Personality Disorders

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jtg6921
Words 1148
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Avoidant Personality Disorder
From the moment a person is born, his or her personality begins to take shape. In infancy, childhood, and later adolescence, the individual explores a multitude of behaviors. Of all the behaviors, or personalities, the person experiences, one of them will stick with them until the day they die. Unfortunately, each specific personality also contain a personality disorder. Personality disorders can result in anxiety attacks, depression, and to a certain level, suicide. One of the most unique personality disorders is the Avoidant Personality Disorder. The DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) describes Avoidant Personality Disorder as: a persuasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, beginning by early childhood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following traits:
1.) avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
2.) is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked
3.) shows restraint within intimate relationships because of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed
4.) is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations
5.) is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy
6.) views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others
7.) is usually reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in any new activities because they may prove embarrassing
Avoidant Personality Disorder usually starts at early adulthood. The American Psychiatric Association is convinced that an equal amount of men and women experience this personality disorder. According to one other study by Greenberg & Stravynski, more men are being referred for professional help…...

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