Study on the Differences in Thinking Modes Between Chinese and Western Culture

In: English and Literature

Submitted By shaojiechen
Words 5687
Pages 23
[pic][pic]
本科生毕业论文

浅析中西方文化中思维模式的差异

院 系 外国语学院 专 业 英语(教育方向) 班 级 09英教本3班 学 号 0401090339 学 生 姓 名 陈少杰 联 系 方 式 13782379865 指 导 教 师 汪海燕 职称: 讲师

2013 年 5 月

独 创 性 声 明

本人郑重声明:所呈交的毕业论文是本人在指导老师指导下取得的研究成果。除了文中特别加以注释和致谢的地方外,论文中不包含其他人已经发表或撰写的研究成果。与本研究成果相关的所有人所做出的任何贡献均已在论文中作了明确的说明并表示了谢意。

签名: 年 月 日

授权声明

本人完全了解许昌学院有关保留、使用本科生毕业论文的规定,即:有权保留并向国家有关部门或机构送交毕业论文的复印件和磁盘,允许毕业论文被查阅和借阅。本人授权许昌学院可以将毕业论文的全部或部分内容编入有关数据库进行检索,可以采用影印、缩印或扫描等复制手段保存、汇编论文。 本人论文中有原创性数据需要保密的部分为(如没有,请填写“无”):

签名: 年 月 日 指导教师签名: 年 月 日

| |
| | Study on the Differences in Thinking Modes between Chinese and Western Culture | |
| |
|A Thesis Submitted |
|to School of Foreign Languages, Xuchang University |
|in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements |
|for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts…...

Similar Documents

The Differences Between Western and Eastern Education System

...The difference between Western and Eastern education. The difference between Western and Eastern education - Education system in need of change? 林怡廷 (Joyce Lin) 三年十八班 台北市立育成高級中學 1 PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com The difference between Western and Eastern education. I. Introduction: People tend to think that Westerners are more assertive and creative, while Easterners are more conservative and reserved. So what makes all these difference? I would suggest it is the result of the different education systems. Having studied under both foreign and local teachers, I discovered that their approaches to teaching are fundamentally different. In this essay, I would like to examine and evaluate these differences. This is vitally important as it influences our choices and responses in life beyond school. And will finally determine our values, the quality of our lives and the satisfaction we derive from life. II. Thesis: A. Teacher-centered and student-centered I would say that the prime difference between the two education systems is that one uses teacher-centered classes, and the other uses student-centered classes. In the Eastern education system, the teacher is the only authority; his or her words are not to be questioned. Students are not expected to speak up in class or respond to the questions that the teacher asks. Therefore, most of the questions are rather rhetorical. Questions are brought up for the teachers to answer. Thus, there is...

Words: 4496 - Pages: 18

Study of the Politeness Principle in Chinese and English Cultures

...) Abstract: This thesis attempts to make a comparative study of politeness between English and Chinese cultures.Po- liteness Can be realized in a number of ways, among which the use of language is an important one.With the develop- ment of pragmatics in the past years, language is used to show-politeness and also the differences between different lan- guages and cultures. Key words: Politeness principle;Culture difference 一、 Introduction Minimize the expression of beliefs which express dis- Politeness as a social phenomenon can be observed in praise of other; maximize the expression of beliefs which all languages and cultures, it has long been made an and express approval of other.Other may not be the person di- important object of study in linguistics.The really serious rectly addressed, someone or something dear to humor but study of politeness in the Western linguistic circles can be her. traced back to the German Romantic Movement in the 4.The Modesty maxim early 1920s.In recent years, along with the rapid movement Minimize the expression of praise of self; maximize towards pragmatics, politeness has become the central the expression of dispraise of self. theme.As a common social phenomenon, politeness is not 5.The Agreement maxim only a universally highly valued virtue, also a widely but Minimize the expression of disagreement between self employed strategy to realize tactful and effective......

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Differences Between Candian and Pakistani Culture

...Canada respect seems to be slowly disappearing from their culture. Their children are given too much of freedom at a very small age. Children over there are given the authority to report their parent’s unnecessary strict behavior to the police and be taken away from them. This power that their children are given at a very small age somehow reduces the level of respect they have for their parents or which their parents deserve. Leaving your parents on the mercy of old age homes is a very common practice over there. Once a person gets self-dependent he just leaves his parent’s house and gets shifted to a new one and everyone thinks its okay. In Pakistan, any person who engages in such behavior is considered ill-mannered and such acts are seen as unethical and immoral. We are supposed to respect our parents at all times, even if they are extremely controlling and sons live with their parents and take care of them when they are old and weak because that’s what is the right thing to do. Our parents spend their whole lives working really hard so that they could give us a good standard of life so when they are old and weak it’s our responsibility to ensure that they spend a happy and peaceful life. I have spent a good part of my life learning to treat my parents with love and respect and I would retain this very strong cultural value of Pakistan. Teachers in our culture are also given a lot of respect. According to Pakistani culture teachers play an important role in shaping a......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Chinese Culture Study

...order to more accurately reflect China's transition from a Soviet-style planned economy to a socialist market economy (socialism with Chinese characteristics). * 2011-2015, the 12th five-year program 3. In 2011, China’s GDP growth rate is 9.3% 4. Unemployment Rate: China=>6.4% / US=> 8.2% in 2012 * Inflation Rate: China=>2.6% / US=>2% in 2012 * Exchange Rate: RMB per US dollar 6.311 in 2012 5. China started a Nine-years of Compulsory Education System. This system means the implementation of the national unity of all school-age children must accept nine-year education and the nine-year education do not charge any tuition fees. 6. Study aboard In 2012, there are 410000 Chinese students studying abroad and Chinese students became the largest number of the foreign students in the United States. 7. there are still some poor areas in China do not have a good quality education especially in West China. lack of the educational source 8. Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, plus styles of Chinese people in other parts of the world. The history of Chinese cuisine in China stretches back for thousands of years and has changed from period to period and in each region according to climate, imperial fashions, and local preferences. * American Chinese Food ≠ Chinese Food! 9. Eight Culinary Traditions of China => Hui cuisine , Yue cuisine, Min cuisine, Xiang cuisine, Huaiyang cuisine, Lu......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Difference in Between Individualistic Culture and Collectivist Culture

...1. What is the difference in between individualistic culture and collectivist culture? In a principally individualistic culture, people place the individual before the community. more frequent use of the "i" form. decisions are made on the spot by representatives. People ideally achieve alone and assume personal responsibility. vacations are taken in pairs , even alone. In a principally communitarian culture, people place the community before the individual. more frequent use of the "we" form. decisions are referred back by delegate to the organization. people ideally achieve in groups, which assume joint responsibility. Vacations are taken in organized groups or with thee extended family. 2. How do the translators differ from individualistic to collectivistic culture? In Anglo-Saxon negotiations the translator is supposed to be neutral, like a black box through which words in one language enter and words in another language exit. the translator in more communitarian cultures will usually serve the national group, engaging members in lengthy asides and attempting to mediate misunderstandings arising from culture as well as language. 3. How is decision making influenced in individualistic and collectivist culture? Communitarian decision making typically takes much longer and involves sustained efforts to win over everyone to achieve consensus. Voting down the dissenters is no acceptable because the vote will not show respect to the individuals who are against the...

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Differences and Similarities Between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine

...Differences and similarities between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine Chinese traditional medicine has been practiced for around 5,000 years. Western medicine (at least the modern kind that is not based on shamans) is considerably younger, but since its inception, there has been a debate about the relative effectiveness of Western versus Chinese medicine (which in the U.S. is usually referred to as Oriental medicine). Chinese medicine is based on natural plants and herbs for the most part, and is keyed on establishing the vital energy of the body or Qi (pronounced 'chi'), as compared to western medicine which focuses on control or elimination of symptoms. From a philosophical viewpoint the two schools are poles apart. The differences begin with their main philosophies of health. Chinese medicine, as previously stated, thinks of Qi as life and that life and medicine are one. Western medicine believes that humans can control nature, and has its focus on external causes of maladies. In Chinese medicine, health is a state of well-being where the body is in balance with and adaptive to the environment. Western doctors consider health to be the absence of disease, pain or defect. To the Chinese practitioner, disease is caused by an imbalance of the vital force of the body and stems from multiple causes, while westerners think of it as a difect of tissue or structure of the organism with a single cause. Symptoms, in the Asian view are messages from the body about...

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Difference Between Indian and Spanish Culture

...Difference between Indian and Spanish Culture According to Samovar and Porter (1994) “Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.” (Stanford.edu, n.d.). Our culture defines who you are as a person; it contours ones judgment to a certain approach. In other words, it is our identity. Every nation has its own set of morals and is defined by its own distinct cultures; which gives rise to cultural differences between each and every country in this world. In this vast world, no two cultures are exactly identical. Taking into account India and Spain, needless to mention, both the cultures have an enormous amount of differences between them. Spain being a part of Europe is largely influenced by the European culture furthermore the Rome culture; on the other hand India’s culture is more multifaceted and has been influenced by colonialism over the past century- both collaterally and vernacularly (Sen Amartya, 2005). India is a home to a variety of different cultures; it is known to be the most diverse country in the world in every aspect. Looking into a major aspect of any culture that has existed, religion plays a major role in the upbringing. It influences the framework of a particular......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

The Difference Between Chines Medicine and Western Medicine

...The difference between Chines medicine and western medicine In the ancient times, people thought that illnesses were caused by the evils and believed inShamanism and divination. Gradually people knew that illnesses were caused by bacteria and a science called medicine started to develop. As times goes by, Chinese medicine and western medicine become the two most important medical systems in the world. Countries in the east are influenced by Chinese medicine while western medicine is predominant in the West. The two kinds of medical care differ greatly in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, there is a trend that Chinese medicine and western medicine may be applied together on modern treatment. Although western medicine is the start the main in the world, the importance of traditional Chinese medicine grows as people start to notice some special curative effects of traditional Chinese treatment. Chinese treatment like acupuncture starts to be applied in the western world. Western medicine believes that bacteria and viruses are the sources of illnesses. This is a fact that is the controversy. Nevertheless, traditional Chinese physicians believe that the symptoms of diseases are due to the unbalanced relationship between the organs. In other words , they think that the balanced relationship is disrupted by the outer environment. Both the westerners and......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

What Is the Difference Between Western and Eastern Massage

...What Is the Difference Between Western or Eastern Massage? Shannon Hankins COM/170 May 29, 2012 Mary E. Blackford What Is the Difference Between Western and Eastern Massage? Massage an international phenomenon that has been passed down from generation to generation within groups of people. Massage is a systematic manipulation of soft tissues of the body to enhance health and healing. The primary characteristics of massage are touch and movement. There are many styles of massage therapy. This essay will cover two of the most common groups of massage modalities, Western and Eastern, and explain the overall benefits of massage, the similarities and differences of Western and Eastern massage techniques, and Western and Eastern philosophy of healing behind each one. Although Western and Eastern massage outcome are similar, it is amazing how different their concepts are. Western and Eastern Massage have similar environments. For example, in the massage room sounds of soft tranquil music will be playing, the soft light of candles or dim lighting, the trickling sounds from a water fountain, a lovely sent of aroma therapy and a massage therapist eager to help his or her next client. There are some differences between the two environments. Western massage rooms have a massage table, where his or her clients will undress and get under the sheets like getting into bed. The massage therapist will use lotion or oil on his or her client’s skin during the massage session.......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

The Work Culture Differences Between Two Represent of Eastern Culture and Western Culture: Japan and the Usa

...NATIONAL ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR ADVANCED EDUCATION PROGRAM POSITION PAPER Class: Advanced Accoutancy 55B Course: Culture of regions & people in the world CODE: SSCI165 ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- TOPIC: The work culture differences between two represent of Eastern culture and Western culture: Japan and the USA Talking about Japan and America is as people talk about two cultures representative of the East and the West. Two cultures were not standing characteristics sometimes conflicting, embodied in every aspect of life. We always remember the Japanese samurai culture and a multi-cultural country, open and hospitable. Opposition things that make human culture become more remarkable. In this paper, we will explore features that rival in terms of work culture. Although they are individual country, each country will not put up with the general characteristics of the local culture. We will explore the culture of this country both in the cage culture of the East and the West. About how to express thoughts, Westerners respect frankness. They did not hesitate to express personal political opinions. The Eastern enhance dexterity, soft, avoid conflicts of opinion. When solving problems, Westerners appreciate the final result, so they are ready to cope with problems hindering, remains on achieving goals quickly. The Eastern respects implementation process. Inherently dislike......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

A Comparative Analysis Between Aboriginal and Chinese Cultural Differences

... The rapid growth of globalisation and internationalisation of trade in resources, especially human capital, has made managerial of culture differences ever so important as to understanding the different variables (Hofstede G, 2010). In this paper, the Power Distance Index (PDI) of both Chinese and aboriginal traditional cultural value and belief in family, social life and workplace is going to be examined under the scope of Hofstede’s dimensions. To a truthful stereotype, both culture heavily emphasis upon power distance in a form of age-grade social hierarchy, the variance in its operation however made these cultures unique. The value and beliefs of Confucianism has embedded upon every aspect of Chinese life, putting emphasis upon power and relationship (Irwin 2012) and creating a sense of family-centred communitarianism (W Li [Western Kentucky University] 2005, CHIN318 Lecture notes, 8 October). Indigenous aboriginals although maintained their traditional culture emphasis of power distance system through Kinship, but with various elements reduced due to western economic development, allowing more freedom of action ( Bruner 1956). Chinese Power Distance Index under the scope of Hofstede’s cultural variable scored 80 comparing to the world average of 56.5 (The Hofstede Centre) indicating that power are centralised amongst the highest members of the social organisation and a common acceptance of unequal distribution of power. In a stance for family relationship such a high......

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

Chinese and Western Table Culture

...Min Chen Mrs. Brenda Craven English Composition 101C 9 December 2015 Chinese and Western Table Culture This paper mainly focuses on the differences of table manners of China and Western countries. In our modern society, the cross-culture communication between China and Western countries becomes a hot issue and the influences of Chinese and Western etiquette are increasingly profound, which causes the differences in table manners. In this paper, we attach more importance to the different table manners of China and Western countries, such as, the different ways people sit for a meal, different dining concepts and different table wares and so on. Meanwhile, it helps us understand the situation. In this way, we can know well the western countries’ cultural background, and can set up a harmonious relationship with the westerns. The table manners of China and Western provide a good example of two types cultures that are arrangement of seat, tableware, and the way to finish eating. Arrangement of seat in Chinese, Chinese people always choose round tables when entertaining friends. There are lots of rules in China about where to put the round table and which seat takes precedence on the same table. In China, people used to use the number of the tables to define the size of banquet. In small banquet that have two tables, the table on the left or farther to the portal is the top table. At bigger banquets that have three or more tables, the rules are much more complicated. The top...

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

The Differences of Family Values in Chinese and American Cultures

...The Differences of Family Values in Chinese and American Cultures ABSTRACT This paper aims to make a contrastive study on family values in Chinese and American cultures from the three parts: the attitude to the family members and their relationships, marriage and family education. As the pace of the global economy integration accelerates, cross-cultural communication between China and America is becoming more and more frequent and important,and the research can undoubtedly help Chinese people and American people to further understand with each other and their family values and to avoid the unnecessary conflict caused by the misunderstanding and mistakes in cross-cultural communication. Key words: the differences of family values, filial piety, marriage, family education Table of Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Literature Review 2 3 The Definitions of Family, Values and Family Values 3 3.1 The Definition of Family 3 3.2 The Definition of Values 3 3.2.1 The Decisive Values in Chinese Culture: Collectivism 3 3.2.2 The Decisive Values in American Culture: Individualism 4 3.3 The Definition of Family Values 4 3.4 The Meaning of Family to Chinese and Americans 5 4 Differences Between Chinese and Americans Family Values 5 4.1 The Attitude to the Family Members and Their Relationships 6 4.1.1 The Attitude to the Family Members......

Words: 6021 - Pages: 25

The Differences in Health Traditions Between Cultures

...The Differences in Health Traditions between Cultures Each individual has an exclusively cultural heritage attachment that is comprised of a lot of different customs and values. It is almost impossible for anyone or group of people to live everyday by not practicing according to their beliefs or cultural background. Being born to a person depending on whom they are or where they live means so much in some cultures. For example, I was born into a family where my parents were both educated and good practicing Catholics. This automatically puts me in a middle class family or made my statues a little higher than so many people whose parents are not educated. I consider myself fortunate and that is mostly why I am always humble in life. I was born in the eastern part of Nigeria; the westerners and the northerners make up the rest of the population. Nigeria is the largest country in West Africa; most of the people are farmers and could not afford to go to college and at least get a formal education. In my culture, not many people could afford to go to a hospital for health reasons. Instead, more people rely heavily on herbal medicine, which is part of our tradition. Some people use modern medicine depending on what their families could afford. Growing up in the mist of both traditions, I have learned to practice not only one but two of them respectively. I believe that one’s heritage or culture is a practice no one can afford to forget because it is embedded into our lives.......

Words: 1178 - Pages: 5

A Tiger vs a Cat -Difference Between Chinese and Western Education-

...A Tiger vs a Cat -Difference between Chinese and Western Education- Yu Kang Pace University Fall 2011 ELI 084A Midterm Research Paper Tara Vassallo November 9, 2011 Abstract According to A cultural perspective for the differences between Chinese education and Western education, there are considerable differences between Chinese and Western education due to the influence of culture and history. What’s more, the article- Views on differences between Chinese and Western education from quality education and Analysis of the differences between Chinese education and Western -show the differences on school and family education specifically and separately. Chinese education is characterized by setting diversified strict rules and regulations on students; Whereas, Western students get more freedom and chances to choose and develop what they really interested in. Generally speaking, Chinese students usually are good law-keeper and possess solid basic foundation but lacking creative spirit. Western kids are more independently and do good jobs on innovation. However, they don not stress too much on discipline and hard working. Zhao and Bai said in Draw inspiration from comparing that Chinese and Western education should learn from each other (1999, p. 46). Therefore, integrating the essence of these two education systems will come up with a better one. Tiger VS Cat Difference between Chinese education and Western Education At the beginning of 2011, a book named “Battle...

Words: 1615 - Pages: 7