is this a true reflection of the current culture crisis or a fabrication to sell copy, taking for instance the Murder case of James Bulger in 1993, after the then 10year old boys Robert Thompson and Jon Venable led 2year old James away from a shopping centre in Liverpool to a brutal /senseless and pointless murder the Media was instantly ‘all over’ the case , even though a murder of children by children was extremely rare the reporting of and style of reporting throughout the case was reflecting to the public all that was now wrong in Britain, The Sun instantly called for ‘a crusade to rescue a sick society’, a ‘breed’ of violent children , single mother parenting , and...

Words: 2088 - Pages: 9

Representations in the Media

...The group in society I have decided to focus on for this internal are teenage girls/young women and how they are represented as sexualised/beautified to market a product to a viewer. Also how they are shown as promiscuous, beauty driven people who are obsessed with achieving physical “perfection” based on their favourite celebrities throughout the media. The three media texts I have chosen that I think best portray the idea of teenage girls and how they strive to be physically perfect are; the film ‘The House Bunny’ , the television show ‘Gossip Girl’ and the magazine ‘Cosmopolitan’. (Mainly the cover) My first example is the television series ‘Gossip Girl’ The first image is a photo from the March 2011 Cosmopolitan magazine of Blake Lively portraying her character Serena Van Der Woodsen in the T.V series ‘Gossip Girl’. Serena has been styled based on her character, beautiful and desirable (mostly due to her wealth and social status in the show). She has been dressed in entirely white, surrounded in a completely white background, this allows her skin to be the main aspect of focus, and it portrays perfectskin and skinniness. Most girls who see this aspire to imitate these images and may inspire feelings of failure when they do not achieve the exact image. Her lips in the picture are pouting making her look sexy and draws attention to her lips by also making them look glossy and shiny. Her face has been ‘retouched’ (or photoshoped) giving her a look of perfection......

Words: 1459 - Pages: 6

Critical Analysis Crime and Media

...Assessment Item 2: Critical Analysis Title Romer D, Jamieson K & Aday S 2003, Television News and the Cultivation of Fear of Crime, Journal of Communication Vol 53 no 1, pp 88-104. Topic The theme of this intriguing and thoroughly researched report examines the influence of media consumption on fear of crime, punitive attitudes and perceived police effectiveness. It widely observes the effect that wide reporting and viewing of violent crime has on public knowledge and questions whether the polling data is a reflection of violent crime in America or the television media accounts of it. Context Context refers to the set of surrounding circumstances for any text, piece of research, publication, event etc. Almost every piece of research will have multiple contexts (Study Guide Glossary COM15, 2013, p 94). This journal article portrays the growing insecurities and encroachment that mass media has on our everyday lives, especially its account of violent crime, and how such mediums can impact on the viewer’s account of such events. This journal article has been used and published in a variety of professional and scholarly journals dealing in a range of fields including media and communication, legal and justice studies and behavioural psychology. Structure The paper is in the format of a formal research paper. It is a format that is more objective and non-personal; it’s the methodical process that involves the collection and analysis of information. The paper endeavours......

Words: 1719 - Pages: 7

Media and Crime

...The way the media portrays crime and violence has a huge influence on how society reacts. When the news is being reported a lot of people cringe at the gory stories that are brought to their attention, the media in our society is everywhere. When I watch the news and see how people are being killed, robbed, raped, beaten, and kidnapped, I fear for my life, it’s like at any instance everything can just be taken away from you. Regardless of how old you are, what you do etc. crime is so prevalent in our society today due to our economy’s constant decline. The media has influenced my fear of crime to the extent where I fear being kidnapped (a lot of this keeps happening in Jamaica). In the society, justice is based on what race, class and where you live, play’s a role in whether or not you will receive justice. The media portrayed the case involving Trayvon Martin for months with the perpetrator George Zimmerman getting off. To me this is a case of injustice based on what the news media portrayed, because trayvon martin was black and wearing a hoody, he was stereotyped as a burglary. I expected that the accused would get off as he is a white man and trayvon is black, and he feared for his life (sarcasm). I perceive that the all the races besides white people are considered dangerous, much has been made of the racial issues of the Zimmerman murder trial. And while many Zimmerman supporters claim that race has nothing to do with it; many of them spew hatred and bigotry in their......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Representations of Etnicity in Media

... Using your own detailed examples explore representations of ethnicity in the media today. There are many representations of ethnicity is the media however they all seem to be very limited if not overlooked completely. Many of these tend to be as token gestures or stereotypical to fit with the dominant ideology. To explore this further I will be primarily looking at the representation of Gypsies in My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding, a TV programme produced by Jenny Popplewell shown on Channel 4. I will also comment on other representations of gypsies in the media such as those in Snatch and The Traveller Times Online. In the media, gypsies are portrayed in a negative light. Every single media product stereotypes them as dirty, tramps and thieves. We see this everywhere, in magazines, films, TV programmes and Documentaries. A good example is the article titled ‘Gypsies, Tramps and Thieves?’ it varies in different words that are linked with negativity throughout the whole article. While including examples from Snatch, the article says ‘Messages of gypsies in Snatch are deeply negative, putting us, the audience in a superior position’. This clearly shows the negativity of them in the media. Only 300,000 gypsies and travellers live in Britain. Only small part of them are in TV programmes and other forms of media therefore the representation is disproportionate to their population. Not all Irish Travellers are dirty or thieves. My Big Fat Gypsy Weddings is clearly produced purely for......

Words: 752 - Pages: 4

Media and Crime

...MEDIA AND CRIME Introduction -With the growing urbanization (παγκοσμιοποίηση) it is necessary to rely on media to find out what has been happening in the world. As in the majority few people are vi ctims of serious crime, images of offending are formed in the majority of the people from the mass media! (MME) : newspapers, books, magazines, TV, radio, etc… Does Media have Legal Constraints? (Περιορισμοί)? Τhere is a difference between: • Broadcasting (μετάδωση): Section 6 of Broadcasting Acts requires impartiality (αντικειμενικότητα) in the reporting of news and political matters • But in the Press (εφημερίδα) there is no such a legal obligation! Written media can published more/less what it wants subject to the Law of Libel (δυσφήμιση) and some specific prohibitions. (example: Official Secret Act which prohibits press from publishing sensitive informations. Sources of the media’s information on crime • Police (The police still provide the bulk of the material in crime reporters. Because of their big influence manipulation (χειρισμός) of the media has now become a big part in policing!) • Home Office (Press Office) • The Legal Profession • The Prison Officer’s Association • Academics Selection of Crime News The journalist and editor play the central role as to how a story is formulated and presented in a newspaper! They select their stories in a subjective basis in accordance with the newspaper agenda! In his book “Law and Order News” Steve Ghibnall......

Words: 1725 - Pages: 7

Media Representations of the Music Industry

...documented in children as young as three, but it is adolescents who appear to be most at risk for developing unhealthy attitudes towards their bodies based on this perception. At a time where young people are focused on developing their individual identities, they are also highly susceptible to both social pressure and media images which can have a profound effect on how they see their bodies. Having poor body image can have numerous negative effects: one of the most common is lowered self-esteem, which carries with it its own associated risks. In a national U.S. study in 2008, 25 per cent of girls with low self-esteem injured themselves on purpose; and 25 per cent reported disordered eating. Poor body image is also connected to bullying, with youth who have poor body image more likely to be perpetrators or targets of bullying behaviour. Images of female bodies are everywhere, with women and girls - and their body parts selling everything from food to cars. Popular film and television actresses are becoming younger, taller and thinner. Despite the popularity of the internet, movies and T.V. still dominate young people's media use. Given this widespread appeal, the media has an indirect effect by influencing how groups or cultures view body image. An example of this is the TV series America's Next Top Model, has made a total of 20 seasons and still frequently run in syndication. Researchers found that watching a ten-minute segment of the show had a negative effect on......

Words: 1553 - Pages: 7

Crime and the Media

...Crime and Deviance Labelling theory refers to the ability to attach a label to a person or group of people and in so doing the label becomes more important than the individual. The label becomes the dominant form of identify and takes on ‘Master Status’ so that the person can no longer be seen other than through the lens of the label. Words, just like labels, are containers of meaning. In this case, the label and the meaning attached to it becomes all that the person is rather than a temporary feature of something that they have done or a way that they have behaved. "Words [or labels], like little buckets, are assumed to pick up their loads of meaning in one person's mind, carry them across the intervening space, and dump them into the mind of another" (Osgood 1979:213) Within crime Labelling Theory has been seen as a way of manipulating and encouraging both the would be offender to think and behave in a particular way so as to live up to the label and equally to manipulate and direct the thoughts and actions of those that work and manage the system e.g. a label encourages them to take on particular negative perspective or bias towards a person or group of people. This essay will focus on evaluating some aspects of Labelling Theory in relation to crime and the media. Tannenbaum, Lemert and Becker were amongst the first theorists to explore Labelling Theory as an aspect of criminality and the criminal justice system applicable to westernised societies. In......

Words: 1423 - Pages: 6

Representation of Race in Media

... * * * * * Representation Of Race In Media * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Much of our perceptions of the world are based on narratives and the images that we see in film, television, radio, music, and other media. These are some of the outlets that construct how individuals see their social identities, as well as learn and understand about what it is to be black, white, Native American, Asian, South American, etc. (Dow, Wood, 2006, p. 297). You will get a better understanding of this once you understand the concept of ideologies. Ideologies are what create our perception of the world around us, whether it is political, social, economic, etc. Ideologies are not the product of individual intention or conscious, rather we create our intentions within ideology (Marris, Thornham, 2000, p. 267). These ideologies exist before we are even born; they form the social constructions and conditions that we are born into. But, ideologies are just a practice, and it is produced and reproduced in apparatus of ideological production. The media is a great example of an apparatus of ideological production (Marris, Thornham, 2000, p. 273). It produces social meanings and distributes them throughout society. However, as long as ideologies continue so will social struggles such as racism, which we will discuss in this essay. Media elites represent different races through media based on their ideologies. This......

Words: 1829 - Pages: 8

Queer Representation in Media - Interview Research Paper

...Media has changed people’s perception about different kinds of ideologies. One of the most powerful visual media that shapes our society is advertisement. It is almost inevitable to ignore advertisements and attempt to remain unaffected, butadvertisements both reflect and shape society norms. Compare to when society was more restricted by conservative regulations, such as Hayes Law, increasing numbers of advertisements in western culture allow queer people to represent in ways that are inclusive and respectful. Many companies have chosen to target on homosexual people who comprised a large potential market. Companies provide positive queer images in exchange for queer people’s good will and support. An example is Expedia’s Find Your Understanding, an ad released on Oct 2nd, has gained more than 2.2 million views. It is a moving tale told by Artie Goldstein, a retired business owner who described his emotion and reaction while traveling to his daughter’s, Vickie’s marriage with another woman. “That startled me. I told her, this is not the dream I have for my daughter,” said Artie when his daughter first asked his permission for marrying another woman. His arrival at his daughter’s wedding and witnessing how happy his daughter is were the turning points. “ You come to terms with it and say this is the nature order of things in your life, and it is supposed to be this way,” he said. His apprehension turned into true acceptance. I decided to pick this video as my......

Words: 1302 - Pages: 6

Examine How the Media Causes Crime -21 Marks.

...Examine how the media causes crime -21 Marks. We live today in a media- saturated society. The media are all around us and crime is the central theme of their output, both fiction and non-fiction. Crime and deviance make up a large percentage of news coverage. For example, Richard Ericson et al’s study of Toronto found that 45-71% of quality press and radio news was about various forms of deviance and its control, while Williams and Dickinson found British newspapers allocate up to 30% of their news space to crime. However, many question whether media causes criminality. There are frequent ways in which the media might possibly cause crime and deviance and this includes the glamorisation of offending. As we have seen, the media overstates the amount of violent and unusual crime, and they exaggerate the threats of certain groups of people becoming its victims, such as young women and the elderly. Hence, there is a concern that the media may be misleading the public’s impression of crime and causing an impractical fear of it. Research evidence to some degree supports the view that there is a link between media use and fear of crime. For example, in the USA, Gerbner et al found that heavy users of television (over four hours a day) had greater levels of fear of crime. However, the existence of such correlations doesn’t verify that media viewing causes fear. For example, it may be that those who are already afraid of going out at night watch more TV just because they stay in......

Words: 1176 - Pages: 5

Media and Crime

...Assess the view that the media as a cause of crime. (21) There is concern that the media have a negative effect on attitudes, values and behaviour - especially of those susceptible to influence, such as the young, the lower class and the educated. Recently rap lyrics and computer games such as Grand Theft Auto have been criticised for encouraging violence whereas before horror comics and films were held responsible for criminality. According to social learning theory, the media provides deviant role models - resulting in ‘copycat’ behaviour. Ericson et al found that 45-71% of quality press and radio news was about various forms of deviance, whilst Williams and Dickinson found British newspapers devoted 30% of their news space to crime. As crime makes up such a large proportion of the news, it is easy for individuals to imitate the crime or behaviour. Though horror and crime films have age restrictions, the internet makes such films easily accessible to anyone and therefore those at an impressionable age (usually adolescents), are exposed to the violence portrayed in which they then imitate. Sue Palmer argues childhood is becoming toxic and children are committing more ‘adult’ crimes from their exposure to violence on the internet and through films. The murder of Jamie Bulger committed by John Venables and Robert Thompson, has been linked to the boys re-enacting scenes from the film ‘Child’s Play 3’. Similarly, the perpetrators of the Columbine massacre in April 1999......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Is the Nature of Crime in Our Society Accurately Presented by the Media?

...1.     Is the nature of crime in our society accurately presented by the media?  Discuss. Like every society, Australia has always had its share of criminal activity, from the founding of our country as a penal colony in the 18th century, bushrangers in the 19th century, underworld violence in the 20th century to recent youth violence on our city streets in the 21st century. In this essay, I will be discussing how the media presents crime in Australian society and how this does not necessarily reflect crime statistics. The media presents us with the idea that the majority of crime in Australia is violent, and it is only getting worse. In contrast, statistics show that Australia’s crime rate has remained relatively steady. In fact, most reported crimes are actually non violent, with the majority of crimes actually being property related. It should also be noted that we are exposed to high levels of media coverage on specific types of crime, for example the “Missing White Woman Syndrome” whilst under reporting on similar occurrences that involve males, and females of different culture and social standings. Lastly, I would like to discuss recent television programs such as Underbelly and true crime films that glamorise the criminal sub-culture which in itself causes the media to report even more on Australia’s underworld, violent crimes and infamous criminal cases. The media portrays our crime rate as rapidly escalating, however statistics collected by the Australian......

Words: 1706 - Pages: 7

Representation of Nursing in Media

...profession, the media has failed us. The most popular medical dramas such as Grey’s Anatomy and House are physician dominated shows, offering viewers little to no truth about nursing profession. However, all the above shows fail to portray nurses with a positive image; most of the time the role of nurses is being undermined, insulting, or misrepresenting the profession. For example, on the show House, nurses are fairly irrelevant. Nurses are barley background noises; rather, it is the doctors providing direct bedside patient care in the hospital. In my 20 years of experience in nursing, I have never seen doctors spend so much time at the bedside with patient and performing tasks. I have worked in different settings, from a large teaching hospital to a small neighborhood hospital, and not even the interns and residents spend that much time giving direct patient care. For the general public and for the new generation who has not decided as what they want to be in life, this show portrays nursing as standing silently in the back ground. On all of the TV shows, the physician performs critical nursing tasks and this makes the doctors look more heroic and nurses look more incompetent and inessential. In these shows, we do not see nurses interacting with patients, but that is a misrepresentation of the profession, because we all know that nurses are the most in contact and interaction with patients and their families. However, there are some positive media representations of......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2