Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By srgray84
Words 1267
Pages 6
Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories
Shavon R. Gray
University of Phoenix
Author Note
Week 2 Individual Assignment

Abstract
I will write a 1,050 to 1,400 word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. My paper will cover a comparison and contrasting the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, ad Adler. I will attempt to explain two characteristics of these theories in which I agree and disagree with. I will describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. I will also use at least three Freudian defense mechanism with real-life examples.

Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories
Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian physician, he was responsible for the development of the psychoanalytic theory in the early 1900s. “According to Freud’s theory, conscious experience is only a small part of our psychological makeup and experience. He argued that much of our behavior is motivated by the unconscious, a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which the individual is not aware.” (Feldman, 2011).
His theory is compared to the unseen floating Mass of a floating iceberg; where the unconscious contents far surpass in quantity the information that is in our conscious awareness. Freud maintained his stand by stating that when it comes to understanding personality, one must expose the unconscious. Due to the fact that the unconscious can be disguised to cover up the true meaning of the material it holds, the unconscious content cannot be observed directly. Therefore, you must interpret the unconscious in clues- slips of the tongue, fantasies, and dreams- to understand the unconscious process that direct behavior.
For example, a slip of the tongue may be interpreted as revealing the speakers unconscious sexual desire.…...

Similar Documents

Psychoanalytic Theory

...Psychoanalytic theory PSY250 01/07/10 Psychoanalytic theory Introduction: Psychoanalysis is grounded on the observation that individuals are often unaware of many of the factors that control their emotions and behavior. These unconscious factors may create unhappiness. (Cherry,2012). Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung and Alder Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Alfred Alder were influential thinkers, early founders and significant contributors to the science of psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Carl believed that dreams contained significant insight into people’s Psyche and theorized that for people to become whole, they must be thought to integrate the unconscious with the conscious mind in a process he called individuation. (Malamud, 1923).Freud based most psychological things on sexuality, and Adler promoted the theory of individuality. According to Freud human personality is divided into Id, ego, and superego. (Friedman & Schustack, 2009). Each of these characters has its own idea of what the outcome of the story should be. Their struggles are fueled by powerful motives, and each one is out for itself. (Cash, 2011) The ego is the conscious and thinking self, the personal unconscious is the collective personal expenses unique to each individual, and the collective unconscious is a collection of experiences and behavior patterns that is common to all people. (Sheedy, 2011). Jung on the other hand...

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Leadership Approach Trait Theory

...Leadership Approach: Trait Theory There are many approaches to leadership within an organization. “Early leadership theories focused on what qualities distinguished leaders and followers, while subsequent theories looked at other variables such as situational factors and skill levels“(Cherry, 2013). This paper chooses to evaluate the trait approach to studying leadership. Through the course of this paper, the implications, strengths, and weaknesses of the theory will be explored. Implications of the Trait Theory As previously noted, the trait theory assumes “that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership” (Cherry, 2013). The trait theory can be applied in multiple leadership positions within multiple types of organizations. Taking the information retained from this theory and its research, managers not only assess the current personnel within leadership positions but also can assess what traits can are currently successful in alternate leadership positions. The trait theory is not dependent on any particular type or organization or sect of leadership. “Scholars taking the trait approach attempted to identify physiological (appearance, height, and weight), demographic (age, education and socioeconomic background), personality (self confidence and aggressiveness), intellective (intelligence, decisiveness, judgment, and knowledge), task related (achievement drive,......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Ethical Theories and Behavioral Traits

...Vestal Ethical Theories and Behavioral Traits Ethics 316 LARRY FRAZIER Eight July, 2013 What is your theory regarding the ethical beliefs and morals of the people in your everyday life? There is no right or wrong answer to this question because who is to say that one ethical theory or moral behavior is better than another individuals ethical theory or moral behavior? This paper will address the three main ethical theories, Virtue theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological and define them by providing examples of their similarities, and differences. Last this paper will identify how each theory addresses both ethics and morality and the Pros and Cons for each. According to New Yourks Saint Martins Press, 1998, each theory emphasizes different aspects of an ethical dilemma that lead to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. The first Theory is the Virtue Theory and it is best defined as someone who’s character is pure and good and they naturally strive to do good by all people and they value other peoples well being as much as they value their own. This is a learned trait, but can be achieved by everyone if taught to put good out in the world, not for self gratification but instead because it’s morally right to do so. Unlike the deontological theory, the Virtue theory performs good deeds naturally and without regard to it being their duty to do so. But the negative aspect to this type of theory is that the......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Blog on Trait Theory

...Blog on Trait Theory PSY/450 August 11th, 2014 Dr. Peprah Blog on Trait Theory One of the major personality theories that every human carries is the trait theory. This trait theory has five other traits that are “known as the Big Five.” (allpsych.com) They are: 1) Openness to experience, 2) Conscientiousness, 3) Extroversion/Introversion, 4) Agreeableness, and 5) Neuroticism. This also makes an acronym of the word OCEAN and they are considered the basic traits that underlie the trait personality. Each on has its own definition of what it means and how it shows through someone’s personality. Openness to experience means to be outgoing, interested in whatever is new around them, having an open imagination, and liberal. Conscientiousness means to be organized, weak willed, determined to be careless, and even careful as well. Extroversion speaks of a person who would rather be with groups of people such as around many of their friends rather than staying home alone and hanging out. They are the type that would much rather go out and have a good time with friends and family. Agreeableness shows the extreme suborn against the very easy going type of person. These types of people are very sympathetic, helpful and even more understanding than others. Last but not least is neuroticism. When someone is neurotic, they will show their instability in their emotions, relationships and even interaction amongst others. When someone is not that neurotic, they will show......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4

Analyzing Humanistic Trait Theories

...ANALYZING HUMANISTIC THEORIES KELLY KOVACS WALDEN UNIVERSITY Introduction Many individuals would agree that the theory behind our personalities mainly derive from biological factors. However, there are certain theorists that disagree with this, and view human instinct is the main contribution to the way we develop within society. Is there really any truth to this theory or is it just based off of an individual’s perception? There are several unanswered questions surrounding these analogies but they all have one thing in common, human development. Every theory ever documented has in some way implied that we evolve from childhood into adulthood, by conquering different milestones in life. Whether these steps involve sexual stages, conflicting situations or discovering self-worth, they all tie back to how our interactions or decisions allow us to move forward in life. Analyzing Humanistic Theories Some theorists believed that one does not develop their personality just through genetics in general, but also by discovering their true self through a series of emotional and physical accomplishments. These achievements were then grouped together to form what was referred to as our humanistic traits. There were two specific theorists, Rogers and Maslow, which during this time took their theories to a whole new level, thus combining both our psychological and physical needs with human instinct (Boeree, C. G., 2006). They disagreed with the theories of others such as Freud......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Trait Theory of Leadership

...Trait Theory of Leadership 6/29/14 Leadership Theory and Effective Management Personality in simple words means distinctive personal qualities which help one to establish one's identity. Personality traits of a human specifically leaders develops in a very natural process, which certainly can be improved further by proper guidance of parents, teachers and influential members of the community. To some extent, a child may inherit its leadership traits from its parents. Coming to the specific question how to develop a leader’s personality, it is imperative to know about the main factors that constitute the core traits of a leader. Broadly speaking these are the core traits of a leader which should be visible to their peers, Achievement drive, Honesty and integrity, Self-confidence, Cognitive ability, Knowledge of business, Emotional Maturity, Creativity. How leadership traits will develop, to a great extent, depends upon the way he or she is allowed to socialize, interact with others during their childhood, the parent's behavior with him/her, how the child is treated by his near and dear ones, the cultural environment in which he/she t is brought up, the amount of care and love it gets from its parents, the contribution made by the school, and the facilities provided to leaders in their development stages for their physical growth and mental development. Does personality change? If I get married will I assume some of the personality traits of my spouse? Will my children...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Adlerian Therapy vs Psychoanalytic Theory

...Video Analysis Tiera Cross, Stephanie Jones, Marialuz Malasan, Scott Wilson, Brenda San Roman CCMH/506 March 02, 2015 Becky Day Video Analysis A psychological saying that I enjoy is “It's all in the mind (Harrison, 2015).” As a team we viewed two videos. One of these videos dealt with the Adlerian theory and the other with Psychoanalytic theory. The learning team broke these videos down according to technique, strengths, weaknesses, and style. The psychoanalytical theory video used several different techniques. The video starts with the client lying on the couch with the therapist sitting beside the client making no eye contact. This technique allows the client to speak freely without feeling reserved or intimidated. The therapist took notes throughout the session. This is called active listening and proves the therapist was invested in what the client had to say. The therapist also showed a level of neutrality to help foster a transference relationship. The video of psychoanalytic counseling reflected basic techniques such as free association, transference, resistance, and also dream interpretation. Free association was conducted by eliminating outside stimulus. This was mitigated by having the client position themselves on the couch and become comfortable. Free association was also used during dream analysis technique giving the therapist an indication on transference and insecurities. This tool helped to uncover unresolved problems, fears, needs, and...

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Psychoanalytic Theory

...Psychoanalytic Theory And Reading Of Cultural Products Film Studies Essay ukessays.com /essays/film-studies/psychoanalytic-theory-and-reading-of-cultural-products-filmstudies-essay.php The main concept of this essay is to point out how psychoanalytic theory could be used as a method of understanding and analyzing cultural products. The most valid approach for this is to observe how the cinema integrates psychoanalytical theories into specific film concepts. For this reason a Hitchcock film is used as an example, for it a common fact that there are many Freudian aspects in his movies. Specifically, Psycho is regarded by many film theorists and historians as the first “psychoanalytic thriller” (Kaganski as cited in Boulton, 2010). As implied by the title of the film, it is a movie whose plot is based on the Freudian Oedipus complex theory. First of all, it is noteworthy how the cinema developed a strong connection to psychoanalytic theories over the years. What is also interesting is the way in which a movie could be interpreted as a desire or a dreaming process. Moreover, in the second part of the essay, the correlation which Psycho has with psychoanalytical procedure is explored, in an effort to discover its kind and if it is actually the first psychoanalytic movie. Following a short presentation of the main plot, it is necessary to examine the nature of the Oedipus complex and how it is applied to the movie. Despite the fact that it remains the central psychoanalytic idea......

Words: 3841 - Pages: 16

Trait Theory and Aggression

...Trait Theory and Aggression Abstract This paper reviews how trait theories account for anger and aggression and it provides an opinion on whether or not the anger management programs provided at San Quentin prison can be effective in changing offender's behaviors. Keywords: Trait Theory. Trait theory states that our personality traits, and our genetics can predispose us to crime. The theory states that some individuals are born criminal and can be identified by primitive physical traits. There are several theories that were developed early on. In this paper we will briefly discuss early studies in the field of criminal anthropology led by Cesare Lambroso. The content of this paper will then focus on psychological trait theories, and biosocial trait theories of crime. Lastly, this paper will provide my opinion on the video that was presented to us in this week's assignment, "Inside San Quentin – Anger Management Behind Bars", and the effectiveness of anger management programs provided to inmates in an attempt to control their anger and aggression. There are several studies that were conducted by many renowned scientists in the field of personality traits and how they account for anger, aggression, and criminality. The earliest research into criminality and psychological, as well as physical traits was conducted by Cesare Lambroso. Born in 18th century, Lambroso was an Italian university professor and a criminologist. His......

Words: 1339 - Pages: 6

Psychoanalytic Theories

...Psychoanalytic Theories PSY/250 November 14, 2014 Delinda Terry Theories Sigmund Freud is considered the founder of psychoanalytic theory and that the primary existence of man is created and motivated by an unconscious intrapsychic sexual conflict. Freud also viewed the human body from a sexual perspective and that the human mind was built with basic components. Freud considered these the id, the ego, and the superego and that these components could cause conflict and shape an individuals personality. Freud also believed that there were two conflicting drives, which are considered the life drive and death drive. He stated the life drive was for survival and the death drive was just the opposite and was for individuals who received pleasure towards death. This is not the same when you compare Freud to Carl Jung. Jung was taught by Freud but opposed the belief that someone’s sexuality could be the primary motivator in humans behavior. Jung also developed his own personality belief that a religious nature was the reason to integrate the conscious and unconscious minds in order to have individuation. The third individual that I will compare is Albert Adler who is the founder of Individual Psychology. Adler was also a student of Freud, and was very optimistic about Freud’s theories due to his motivation to overcome triumph and inferiorities when he was sick as a child. Adler believed that individuals who spent too much time trying to overcome symptoms of......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Psychoanalytic Theories

...Psychoanalytic Theories Psy 405/Personality Psychology Linda O’Conner Psychoanalytic Theories Psychoanalytic theories are the most intrinsic form of an explanation for the ideas and treatments of psychoanalysis. Psychodynamic is the perception of an individual’s personality resulting from interaction of conscious and unconscious contributions. The significance of all productions of psychoanalytic theories and approaches are to show the relationship between unconscious psyche material and the process it takes into full consciousness. Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Sigmund Freud receives credit for the theory of psychoanalysis. This theory situates on numerous assumptions. Freud believes that the psychological apparatus of the mind needs some sort of energy to make it work properly. One such energy is libido. He believes that all events take place in an individual’s psyche, and everything a person does has a certain, recognizable purpose. Accidents are not relevant within this theory (Goldberg, 1988). The psychoanalytic theory offers that humans have base instincts as well. Instincts are often unconscious desires that develop into urges. Freud believes, in reference to his iceberg model, that the unconscious is the largest part of the mind. He shows that the conscious is the smallest, therefore sticking up out of the water like an actual iceberg is seen doing. He uses the portion just under the water to represent the preconscious, or the medium......

Words: 1196 - Pages: 5

Psychoanalytic Theories

...Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and William James were influential thinkers, early founders, and significant contributors to the modern science of psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Although their theories were at least as distinct as the four men were, they were passionate about their endeavors, and never settled with conclusion - their entire lives were spent in earnest search for better understanding of the human psychological frailties and their betterment (Goodwin, 2008). Although continued debate ensues, no one doubts their contributions remain at the forefront of psychological thought (Goodwin, 2008). During a time when the young science of psychology sought to address and understand people's internal changes and struggles, the pioneering spirit of these men took form in their perspectives and approaches. They have since become a long-standing institution that continues to seek answers and applications with which to ease the struggles of the human condition. Varied Positions on Human Psychological Functioning Carl Jung Carl Jung separated from Sigmund Freud to develop his own human personality theory based on his belief that the human psyche has an undeniable religious nature (Malamud, 1923). He thought dreams contained significant insight into people's psyche and theorized that for people to become whole, they must be taught to integrate the unconscious with the conscious mind in a process he called individuation (Malamud, 1923).......

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Psychoanalytic Theory

...Psychoanalytic Theory Description In 1856-1939, Sigmund Freud brought psychoanalytic theory into existences. Psychoanalytic theory is based on the idea that people are not aware of the factors that causes their maladaptive behaviors and emotional discomforts (Johnson, 2011). According to Thomas (as cited in Capuzzi and Gross, 2011) the techniques and strategies in this approach are used to show the client how unconscious thoughts and defense mechanisms developed in the early stages of life affects behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health. Bush explains (as cited in Capuzzi and Gross, 2011) that psychoanalytic theory implies that behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations, and biological, or instinctual drives. Interventions The two interventions that I would employ with Deidre are analyzing resistances and free associations. I think Deidre will benefit greatly with analyzing resistances because it will allow her an opportunity to bring up the issues that she has experienced into conscious. Free association will help Deidre because it will allow her to relate whatever comes to her mind during the session without self-censorship (Johnson, 2011). The purpose of this technique is to help the client learn more about what he or she thinks and feels in a nonjudgmental accepting atmosphere (Johnson, 2011). How interventions will help Analyzing resistances and free association interventions will help Deidre move towards her......

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Trait Choice Theory

...are called Choice theory and Trait theory. Choice, being that a criminal chooses to commit a crime, knowing the possible consequences. Trait, being that a criminal has personality traits that influences them to commit a crime. These differences are shown throughout the TV show Dexter. In this show, the main character is an ongoing killer who murders other serial killers. The beginning of the first season shows Dexter’s personality and how he cannot help himself with his murders. It shows how he murders these serial killers to try to fill a void inside of him. He does these things in attempts to make himself feel better. There are big differences between the two theories, but Dexter definitely shows a little of each theory in himself. In an episode, Dexter said, “I fake all human interactions, and I fake them very well.” By him saying this, we are to understand that all relationships in his life are empty- they mean nothing to him. He fakes relationships with his girlfriend, with strangers and acquaintances, and especially coworkers. His relationship with his girlfriend is a way to make himself not stand out so much in society. This is a pretty obvious example of the trait theory. Dexter shows that he is not able to feel any of his feelings; he says even if he tries, he could not. He knows he is not normal, and he hasn’t been normal his whole life. This personality is common amongst most serial killers, and it shows how there isn’t much choice in the traits of their......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Leadership Traits & Theories

...Leadership is defined as the process through which a group or individual influences others to obtain certain objectives and goals which results to improve in the direction of an organization. It can also be defined as the ability to inspire and motivate others to take a new direction that will improve the efficiency and coherency of the group. Leaders are able to do this by applying their leadership skills and knowledge. Though leadership is learned the knowledge and skills that are processed by the leader are often influenced by their traits and attributes such as character, ethics, values and beliefs. Leadership is more strategic in nature. Management is a process of exercising supervisory, administrative and executive direction of an organization in order to improve organizational performance. An act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Managers direct are preoccupied with the right way to do things by following policy and procedure and get results from subordinates through authority. There is an ongoing argument in the field of leadership regarding whether or not leaders and managers are two completely different parts of an organization. A person can be a great manager, a great leader or both, but both these two areas often require a mastery of certain competencies and skills. While management produces consistency and order, a leader produces change and movement. A leader innovates......

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6