Writing as a Therapy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By rsilber96
Words 1599
Pages 7
Roger Rosenblatt, in essay “I am writing Blindly,” believes that people “are a narrative

species,” who need to write messages to one another. To write something is an integral part of a

person’s life because “we exist by storytelling”. For example, Rosenblatt shows us that people

will write for as long as they live. “The impulse… like a biological fact” gives people the urge to

leave one another the moments of their lives on paper. If people write, then they live and

develop. The opposite example would be schizophrenics who “suffer from a loss of story,”

because their “pattern making faculties fail,” and their “brain breaks down.”

Writing, as one kind of communication, is a connection or bridge between an author and

a reader, alive and lifeless, past and future and “has been so important in America” Rosenblatt

thinks. Messages to other people or blind writing is “the deep proof of our need to spill, and keep

spilling, lies in reflex, often in desperate circumstances”. For example, a doomed Russian sailor

trapped on the crippled submarine Kursk scratched out a last letter to his wife revealing that he

and twenty-two comrades survived the blasts that sent them to the bottom of the sea. As Lt.

Dmitry Kolesnikov struggled to put down his final thoughts, freezing water seeped into the

compartment and he knew there was little chance of escape. "None of us can get to the surface,"

the twenty-seven-year-old officer wrote. "Two or three people might try to escape the submarine

through the emergency escape hatch located in the ninth compartment.

Additionally, a mine foreman, left his farewell note on the back of an insurance form. As

he huddled with eleven fellow miners trying to shelter from poisonous air in one of the farthest

reaches of the Sago Mine, Martin Toler Jr. took an insurance form and a…...

Similar Documents

Person Centered Therapy

...Person-Centered Therapy HISTORY OF PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY Person-centered therapy is very much embodied in the work of Carl Rogers. He is mainly responsible for the development of person-centered therapy. His focus on the importance of the client-counselor relationship has had an influence on both theorists and practitioners. The following chart describes the personal and professional development of Carl Rogers. As he changed and developed, so did person-centered therapy. PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND POSITIONS PROFESSIONAL INFLUENCES Developmental Stage Born in 1902 in a suburb of Chicago Fourth of six children' Religious fundamental upbringing Adolescent interest in agriculture Early career goal: the ministry Graduated from the University of Wisconsin Married Helen Elliott Attended Union Theological Seminary Received Ph.D. from Columbia University Teacher's College in 1931 in clinical psychology 12 years at the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children in Rochester, NY 1940 - academic career at Ohio State University Early work influenced by psychoanalysis Rogers was influenced by Rank through his work with Jessie Taft and Elizabeth Davis. Rank focused on the uniqueness of the individual, as did'Alfred Adler Goldstein and Maslow wrote about self-actualization - a humanist idea Rogers read writings of existentialists The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child, 1939 Non-directive Stage 1945 - worked at the University of Chicago At Ohio State, started......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Online Therapy

...media, and communication. It is a huge industry with a massive growth prospective; however there are possibilities of ethical and legal issues. Within human services there is continuously a worry about confidentiality and safety when networking with clients. Several clients require assistance but they do not recognize the issues related to preserving of confidentiality of their information. Therapy may be considered a client's maximum force in obtaining control of their problems they face during their lives. In current years therapy has evolved into a higher-level of treatment and can be taken online. Online therapy is cost effective, convenient, and helps with time management. On the web currently there are uncountable amounts of online therapy organizations available for individuals to benefit from, if needed. To obtain knowledge of the details of online therapy I have researched some of online therapy organizations to find out whom they serve, what they provide, moral and safety issues, and the disadvantages and advantages, and obligations of the professionals of online therapy. Licensed human services professional must not forget in order to counsel on the web, they are subject to the identical laws that standardize the practice of telemedicine and telehealth. Sunrise Counseling The first site I researched was with Sunrise Counseling. This content of this website was traditional and to the point. It was easy to maneuver and provided many topics. It......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Physical Therapy White Paper

...Physical Therapy Figure 1. Sellers, J. (2013). Physical Therapy By: Corbin Felts By: Corbin Felts Communicating Effectively in the Field of Physical Therapy Communicating Effectively in the Field of Physical Therapy Injuries cannot be avoided in the world of competitive sports. Of course, when injuries occur, they must be treated. The significance and type of injury can vary but it is the physical therapist’s responsibility to insure quality treatment. The duties of a physical therapist include evaluating, diagnosing, and documenting the type of injury(s), as well as prescribing appropriate treatment. Writing in the field of physical therapy plays a key role to the success of a patient’s wellbeing as well as a physical therapist’s career. When giving your written diagnosis and treatment plans, the accuracy and articulation of your writing holds the key to either a speedy recovery or the risk of further injury. Physical therapists must stress the importance of being able to communicate with patients both orally and in writing. Injuries cannot be avoided in the world of competitive sports. Of course, when injuries occur, they must be treated. The significance and type of injury can vary but it is the physical therapist’s responsibility to insure quality treatment. The duties of a physical therapist include evaluating, diagnosing, and documenting the type of injury(s), as well as prescribing appropriate treatment. Writing in the field of physical therapy plays a......

Words: 4424 - Pages: 18

Online Therapy

...Online Therapy Online Therapy Cathy L. Jacobs BSHS351 July 31, 2013 Denise Cooper Online Therapy Therapy as defined by the freedictionary.com is the treatment of physical, mental, or social disorders or disease, and any act, task, program, etc., which relieves tension. Online or in person both serve the same purpose; providing an outlet for an individual. Online therapy is relatively new, and it is convenient to the online community. There are several advantages and disadvantages of online therapy. Anonymity is considered an important asset for individuals who do not want a face- to- face meeting. Other advantages include access to mental health information to people in rural or remote; however, individual must have Internet access to a computer, provides accessibility to disabled and homebound individuals, and many of the sites are free or provide low cost sessions. Research of online therapy sites reveals several forms of therapy sessions such as online chat, e-mail, Skype, and texting. Online therapy is an asset to traditional therapy methods. Serenity Online Therapy Serenity offers e-mail counseling, and chat therapy. Carl Benedict, is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor specializing in depression, anxiety, mental illness, and substance abuse, just to mention a few ...

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Pet Therapy

...His mother indicated that there were no delays in his motor or communication functioning, as he achieved all normal milestones. Psychological Brian is most often very quiet and shy in his presentation. When speaking with him, he often looks down and talks softly. Due to his Axis I disorders, he is often clearly inattentive, distracted and maintains a short attention span. Brian is currently seeing a psychiatrist for medication oversight. Brian is prescribed several medications for his disorders. He is currently taking Depakote and vyvanese. Brian has borderline intellectual functioning, he does not have a mental retardation diagnosis however, and he has done well in supported learning classes at his home school. Brian Still receives therapy from point of light an agency located in Shippenville Pa. for sexual abuse victims and abusers. He has the following axial diagnoses as contained within the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, (DSM IV TR, 2000). Axis I: 314.01 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, (ADHD)-Combined type, V61.21 Sexual Abuse of Child Axis II: V62.89 Borderline Intellectual Functioning Axis III: None Axis IV: Problems with primary support group Out of home placement Axis V: 53 Environmental Influences Brian and his brothers were eventually placed in a residential treatment facility in Bradford, Pennsylvania. This particular RTF maintains a strong......

Words: 3688 - Pages: 15

Electroshock Therapy

...electroshock therapy have a place in today’s therapy practices? The article written by two men by the names of Jan-Otto Ottosson and Max Fink entitled “Electroconvulsion Therapy (ECT) “, is a very informative writing about the use of electroshock therapy and how it used today. According to these two men the practice of a mild electric current to the brain produces an epileptic-like seizure as a means of treating certain psychological disorders. Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT and electroshock therapy, was established in the 1930s , at this time various observations led physicians to conclude that epileptic seizures are capable to prevent or relieve the symptoms of schizophrenia. Experiments were conducted with insulin and other seizure-inducing drugs, and Italian physicians learned that the use of an electric current can create seizures in schizophrenic patients. ECT was used frequently to treat schizophrenia, depression, and, in some cases, mania. It eventually became a source of arguement due to misuse and many negative side effects. ECT was misused and was often prescribed for treating disorders that had no real effect, such as alcohol dependence. Patients generally experienced confusion and loss of memory after treatments, and those whose condition improved eventually relapsed. Other side effects include speech defects, physical injury from the force of the convulsions, and cardiac arrest. According to the aunthors the use of electroconvulsive therapy......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3


...Examining Physical Therapy in Detail Physical therapy became an existing treatment as early as the 5th century. The earliest documented history of when physical therapy began as both a treatment method but also a career was in the late 1800s, which was when the nurses from England established the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (Eugene Physical Therapy, 2011). For over more than a century and since its development, physical therapy has expanded with multi-faceted treatment regimens, as well as various opportunities for careers in this field. Physical therapists are responsible for a wide array of disabling conditions; some of these conditions include: arthritis, cerebral palsy, fractures, head injuries, etc. With these conditions, the physical therapist would be responsible for restoring function, improving mobility, and allowing the patients to perform daily activities of living with an optimal level of function. According to Dawn Rosenburg McKay (2010), physical therapy has been on demand, in which there were approximately 185,000 jobs taken as physical therapists in 2008. Physical therapists have an option to either work in an actual hospital setting, but they can also work in private offices. Based on the year 2009, McKay states that the median annual income of a physical therapist was at about $75,000 dollars.  The physical therapist that was interviewed is Suanna Wong. She has been working as a physical therapist for 10 years. The questions used in the interview...

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Music Therapy

...ENG122 5/27/15 Music Therapy through Ages Constant irrational fears plaque the mind like the shadows of the night. An automatic switch is turned on in the most inappropriate of moments. Crawling in the overbearing darkness, on hands and knees, panicking, an off button cannot be found. The acknowledgment of what is happening is not enough cause to stop it. A faded melody plays in the background. Slowly, it grows louder and the shadows slowly begin to dissipate. The focus changes gently, taking it’s time to calm the mind. The beat gets louder and eventually all is well again like nothing ever happened. Anxiety disorders are a strong unwelcome force, but with music therapy can be calmed and treated no matter how old you are or what situation you might be in. Anxiety disorders are a form of stress. There are different types of anxiety disorders and symptoms differ from person to person. Of course, there are some basic signs someone with anxiety exhibits, but what they could be anxious about changes depending on the person. A person with anxiety shows signs of nervousness, rapid breathing, sweating, or trembling. While their internal symptoms may include, but are not limited to, powerlessness, sense of panic from false dangers, feeling fatigued, and having trouble concentrating on anything but what they are worried about. A common anxiety disorder called General Anxiety Disorder, or GAD, causes excessive and persistent worry, where the worry “is usually out of proportion to...

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

Cognitive Therapy

...Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors and cognitive processes and contents through a number of goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures. The name refers to behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based upon a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles and research. CBT is thought to be effective for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, tic, and psychotic disorders. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for efficacy; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are recommended, has favored CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments.[1] CBT was primarily developed through an integration of behavior therapy (the term "behavior modification" appears to have been first used by Edward Thorndike) with cognitive psychology research, first by Donald Meichenbaum and several other authors with the label of cognitive-behavior modification in the late 1970s. This tradition thereafter merged with earlier work of a few clinicians, labeled as Cognitive Therapy (CT), developed by Aaron Beck, and Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) developed by Albert Ellis. While rooted in rather different theories, these two traditions have been characterized by a constant reference to experimental research to test......

Words: 5278 - Pages: 22

Gestalt Therapy with Children and a Comparative Therapy

...Introduction Gestalt therapy, which was founded by Fritz and Laura Perls in the 1940s, teaches the therapists and their clients the phenomenological awareness method, where feeling, perceiving and acting are differentiated from interpreting and rearranging the pre-existing attitudes. Gestalt therapists and clients’ dialogue, thus communicating their phenomenological perspectives, and their differences in perceptions form the basis and focus of experimentation and continued dialogue. The desired outcome of the therapy process is for the client to become aware of their actions, how they are acting, and the ways they can change their actions and learn to accept and appreciate themselves. Here, the emphasis is mainly on the process rather than the content of the therapy, that is, what is happening rather than what is being discussed. Gestalt therapy was mainly considered for adults. However, Violet Oaklander (2007) says that it is also suitable to be applied to children since it involves the body and the senses, all of which fit the therapeutic works with the children. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a response in the manner a Gestalt therapist would work with children of ages between 4 and 12. Here, the general and Gestalt literature is explored, synthesized and evaluated on working with this particular population, their specific needs and particular ethical challenges that may emerge while working with them. A comparison is offered on how different modalities with......

Words: 3930 - Pages: 16

Therapy Plan Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

... THERAPY PLAN COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Baron Jones Southern New Hampshire University, Online This paper will focus on the theoretical part of this case study that is how we can help the 23yrear old girl overcome the disorder that she is suffering from. Additionally the paper will incorporate the counseling knowledge gained in this course for example ways of dealing with patients in terms of being patient with the victim since the recovery process does not happen over a day it is a step by step process as the patient gains the ability to overcome the feeling and thought that make her regurgitating food and deal with the fear she has of being overweight and her friends calling her fat as the mother and friends explained. We will apply the cognitive theory of depression to help her since experts have confirmed that the techniques that the theory proposes are actually effective especially in dealing with eating disorders. This is just a recap of what we are going to discuss in this paper so let being our detailed discussion. THE COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THEORY To being our discussion we are going to talk about the cognitive behavior theory, and as we mentioned earlier cognitive behavior has been proven to be the best method of dealing with psychotherapeutic disorders and for our case we are going to use it to develop a therapy plan to help the 23year old girl overcome her eating disorder. Additionally, cognitive behavior therapy has its advantage and disadvantage and as we have......

Words: 1951 - Pages: 8


...marriages succeed or fail. New York: Simon & Schuster. Keirsey, D. (1998). Please Understand Me II: Temperament character intelligence. Prometheus Nemesis Book Co. Kouneski, E. F. and Olson, D. H. (2004). Conflict and disenchantment: ENRICH couple types. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.) Family therapy review. New Jersey: Lawrence, Erlbaum and Associates. Olson, D. H., & Gorall, D. (2003). Circumplex model of marital and family systems. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal families (3rd ed.) New York: Guilford Olson, D. H. and Olson-Sigg, A. (1999). PREPARE/ENRICH Program: Version 2000. In Rony, B. and Hannah, M. T. (Eds.) Preventive Approaches in Couples Therapy. (Chapter 9, pp. 196-216) Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel Pervin, L., & John, O. (2001). Personality: Theory & Research. 8th Edition. New York: John Wiley Smalley, G., & Trent, J. (1999). The Two Sides of Love. Colorado Springs, Co: Focus on the Family Publishing. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2008). Statistical abstract of the United States. (124th ed.) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Williams, L., & Tappen, T. (1995). The utility of the Myers-Briggs perspective in couples counseling: A clinical framework. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 23, 367-371 Wright, N. (1996). How to do premarital counseling. Ventura, CA: Gospel Light. 88 ...

Words: 5983 - Pages: 24


...The relationship between a counselor and their clients should always remain confidential. The client comes to therapy seeking professional help on very personal and private issues in their lives. Whether it is current or past situations, clients will reveal their emotions and opinions that are so sacred, the counselor will have to uphold a certain ethical precedence. Protecting the client and their information is detrimental. In the ethics scenario with Shannon and Pastor Larry’s voicemail, there seems to be an ethical issue. The pastor has called Shannon with information on a few of her clients. Not only did he know way too much about Andy and Jennifer, he left a recording with information about them on Shannon’s phone. This clearly is an issue of confidentiality. Standard 2.2 of the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists Code of Ethics states, “Marriage and family therapists do not disclose client confidences except by written authorization or waiver, or where mandated or permitted by law.” Pastor Larry has no right to any of Shannon’s client information. As a licensed therapist, Shannon is obligated to keep all of her clients’ information confidential. She cannot even confirm that Jennifer and Andy are her clients as this will violate their confidentiality. Shannon should not respond to the pastor’s phone call. As a therapist, she should know that she is unable to discuss case without consent from the client first. Breaching confidentiality can cause a......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2


...Urine Therapy We look at urine as waste and unsanitary toxins that can cause bodily harm if consumed back into the body. Little that we know that urine has been used for medicine, muscle relaxing treatments, rubbing alcohol, acne treatment, religious purposes, and even something bizarre as consuming it since the beginning of time. So is urine as toxic, disgusting and harmful that we think or is we simply misinterpreting and over reacting to a natural healthy therapeutic solution? Urine therapy has been around for a long time. The Romans and Spaniards used urine to keep their teeth bright and white. They believe that urine from another man or themselves was rich and kept plaque from building up. Religiously, urine was looked at as oil or pure substances that helped relax and heal the body. An India religious Sanskrit called Damar Tantra “pure water or one’s own urine” and actual named the fluid, Shivambu Kalpa. They believed by applying the natural fluid to wounds, sore body parts, or infected areas, would help prevent any fared infections and heal any wounds. Even the Bible mentions urine therapy! A verse in Proverbs (Proverbs 5:15) advices: “Drink waters from thy own cistern, flowing water from thy own well.” Urine therapy has been mention all too often to not believe that it has some kind of positive effect. Let’s try and look at it from a scientific stand point. Scientist conducted studies to see if urine therapy method was a phony or factual. In fact, urine showed......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

...Cognitive Behavioral Therapy There are a number of methods to psychotherapy that fit within the field of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). These methods share three theoretical perspectives: thinking or cognition affects behavior; cognitive behavior may be monitored and altered; and desired behavior change can take place through cognitive change (Piotrowski). Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck were instrumental in developing CBT. Albert Ellis established rational-emotive therapy (RET) in the 1950s; and Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy is used universally for depression and anxiety (Strickland). Unlike Freudian psychoanalysis which emphasizes past history, CBT focuses on the client’s present situation. The CBT process begins with establishment of false perceptions and thought patterns that are the foundation of or contributing to the client’s issues. “Some self-defeating ways of thinking identified by Aaron Beck include all-or-nothing thinking, magnifying or minimizing the importance of an event; overgeneralization (drawing extensive conclusions from a single event); personalization (taking things too personally); selective abstraction (giving disproportionate weight to negative events); arbitrary inference (drawing illogical conclusions from an event); and automatic thoughts (habitual negative, scolding thoughts, such as “You can’t do anything right”).” (Strickland). Following establishing false perceptions, the therapist assists the client in changing those negative......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4