Women in the Workplace

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mjcally1
Words 2203
Pages 9
Running Head: WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE 1

Women in the Workplace
Michelle Hyatt
Dr. Kenneth Larimore, Ph.D.
Introduction to Sociology
September 4, 2011

WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE 2 Women have been treated very unfair for many, many years throughout the workplace. Women today are almost as equal as men in the workplace, but it has taken lots of work to get there. In this paper, you will read about the beginning of when women started working, some of the key examples as to why women have been treated unfairly, and through today, how things have changed. Only after you read this paper, you will then see why women have fault so hard to be just as equal as men in the workplace. Women have always been know to raise children and take care of the home and honestly that was their only job. You agree? Well, before they started working within the workforce with men, this is exactly how their lives were. They got married, had kids, and then raised the family. Raising the family consisted of cooking, cleaning, and doing whatever was necessary to ensure that the kids and their husband was taken care of. “Most families lived off of a single husband’s income, which was very challenging at times, especially for the middle-class family. Back in the 1900’s, wages paid to a semi-skilled working man were around $12-$15 a week” (Smith, 1994, pg 61). Looking at today and the inflation that has happened over the years, this is what some people make per hour. As making a living got more and more expensive, women had to find other means to help their husband’s bring in income. When life starts to get tough, what other option is there but for women to start helping raise income for the family? You could say that women have been working since the beginning of age, but to what degree of working does that mean? Does that mean, earning wages just like men and bringing home…...

Similar Documents

Women in the Workplace

...activity, and a resulting decline in government spending. Under such conditions, the loss of jobs is a familiar side-effect of the bitter medicine of companies cutting costs. 

Women, who are more highly concentrated in fields such as government, healthcare and education, are less immediately affected by the economic downturn in comparison to male dominated fields. Blue collar industries such as construction and manufacturing are more sensitive to the economy, as recession results in a rapid fall in demand for such services. This means jobs disappear faster and in larger quantities. Women in the public sector are also protected by unions, unlike the less-regulated private sector. However, when governments do eventually cut back, females suffer profoundly. Contractionary fiscal policy, often one pursued in recession, causes cuts in public education and public-sector service jobs. Any government spending designed to remobilize the economy is often directed towards stimulating investment, for instance in infrastructure, rather than injecting resources into public sector industries. Thus, the reemployment rates for men are more distinct, despite the initial debacle.

Inequality is also an influencing factor. While women have come a long way in reducing the disparity between the proportion of men and women in the labour force, and gaining higher representation in better-paid jobs, some employers may believe that male workers will clock longer hours or be less of a liability......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

The Glass Ceiling and Women in the Workplace

...Ceiling And Women In The Workplace Sabra D. Pope SOC 490: Social Science Capstone Professor Sandy Smith October 10, 2011 There are far too many businesses around the world that either choose to or unconsciously interfere in the progress of women into higher positions. This problem, even if it is unconscious, can usually be back-tracked to the beginnings of a woman’s entrance into the workplace. This problem can especially be traced if she exhibits any proclivity for moving into management and a desire for moving further up the executive ladder. The reality is that women hold far fewer positions in management and executive ranks is not a new view. Women face many obstacles when trying to advance up the corporate ladder. Two of these obstacles are discrimination and stereotyping. But, the concept that is not new but may be unexpected is that there is the impression that many more obstacles are placed in a woman’s path from the beginning of their career when contrasted with a man’s career. There are several factors that seem to impede women from reaching upper management level positions. Two of these factors are the fact that women are less likely to get involved in variable pay schemes that are based on their work performance but there are also a lot fewer opportunities to obtain mentoring from those in executive positions. Ever since women have sought equal pay for equal work economists have tried to present an explanation of the pay gap between......

Words: 3706 - Pages: 15

Womens Places in the Workplace

...Over the course of the past century in the United States, women and their presence workplace have been constantly shifting. There have been many changes, both economic and social, that have helped pave a new road for the life of a working woman. Based on the information that I have gathered, three key points of interest stand out. They are economic dependencies, the evolution of women’s employment and the “doing gender” theory. Each one of these factors has had their own impact in shaping the working woman of today, especially in comparison to those of fifty years ago. For this research paper I chose to interview two women that I felt were ideal candidates. They were my grandmother, Marion, and my best friend from high school, Leah. My grandmother, Marion Young, was born in the 1920’s and grew up as a child during the great depression. Marion told me that growing up during this time was hard, and it had a important impact on the way she lived her life. In the late 1940’s she got married to my grandfather, Vance. At that time they were both working full-time jobs. Marion had a high school diploma, which during that time period made it extremely easy for her to find a job. To Marion a job was nothing more than work, and she never saw it as anything more. She never cared about what kind of job she had, just as long as she had one. The types of jobs she held ranged from a switchboard operator, to a legal secretary, and even a teaching assistant at the local......

Words: 2057 - Pages: 9

Women in the Workplace

...to play in the international market. According to Susan E. Jackson, who conducted a study on diversity in the workplace, during the past years, nature of the workforce, has grown. The interest of firms in “diversity” and multicultural environment is sensibly grown. Companies have focused their attention on programs that intended to promote diversity, to reduce stereotypes, to create good and healthy multicultural environments. Examples of such programs include, non traditional work ( i.e. home work stations), training programs, employee benefits such as parental leave and dependent care assistance. The interest in managing diversity successfully is widespread. Anyway, despite recognition of the importance of diversity, many firms are just beginning to evaluate and adjust human resources management in the direction of multicultural environments. Many issues have to be discussed and solved yet. Many problems are still present when we talk about diversity in the workplace. WOMEN AT WORK In the past women were generally hired on part- time positions or for low responsibility jobs because it was understood that their priority was taking care of their families and children. Unmarried women left their position once they married. Married women instead, quit their job once they were pregnant. Moreover, women were generally considered less capable than men and less oriented to high responsibility positions. Today......

Words: 2110 - Pages: 9

Gender Differences: Workplace Communications Styles Exhibited by Men and Women

...their ways of communicating. Gender is known to have the most differences in everything, especially communication. Women like to talk and be open about any topic, while men are quieter and more to themselves. Since men and women tend to have different points of view, their conversations tend to be different. Research shows that “women use communication as a tool to enhance social connections and create relationships,” while men use communication to show dominance and reach actual goals (Merchant, 2012). Women like to have many close relationships with friends, co-workers, and families, while men don’t care for close relationships outside their immediate family. Woman will use the relationships she establishes in a workplace to get the things she needs done. While a man will use his dominance to get what he needs done. If a business values employees’ opinions than a demanding approach wouldn’t be as effective as a persuasive approach, which a woman would use due to her relationships. Women communicate to build relationships and bonds with people, to help them through life. They have concern for others; they aren’t like men, selfish. Women don’t have the tendency to use powerful words and speak politely. Women tend to become emotional and attached to conversations. Because of the soft speaking, women are looked upon as the weaker gender. Society makes women have less self assurance and afraid they may be incorrect due to the fact they are lower than men. If there is a......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Women

...have greater of fewer mixes of religion. Changes are inevitable. One of the most influential changes witnessed by the Arab world is the change in role of women. There was a time in the past when the women were suppressed and treated like a different species. They were confined to their homes, especially the walls of the kitchen. Later on, waves of feminism were seen in workplaces and outside. The percentage of women in workforce has quadrupled in 4 decades. The number of Arab women attending schools and universities have increased from 13% to 70% in 3 decades. The tremendous economic development over time has had an enormous impact on women. In UAE, the discovery of oil has contributed in women's role in workplace. We find Arab women not only behind the curtains of their houses but also as entrepreneurs, designers, in the field of science, IT, commerce, media, cinema, law and even in the army. Improved health care, education, jobs, facilities have made Arab women independent and self confident. Interlaq project in UAE encourages women to take up jobs in government departments. Most of the Arab nations have recognized and appreciated women although there are places even now where they do not enjoy full freedom. Even in leadership , women are at par with men. The Arab parliaments approved constitutional amendments to give women full potential rights, starting from Syria in 1949, Lebanon in 1952 to Kuwait in 2005 and Saudi Arabia in 2015. Massouma al-Mubarak was the first......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Women

...In India, today, women appear to rule the roost. India as a nation is revered in a feminine form i.e. ‘the Bharat Mata’, the first citizen of our country presently is a woman, many important government posts are occupied by women and educated women are pouring into the professional workforce with profound implications for national and multinational corporations. However, ironically, these are accompanied by news about dowry killings, female infanticide, domestic violence against women, sexual harassment, rape, illegal trafficking and prostitution and myriad others of the same ilk. Gender discrimination prevails in almost all areas, be it social, cultural, economic or educational. An effective remedy for these evils needs to be sought in order to ensure the Right to Equality guaranteed by the Constitution of India, to the fairer sex. Gender equality facilitates the empowerment of women. Since education begins at home, the upliftment of women would be accompanied by the development of the family, the society and in turn, would lead towards a holistic development of the nation.Among these problems the foremost that needs to be addressed is the atrocity committed against females at birth and during childhood. Female infanticide i.e. killing of the female child is still a common practice in many of the rural areas. Further female foeticide is common in some parts of India, despite the passage of ‘Prenatal Diagnostic techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act in 1994. In case......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Communication in the Workplace: the Difference Between Men and Women

...Communication in the Workplace: The Difference between Men and Women Jaime Vance Sullivan University 1Q-CMM401X-A2-07-Principles of Conflict Management-Winter 2014 February 8, 2014 Abstract Communication in the workplace has the potential to be difficult for everyone at times. It is not always easy to navigate communication successfully while working with varying individuals. Even in a workplace where women and men share equal standing, knowledge and experience, differing communication styles may prevent them from working together effectively. In the end, however, men and women can learn to communicate effectually, working together towards a common goal of success. Communication in the Workplace: The Difference between Men and Women It is not a new concept: Men and women perceive the world differently. They communicate in different ways, have varying perceptions of the same experience, and see the world through dissimilar eyes. Yet, these differences do not have to serve as barriers to effective communication. Rather, these differences can be an asset for successful workplace communication. Gender barriers, while evident, do not have to be barriers from successful communication in the workplace. In order to best navigate the road to cross-gender communication success, it is best to pinpoint these evident differences, using them to an advantage, making these differences common knowledge and tools for best practices. Gender barriers themselves can be “inherent...

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

Men and Women in the Workplace

...Men and Women in the Workplace All across American there are millions of people that go to work each day to earn a living. In recent years, the amount of money that we are bringing home is not nearly as much as we have been paid in the past due to the national recession the United States is experiencing. When looking at specific careers, there still seems to be some discrepancies in the pay for a man versus a woman. Despite what the average American income is, men are currently making a higher salary than women in the same career field because of different standards set for each gender. According to the latest census statistics, United States women still earned only seventy-seven cents on the male dollar in 2008 (Fitzpatrick 2008). That is as recent at five years ago that women were still not making the same as men. Decades ago when women were fighting for their rights and equalities, they never would have thought we would still be experiencing these difficulties into the 21st century. A lot of careers are limited to women in general because of the gender bias that they place on that specific career role. Some of the most common jobs for college-educated women include teaching and nursing, careers that are known for their lower pay. Where as a man who has the same college degree can go on to be a business executive or scientist and earn a dramatically different pay. There are some women that do opt for a more male dominated career field. In those fields in......

Words: 994 - Pages: 4

Women in the Workplace

...Running Head: Diversity Competency Case: Women on Corporate Boards Samantha Bunn Bus 520 May 10, 2011 Dr. Johnny Eluka Running Head: Diversity Competency Based on the stories presented, discuss the characterizations of the female board members in relation to the behavioral model of leadership. When I reviewed this case of women on different boards serving a variety of positions, I felt that there was a comparison with all these individual women whether they are the only woman director on board or whether they are among other women directors on board. However, it’s obvious that when the board only holds one woman the level of office difficulty is higher. The three stories of female board directors where they are the only females on board are very common. These women set a picture showing that they have to give 150% in order to be heard as well as a make a difference. Women who serve as the only female on boards are almost pushed out of the way, their opinions seem to not really matter. Their voices seem not to be heard either. The first woman states that: “You can make a point that is valid, and minutes later a male could make the same point”, however the male will get congratulated where as the female will not. She also mentions that until the males in the board room realize that the females are not going anywhere, the respect is not given. Basically, the women have to work harder than the men to fit in, establish themselves as well as have......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

Women in the Workplace

...Women in the workplace: Obstacles they may never overcome For decades, women have been striving for gender equality in the workplace. Since then, there have been several laws that have been passed to project and protect gender equality. One of these laws is the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, and this law prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Although these laws are enacted, many places of employment do not implement these laws. Because of this, gender equality in the workforce has been very delayed, and women are still struggling for equality. The feminist movement has been ongoing for several decades, and although the movement has made tremendous strides towards total gender equality in the workplace, there are some barriers that will never be overcome such as salary differences, gender stereotypes, and anatomical differences. What is Discrimination, and how does it affect women in the workplace? The legislation defines discrimination as treating one person in a less favorable way than another person (“overview…”). In the workplace discrimination is evident in all areas of work. Discrimination can range from unequal pay to sexual harassment. More specifically discrimination can be based off of 9 grounds: gender, civil status, family status, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability, race, and membership of the traveler community (“overview…”). Women in particular often experience this discrimination when trying to obtain a job...

Words: 2204 - Pages: 9

Women in the Workplace

...Working Mothers Many women today are facing choices that their mothers never had to face. One of these choices is whether or not to go back to work after having a child. The thought of going back to work was practically unheard of in the 1950's. However, in the 1990's it is not whether the mother will or will not go back to work, but rather a question of when. When did this choice to return to work become set in stone? Why do the mothers of today have to work outside the home versus working in the home, much like their mothers or grandmothers did? When one thinks of the subject of working mothers, many differing opinions come to mind. What will happen to the child, will the mother have sufficient time to bond with the baby, how will household chores be divided, and so on. When thinking of working women, two models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and beneficial mediating effect. Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, dependence on the male partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-esteem because they are contributing to the world they live in. These women receive a renewed interest in life because they are in the thick of it. They are living life to the fullest. This model is the one that is constantly referred to as "bad" because it paints the woman as someone who does not really care about the effect of working will have......

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Women in the Workplace

...Women in the Work Place What was once thought to never happen has become more and more of a necessity in the workplace, women. More and more companies are starting to put women in the higher levels of management due in part to the knowledge and skill women have. Women are just as qualified as men in many aspects of today’s society. However, this is not easy since there is still an overwhelming sense of gender bias in today’s workplace. Many corporations feel as if women are not as good as white men. Men hold 96% of all top executive jobs in America today. There have been several turning points in Americas’ history for women and it has helped women start to work their way up the corporate totem pole. Deutsche Telecom has made it a point to have at least 30% of the places in executive development programs held by women. They are also starting to have the company revolve around the work environment and work-family issues. They are currently looking into expanding family leave and giving manager more flexible hours. Deutsche Telecom is also looking to expand the number of places in company child-care programs. With Deutsche having a 30% quota it appears to me they are trying too hard to move away from the gender bias. Women should not have to worry about fitting a quota. The quota can be seen as disturbing to women; however, on the other hand it shows that women can hold higher ranked positions within their company that they may not be able to hold in other......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Women in the Workplace

...Issue: Gender discrimination/tensions are still very prevalent in today’s “equal society.” Although many people believe gender discrimination is mostly a thing of the past, it is still existing as an invisible barrier in one of the most prominent areas of life: the workplace. This paper will discuss occupational sexism and it’s effects on American attitudes. In American popular culture, women are viewed as adorable and sweet, subjectively positive traits that suit them to hearth and home, but also as too emotional and insufficiently logical to accomplish the work of the world. I believe that although progression has been made toward overall gender equity, the battle is far from over and must continue. Purpose: By incorporating facts and statistics from varying sources such as the Wall Street Journal, I plan to show my audience that despite considerable progress over the last quarter century, women workers are still perceived as less competent than men. My goal is to raise awareness with hopes of providing a better understanding among my readers. Obstacle: I believe that the biggest obstacle that might interfere with my stated purpose is the unwillingness to change. Moreover, I feel that the male-dominated workplace will be unwilling to relinquish the reigns of the American jungle. The audience might not agree with my purpose for a few reasons. Some might feel that the progression made over this past quarter century is fine the way it is. Others might firmly believe that a......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Workplace

...2016 A Call to Action: How to Intervene in Workplace Harassment Workplace harassment is a significant violation in the modern work environment. According to the Canadian Human Rights Commission Workplace harassment "involves any unwanted physical or verbal behaviour that offends or humiliates you...Serious one-time incidents can also sometimes be considered harassment." (Canadian Human Rights Commission, 2013) If left uncheck accusations of workplace harassment could potentially put a business in trouble with the regulatory agencies. In the workplace, employees experience sexual, gender, and racial/ethnic harassment. The Ontario Ministry of Labour has developed recommendations and guidelines as a way to reduce the occurrences of workplace harassment. On the other hand, employers also a responsibility to put in place “best practices” for employees to follow to ensure a safe work environment for everyone. Intervention is needed because persons who experience harassment have a hard time fight back. Because laws on workplace harassment are not sufficient to punish harassers. The act of workplace harassment/violence on the job is considered a legal and ethical issue. According to Ontario law, employers, managers, and unions have to thwart actively and monitor occurrences of workplace harassment to be in compliance with the “Ontario human rights code.” (Labour, 2015) Additionally, employers must also provide training on workplace harassment when they hire new employees.......

Words: 1480 - Pages: 6