Rosa Parks and the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott

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Rosa Parks and the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott

HIST102 American History since 1877

The civil rights movement in the United States was a struggle against the racial discrimination and segregation the African Americans faced prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Dating back nearly 100 years, when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, black people in the South had been fighting for equality from the moment they were freed from slavery. There were many events that contributed to the civil rights movement. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was established in 1909. Jackie Robinson broke the color lines of Major League Baseball in 1947. In 1954 Congress overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson ruling, determining that segregated schools naturally unequal. In 1963 more than 200,000 blacks and whites marched to the nation’s capital to protest racism and hear Martin Luther King Jr’s famous “I Have A Dream” speech. In 1964 the Civil Rights Act was passed, forbidding racial discrimination in schools, employment, hotels, public transportation, etc. Following the Civil Rights Act was the Voting Rights Act in 1965, which was instrumental in the expansion of black voters. There were many more events that helped shape the development of the civil rights movement and in the following information will discuss one in particular: The 1955 arrest of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott. Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913. She worked as a seamstress in a department store. She was also a dedicated civil rights activist. She was one of the first women to join the NAACP and worked as a secretary for E.D. Nixon, the vice president of the Montgomery NAACP chapter (Kohl, Rosa Parks, 15). She put a lot of effort into desegregating the schools of Alabama and was well known among the black leaders in Montgomery. On December 1,…...

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...Rosa Parks Rosa Parks, was born in 1913, and died in 2005. An African American civil rights activist whom is best known for her role in a 1955 boycott of the Montgomery, Alabama bus system. Her action helped bring about the civil rights movement in the United States. Rosa Parks was arrested for violating a city law that required the whites and blacks to sit in separate rows on buses. She refused to give up her seat in the middle of the bus when a white man desired to sit in her row. The front rows were for whites only. The law required blacks to leave their seats in the next rows when all seats in the front rows were taken and other whites still wanted seats. Even before Rosa Parks’ arrest, Montgomery’s black leaders had been discussing a protest against racial segregation on the city’s buses. Rosa Parks allowed the leaders to use her arrest to trigger a boycott of the bus system. The leaders formed an organization to run the boycott. Martin Luther King Jr.-then a Baptist minister in Montgomery-was chosen as president. For 382 days, from December 5, 1995 to December 20, 1956 thousands of blacks refused to ride Montgomery’s buses. Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama and she attended the Alabama State Teacher’s College and in 1943, she was one of the first women to join the NAACP, she was the secretary from 1943 to 1956, then she lost her job as a seamstress. Before she went to jail in 1957, she moved to Detroit and got married to a barber named Raymond just a......

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