Nursing Health

In: Science

Submitted By gracgrac
Words 331
Pages 2
Where can YOU begin…?
Begin to truly know yourself, your way of being. It is a self awareness that is important as you begin.
This includes your attitudes, beliefs and values.

Metaparadigm Concepts
Person
Environment
Health
Nursing

Person
Individual
Family
Community
Population

Environment
Local/national/ global
Ethical
Legal
Ecological
Physical
Sociocultural
Political
Economic
Historical
Technological

Nursing

Professional Attributes
Professional Knowledge
Professional (Caring) Practices

Health
A state of being that people define in relation to their own values, personality and lifestyle -Potter & Perry, 2009 WHAT IS A CONCEPT?
- abstract ideas or mental images of a phenomena (Kozier et al., 2010; Paley, 1996)
- words that bring forth mental pictures of the properties and meanings of objects, events, or things (Kozier et al., 2010)

WHAT IS A CONCEPT?
“abstractions” (Norris, 1982)
“mental formulations” (Chinn & Kramer, 1991)
“mental images” (Meleis, 1985)
“words describing mental images (Fawcett, 1989)
“have meanings” (Allan, 1993)
“have usages” (Rush & Ouellet, 1993)
“have definitions” (Brown, 1993)

Metaparadigm Concepts:
Person
Environment
Nursing
Health

Concepts evolve out of impressions, perceptions or experiences…a mental image of reality framed by the individual’s perception or experience (Meleis, 1985)

Classifications of Health Conceptualizations
1) Stability oriented

2) Actualization oriented

3) Combined Actualization and Stability Oriented

Historical Approaches to Health in Canada

1) Medical Approach
Stability orientation to health
Emphasis is medical intervention restores health
Health problems defined as physiological risk factors
Focus on treatment of disease Potter &…...

Similar Documents

Health Promotion in Nursing

...Health Promotion is Nursing Practice Salena Nowak Grand Canyon University Health Promotion is Nursing Practice Health promotion is to educate and prevent people from becoming ill and to have them be able to live their lives in the state of optimal health in every way (O’Donnell, 2009). The purpose of health promotion in nursing is to keep people as healthy as possible. Nurses have the encounters with patients in the community whether it is in the outpatient or inpatient setting. As a nurse you have many opportunities to speak with your patients and family members and educate them on healthy behavior and risks factors that they may be involved in to prevent further illnesses if possible. Nurses use a plan of care to identify, implement, and evaluate that the goals are being met. This gives them a tool to make sure the patients are getting what they need. There are three levels of health promotion primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. The primary prevention is to prevent disease. The secondary prevention is to find the disease before there are any symptoms. The tertiary prevention is to slow down the disease process. “Health Promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for optimal health, and supporting them in changing their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health. Optimal health is a dynamic balance of physical, emotional, social,......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Health Promotion in Nursing Care

...A Review of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Health Promotion Alena Bray Grand Canyon University: NRS 429V February 10, 2013 A Review of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Health Promotion This paper is a review of the Primary, Secondary and Tertiary levels of health promotion. Three published journal articles were chosen as references-each depicting a situation in the varied levels of care. The levels of health promotion in nursing will be discussed and any differences therein. Also discussed will be the evolution of nursing roles and responsibilities. Health Promotion Defined In order to begin, the three levels of health promotion will be defined. The first level- Primary Prevention, are ‘methods to avoid the occurrence of disease’ (Wikipedia 2013). Primary care is what one would seek when an acute issue has occurred; for example, the development of flu symptoms, an infection or a broken bone. Primary care is also concerned with preventive medicine such as pediatric well baby visits. Secondary Prevention is ‘a method to diagnose and treat existent disease in early stages before it causes significant morbidity’ (Wikipedia 2013). Typically a primary care provider will refer the patient to a secondary care specialist; for example, an oncologist who is a doctor that specializes in cancer. The third level- Tertiary Prevention, are ‘methods to reduce negative impact of existent disease by restoring function and reducing disease-related complications’......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion in Nursing

...Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING Health Promotion in Nursing Kimberly Klessig Grand Canyon University Family Health Promotion NRS429V Sharon Moritz July 5, 2009 Health Promotion in Nursing According to Edelman and Mandel (2006), health promotion is a new field with varying definitions. O’Donnell (2007) defines health promotion as the art and science of helping people to change their lifestyles to move toward a state of optimal health. Patients need to become motivated to reach this goal with the assistance of nursing care, nursing diagnoses, and nursing goals to strengthen their personal awareness, motivation, skill-building, and personal support systems to find this positive place in their own lives and healthcare. This change of health promotion is a joint effort between the patient, their families, their community, private supports through business and professional groups, and, lastly, public health programs with local, state, and federal governments. Health promotion not only offers helpful information, but also assists the patient in making decisions regarding health care such as health screening information, care of minor illnesses, emergency preparedness, management of chronic disease, and making environmental changes to better their own positive behaviors (Folding, 1988). Societal disease prevention is the focus of public health. This is where the project Health People 2010 comes into play. Healthy People was......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Health Promotion and Nursing

...Health Promotion: A More Detailed Look at Health Promotion and Nursing Nayeli Luna Grand Canyon University August 18, 2013 Health Promotion: A More Detailed Look at Health Promotion and Nursing A vital part of nursing care involves the care of patient’s in all stages of health. This includes the concept of health promotion, which can be defined as the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health (Edelman and Mandle, 2010). Health promotion is an important concept in nursing because it encompasses concepts that nursing is concerned with today (Edelman and Mandle, 2010). Today much of the nursing role is involved in health teaching as a form of health promotion. However, we will look at the three levels of health promotion prevention, describe the purpose of health promotion in nursing practice, explore nursing roles and responsibilities evolving in health promotion, and explore implementation methods for health promotion that incorporates areas of nursing. Three Levels of Health Promotion Primary Prevention Level According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health promotion can be defined as “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health.” (WHO, 2009). Health is reaching a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, by an individual or group. In the primary prevention level, health promotion is focused on preventing or delaying onset of chronic disease......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

Health Promotion in Nursing

...Health Promotion in Nursing The World Health Organization (WHO) describes health promotion as allowing society to control elements of personal health, through intelligent, healthy decisions. Health promotion improves the resourcefulness of people to be accountable, and the capacity of organizations and communities to guide the determinants of health. Due to the multitude of determinants of health, health promotion needs cooperation of community and healthcare professionals (Jadelhack, 2012). Health promotion is a planned activity intended to create health, or illness-related learning. Health promotion could also be viewed as an addition to, or stand-in for, an older attempt on the prevention of disease (Tengland, 2010). Health promotion, unlike disease prevention, attempts to modify sociopolitical factors, contesting societal norms. It intends to enable the worst off, providing resources to modify their lives, providing some societal equality. Empowerment is a strategy that starts from the bottom and works its way up to the more fortunate. The terms health promotion and disease prevention allude to skilled actions. Health promotion implies a profession, and is viewed to as overly medically oriented, overly dependent upon prevention, displacement of risk and healthcare (Tengland, 2010). Nursing roles and responsibilities are evolving in health care. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) (2009) showed that health-improving methods carried out by nurses practicing within......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Nursing and Health Care Systems

...Nursing care is a vital part of the health care system, in the United States there is a nursing shortage and the crisis level are characterized by critical shortages of highly trained nurses and nursing faculty. In recent projection in, the United States, the gap between supply and demand of qualified nurses is expected to widen to over 1 million nurses by 2020 (Somers, Finch, Birnbaum, 2010). These problems have been exacerbated by the growth in population, comparatively high level of career change to areas outside of nursing. In the hospital, I work many nurses transfer to a department that takes them from direct patient care some do recruitment some teaches in Organizational Development Department, and I even seem a nurse who transferred to a unit secretary because of stress. The consideration of the nursing workforce that is approaching retirement and the level of training that practice nurses have (Practice Nurse, 2012), as long as the aging population continues to grow more nursing care will be required. With the shortage of nursing the demand for nursing care will increase. Reference: Ageing workforce sparks fears for future of practice nursing. (2012). Practice Nurse, 42(19), 7. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/ehost/detail?vid=9&sid=7b04d7a9-fa3a-427a-bd52-1df8c717a001%40sessionmgr104&hid=114&bdata=JnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#db=bth&AN=8454851 Somers, M., Finch, L., & Birnbaum, D. (2010). Marketing Nursing as a Profession: Integrated......

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

The Influence of Health Care in Nursing

...The Influence of Culture and Values in Community Health Nursing Stephanie D. Patton Professor D 26 August 2013 A 69 year old woman with colon cancer. AS a 69 year old African American female presented to the community nurse with complaints of weakness in the hands and severe fatigue. She also had undergone menopause and attributed these changes in health to it. Her menstrual periods had been very heavy and irregular. She experienced recent weight loss of over 15 pounds over the past 9 months. The patient reported that she had cases of constipation and hemorrhoids. Her last mammogram 12 months ago was normal. The patient has had no screening colonoscopy and is currently taking ibuprofen 800 mg for pain. The patient stated that she did not want to take more meds than she had to due to her religious beliefs. The nurse stated that she understood the wishes of her patients and would do all that she could to comply with her wishes in preparing a plan of treatment for her care... The influence of Culture and Values in Community Health Nursing is the care provide by educated nurses in a particular place and time and directed toward promoting, restoring and preserving health of the total population or community. Families are recognized as an important social group in which values and knowledge are learned and health related behaviors are practiced. Culture refers to the beliefs, values and behavior that are shared by members of a society that provide a design or “map” for......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Public Health Nursing History

...The role of the community and public health nurse Community and public health care nursing is a different type of nursing than that of a clinical nurse. The patients people in the community that have a specific needs, the focus is on one major population or a health care issue within a community. The role of these nurses is to provide care to populations that may not otherwise receive care, or provide education about certain conditions, and develop strategies on how to treat and prevent complications based on evidenced based practices. In order to deliver this type of care, a community or public health nurse must have an educational background that includes a strong research base regarding public and community health issues, additionally these nurses must have a pulse on the public and what resources are available to fill the needs of the public. Public health nurses must have excellent critical thinking skills, in that if presented with a disease process that is a community based illness, then they must investigate the origination, recognize that there may be multiple factors involved and diagnose and develop a plan of care to treat. A community or public health nurse is an autonomous figure in that they must treat each case as an individual case until or unless there are similar cases. in the case of individual cases, a diagnosis and treatment plan based on evidenced based practices must be put into place, taking into consideration, the patients resources and the......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

The Evolution of Nursing in Health Promotion

...The Evolution of Nursing in Health Promotion The evolution of nursing in health promotion is a continual ongoing process. In order to understand the realm and responsibility of nursing in regards to this perpetually advancing field there are parameters that need to be identified and defined. First and foremost it is important to understand that health promotion has always been the overall focus of nursing. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health promotion as a process that enables people to increase control over and to improve their health. The basis no longer focuses simply on individual behaviors but has evolved to include social and environmental factors as to affect global change in health promotion there by empowering not only individuals but entire cultures to make the necessary health promotion changes that will lead to a better future for their own societies. In order to succeed in health promotion nursing must continue to evolve. The Three Levels of Health Promotion Prevention The three levels of health promotion prevention consist of primary, secondary and tertiary preventions. Generally speaking any prevention in regards to health promotion is aimed at reducing risks. The first step is primary prevention. Interventions at this level of promotion are aimed at education, encouraging healthy life-style changes such as smoking cessation, exercise, childhood immunization programs, promotion of good nutrition, promoting regular health check-ups and avoiding...

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Health Promotion in Nursing Practice

...Health Promotion in Nursing Practice Zahra Rassouli Grand Canyon University Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health (World Health Organization, 2014). For each individual it is fundamental to understand the aspects of a complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing. Recognizing what contributes to change and the coping mechanism within the environment is an important aspect. A healthy life style prevents disease and illness from occurring, which is considered primary health promotion; health and social wellbeing are influenced by factors such as socioeconomic conditions, patterns of consumption associated with food and communication, demographic pattern, learning environments, family pattern, cultural and social background (Kumar & Preetha, 2012). Hence, the health promotion of individuals and their communities’ grows beyond behavioral characteristics; the attitude toward a healthier life style and disease prevention is affected by a multitude of factors. In nursing practice the focus of health promotion is to influence the health behaviors of individuals and the communities in an encouraging and optimistic way to primarily prevent illness and disease from occurring; furthermore, by considering the challenges that these individuals are facing, nurses have a broader knowledge on how to establish an environment from which the selected group members are able to recognize and choose the desired......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Community Health Nursing

...wrote that nursing is a passionate profession and is akin to a fever in the blood[1], with the hard work and long hours fading in importance against the vocational rewards. But community nursing has shown how the nursing profession is no longer viewed as merely hard work and long hours, it has illustrated nursing is a skill, a crucial facet of government health strategy, and a social and medical science. This passion extends from hard work and includes the profession shifting its core functions providing a flexible service that meets the changing health and social needs of society. The rewards to the profession and the community include personalized and case specific localized care, health program implementation, and guiding improved social trends at the ‘coal face’. Community based nursing is now at the forefront of social awareness and this important benefit is discussed throughout this essay. This essay focuses on the importance of community based nursing to the profession looking at aspects such as the role’s expanded influence on social trends, analysis, palliative care, outreach to vulnerable groups, and program implementation to the wider community. These functions in combination play a key role in ensuring this aspect of the nursing profession is effective in prevention and in tune with society’s needs. Community based nursing comprises several fields of expertise, including community health, public health, home health, and community mental health nursing.......

Words: 1651 - Pages: 7

Public Health and Occupational Health Nursing

...Public Health and Occupational Health Nursing The history of nursing is one of continual growth and development. The development of public health nursing as a profession is no different. The purpose of this paper is to look at how public health nursing has progressed and examine the impact it has had on contemporary work environments. History of Public Health Nursing Each generation brought with it new challenges, and public health nursing grew, along with other nursing professions, to meet and counteract those challenges. Professional nursing history began with the organizational efforts of Florence Nightingale. Nightingale was born into a wealthy and prominent family in nineteenth century Europe. During the Crimean War, Nightingale, through her population-based epidemiological approach was able to successfully and dramatically reduce mortality rates among soldiers. Nightingale envisioned nurses being formally trained and skilled in the care of the sick, injured, and weak. Nightingale also made clear distinction between nursing focused on caring for the sick and nursing focused on the prevention of illness (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2014). As time progressed, women began to play a more prominent role in society. Educated women and uneducated women alike began entering the workforce. Women of means also began to break free of some of the societal restraints upon them and became more active in public affairs. Lillian Weld, a pioneer of public health......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Public Health Nursing History

...Visiting home health nurses are a well-known profession and becoming more popular as time grows. The service of public health nursing was carried out on the frontier by nurses under the name of “Visiting nurse services” which were part of the late 19th century health reform out of ‘The Henry Street House’ in 1893, as discussed in the film “Nursing in America – A History of Social Reform”. They held many roles outside of nursing, those roles and missions and struggles will be discussed. The Henry Street House was opened in 1893 by Lilian Wald who established the phrase ‘public health nurse’, as discussed in the film “Nursing in America – A History of Social Reform”. She believed that bedside care should be provided to the public sick poor as well as treating the social and economic problems they faced and providing them with health education (Buhler-Wilkerson). She sent out nurses who traveled door to door to the families of the community of which they served. They were the major health educators to the people of the cities, many of whom could be considered for lack of a better work, ignorant. They knew not of the power of purpose of their own bodies, how to keep themselves healthy, or of their own sex organ functions. The messages of the public health nurse included education on child rearing, why immunizations were important, and information on sanitation and nutrition. They provided many services to the families they visited. In the beginning of public health nursing,......

Words: 1162 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion in Nursing Practice

...Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING PRACTICE Health Promotion In Nursing Practice Elizabeth Carhuapoma Grand Canyon University Family Centered Health Promotion NRS 429 April Herrera July 08, 2012 Health Promotion In Nursing Practice As health care evolves and changes, the roles of nurses in health promotion and prevention have expanded greatly. The goal is to prevent disease from occurring rather than taking a reactive position of treating the client once disease has already occurred. Health defined by Edelman and Mandle is a state of physical, mental, spiritual, and social functioning that allows a person to reach their individual potential for optimal health (Edelman & Mandle, n.d.). In order to reach these goals, levels of prevention have been defined and nurses take an active role in the implementation of positive changes in clients’ lifestyle. On each level of the health promotion continuum, the nurse has to keep in mind the clients’ cultural and educational background to develop mutually agreed- upon goals. “Primary care providers, including nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses, now attempt to involve individuals and their families in the delivery of care, teaching individuals about individual responsibilities and lifestyle choices has become an important part of their job”(Edelman & Mandle, p. 9). These positive changes improve the quality of the clients’ and families lives. The three- levels of health care promotion...

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Health Promotion in Nursing

...Running Head: HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING The role of nursing has always been one of caring for a person holistically, not just focusing on the disease a person may have. With today’s patient population suffering from chronic diseases more often than not, health promotion through education, prevention and intervention has become ever more important. Patients today have a broader range of illness and co-morbidities and current populations have also required nurses to more widely adapt their tools to more directly connect with their patients and increase retention and compliance. Health Promotion Defined Health, from one source, is defined as, “…a state of physical, mental, spiritual, and social functioning that realizes a person’s potential and is experienced within a developmental context” (Edelman and Mandle, 2010, p. 7). Health promotion is the advancement of these states by means of changing lifestyle habits, eating habits, increasing exercise, and myriad other life choices. The choices that patients decide to make in their lives can often be grouped by the types of illnesses, diseases, symptoms and developmental stages in which a patient finds themselves. Health promotion for a group of general practitioners in the United Kingdom is stated as, “…a wide range of activities including holistic strategies encompassing behaviour [sic] change, health education, community development, empowerment, prevention and protection…” (Doody & Doody, 2012, p.318).......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5