World Civilization Study Guide

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Chapter 7

Confucian Classics-the ancient texts recovered during the Han Dynasty that Confucian scholars treated as sacred scriptures.

Silk Road- the trade routes across central Asia through which Chinese silk and other items were traded

Eunuchs-castrated males who played an important role as palace servants

Age of division- the period after the fall of the Han dynasty when china was politically divided

Grand canal- a canal, built during the Sui dynasty that connected the yellow and Yangzi Rivers. Notable for strengthening china’s internal cohesion and economic development

Pure land- a school of Buddhism that taught that calling on the Buddha Amitabha and his chief helper, one could achieve rebirth in Amitabha’s pure land paradise

Chan-a school of Buddhism that rejected the authority of the sutras and claimed the superiority of mind-to-mind transmission of Buddhist truths

Nara- Japan’s capital and the first true city; it was established in 710 and modeled on the Tang capital of Chang’an
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Chapter 8

Corpus Juris civilis- the “body of civil law,” it is composed of the code, the digest and the institutes.

Dioceses- geographic administrative districts of the church, each under the authority of a bishop and centered around cathedral

Arianism- a theological belief, originating with Arius, a priest from Alexandria that denied that Christ was co-eternal with god the father.

Popes- heads of the Roman Catholic Church, who became political as well as religious authorities. The period of a pope’s term in office is called a “pontificate.”

Orthodox church- another name for the eastern Christian church over which emperors continued to have power

Iconoclastic controversy-the conflict over the veneration of religious images in the Byzantine Empire

Sacraments- certain rituals of the church…...

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