The Functions of Crime

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Submitted By AceReluctant44
Words 370
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The Functions of Crime
By Emile Durkeim
Discussion Questions

1. Without a way to punish crime, you don’t have a way to control crime either. Without the ability to control crime, it would be accepted by the society of which this was held. People would find the patterns of “law breaking” to become of normal practice and therefore develop a much more relaxed outlook on crime and punishment. Humans would be dependent on reasoning instead of logic. The “moral correctness” of crime would play a much larger role in their society and would be the only source of control of the actions of crime. What is “Right” and “Wrong” would be determined by the culture of that person.

2. Deviant behavior, in fact, is necessary in our society. Deviance is what helps create our individualities, which are crucial to our development of personality, which separates us all from each other. Deviance is essential to the development of society; if crime were to be taken out of us it would have to change our complete consciousness, which in result, would just allow us to create a new definition of crime for ourselves.

The Medicalization of Deviance
By Peter Conrad & Joseph W. Schneider
Discussion Questions

1. The disease of “Alcoholism” was seen as an act against religion, and also seen as breaking the law and resulted in a punishment. Now, however, It is seen as a sickness caused by an “Allergy” to alcohol and is being treated medically so. People are starting to understand that Alcoholism isn’t something that is controllable but that it is something that requires the help of a health professional to cure; therefore it is more socially accepted now.

2. The thought of a rape was seen as an act of choice and that they did this act out of their own free will and therefore can be punished and fixed. The idea that rape has become a sickness now, however,…...

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