Theories of Crime Causation

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Unit 5 IP: Theories of Crime Causation
American InterContinental University
Virgen Ramos

Abstract
This essay will cover four main theories: the social control theory, the neutralization theory, the labeling theory, and the routine activities theory. These four theories will then be compared to the following four programs: the Midnight Basketball League programs, the Weed and Seed programs, the Graffiti Reduction program, and the Prison Rehabilitation program. They will each be discussed and described thoroughly with the use of examples. Overall, this essay will cover how the public is trying to decrease crime rates.

Unit 5 IP: Theories of Crime Causation In this large world, we have large amounts of crime rates. These high crime rates lead to the creations of specific theories. These theories lead to the makings of specific programs. These specific programs all have to do with a theory. This theory is what gives the public the idea to form a program to try to see if it will help. Discussed in this essay will be many different theories and which programs go along with them. The first theory to be introduced in this essay is Hirschi’s social control theory. “Hirschi’s social control theory proposes that delinquents fail to form or maintain a bond to society consisting of attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief” (Wiatrowski, 1981, p. 525). In other words, his theory is that if people are not involved in something they enjoy doing, something they look forward to every day, they will be bound to commit crimes. For example, a teenager that goes to a form of a youth group every night is less likely to commit a crime than a teenager that does not get involved at all. This first theory will be connected to the midnight basketball programs. The Association of Midnight Basketball Leagues Programs, Inc., or the AMBLP, was founded in 1986 by Mr. G. Van…...

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