Violence in Sport

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By dcartz
Words 616
Pages 3
The Bridge to Violence: Does Contact Sport Promote Violence Outside of the Game?
Dylan Cartier
PEDS 401: Applied Ethics in Physical Education and Sport
Judy Davidson
March 2nd, 2015

When athletes compete in a contact sport, everyone involved is aware that the contact could create more aggression and competition to those involved. Each player assumes the risks involved, incorporates physical play into their game, and uses those means necessary to gain advantages or in the end, win the game at hand. The age old question is; do contact sports increase the aggressiveness of athletes to the point that the aggression translates through into society itself? Thesis: During sport that demands physical contact, there are athletes who are predisposed to violent behaviour, athletes held accountable by their actions on and off the playing field and athletes which use physical dominance to gain an advantage, I do not believe violence in sports promotes violence outside of the game.
The ethical dilemma involved here is that people believe that contact sports promote violence outside of sport. This is ethically significant because certain athletes’ prudence and safety may be compromised after participating in such sports. This is ethically significant because we must allow for the choice of free will amongst athletes, even if they choose to assume all risks that come along with physically combative sports. However, someone may use this aggression outside of sport and could sacrifice their self-interest by being more aggressive, this in turn dawns the question, does violence in sport shape our morals and values of aggression outside of the sporting context?
Firstly, there are always the people who are more predisposed to violent and aggressive behaviour, therefore, just as the opposite there are athletes that only play within the rules of contact sport and leave it on their…...

Similar Documents

Sports

...Why Playing Sports Keeps High School Teens Out of Trouble There are a lot of benefits that a teen may experience from playing sports. When teens participate in sports, it is a fact that their chances of being involved in trouble are minimized. Teens who participate in sports acquire a lot of life skills overtime that help them become better people. One skill that a teen may learn from playing a sport can be as simple as how to become a better team player. Also playing sports help teens build self esteem while also taking up the majority of their free time outside of school. There are also things that cause trouble for teens when it comes to playing sports. These would be that teens may sometimes resolve to doing something negative for the sake of being a part of the team, not know how to handle the fame that may come from being a star athlete, and also it could cause a teen to have depression if he or she faces a losing season in a particular sport. Although some of these aspects are negative, most of the things that are experienced from playing sports ultimately lead to sports keeping teens out of trouble. In today’s society, technology has become a very popular thing. As more and more things like the TV, movies, computers, and video games are becoming the popular things, it has led teens to being much more isolated. This leads teens to becoming bored, which then leads them to be more likely to involve themselves in dangerous behavior. It used to be that these teens would......

Words: 2299 - Pages: 10

Violence in Sports

...and Violence in Sports Abstract Aggression and violence Violence in Sports Violence and aggression have always gone hand in hand with sports. Even sports in ancient Greece were based on malicious warrior sports like chariot racing, wrestling, and boxing (Coakley, 2009). Death matches were a regular with the Mayans and Aztecs. During the medieval times tournaments were created for war training and often the end result was death. Extreme violence was common in sports the same way it is common in today’s sports world. This quote by Lynn Jamieson, associate professor at Indiana University describes the acceptance of violence in sports: "Sport tends to reflect society, and we live in a violent era," she said. "We have a violent society where people use violence to solve problems instead of using other means." Eric Dunning (1999) notes that violence still exists in the modern day sports because their goal is to “create tension rather than relieve or discharge it.” Aggression and violence are often confused as being the same thing. Aggression is “an intentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain” (Lee, 2009, p. 78). Violence is “the use of excessive physical force, which causes or has obvious potential to cause harm or destruction” (Coakley, 2009, p. 196). Many people associate violence with actions that are illegal or unsanctioned, but in some societies violence is encouraged and a part of life. Aggression often involves violence,......

Words: 2344 - Pages: 10

Violence in Sports

...Violence is apart of sports nowadays whether we like it or not. Some sports require people to act violent and to do violent things so that they come off as intimidating, in hopes of creating a competitive advantage. The New Orleans Saints are a good example of this. It came about this summer that the Saints were involved in a bounty scandal, and this completely changed the view of the Saints and the NFL as a whole. “Respect comes from fear” is the quote that then defensive coordinator Gregg Williams used in a pre-game speech to pump up his players. This is the speech that essentially got general manager Mickey Loomis, head coach Sean Payton, offensive coordinator Joe Vitt and Gregg Williams suspended for part of/all of the 2012 NFL season. When details of the bounty program were brought about, we learned a lot about how the Saints played and maybe how other NFL teams run things as well. It was learned that players and coaches were putting cash down in return for big hits and opposing teams players being knocked out of games. One of the main bounties that we learned of, was the bounty that was put on Minnesota Vikings quarterback Brett Favre in the 2009 NFC Championship game. During the game, defensive lineman Anthony Hargrove had a late hit on Favre that knocked him out of that game and helped the Saints win. According to reports, Jonathan Vilma offered $10,000 to anyone who knocked Favre out of this game. The NFL is already one of, if not the most violent......

Words: 411 - Pages: 2

Violence and Sports

...nastanka agresivnosti ne moze se uzeti ni jedan od prethodno navedenih činilaca već se oni svi moraju uzeti zajedno.Uzimajući u obzir da su sami mehanizmi nastanka agresivnog ponašanja složeni i nisu u potpunosti poznati tako i pokušaji kontrolisanja agresivnosti psihološkim i vaspitnim metodama za sada su samo delomično poznati. Važno je znati da se iza spojašnje agresivnosti vrlo često krije nesiguran, nesrećan i neraspoložen adolescent sa izrazito niskim nivoom samopoštovanja. Takva su stanja veoma bolna za mladu osobu u procesu sazrevanja, izazivaju poteškoće u socijalnom prilagodjavanju i zahtevaju stručnu pomoć. Poznato je da je jedan od načina kontrole agresije preusmeravanje agresije u neku društveno prihvatljivu aktivnost (npr. sport). Postupanje s agresivnom osobom zahtijeva strpljivost i ustrajnost,veoma je vazno što ranije uočiti problem,jer što se problem brže uoci i pomoć će biti adekvatnija i brža. Huliganstvo Huliganstvo je termin koji opisuje ponašanje koje krši pravila društvene norme, bontona, zakona. Sam termin huliganstva dolazi po Irskom prezimenu HULIGAN, a pojavljuje se u Velikoj Britaniji krajem XV veka, a opisuje devijantno ponašanje i načina življenja uličnih bandi.Takodje to je termin opšte prihvaćen i opisuje ponašanje kod pojedinaca i skupina ljudi koji se svojim destruktivnim ponašanjem ne uklapaju u društvene norme i zakone te vandalizuju svoju okolinu. Takvu vrstu ponašanja danas se pripisuje navijačkim grupama iz razlišitih......

Words: 7680 - Pages: 31

Sports

...Sport (or sports) is all forms of usually competitive physical activity which,[1] through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing entertainment to participants, and in some cases, spectators.[2] Hundreds of sports exist, from those requiring only two participants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. Sport is generally recognised as activities which are based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity, with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition,[3] and other organisations such as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without a physical element from classification as sports.[2] However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports. The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports,[4][5] although limits the amount of mind games which can be admitted as sports.[1] Sports are usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition, and allow consistent adjudication of the winner. Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first, or by the determination of judges who are scoring......

Words: 2367 - Pages: 10

Violence in Youth Sports

...Involving your child in sports is important part of growing up. There are several benefits to children playing sports. The child will learn how to make friends outside of school, church, and family. It will help develop self-esteem and physical skills. They discover what it means to be a member of a team and how to win and lose with self-respect. Children also need to be active every day; exercise promotes growth and improves physical and emotional health. The Office of the Surgeon General states that “active children are at less risk to high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease as well as many cancers” (Office of the Surgeon General 2007). Growing up, my brothers participated in many sports activities. They played hockey in the winter and baseball in the summer. Practice was held once a week and a game was scheduled for the weekend. The coach was usually a volunteer teacher or a parent of a teammate. In my brothers’ free time, they simply played whatever sport or game they wanted to play. Youth sports have changed in the past 30 years. Children as young as four years old are playing in one specialized sport and stay with this sport year round. At age ten, many kids have private coaching and attend specialized clinics in the off season. The coach is usually someone with a background in sports, either a retired professional player or coach. Practices are now scheduled for twice a week and attending a weekly clinic is strongly recommended, with a strength conditioning......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Sports

... Nichols College | Sport Seminar Final Research Paper | Professor Hendrick | | Sean Fleming | 4/29/2014 | | Abstract This is my final research paper in conclusion to my studies in the Sports Management program at Nichols College. This is a research study on the use of professional athletes from American sports leagues in the Olympic Games. Table of Contents Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….page 1 Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………………………………………page 2 List of Tables and Figures………………………………………………………………………………………………….page 3 Chapter I: Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………page 4 Chapter II: Review of Literature Chapter III: Research Methodology Chapter IV: Results Chapter V: Discussion and Conclusions References Appendices Tables and Figures Chapter I: Introduction This purpose of this study will pertain to whether the use of professional athletes from American sports leagues in the Olympic Games is a good or bad idea. Currently, players from the National Hockey League (NHL), National Basketball Association (NBA), Major League Soccer (MLS), Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) and the Professional Golfers Association (PGA TOUR) are allowed to participate in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games by their respective leagues. There are many problems that have arisen from the allowance of professionals in the Olympics. They range from injuries to star players, financial impacts on the leagues, shutdown of......

Words: 3103 - Pages: 13

Violence

...3 September 2014 Violence: Social Irrationality and Spontaneity Violence can be interpreted as a type of phenomenon, as it can be as unpredictable in masses as it is in individuals. The very moment when a crowd turns violent, or the moment a criminal pulls a trigger, is typically highly unexpected in most situations and leads one to think: what exactly is violence? Is it simply an action, or is it a state? I believe that violence can be a series of actions which an individual in a violent state may take. Violence is a physical and emotional state which holds various categories of intensity and origins. Bill Buford, in his novel Among the Thugs: The Experience, and the Seduction, of Crowd Violence, describes the experience and observations made of violence, namely within the masses of football teams. The human inclination towards control and dominance is a contributing factor towards most violence. Violence, from my interpretation of Buford's novel, holds its main origins from a spontaneous and irrational desire to establish either control or dominance over a certain event. The potential for spontaneous violence is innate within humans, but humans are not inclined towards violence by itself. The trigger for violence, as Buford notes, can suddenly occur from participation in mass events and the competitive nature of such events (namely, European football in his case.) When such violence is triggered in an individual within such a competitive atmosphere, there is a high......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Violence in Sports

...Violence In Sports We all know that violence comes into sports. What would a Saturday afternoon on the football field be like without the odd punch up on the field? How would we get our hockey fix if the players did not get a little rough every so often? And what would we do if instead of running into each other, our NFL heroes politely squeezed passed the defensive line uttering, "pardon me" before making their way to the touchdown. Violence is a part of sports, no matter how much the professional associations deny the fact. Violence in sports is a form of entertainment and with out it watching sports on the TV wouldn’t be the same. Lets look at the facts, plenty of football matches involve the post-tackle, and the referee will try and break it up, but hopefully and usually to no benefit. As football has grown wider, it has also increased the violence in the game. To measure its violence different scientific studies have been done. According to the reports, injuries in the game reduce the life expectancy of a football professional player by about twenty years. It has been calculated that the force of the collision between a fast-running lineman and an equally fast-running back, in a football game, is enough to move 33 tons one inch. A hard hit on the helmet can approach a force of 1000Gs, which is a thousand times the force of gravity. The injury statistics for high school, college, and pro football are pretty surprising. Each season at least fifty and as many as......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Sports

...Chanel Calvin Mr. Stern English 111 March 3, 2015 Sports are too Violent Sports are activities done for pleasure which require physical and skill effort; however, violence in sports has become extremely violent. Athletes are involved, but coaches, referees, and spectators are also involved. In recent years, there has been an increase in the frequent and seriousness of acts of violence, and are most prevalent in team contact sports, such as football, ice hockey and soccer. Violence in some sports has also become a part of the entertainment arena. There are many casualties of violence in professional sports. Football is one of the most popular sports in the world, but it can be a very brutal sport. Players are hitting with the intent to injure or intimidate players, it may be part of a strategy developed by coaches or players, but with those intention come consequences. In recent years, the head injuries involved in football have been disturbingly high. Because head injuries can result in tragic effects sure as concussions, permanent brain damage including memory loss and depression; many rules have had to be enforced for player safety. Ice hockey is a very physical sport it is one of the most notorious sport for excessive violence. There are physical abuse of officials, player fights, and deliberate injuring of opponents. Ice hockey is known to have a fight on regularly occasion, and referees take their “sweet time” to break them up. This is one reason...

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Violence in Sports

...Sport Psychology PE 511 Annotated Bibliography Coakley, J. (2014). Violence in sports: How does it affect our lives?. (11th ed). Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies. New York, NY. McGraw Hill. The author goes into great detail discussing violence: defining it, giving an account for violence throughout history, discussing violence on as well as off the field, and how it affects the lives of various individuals. The author also goes into great detail informing his audience on the various types of violence one may encounter in the sports arena. Some issues may be small, but on the other hand some situations pertaining to violence and sports are very serious, and should be viewed accordingly. I think the intended audience can be applied to everyone who plays any sport, coach a sport, and anyone who goes to any type sports activities. This article is the foundation of my research and all other articles will add to this one. Jewell, R., Moti, A, and Coates, D. (2011). Violence and Aggression in Spectator Sports. Economics, History and Policy, Sports Economics, Management and Policy 4. (11). 11-26. The authors in this article make a lot of interesting points when discussing violence and aggression in spectator sports. This article in intended for people who are concerned with the violent acts that occur in sports. The author briefly discusses the history of sports in Mesoamerican and Greek cultures. The article also discusses the revenue that is made......

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

Violence in Sports

...years now is violence in sports. Some question if violence on the field, carries over to violence off the field making it hard for athletes to differentiate game like situations to real life situations. In both professional and collegiate levels people hear many stories about athletes being involved in sexual abuse, physical abuse, harassment, and other violent cases. If this is something that is continuing, what can the professional and collegiate levels do to educate and help put a stop to athletes being involved with violence and criminal law? Looking at sports we see that there is violence on the field, but this is normal, this does not fall into the category of regular violence, but competitive sports. The definition of violence is the use of excessive physical force, which causes or has obvious potential to cause harm or destruction. We then can break violence down into four different categories. The first type is brutal body contact; this is physical practices common in certain sports and accepted by athletes as part of sport participation. The second type is borderline violence; this is practices that violate rules of the game but are accepted by most players and coaches, like players pushing back getting positioning on a rebound. The third type is quasi-criminal violence that violates the rules of the game; examples of this would be cheap shots, late hits, sucker punches, and things of that nature. The last type of violence would be criminal violence,......

Words: 2549 - Pages: 11

Sport

...Development of Football in England The idea of football came from the medieval game that was known as mob football which included two villages that would play with a pigs head. The game had no rules which meant that violence was a large part of the game and they would play until people were dying or until people were running away. Balls were not invented so the people would use a pigs head and kick that around. King Edward II was the person to ban the game as it created too much violence within the people of the country. 1581 is the earliest account of football as an organised sport. It was played between elite schools such as Eton and colleges such as Cambridge and Oxford. Sides, positions, referees were introduced. The game was played on just and average field like what farm animals would be on and they would use the gates as a goal. 1848 – Cambridge Rules This club shall be called the University Foot Ball Club. At the commencement of the play, the ball shall be kicked off from the middle of the ground: after every goal there shall be a kick-off in the same way. After a goal, the losing side shall kick off; the sides changing goals, unless a previous arrangement be made to the contrary. The ball is out when it has passed the line of the flag-posts on either side of the ground, in which case it shall be thrown in straight. The ball is behind when it has passed the goal on either side of it. When the ball is behind it shall be brought forward at the place where it......

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Violence in Youth Sports

...Violence on the Sidelines in Youth Sports Violence on the Sidelines in Youth Sports Everyone agrees that parent involvement is a good thing. But when the parent behaves inappropriately it creates a poor environment for the children to learn and enjoy themselves. "Sideline rage" with parents behaving badly at youth sports events is such an epidemic, that 76% of respondents from 60 high school athletic associations said increased spectator interference is causing many officials to quit (Associated Press, 6/3/01). Parents are supposed to be role models, and the lessons they teach will determine their values and actions in the future. These days violence in children's sports is not limited to the playing field; overbearing parents are creating dangerous situations on the field. Involving your child in sports is important part of growing up. There are several benefits to children playing sports. The child will learn how to make friends outside of school, church, and family. It will help develop self-esteem and physical skills. They discover what it means to be a member of a team and how to win and lose with self-respect. Children also need to be active every day; exercise promotes growth and improves physical and emotional health. The Office of the Surgeon General states that active children are at less risk to high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease as well as many cancers (Office of the Surgeon General, January 11, 2007). Growing up, my brothers......

Words: 2012 - Pages: 9

Sport

...Role of Sports in Society A. Description of the issue The role of sport in society has been debated for many decades. Sport is a part of society as both an educational fixture and an entertainment enterprise. Sport forms part of human and social development; it can contribute to social cohesion, tolerance and integration and is an effective channel for physical and socio-economic development. As a universal language, sport can be a powerful medium for social and economic change: it can be utilized to bridge cultural gaps, resolve conflict and educate people in ways that very few activities can. The goal of the Sports Council is to examine the proposition that sport can be a powerful agent for change that should be leveraged by individuals, businesses, governments and elite athletes to drive significant positive development and progress in a social, economic and political context. 1.261 | Summit on the Global Agenda Role of Sports in Society B. Dimensions • Value of sport: Sport is a means of exchange and understanding among people of various backgrounds, nationalities or beliefs, and promotes expression beyond traditional barriers. The rules of the game transcend differences and inequality and help redefine success and performance. Through sport, people identify new role models in society. • Sport demographics and health: Physical activity has a crucial social impact on society’s health and well-being as well as healthcare costs. A connection also exists between......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3