The Reflections of Life’s Existence

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Jencooper328
Words 3222
Pages 13
Jennifer Cooper
The Reflections of Life’s Existence
PHIL201 –Introduction to Philosophy
July 31, 2014

Abstract
The discussion of life’s questions is not easy. Philosophers use many points to prove their arguments. The debates of how and why we make our decisions will go on as long as we are around to research ourselves. Philosophers use metaphysics to study the world around us using science and knowledge. Epistemology is the study of how we gather knowledge and how it is trusted. Ethics is the framework by which people make decisions of right and wrong. Ethics also deals with individual, social, and cultural moralities.
The Reflections of Life’s Existence
Introduction
Why do we care about the meaning of life? Do we need to ponder questions about our existence in order to be happy? Scientists and philosophers have pondered these questions and tried to find answers to concerns about free will and do we have a soul. They also have deliberated about how reason effects our decisions and if ethics plays a role in how humans interact. Do people with higher morals make for happier people?
Metaphysics:
What is real and how do we know the correct reality? Metaphysics is the study of reality and how we understand the world around us explained using science and reason. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) explains (n.d.) Aristotle believed that we perceive our world around us with our eyes. We are visual creatures. That is why sight is so important and the argument of materialism and spiritualism still exists. Humans use the material elements around us to explain and relate to each other. We consider physical attributes and their relationships to one another. Is the physical world more or less real than the spiritual or psychological world? That is the conflict amongst philosophers. There are two schools of thought. They are equal…...

Similar Documents

A Life's Worth

...A Life’s Worth by James Adrian S. Amparado Life is beautiful, when you have your loved ones and having an experience of wonderful. The love given, and in return much love received and woven. Living the life of love, that is the life that we should have. Knowing the value of the self, the love and to it, makes the life worth it. This is how I value life, it starts by knowing thy self. This short poem that I made is about a life’s worth of a person. Having knowledge of life running through a person, attaching love and experience to the way of life. One statement made me do it. A statement told by a philosopher named Socrates about life. The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire initiative. He pursued genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, Socrates employed the same logical tricks developed by the Sophists to a new purpose, the pursuit of truth. Thus, his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than a suitable account of the nature of things make him the first clear promoter of critical philosophy. Although he was well known during his own time for his conversational skills and public teaching, Socrates wrote nothing. Nevertheless, it is usually assumed that at least the early dialogues of Plato provide an accurate representation of Socrates himself. "The unexamined life is not worth living." Socrates...

Words: 909 - Pages: 4

The Existence of God

...Descartes’ Meditation 3 is a proof which attempts to provide evidence for the existence of God. Descartes gives this evidence through reasoning, starting out by describing how he comes to this conclusion of the existence of God. He does this by closing himself off mentally from the outside world, ignoring sight, hearing, and his other senses and looking deeply in himself (Cahn 496). This allows him to make an introspective look at God’s existence without the influences of another person. From this state, he organizes his thoughts and from his collective thoughts and reasoning, he deduces that God does exist due to his finite existence, a mere substance that is “not sufficient to explain my [Descartes] having the idea of an infinite substance, since I am finite, unless this idea proceeded from some substance which really was infinite” (Cahn 500) and the understanding that God is a substance that “is infinite, independent, supremely intelligent and supremely powerful” (Cahn 500). This basically means that since he should not be able to have the ability to think the way he does without either being an infinite being or having an infinite being put the thoughts into his head. This explanation appears to be extremely logical, but once it is analyzed several flaws in reasoning are picked up from the reading. I agree with most of Descartes reasoning on the existence of God, which I will clarify further, along with an explanation of the......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Reflection

...Reflection Walden University Introduction to philosophy PHIL 1001 How can you prove weather at this moment we are sleeping, and all our thoughts are a dream; or weather we are awake, and talking to one another in the waking state? Plato For this reflection I founded it fascinating to consider different understanding of reality, I really enjoyed Plato Alegory of the cave amazing piece of art work what a great philosopher for that time period, also movie Matrix great movie directed by Wanch brothers. So questions we can all ask ourselves: Are things we see around us real, are they our reality, and how do we know that for sure, how do we know if we are dreaming or not. These are questions that unfortunately are out of our reach and only time will answer. The Alegory of the cave is a famous story from the Plato Republic, it is a profound allegory with many interpretation, and in this reflection I will compare it to the movie Matrix, and my view of reality. “ Imagine the condition of men living in a sort of cavernous chamber underground, with an entrance open to the light and a long passage all down the cave. Here they have been from childhood, chained by the leg and also by the neck, so that they cannot move and can see only what is in front of them, because the chain will not let them turn their heads. At some distance higher up is the light of a fire burning behind them, and between the prisoners and the fire is a track with a parapet built......

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8

God's Existence

...approach. Several arguments have been presented to prove and disprove his existence based on scientific explanations and personal explanations. Scientific explanations have laws and principles that can explain the natural whys we have in our present universe. Personal explanations are provided when science can not explain the causes but provide the intentions of something just as good an explanation as the scientific one. The Cosmological Argument by Bruce Reichenbach seems to most likely to convince a rational and open-minded agnostic that they should believe in the existence of God because nothing natural in this universe could have caused the beginning of the universe. Reichenbach states that “theists are in good company when they look for explanations either of the universe or a particular phenomena within it” (p. 187). The argument Reichenbach presents has a different structure, but I will present it in a shorter form as followed: the universe (the contingent) had a beginning, so everything with a beginning/effect has a cause or explanation, the universe had a cause, nothing natural could have caused it or caused itself, therefore a non-contingent (necessary) being, we will name God, caused the universe to begin. I will discuss the primary objections to the argument and then explain why this argument would most likely convince someone, namely an agnostic, on rational grounds to believe in God’s existence. The Cosmological Argument provides, under specified conditions,......

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

God's Existence

...Term Paper Position Defense Sheel Patel Question: Analyze and evaluate the two proofs of God’s existence that Descartes provides. Which is more successful and more relevant? Plausible alternative answers: a) Apparently, Descartes had identified more than one way to prove God’s existence. b) The existence of God is a very solid topic to debate on and to be completely sure and convincing, Descartes gives to different proofs of the existence of God. Arguments in favor of each answer: a) He may have found out the second way of God’s existence by thinking about his own existence and him being an imperfect being. b) Descartes did not want to be questioned about his views as there was or is no guaranteed proof of God’s existence. Possible objections to the arguments: a) He cannot give the proof of God’s existence because he would have known that he took birth from his mother’s womb and was not created by God. He had to have knowledge of the basic science behind it. b) Descartes could have given one, solid and an unquestionable argument for God’s existence and not two loose questionable proofs. Possible replies to the objections: a) Earlier, Descartes provided doubts for his existence itself. Therefore, he could not have completely known that he was not made by God and that there was science involved in his birth. b) Descartes thought of them to be solid and he was not...

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Existence of God

...Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary The Existence of God; Science As Justification Submitted to Dr. michael chiavone Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For THEO 626 D02 By Daniel Martin Student ID: L25178504 New Orleans, LA December 12, 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. Introduction 1 a. Thesis and introductory explanation b. Historical development of doctrine II. Arguments for the Existence of God 3 c. Cosmological Argument d. Teleological Argument e. Anthropological III. Atheism Versus Existence of God 11 f. Evidence used to disprove God’s existence g. The believers evidence to counter IV. Conclusion 13 h. Summary of the arguments i. Applications in the church today V. Introduction The existence of an omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, immutable, monotheistic God has come up against enormous resistance from the beginning of time. Early believers such as Moses, Elijah, Paul, and Peter all had to demonstrate that their God is the one true God at times. These believers even encountered persecution and ridicule for holding on to these beliefs at times. Nevertheless the challenges to these early believers tended to be demonstrating that their God was greater than their accuser’s god or gods. At times, it was through the words of men that the God of the Bible was shown to be greater, and......

Words: 5137 - Pages: 21

Existence of God

...Is it Possible to Prove the Existence of God? Name Institution Is it Possible to Prove the Existence of God? Several theories have been put forward to explain how the universe came into being. While most religious groups maintain that, the universe is as a result of an act or acts of a Supreme Being, scientists proposes other theories to counter or agree with this argument. For example, the Big Bang theory tries to explain the origin of the universe because studies in astrophysics have clearly shown that indeed the universe had a beginning (Hatcher, 1994). In addition, the Charles Darwin’s theory also tries to explain the origin of man by suggesting that the human race as it exists today originated from a single cell to a complex being (Hatcher, 1994). However, some of these theories contain inconsistencies that may explain the existence of God. To prove the existence of God, one has to look at the observable phenomena such as the complexity of the universe, laws of nature and inconsistencies in proposed theories. The complexity of the universe suggests the presence of a Supreme Being. While the evolution theory tried to explain the origin of man, it failed to provide substantial evidence on the complexity of the human being (Hatcher, 1994). In fact, the theory suggests that a human being evolved from a single cell organism. However, the complexity of the human brain and the nervous system may suggest otherwise due to its structure.......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Existence of God

...us, instilling fear and insecurity. We at sometime in our lives are coerced into questioning the existence of God. The main question being “If God truly does exist why does he allow evil to occur, why doesn’t he protect the innocent”. In the dialogue between Athea, Bea and Agnos, Bruce Russell uses the characters to tackle that exact question by focusing on the argument of the problem of Evil. Athea in this dialogue is used as the protagonist in the attack of theism, he lays the foundation of the dialogue by providing the premises on which he believes that God must not exist due to the presence of evil. Bea in this dialogue is considered the protagonist in the defense of theism, he role is to highlight the weakness in the problem of evil argument and furthermore suggesting alternative reasons for the presence of evil despite God’s existence. In this essay I shall summarize the setting of the dialogue between the two main characters, then delve into the arguments that are presented. I shall first highlight Athea’s argument against the presence of God, explaining the structure and conclusion of the problem of evil argument, as this lays the foundation for the whole dialogue. I shall then focus on Bea’s reaction to Athea’s argument, clarifying her perceived weakness of the argument and furthermore pointing out her theories on why the presence of evil exists despite Gods existence. Finally I shall present my opinion on the Problem of evil, illustrating the weakness in the......

Words: 2222 - Pages: 9

Life's Scents

...a vision statement defines the motivation of an organization with a strategic plan in place to meet the organization’s vision. Life’s Scents built the shops strategic plan around the mission and vision statement opposed to the mission and vision statement based on the strategic plan to ensure success reaching the goals of the shop. Life’s Scents is a local shop that specializes in aromatherapy, relaxation products, and workshops that teach relaxation, meditation, and massage techniques. The shop caters to a multicultural community by creating sections within the store dedicated to a variety of cultural needs reminiscent of Indian cultural oils, spices, aromas, and relaxation techniques. Life’s Scents strives to meet the demand and desires of all potential customers and continues to change and expand product lines to provide the most current quality products and services available. The shop originally focused on high end quality products but has since added product lines that focus on the middle income market. Mission Statement Life’s Scents hopes to enrich people’s lives by helping to enlighten their sense of well being, health, and relaxation. We strive to provide quality products and services at a fair price as well as superior customer service to meet the needs and desires of our customers. Vision Statement Within the next five years Life’s Scents will become the premier aromatherapy shop within community by creating harmony, teaching relaxation techniques, and......

Words: 2603 - Pages: 11

Existence of God

...The existence of god has been a question that has plagued mankind since it began to think logically. Many philosophers argue that there may or may not be a god, or that there may even be different types of gods. It is difficult to say whether or not god can exist because there is a lack of knowledge or limited knowledge regarding the issue. Mankind has only been around for so long and only has little pieces of history left to study. So who knows what we could be possibly be missing in this quest to find the ultimate answer. Yet our way of thinking has evolved enough to allow us to grasp more complex ideas to make up for lost history. And maybe just maybe, be able to come to the conclusion of whether or not god can or cannot exist. The Big Bang generally refers to the idea that the universe has expanded from a hot and dense condition at some time in the past, and continues to expand to this day. My question is what put it there? Time could have not decided to one day say, “I think I’m going to create life in a thing called a universe.” And magically particles come out of nowhere, more and more build up until it’s screaming hot, and then BANG! Time begins and so does everything as we know it today. Something had to place it there. Something had to have planned out the whole process involving the beginning of time. Everything is too complex and precise to not have been created by an intelligent being. I do believe in “God” but not the god referred to in the bible. I believe...

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Existence Precedes Essence

...Trevor Thompson The meaning of life has been a topic of discussion throughout history that has sparked interest within the philosophical world. People wonder whether every person has a certain role that they are destined to play or whether they instead have the free will to choose for themselves. The discussion about life’s meaning prompted the philosophy of existentialism. Existentialists believe that life is inherently without meaning until an individual creates the meaning of his or her own existence. Many pieces of literature have been examined and declared as existential pieces, with a lot of them falling into the realm of The Theater of the Absurd and therefore absurdism itself. These texts contain illogical reasoning, nonsensical dialogue, cyclical plots, and no horizon of significance. In this paper, I will argue that if one looks at Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead through an existential lens, they will see that it embodies the existential ideals of instability and that "existence precedes essence”. Instability is a key factor in an existential world. The stability that exists within most pieces of literature, namely created from the horizon of significance and the fulfillment of certain goals, does not appear. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead embodies the theme of instability because nothing that Rosencrantz, henceforth Ros, or Guildenstern, henceforth Guil, do actually allows them both advancement within the story. After flipping coins and landing......

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6

Existence

...something that left me with less regret, like I love you or something. Maybe I could’ve change the past but it is done, sealed, never to be repeated as it cannot happen again. The connection I once had with them is nothing but memories that I cannot live again in this time and space. But one day they will return. I know they will return to make me happy again while at this moment in time I must say goodbye to the people I love. I must continue my life as they would’ve wanted, even if they would’ve wanted to be around to see it. But the mind copes in mysterious ways. There came a moment of clarity and now, as I look down upon them as they would’ve looked down upon me. I cannot fully understand why this has happened to me or how this came to existence. But now I must look away as I cannot look upon my parent’s place of rest. I am left on my own to discovery my own life. To discovery a world without my parents. I did not see this coming weeks ago but it is here and it has made a sudden change to me. I can see myself within the same hole but I am here, not there. I can see that I am not the only one who is grieving, but I am most hurt. I will not let their lives go to waste as I am still here to speak on their behalf. I grabbed a single rose and placed it where they laid and reflected on what was to come. The darkness will never be my enemy and the light will guide me on my next adventure in life, through the spirit of my parents. “I will miss you and love you forever and I......

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Reflections

...ED 250 REFLECTIONS 1 The Need for Teacher Education . The week two lectures had highlighted an important issue which has come under a lot of criticisms for the past years. This was the need for teacher education. Although many critics still feel that teacher education is a waste of time or that field experience is more important. Most do not realize that the need of teacher’s professional development is essential for the improvement of education all over the world and thus the expectancy for quality teacher education is becoming higher every day. First off, there are countless criticisms to the need for teacher education. However the two that I will focus on are firstly, the critic that teachers are “born and not made.” I feel that in order to be become a good teacher , you must learn the skills, knowledge as well get the experience to achieve the goal of being or becoming a good teacher. I do not agree with the statement that teachers are born ; for they are made. Teacher education is thus based on the theory that teachers are made and not born in contrary to the assumption that they are born. Since teaching is considered an art and a science, the teacher has to acquire not only the knowledge but also the skills or the ‘tricks of the trade’. In addition to this, another criticism is that knowing my subject content is sufficient. This I disagree with, because it definitely will not prepare you for the classroom and the school environment. I believe that educating......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Life's Boundaries

...Life’s Boundaries When I was little, my father left us --- me and my mom. I met him after 16 years then. That’s when he starts supporting me, financially. My Mom and Dad were civil with each other. They only talk when it has something to do with me. My Dad, he always gave me what I want. Yes, it’s want. Not need. My Mom, sometimes she fails me to give me what I want but surely, she never failed to give me what I need. My Mom, I really love her. We used to bond together, like going to the mall after we attended the Sunday mass and even picnics. When my birthday came, I really wished for something I never had, gadgets maybe. So, when my Mom gave me her gift, I was surprised because she handed me an iPad Mini. So I hugged her and kissed her a lot. After that, everything was just ‘used to be’. When we’re at home or somewhere else, she’s trying to have a quality time with me but I’m not minding her because her because I was busy reading Watt pad using the iPad that she gave me. I always have my phone and iPad with me as if I can’t live without them. Time just passed by like that, my Mom taking care of me while I was little busy on my study and spent more time with my gadgets and social media instead of spending it with my her. One day, I noticed that she’s taking some medicine, that I know she doesn’t do before. I asked her one time, she just smiled at me so I think she’s just doing fine. After that, I went back to my normal routines. But as time goes by, she looks a little......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Life's Distractions

...Life’s Distractions As we labor in this journey called, “Life,” even we Christians find ourselves in predicaments that we know that are not pleasing to God. The Holy Spirit cautions us, but we allow the distractions, our flesh, to bind us up. Then, we ask ourselves, in frustration, 1. How did I get into this mess? 2. What happened to my better judgment? 3. Why did it happen to me? And……. 4. How can I get out? I thank God for a merciful God—a God of love and forgiveness! He always comes through, in spite of ourselves. Let’s look at some biblical distractions that caused an uproar, but God stepped in to fix that which was broken. I. EVE, the first Woman on Earth Eve appeared as a complete, perfect woman. She was never a child, or a daughter or a maiden. She was created out of man. She was the first and only woman to have no inherited sin, for she formed by the hand of Almighty God. Created by a perfect God, Eve reflected the divine perfection. Adam’s first reaction to her signifies her loveliness, her beauty, her whole aura. It was Adam that gave the first love poem to a woman. When he looked upon her, he said proudly, “ This, then, at last is bone of my bones, and flesh of my own flesh: This shall be called Wo-man for from man was she taken. Yet, with all that beauty, love, and attention, Eve had a distraction, called a snake! You see, sin was unknown to Adam or Eve. Oh but a snake is a snake is a snake! This distraction changed......

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6