Otline and Evaluate Research Into Obedience

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By lionwalker12
Words 560
Pages 3
Milgram devised his psychological research three months after the start of Adolf Eichmann`s trail to investigate if it was possible for people to go against their values because someone in higher authority told them to do so. The aim of the experiment was to investigate what level of obedience would be shown when participants were told by an authority figure to administer electric shocks to another person.
Milgram used 40 male participants who were recruited through a newspaper and direct mail advertisement. Each participant was told the aim of the experiment was to see how punishment affected memory. There were two roles in the study, the teacher and the student. The naive participant and a confederate due a slip of paper from a hat which allocated them to their role, but it were rigged so that the naive participant was always the teacher whilst the confederate was the student. The learner and the teacher where taken to the experimental room as the method for this study was a lab experiment. The learner was strapped to an electric chair where the electric shocks can be administered. The experimenter then advised them that the shocks can be extremely painful, but o permanent tissue damage. The next stage involved the teacher testing the learner by giving him one of the words in a pair along with four other words and the learner had to indicate the original word had been paired. The learner`s answer was communicated electronically to the teacher who was in the opposite room, if the answer was wrong the teacher had to tell them the correct answer and then the level of electrical shock they were told to give, for every subsequent incorrect answer the teacher had to increase the dosage of electrical shock.
The results of the study showed that over half of the subjects about 65% went all the way with the electric shocks. Only 25.5% stopped at 300 volts. During the…...

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