Sexual Assault Against Female in the Military

In: English and Literature

Submitted By collo3
Words 1054
Pages 5
Sexual assault against female in the military

Name:

School:

The power dynamics model is one that integrates the aspects of the power being utilized, the leader’s potential energy and the power that has already been mastered within the context of leadership. According to the theory, the potential power available to the leader emanates from the two-dimensional co-existence perpetuated among the people relating with one another. The theory maintains the position that, a person’s aggregate power is evident from their ability to influence the conduct of the others, especially the led. According to the theory, the sources of energy include authority, which legitimizes the control of one individual, over another or others, due to the nature of their social structure. In some settings, power is exercised in a downwards or upwards style. In the case of a military situation, power is used to a downwards form (Younts & Mueller, 2001). The theory also emphasizes the necessity of some level of coercion, which is legitimized, legalized and viewed as force or influence. In the case of the military situation, the DOD reported that more than 25,000 crimes of a sexual nature were committed by the members of the U.S army (Department of Defense, 2012). Despite the fact that military structures are known to boast of integrity and extreme discipline, the power structure appears to perpetuate a culture of sexual abuse. Based on the theoretical outlook of the power dynamics theory, the perpetuation of sexual violence against women in the military, can be expressed with reference to the accordance of high power credits to men, as compared to their female counterparts (Sharp, 2010). The consequences of having the hyper-masculine outlook in force include that it creates a social environment where the practices and the attitudes of the military, in general normalizes the ill of…...

Similar Documents

Sexual Assault

... Army Sexual Assault & Response Program PE: L301 Scenario 1 Minnie Lee and Sandra Chip are both sergeant first class attending the Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course (ANCOC). They have become good friends during their training and have a lot in common. Both of them are divorced and have one child. With only a week left in the course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? yes b. If so, what type? Incident Assault c. If rape, what type? Not rape d. Who is the victim? Sandra e. Who is the alleged perpetrator Minnie ANSWER: Sexual assault is an involuntary sexual act in which a person is threatened or forced to engage against their will, or any sexual touching of a person who has not consented. Indecent assault is an assault that is sexual in nature. Any person who has indecent contact with another or takes indecent liberties with a person without his or her consent is guilty of indecent assault. The fact that Sandra was trying to pull away is the gesture saying that Minnie’s actions are unwanted. It is a sex crime. There are many COAs in which Sandra can handle this......

Words: 1964 - Pages: 8

Sexual Assault

...course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise. a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? Yes. No consent. b. If so, what type? It is indecent Assault c. If rape, what type? Not rape. d. Who is the victim? Sandra Chip e. Who is the alleged perpetrator? Minnie Lee Scenario 2 First Sergeant Lee asks SSG Long to befriend and mentor his teenage son Mike. SSG Long is a highly motivated and dedicated 24-year-old Soldier. Mike is 15 years old. SSG Long and Mike have spent many hours together, and Mike has become very fond of SSG Long and enjoys spending time with him. One day SSG Long suggests that he and Mike go on a camping trip. While there, SSG Long makes sexual advances towards Mike. SSG Long and Mike then engage in consensual sex. a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? Yes. No consent. b. If so, what type? It is Carnal Knowledge c. If rape, what type? N/A d. Who is the victim? Mike e. Who is the alleged perpetrator? SSG Long Scenario 3 Sergeant Major Wayne and his wife have been married for 4 years and have kept busy with their individual careers. With their busy schedules, the Wayne’� s have a tradition of going out on a date at least once a month......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Sexual Harassment in the Military

...Sexual Harassment in the Military Anonymous SOC 402 CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS & THE WORKPLACE Professor Douglas Nelson October 21, 2013 Sexual Harassment in the Military The topic of discussion is sexual harassment in the United States military. My paper will identify the scope and nature of this problem while specifying how it has affected the military as a whole. Additionally, I will identify how this problem can be either mitigated or solved utilizing a variety of social controls. Throughout this paper, I will support the fact that sexual harassment is an ongoing problem in the military and recommend changes that could provide potential social or economical benefits if implemented. The scope and nature of sexual harassment in the United States military is one of great magnitude because of the profound effect it has on the individual service member and the organization as a whole. “In a 1995 U.S. Department of Defense survey of active-duty men and women in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard, 70.9 percent of female personnel and 35.8 percent of male personnel said that they had experienced sexually harassing behaviors in the previous 12 months” (Antecol & Cobb-Clark, 2001). While these statistics are almost 20 years old there is still relevance. A survey in today’s military might show results that reflect a decline in the percentages or......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Sexual Assault

...The assault crime of rape can be applied to many types of sexual attacks. Some of the more common types are forcible rape, acquaintance (date) rape and statutory rape. Statistics show that more than half of the victims in these cases were acquainted with their attacker. Sadly, an estimated one out of four forcible rape crimes is actually reported to police making it the least reported of all violent offenses. Forcible rape as defined in the FBI’s UCR Program is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Attempts or assaults to commit rape by force or threat of force are also included (http://www.fbi.gov). The rapes reported under this program are always females and sexual attacks on males are counted as aggravated assaults or sex offenses. Forcible rape is often a planned crime and is more frequently committed by a man the victim knows. A victim may be held captive and repeatedly assaulted or it may be a single act. A rapist will feel the need for personal fulfillment and dominance. As a result of this, victims are violated, humiliated and battered physically which leaves them with feelings of helplessness, vulnerability and a lack of control over their personal lives. There are three elements to the crime of rape: carnal knowledge (penetration); forcible submission; and, lack of consent. Penetration is an essential element of rape and means that the male sexual organ entered the female sexual organ. Courts have held that even the......

Words: 868 - Pages: 4

Sexual Assault Against Female in the Military

...Sexual assault against female in the military Name: School: The power dynamics model is one that integrates the aspects of the power being utilized, the leader’s potential energy and the power that has already been mastered within the context of leadership. According to the theory, the potential power available to the leader emanates from the two-dimensional co-existence perpetuated among the people relating with one another. The theory maintains the position that, a person’s aggregate power is evident from their ability to influence the conduct of the others, especially the led. According to the theory, the sources of energy include authority, which legitimizes the control of one individual, over another or others, due to the nature of their social structure. In some settings, power is exercised in a downwards or upwards style. In the case of a military situation, power is used to a downwards form (Younts & Mueller, 2001). The theory also emphasizes the necessity of some level of coercion, which is legitimized, legalized and viewed as force or influence. In the case of the military situation, the DOD reported that more than 25,000 crimes of a sexual nature were committed by the members of the U.S army (Department of Defense, 2012). Despite the fact that military structures are known to boast of integrity and extreme discipline, the power structure appears to perpetuate a culture of sexual abuse. Based on the theoretical outlook of the power dynamics theory,......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Sexual Assault and Women in the Military

...Sexual Assault and Women in the Military Robb Johnson English 111 Professor Murray December 19, 2014 The protection and equal treatment of the men and women who serve in the Armed Forces of the United States is one the most important duties of the United States Department of Defense. With an annual budget of $500 billion dollars, and nearly 2.5 million active and reserve servicemen and women serving around the world, the Department of Defense is one of the most important and visible functioning organizations in the United States Government ("DoD releases fiscal," 2014). The men and women who serve in the Armed Forces are expected to exemplify what it means to be an American citizen and have an expectation to receive the appropriate care and respect in return for their services. Recent allegations of numerous cases of sexual assaults throughout the United States Armed Forces has left many wondering how this nation’s most entrusted organization could allow for this to take place. Reports show that servicewomen are being subjected to unethical treatment, specifically sexual harassment/assault at rates that have not been previously experienced. This raises the question of leadership and the policies in place to deal with such unethical treatment, and how the Department of Defense will move forward on the issues of sexual assault and women in the military. It has taken the stories of brave women to step forward and share their horrific experiences for this issue to come to......

Words: 1932 - Pages: 8

Sexual Harrasment in the Military

...Sexual Harassment In The Military Specialist Edward J. Nofe Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 18th Military Police Brigade Grafenwoehr, Germany January 5, 2015 Joni Ernst is a well-respected United State Senator from Iowa. She has served more than 20 years in uniform. She is the first female combat veteran to serve in the Senate. She along with countless men and women in the military has been a victim of sexual harassment. The truth is nobody is immune from this problem certainly not when you still have reports ranging from inappropriate advances to sexual bribery. Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature between the same or opposite genders. Harassment differentiates from assault in the sense that harassment can be directly associated with your work setting. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination that erodes morale and negatively impacts unit cohesion. All individuals in the unit must be treated fairly and with mutual respect .The consequences of sexual harassment affects the individual in the workplace through stress, physical fitness, and reenlistment intentions. Sexual harassment affects the unit’s effectiveness, cohesion and goal realization. Sexual harassment is not limited to the workplace, but can also occur in the work related environment. That’s why the importance of maintaining a secure and sound command......

Words: 1472 - Pages: 6

Cause of Sexual Assault on College Campuses

...Name Teacher English 101-Section 10 November 2014 Cause of Sexual Assault on College Campuses Over the last few years, the media has been filled with news broadcasts and reports of sexual assaults on college campuses. According to an article written by Wayne State University’s Dr. Antonia Abbey, “The term sexual assault is used . . . to describe the full range of forced sexual contacts . . .” This includes “. . . touching or kissing; verbally coerced intercourse; and physically forced [sexual behaviors]” (118). While these events are highly publicized when they occur, they happen much more frequently than realized. Young women are the primary victims of these attacks; reports regarding the assault of men are much less frequent. Many things contribute to why sexual assault and rape happen on college campuses. Alcohol consumption, personal psychological factors, and social influence all play a major role in why and how these events occur. The central factor in all rape and sexual assault cases is the victims are not adequately informed of the dangers beforehand. With that said, it is not the victim’s fault they were abused, but had they been proactive to remove themselves from the situation, things would have resulted differently. Alcohol plays a major role in sexual assault. Every campus has some aspect of Greek life—fraternities, sororities, and other elite social organizations. It can be noted these organizations are mostly known, and classified, according to the......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Sexual Assault

...This essay will examine the topic of sexual assault on University campus. Firstly, the legal definition of sexual assault is that it is an offense to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat. This essay will examine the sociological research conducted on the topic of sexual assault on University campus, and there have been a number of identified reasons in being sexually assaulted. Reasons that were discovered include the way an individual presented themselves, the intake or abuse of alcohol, and being placed in an abusive relationship. Furthermore, researchers have investigated these topics and discovered the need for programs to help victims of sexual assault due to the long- term effects it has on an individual. With the initiation of these programs, the hope is to help victims move forward in their lives. The articles that were discovered and expressed these three main points about sexual assault on University campus, the main general question was why? Why was this being done and why were the reported incidences so high for women as opposed to men? Researchers gathered victims of sexual assault on University campus as well as victims of sexual assault not necessarily on a University campus. A theory was proposed called the Routine Activities Theory. This theory portrayed that the reason this act was done to females was because of the way they dressed, the types of social gatherings they went to and what they did...

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Sexual Assaults

...Investigating Sexual Assaults Sexual Assaults Incident Reports Jurisdictions have different approaches when it comes to the reporting and documentation of sexual assaults which has resulted in an inefficient system for dealing with these cases. This week’s reading identifies practices and procedures that can help in streamlining the process for law enforcement officials. Coding Each case that is reported should be documented in writing and provided with a case number regardless of the amount of information that is given to law enforcement. No cases should be dismissed without proper evidence collection and investigation. Report Writing When doing a report try to get necessary details that will help in the identification and apprehension of the suspect. Do not make judgement decisions about the victim based on the information that they have provided. Specific language and observed behavior of the suspect by the victim should also be documented. Victim Interview Health and safety issues posed by the victim should be immediately addressed. Explain the investigative process to the victim, this will help in building trust. Provide support services to the victim during the process if they need it. Every victim will react differently to trauma, initial interviews may present only a small amount of the information that the victim chooses to discuss. Schedule follow-up interviews with the victim, this will give them time to recall more information. Suspect......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Sexual Assault

...Read each scenario and determining the following: a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? b. If so, what type? c. If rape, what type? d. Who is the victim? e. Who is the alleged perpetrator Scenario 1Minnie Lee and Sandra Chip are both sergeant first class attending the Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course (ANCOC). They have become good friends during their training and have a lot in common. Both of them are divorced and have one child. With only a week left in the course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise. Scenario 2First Sergeant Lee asks SSG Long to befriend and mentor his teenage son Mike. SSG Long is a highly motivated and dedicated 24-year-old Soldier. Mike is 15 years old. SSG Long and Mike have spent many hours together, and Mike has become very fond of SSG Long and enjoys spending time with him. One day SSG Long suggests that he and Mike go on a camping trip. While there, SSG Long makes sexual advances towards Mike. SSG Long and Mike then engage in consensual sex. Scenario 3Sergeant Major Wayne and his wife have been married for 4 years and have kept busy with their individual careers. With their busy schedules, the......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Sexual Assault

...justifies the stereotype. On the other hand, in Kenya most crime reports or analyses show that most criminals come from the stereotyped ethnic group, the Kikuyu. Because prejudice is hard to change or stop this has led to ethnophaulism ; a state where ethnic slurs that include derisive nicknames or speaking to members of a particular ethnic group in a condescending way. Hate Crime A hate crime is not merely an assault against an individual but against everyone in that individual's particular group, and the characteristic of the victim that has motivated the attack is in most cases qualified and absolute. Despite the fact that hate crimes represent a small percentage of all violent crimes, a significant proportion are committed by adolescents and result from the intersection of two epidemics facing youth: violence and prejudice. Youths become 'armed' with the cognitive and moral apparatus to comprehend the enormity of terrible deeds such as hate crimes and are thus empowered to commit them. If they have not learned to inhibit and control their sexual and aggressive tendencies, the troubled adolescents and young adults are at risk of committing these crimes. Media, drugs and alcohol, group pressure, anger, poverty and school failure act as catalysts. SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND CRIME What is social structure? Social structure is a term used in the social sciences to refer to patterned social arrangements which form the society as a whole, and which determine, to......

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault

...Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault Craig Smith American Intercontinental University Online Abstract This paper will discuss a victim of a sexual assault who did not report the act to her local police department immediately after it occurred, but has now sought the advice of legal consultation to find out her rights and if she could sue the offender for damages or pursue criminal prosecution as a result of the attack. Just in case the victim was afraid to report the assault she needs to know the Rape Shield Law expressly rule out the use of evidence of a victim's past sexual history to weaken that victim's credibility. This law is intended to protect victims from invasions of their privacy, and to encourage them to come forward without having to fear that their sexual history being used against them to hinder their case in any possible way [ (LaMance, 2011) ]. Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault After researching the issue of rape and victims’ rights it appears this will be a hard case to prove in both the civil and criminal courts systems. The accusation of rape usually comes down to he said, she said testimonies and because of that rape is a very sensitive subject to be addressed [ (Hill, 2012) ]. Rape is an assault that is so easily committed and often the term is misused and abused by people who want to get back at a spouse or lover. Some people even engage in consensual sex and when things don’t turn out the way they like they claim to be raped.......

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Sexual Assault

...course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise. a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? - Yes b. If so, what type? - Indecent assault c. If rape, what type? - Not Rape d. Who is the victim? - Sandra Chip e. Who is the alleged perpetrator - Minnie Lee Scenario 2First Sergeant Lee asks SSG Long to befriend and mentor his teenage son Mike. SSG Long is a highly motivated and dedicated 24-year-old Soldier. Mike is 15 years old. SSG Long and Mike have spent many hours together, and Mike has become very fond of SSG Long and enjoys spending time with him. One day SSG Long suggests that he and Mike go on a camping trip. While there, SSG Long makes sexual advances towards Mike. SSG Long and Mike then engage in consensual sex. a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? - Yes b. If so, what type? - Carnal Knowledge c. If rape, what type? - Not Rape d. Who is the victim? - Mike Lee e. Who is the alleged perpetrator - SSG Long Scenario 3Sergeant Major Wayne and his wife have been married for 4 years and have kept busy with their individual careers. With their busy schedules, the Wayne’ s have a tradition of going out on a date at......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Sexual Assault Definition

...Sexual Assault Definition and Army Policy Definition Of Sexual Assault Sexual assault refers to offenses of a sexual nature committed without the lawful consent of the victim. Sexual assault includes rape, forcible sodomy, indecent assault, and carnal knowledge as defined by Articles 120, 125, and 134 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The following are types of sexual assault: • Rape – Sexual intercourse by force and without consent • Forcible Sodomy – Oral or anal sex by force and without consent • Indecent Assault – Any non-consensual touching done with the intent to gratify lust or sexual desires • Carnal Knowledge – Sexual intercourse with a child under age 16. Attempts to commit the offenses of rape or forcible sodomy under Article 80, UCMJ, or assaults with the intent to commit rape or sodomy under Article 134, UCMJ, are also crimes punishable under the UCMJ. Discussion Questions: • What are some of the differences between sexual assault and sexual harassment? • Why isn’t sexual assault considered to be just a more serious example of sexual harassment? Sexual Assault Definition and Army Policy (continued) Army Policy on Sexual Assault The Army policy on sexual assault is as follows: • Sexual assault is a criminal offense that has no place in the Army. It degrades mission readiness by devastating the Army’s ability to work effectively as a team. • Sexual assault is incompatible with Army Values and the Warrior Ethos and...

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6