Suicide Scale

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Picasso92
Words 636
Pages 3
The Suicide Scale
PSYC 341 SEC402 Fall 2014
12 11 2014
Richelle O. Bowman

Hopelessness is a very difficult feeling to deal with; it is an emotional process, linked through feelings of fear and anticipation. An individual may feel hopeless when he/she is submerged in a lack of control, from a situation they feel is out of their hands. They may begin to feel depressed if they feel they can do nothing to stop the negative situation at hand. Furthermore, feeling hopeless equates to the feeling of the weight of the world on your chest and no matter how hard you attempt to push it off, it just won’t budge. You may feel as though it is your fault that you are feeling this world weight and no matter what you do, it will continue to be your fault. The significance of hopelessness among teens and young adults is overlooked in today’s society and I propose a scale to measure any negative attitudes an individual may possess about the future.
The psychological construct of this scale will explore the conceptual basis of who would commit suicide between outpatients and hospitalized patients, who have recently attempted suicide in the past 3 months. For example, a norm-referenced sample would consist of 200 psychiatric patients who have made recent attempts of suicide. 100 men and 100 women, all Caucasian, single, living at home with parents/guardians/family, and ranging in the age of 18-24yrs old. In another normative sample, there are 200 psychiatric outpatients who have not attempted suicide in the past 3 months, but have self-harmed in the past 6 weeks. In this normative sample, there are 100 men and 100 women, all Caucasian, 50 single and 50 in a relationship, living at home with parents/guardians/family, and ranging in the age of 18-22yrs old.
In order to establish preliminary items for this scale, the total number of outpatients and hospitalized patients in the…...

Similar Documents

Suicide almost always treatable. We should all seek to recognize its presence in our close friends and loved ones. Often people suffer with it silently, planning suicide without anyone ever knowing. Depression is without question the most common reason people commit suicide. Severe depression is always accompanied by a pervasive sense of suffering as well as the believing that escape from it is hopeless. The pain often becomes too much for depressed people to bear. The state of depression warps their thinking, allowing ideas like “Everyone would all be better off without me” to make rational sense. Later we found out that Jeremy had large traces of depression medicine and alcohol in his system, which has always been a deadly combination. Jeremy looked to these drugs as ways of calming and settlement, but in the end it took him and his thoughts over. The problems that teenagers face may be different from those of adults but are very real to the teens that are facing them. Teenagers face the pressures of trying fit in socially, to perform academically, and to act responsibly. Teens are given more freedom, which means more responsibility that they are sometimes not ready to handle. A teen that is facing a problem and has nobody to talk to may feel neglected, unwanted, and alone. They may become overwhelmed and think that suicide is the only way out. This is how it is across the nation and why people do self destructive things, especially to teens like Jeremy. Our society is......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4


...Suicide is the act of taking away one’s own life. Suicide, to me, is one’s irrational desire to die. This is because suicide can never be a solution to end problems. Suicide, in my opinion is a permanent solution to a temporary problem. This is because every problem that we face definitely has its own solution. There will always be a way to solve a problem. Suicide is a sign of major depression. Only cowards will take suicide as a solution and will never think of an alternative solution towards his/hers problem. At some point in our lives, most of us will definitely experience certain periods of sadness, worry or despair. While it is completely normal for a healthy person to have these types of responses to pain resulting from loss, dismissal, or disillusionment, those who are undergoing serious depression often experience much more drastic reactions. Many times these severe reactions will leave us in despair, and we may feel like there is no end in sight to our sufferings and problems. It is at this point that some of us may lose hope, and with the absence of hope comes more depression and the feeling that suicide is the only solution. It definitely isn’t. Often, people tend to feel as though they have no other way out of their problems, and may not realize that suicidal thoughts and feelings can be treated. Honestly, I think that it is not something abnormal or weird for one to feel that way. This is because for instance, if someone starts piling weights on your shoulders,...

Words: 607 - Pages: 3


...The social problem that concerns our group is suicide. Suicide is the act of killing one self intentionally. It is often committed out of despair, the cause of which is frequently attributed to a mental disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder and drug abuse. Efforts to prevent suicide include limiting access to firearms, treating mental illness and drug misuse, and improving economic development. Suicide is a troubling topic that most of us would rather not deal with, but suicide is a reality, and it is more common than we would like to think. Most people who attempt suicide are ambivalent about taking their own life, however circumstances make them feel that life is unbearable. Suicide seems like the only way to deal with their problems because they have an extreme sense of hopelessness, helplessness and depression. Some of the factors that may lead a person to attempt suicide are feelings of isolation, having a serious physical illness, experiencing a major loss, abuse of drugs or alcohol, experiencing major changes in life, post-partum depression, history of child abuse, living in a violent relationship. Depression leads people to focus mostly on failures and disappointments, to emphasise their negative side of their situations. It also effects a person thoughts in such a way that the person doesn’t see when a problem can be overcome. Bipolar disorder are also more at risk for suicide because their condition can cause them to go through times when...

Words: 594 - Pages: 3


...dying because of devastating frustration is upsetting to friends and family. The percentage of suicides and suicide attempts increases immensely during adolescence. Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year olds, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Overdose using over-the-counter, prescription, and non-prescription medicine is also a very common routine for both trying and accomplishing suicide. Suicide rates vary between males and females. Females contemplate and attempt suicide about twice as often as males, and tend to try suicide by cutting themselves or overdosing on drugs. Yet males die from suicide about four times as often as females, because they tend to use more lethal approaches, like fire arms. Young individuals with mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, are at higher threat for suicidal thoughts. Factors that increase the chance of suicide among teens incorporate: a psychological disorder, especially depression, bipolar disorder and alcohol and drug use, feelings of distress, feelings of hopelessness, a previous suicide attempt, a family history of depression or suicide, lack of a support network, poor relationships with parents or peers, and feelings of social isolation. An individual may need emergency action after a suicide attempt. Individuals who try to commit suicide may need to stay in a hospital for treatment and to decrease the possibility of future......

Words: 285 - Pages: 2


...SUICIDE PREVENTION The term “Suicide Prevention” is an all-encompassing term which includes collective efforts of organizations of general public, mental health experts and related professionals to reduce the incidence of suicide. How to SPOT THE SIGNS AND HELPING A SUICIDAL PERSON: ------------------------------------------------- | A person who has become suicidal may not ask for help, but that doesn't mean that he or she does not want help. Almost all people who commit suicide want to end the pain they suffer as they think suicide is the answer to stop hurting. If you think a friend or family member is considering suicide, you might be afraid to bring up the subject. But talking openly about suicidal thoughts and feelings can save a life. Understanding and preventing suicide: From the surveys of The World Health Organization, it is estimated that approximately 1 million people die each year from committing suicide. Suicide is a desperate attempt to escape suffering that has become unbearable. Blinded by feelings of self-loathing, hopelessness, and isolation, a suicidal person can't see any way of finding relief except through death. They wish there was an alternative to committing suicide, but they just can't see one. ------------------------------------------------- Suicide Warming Signs: 1. Talking about suicide 2. Seeking out lethal means 3. Preoccupation with death 4. No hope for the future 5. Self-loathing, self-hatred 6. Getting affairs in......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2


...Suicide Factors Suicide is the act committed by a person towards himself with the aim of ending his own life. It is a distressing phenomenon, which brings negative effect on the close relatives and friends. There are a lot of factors, which may lead to committing suicide. In this case, depression may be one of the most powerful causes for an individual to harm himself. Thus, one may regard the suicide to be the perfect way out of pain and suffering. Besides, global assessment done by World Health Organization, stated that the rate of suicide has risen since 1950, as much as 268 per cent among young males from 15 to 24 years (Perlman, Neufeld, Martin, Goy, Hirdes, Neufeld, Martin, Goy & Hirdes). Therefore, the suicide risk assessment is used in order to learn more about the person, about their needs and stressors. There are various kinds of assessments, including quizzes and questionnaires. Additionally, I have found the suicide risk assessment developed by Sandra Cushing and Susan Boyd, and identified the chief risk factors. When analyzing the assessment, I concluded that among them there are those factors specific to depression, for instance, family history and mental disorder, severe depression, history of previous attempts to commit suicide, anxiety, feeling of loneliness and hopelessness, suicidal intention and plan, command hallucinations, homicidal thoughts. Among other factors for consideration there were also family history of suicide, physical illness,......

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5


...12.00 hours. You can adjust this time interval by clicking on File → Preferences → Timing. When all of the information has been entered to your satisfaction, click OK to continue. You control the observing session from this Main Telescope Screen. Notice that Jupiter is displayed in the center of your computer screen. To either side are the small point-like Galilean satellites. Sometimes a moon is behind Jupiter, so it cannot be seen. Even at high magnifications, the moons are very small compared to Jupiter. The current telescope magnification is shown in the upper left corner. The date, the UT (Universal Time – the time in Greenwich, England), and the Julian Day (JD) are all displayed in the lower left. You can display the screen at four scales of magnification by clicking on the 100X, 200X, 300X, and 400X buttons at the bottom of the screen. Try them now. To improve the accuracy of your measurement of a moon, you should always use the largest possible magnification which leaves the moon visible on the screen. Be careful NOT to click the button marked next just yet! Now, position the mouse cursor over the screen and hold down the button. The measurement system turns on and displays the apparent perpendicular distance X (in JDs) that the cursor is away from the center of Jupiter. Notice that each edge of Jupiter is X = 0.5 JD. In order to measure the perpendicular distance of each moon from Jupiter, move the cursor until the moon is centered in the cross hairs and then......

Words: 1595 - Pages: 7


...Types of Measurement Scales Marc Waters MKT/441 June 9, 2014 Cyndie Shadow Types of Measurement Scales Introduction For this week’s assignment, students are to select four types of types of measurement increasing order of sophistication; they are Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, and Ratio. These are categories in which numbers are grouped. This paper will also demonstrate how they can be effective in surveys or questionnaires. Nominal The number we assign to some object, idea, or behavior is entirely arbitrary, although in some cases a tradition may establish the rules of assignment. If measurements are assigned arbitrary numbers, they are called nominal numbers, and their sole purpose in the analysis is to differentiate an item possessing one characteristic from an item possessing a different characteristic. Nominal data is a type of categorical data in which objects do not have a natural, meaningful order. You can count but not order or measure nominal data. Only calculations based on the frequencies of occurrence are valid. Nominal scales have no numeric properties. Qualitative information is obtained from a nominal scale. This means objects are classified by name only. Counting is the only operation that can be performed on a nominal scale. Examples of nominal questions that may be used are: state of residence; gender; or hair color: blonde, brown, red, and black. Ordinal Ordinal data is a type of categorical data in which objects have a natural......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3


...Suicide is the action of intentionally killing oneself. According to statistics, there has bee a significant increase of 80% suicides, since the previous year. Durkheim believed that suicide rates were dependent on social factors, related to both scientific laws and facts, such as religion, education and the media. Durkheim conducted a range of research to prove these predictions. For example, he found that Catholics had lower suicide rates than Protestants. From these findings concluded that suicide is caused by social factors such as too little/too much social integration and too little/too much moral regulation. Within the Catholic Church suicide is seen as a sin therefore due to this religious tie Catholics are less likely to commit suicide. Additionally, an example of suicide based on too much moral regulation is Palestinian suicide bombings. According to Durkheim, these two social factors create a typology of suicide. Altruistic suicide is due to too much social integration. Egoistic suicide is due to too little social integration. Fatalistic suicide is due to too much moral regulation. Anomic suicide is due to too little moral regulation. Furthermore, many positivists have built on Durkheim’s work. Including Sainsbury who found that social disorganisation, Anomic suicide, was the most popular type of suicide and Hallowach who found urban to rural changes make Egoistic suicide more likely. Durkheim’s work, being a Positivist, made making generalisations......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3


...I. Introduction Suicide comes from the Latin word “Suicidium” from Sui caedere which means “to kill oneself” is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death. Suicide is often committed out of despair or attributed to some underlying mental disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and alcoholism or drug abuse. Over one million people die by suicide every year. It is a leading cause of death among teenagers and adult under 35. The rate of suicide is far higher in men than women, with males worldwide three to four times more likely to kill themselves than females. There are an estimated 10 to 20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year worldwide. Views of suicide have been influenced by broader cultural views on existential themes such as religion, honor, and the meaning of life. The Abrahamic religions traditionally consider suicide an offense towards God due to the belief in the sanctity of life. It was often regarded as a serious crime and that view remains commonplace in modern western thought. However, before the rise of Christianity, suicide was not seen as automatically immoral in ancient Greek and Roman culture. Conversely, during the Samurai in Japan, Seppuku was respected as a means of failure or as a form of protest. Sati is a Hindu funeral practice, now out lamed, in which the widow was expected to immolate herself on their husband’s funeral pyre, either......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2


...CHAPTER ONE TOPIC The Impact of Suicide among East Indian Males in Johanna Black Bush Polder. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY “Suicide” is a constant threat in the Guyanese society. Apart from these stolen lives there are also those living with permanent mental and also physical scars from unsuccessful attempts. Everyday in Guyana people are attempting suicide and this trend continues to present itself. According to Danns (2001) an amazing 76.2 % of suicide deaths are from the East Indian community. Suicide among East Indian males in over the years have increased. There has been outcry from the entire community because of the impact that this phenomena has on the family and the neighboorhood. This suicidal tendency has created fear and a sense of desperation thinking of whom or what will be next. Suicide has and is still a constant problem in Guyana. There has been over the years scored of suicidal attempts and its impact is devastating. East Indian men are regularly committing suicide especially in the County of Berbice. Macionis (1999) defines suicide as “the act of deliberately killing oneself and the cause of action is extremely damaging to one’s interest. However, Granello (2007) said that suicide is the act of killing oneself. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Suicide is often seen as a minor issue in society but when carefully analyzed it was revealed that it has devastating effects on the families, the communities and even a nation. For examples......

Words: 1938 - Pages: 8


...Teen Suicide Research Paper People need to be informed on why teens commit suicide and what signs to look for. Teens are slowly slipping away because of this deadly subject and people need to start noticing. Sometimes people can get caught up in their own personal lives and not even notice when a loved one is considering suicide. In the seven articles read, there were a variety of things that people seem to overlook often. Why teens are committing suicide and what people can do to help victims who are considering, are two main points that are important for people to know. In a Kids Health article about teen suicide, it talks about teen suicide and different things people need to know about it.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year-olds. Most of the time, people don’t realize that they could have helped a victim because they didn’t know any of the warning signs. The article goes on to talk about the risks of suicide, that 60% of all suicide in America are used with a gun. This is why no one should ever have a gun unlocked or kept in a place where it is easily out of reach. In 1996, more teenagers and young adults died of suicide than from cancer, heart disease, AIDS, birth defects, stroke, pneumonia and influenza, and chronic lung disease combined .In 1996, suicide was the second-leading cause of death among college students, the third-leading cause of death among those aged 15 to 24 years,...

Words: 3883 - Pages: 16


... SUICIDE RISK ASSESSMENT GUIDE REFERENCE MANUAL INTRODUCTION The Suicide Risk Assessment Pocket Card was developed to assist clinicians in all areas but especially in primary care and the emergency room/triage area to make an assessment and care decisions regarding patients who present with suicidal ideation or provide reason to believe that there is cause for concern. This reference guide provides more specific information and the rationale for the sections on the pocket card. The sections of the guide correspond with the sections of the card. The Reference Guide may also be used as a teaching aid for new providers, residents and students at all levels and disciplines as well as other caregivers. This introduction provides general information regarding the nature and prevalence of suicidal behaviors and factors associated with increased risk for suicide and suicide attempts. Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (including suicide attempts and death by suicide) are commonly found at increased rates among individuals with psychiatric disorders, especially major depressive disorder, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, anxiety, chemical dependency, and personality disorders (e.g., antisocial and borderline). A history of a suicide attempt is the strongest predictor of future suicide attempts, as well as death by suicide. Intentional self-harm (i.e., intentional self-injury without the expressed intent to die) is also associated with long-term risk for repeated......

Words: 4773 - Pages: 20


...Wayne Chin Eng 101 5500 3/12/12 Assisted Suicide- to live or to die Assisted suicide begins the question the moral fiber of human beings, are we destined to live in a world wherein euthanasia is the answer. In James Salter’s Last Night the character Walter Such is at odds with himself he is dealing with the idea of ending his wife’s Marit life, with her permission. She is suffering from a life threatening illness, and ending her life seems to be a pain free answer. Life ending always seems to be the answer in debilitating life threatening disease, life is no longer considered to be valuable. We look for pleasures in life but seek pain when our lives become terminal. James Slater conveys life is to be admired, enjoyed just like the character Susanna a friend of Marit who is young, vibrant, beautiful, and carefree. We are given one life, do we not value that life, and not end it when our mortality is threatened. While living terminal disease with can become expensive with healthcare involved the ultimate end result should justify the means. We should try to live longer and prosper. Although euthanasia can cause love ones to be emotionally drained, rather have that person live longer than to try to end their life too soon. James Salter expresses his anger through his character Walter Such as thought “if he dropped the syringe, broke it somehow, and said his hand had been shaking…..” (Salter pg5). Walter Such not wanting to go through......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2


...SUICIDE Paula Carver Course: PSY 303: Abnormal Psychology Instructor: Kevin Webster 4-30-12 In this assignment I will be giving an overview of a suicide assessment. I will research the roles of depression according to age, gender, ethnicity and social economics. This assignment will also include information of how I would react to a person who has threatened suicide based on my research and learning's. According to the guide on VA Suicide Risk Assessment pocket care signs of acute risk are threatening to hurt or kill themself, look for ways to kill themself and talking about killing themself. These signs should always be taken seriously and referred to a professional that can assess the immediate needs (911 should be called if extreme). During the assessment the Clinician introductory stamen should be used to pave the way to ensuring an informative and smooth dialogue and reassure the patient that you are prepared for and interested in the answers. Example, I appreciate how difficult the problem must be for you at this time. Then go on to say I had a previous patient with the same symptoms as you and had thoughts of suicide. Have you ever thought about suicide? However, the clinician should ask the screening set of question whenever the clinical situation or presentation warrants it. In the screening process open-ended questions that lead to a response of yes or no. If the answer is yes, the next question should be asked. For example, Are you feeling...

Words: 2024 - Pages: 9