Nicomachean Ethics

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The Nicomachaen Ethics The Nicomachean Ethics are philosophical analysis of the nature of the good life for a human. Aristotle starts off his work by stating that there exists an ultimate good in which ultimately all human actions aim for. The characteristics of the ultimate good are that they are complete, final, self-sufficient, and continuous. The good which all humans aim for is happiness in Greek, “eudaimonia,” which can also be translated as living well, and is not a state of being but rather a type of activity. “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim.”(Ch. 1) To discover the nature of human happiness one must determine what the function of a human being is. The function must be specific to human beings, which is essential to being a human. A person is mainly his intellect. Although the spirit and desire of people is also important, the rational part of the soul is what can most closely be considered a person’s identity. Human happiness consists of the activity of the soul according to reason.
“Far best is he who knows all things himself;
Good, he that hearkens when men counsel right; But he who neither knows, nor lays to heart
Another's wisdom, is a useless Wight.”(Ch. 4)
Every action that is taken must be done deliberately. Knowing what he/she is doing, and doing it because it is ethically correct is the meaning of ethical virtue. There are ten books that describe each and every individual virtue that are specific to each situation. The virtues Aristotle examines are bravery, temperance, generosity, munificence, magnanimity, honor, friendliness, truthfulness, quarrelsomeness, and justice.
“The good for man is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue, or if there are more kinds of virtue…...

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