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INFORMATION COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) PROCUREMENT MANUAL

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS SECTION 2 PREPARING FOR ICT PROCUREMENT PLANNING How do we prepare for ICT Procurement? Looking at Total Cost Ownership What is the value of Hiring ICT Procurement Consultant? What are the classifications of ICT Procurement? Drafting the Technical Specifications, Scope of Work and Terms of Reference Drafting Service Level Requirements Reference to Benchmarks Use of Brand Names in ICT Procurement “Green” Considerations in Making Technical Specifications PREPARING THE BIDDING DOCUMENTS What are Bidding Documents? Who shall participate in the preparation of the Bidding Documents? BAC for ICT Projects What various types and sizes of contracts may be provided in the Bidding Documents How should Pre-Procurement Conference be conducted? Conducting Proof-of-Concept SECTION 3 INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PROCEDURAL STEPS FOR ICT PROCUREMENT Competitive Bidding ICTO-DOST Standards Development SECTION 4 GUIDELINES ON CONTRACT IMPLEMENTATION FOR ICT PROCUREMENT OF GOODS Dispute Resolution ANNEX A: Definition of Terms ANNEX B: Process Flow for Goods and Infrastructure ANNEX C1: Process Flow Quality Based Evaluation ANNEX C2: Process Flow Quality Cost Based Evaluation ANNEX D: Sample Technical Specification Checklist ANNEX E: Sample Bid Evaluation Template 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 7 10 11 11 11 13 13 14 14 14 17 17 18 18 18 19

SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
This Manual seeks to provide its users with clear, concise and accurate information on public procurement of (a) Information and Communications Technology (ICT) goods and services; (b) ICT Civil Works; and, (c) ICT consulting services, by discussing the steps that need to be taken to effect such procurement in the manner prescribed by R.A. 9184, otherwise known as the “Government Procurement Reform Act,” and its…...

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...University Library Guide to the Harvard Style of Referencing July 2008 http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk Anglia Ruskin University 1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 4 1.1 1.2 1.3 2. Explanation of citation and referencing .....................................................4 Plagiarism .................................................................................................4 Referencing systems.................................................................................5 CITING REFERENCES IN TEXT USING THE HARVARD SYSTEM..................... 6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 3. Author’s name cited in the text ..................................................................6 Author’s name not cited directly in the text................................................6 More than one author cited in the text .......................................................6 More than one author not cited directly in the text ....................................7 Two authors for the same work .................................................................7 More than two authors for a work..............................................................7 No date .....................................................................................................8 Page numbers ...........................................................................

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...In a list of references, you need to include: (with each type of text there are some examples) 1. Books: Author, Year. Title of book. Edition (only include this if not the first edition). Place of publication: Publisher. Ulrich, W., 1983. Critical heuristics of social planning. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2. Newspaper articles: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Newspaper, Date. Page numbers. Slapper, Gary., 2005. Corporate manslaughter: new issues for lawyers. The Times, 3 Sep. p.4-5. 3. Scientific articles: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), Page numbers. Website Address [Accessed date] Beaver, M., 2000. Errant greenhouse could still be facing demolition. Building Design. 24 Nov., p.3. Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: an indepth look. Political Science Quarterly. 42 (6). Hamill, C., 1999. Academic essay writing in the first person: a guide for undergraduates. Nursing Standard. 21 Jul., 13 (44), p. 38-40. Jenkings, R.,1989. Clashing with caching. ARIADNE. Issue 21,10 September. Wright, A. & Cottee, P., 2000. Consumer understanding of US and EU nutrition labels. British Food Journal [Online] 103 (8), p. 615-629. Emerald. Available at: <http://www.emerald-library.com> [accessed 8 September 2001]. 4. Other sources on the Internet: Author, Initials., Year. Title of......

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...CITING REFERENCES INTEXT 1一个作者在文章中的注明,有两种方式: 1)作者姓氏在文章中直接标注,如: In general, when writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been supported in the work of Cormack (1994). 如果直接引用原文,则必须用‘’号标注引用部分,并标注引用部分所在的文献页数,如: Cormack (1994, pp.32-33) states that 'when writing for a professional readership, writers invariably make reference to already published works'. 2) 作者姓氏不在文章中直接标注,如 Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994). 2一个作者以上在文章中的注明,如: Jones (1946) and Smith (1948) have both shown … 或者: Further research in the late forties (Jones, 1946; Smith, 1948) lead to major developments…… (Collins, 1998; Brown, 2001; Davies, 2008) 3 二、三、四个作者写同一篇文献, 如: During the mid nineties research undertaken in Luton (Slater and Jones, 1996) showed that... or Earlier research (White and Brown, 1966) demonstrated that the presence of certain chemicals would lead to... 4 多于4个作者来自同一篇文章, 如: Green, et al. (1995) found that the majority … or: Recent research (Green, et al., 1995) has found that the majority of … 5 同一个作者不同时期的文章should be cited in chronological order (i.e. earliest first) ,如: as suggested by Bloggs (1992, 1994) who found that … or: research in the nineties (Bloggs 1992, 1994) found that … 6 同一个作者,同一年份,不同作品,如: Earlier research by Dunn (1993a) found that…but......

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...Thunderbird School of Global Management Quick-Reference Guide: The Cultural Orientations Model™ Environment: How individuals view and relate to people, objects, and issues Control: strong attitude that the environment can and should be changed and molded to fit one's needs. Harmony: need to build consensus and balance all interests. Constraint: need to act within clearly defined parameters set by external forces. Time: How individuals perceive the nature of time and its use Single-focused: concentrates on one task at a time. Multi-focused: attends to multiple tasks and/or relationships simultaneously. Fixed: focuses primarily on an exact measurement of time. Fluid: has a secondary focus on the exact measurement of time. Past: places high value on pre-established processes and procedures. Present: places a focus on short-term and quick results. Future: places a focus on long-term results. Action: How individuals view actions and interactions Being: emphasizes relationships, reflection, and analysis. Doing: focuses on task and action. Communication: How individuals express themselves High context: emphasizes implicit and relying on verbal cues. Low context: places strong value on explicit communication. Direct: perceives value in conflict and preferring a direct and explicit handling of it. Indirect: uses implicit modes and/or third parties in conflict situations. Expressive: emphasizes and values displays of emotion and/or eloquent use of language in......

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...memory and updating in Coloured Raven Matrices performance in typically developing children. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 22(7), 1010-1020. Best, J.R., Miller, P.H. & Jones, L.L. (2009). Executive Functions after Age 5: Changes and Correlates. Developmental Review, 29(3),180-200. Bull, Espy & Wiebe, 2008 Bull, Rebecca; Espy, Kimberly; and Wiebe, Sandra A., "Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: Longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 years" (2008). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory - Faculty and Staff Publications. Paper 40. Bunting, M., Cowan, N. & Saults, J.S. (2006). How does running memory span work? The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59(10),1691-1700. Calleja et al., 2003 Carriedo, N. & Rucian, M. (2009). Adaptación para niños de la prueba de amplitud lectora de Daneman&Carpenter (PAL-n). Infancia & Aprendizaje, 32(3), 449-485. Case, Kurland, & Goldberg, 1982 Case, R., Kurland, M., & Goldberg, J. (1982). Operational efficiency and the growth of short-term memory span. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 33, 386–404. Cattell, R.B. (1971). Abilities: Their structure, growth and action. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. Ceci, S. J. (1991). How much does schooling influence general intelligence and its cognitive components? A reassessment of the evidence. Developmental Psychology, 27(5), 703-722. Chamorro-Premuzic &......

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...modeling technique designed to help managers in planning and decision making relative to resource allocation  Belongs to the broader field of mathematical programming  In this sense, programming refers to modeling and solving a problem mathematically © 2009 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 7–2 Requirements of a Linear Programming Problem  LP has been applied in many areas over the past 50 years  All LP problems have 4 properties in common 1. All problems seek to maximize or minimize some quantity (the objective function) 2. The presence of restrictions or constraints that limit the degree to which we can pursue our objective 3. There must be alternative courses of action to choose from 4. The objective and constraints in problems must be expressed in terms of linear equations or inequalities © 2009 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 7–3 LP Properties and Assumptions PROPERTIES OF LINEAR PROGRAMS 1. One objective function 2. One or more constraints 3. Alternative courses of action 4. Objective function and constraints are linear ASSUMPTIONS OF LP 1. Certainty 2. Proportionality 3. Additivity 4. Divisibility 5. Nonnegative variables Table 1 © 2009 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 7–4 Basic Assumptions of LP  We assume conditions of certainty exist and     numbers in the objective and constraints are known with certainty and do not change during the period being studied We assume proportionality exists in the objective and constraints We assume additivity in that the total of all activities equals......

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...University of Sydney Business School Referencing Guide This referencing guide has been prepared by the Business Programs Unit for use in Units of Study within The University of Sydney Business School. It is based on the Harvard referencing style. Contents 1. How to use this guide...........................................................................................................................2 2. Some basic referencing terms and rules ..............................................................................................2 3. Examples – when and how to reference ..............................................................................................3 3.1 Placement of in-text references....................................................................................................................3 3.2 Summarising a source ..................................................................................................................................3 3.3 Paraphrasing a source .................................................................................................................................3 3.4 Short quotation .............................................................................................................................................4 3.5 Long quotation ...........................................................................................................................................

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...References American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Nutrition, “Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: Policy Statement.”Pediatrics 112, no. 2 (August 2003): 424-430. American Academy of Pediatrics, Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity, 2003 (Outside Source). Downloaded June 18, 2012. American Heart Association, “Exercise (Physical Activity) and Children.” American Heart Association, http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4596 (accessed June 10, 2012). Associated Press, “State study suggests national child obesity problem.” CNN.com, June 4, 2004,http://edition.cnn.com/2004/HEALTH/diet.fitness/06/04/obese.children.ap/index.html (accessed June 15, 2012). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Obesity and Chronic Diseases Through Good Nutrition and Physical Activity (PDF; Outside Source). Accessed May 2012 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/aag/aag_dash.htm (accessed June 8, 2012). “Community Nutrition: Obesity Prevention Program.” Duval County Health Department, http://www.dchd.net/obesity.htm(accessed May 31, 2012). Just, David R. and Brian Wansink (2009), “Better School Meals on a Budget: Using Behavioral Economics and Food Psychology to Improve Meal Selection,” Choices, 24:3, 1-6 Wansink, Brian, and David Just (2011), “Healthy Foods First: Students Take the First Lunchroom Food 11% More Often Than the Third,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Volume......

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